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Publication numberUS2446268 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 3, 1948
Filing dateAug 17, 1942
Priority dateDec 7, 1940
Publication numberUS 2446268 A, US 2446268A, US-A-2446268, US2446268 A, US2446268A
InventorsJohn Dawson Philip
Original AssigneeMini Of Aircraft Production
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fuse for projectiles
US 2446268 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1948- P. J. DAWSON 2,446,268

FUSE FQR PROJECTILES Filed Aug. 17, 1942 2.Sheets-Sheet 1 V a & Q 1

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1948- P. J. DAWSON 2,446,268

FUSE FOR PROJECTILES Filed Aug. 17, 1942 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 "if A \a Patented Aug. 3, 1948 Philip .lohn Dawson, Beckenham, Kent, England,

assignor to The Minister of Aircraft Producti'on, London, England Application-Augustl'l, I942, SerialNo. 455,022.. In Great Britain December 7,1940- The invention relates to fuzes for projectiles and has for its object to provide an improved and simplified form of safe fuze which can be arranged to give any desired degree of sensitivity.

The invention is based on the discovery that an explosive projectile can be caused to function on impact by a fuse from which the conventional striker and arming mechanism are omitted, inserted in-the body of the projectile in contact with or close to a detonator or a part which carries a detonator.

The fuze of the present invention accordingly comprises a body adapted for attachment to the projectile, and having no striker and arming mechanism, part of the body, or a member carried thereby, being located in contact with or close to a detonator or'apart carrying the detonator when the fuze is attached to the projectile.

In one form the fuze may comprise a solid body adapted to form the nose of a shell and to be screw-threaded for connection to a correspondingly screw-threaded part at the nose end of the shell body, with its base in contact with the detonator housing.

Alternatively the body may have a bore extending longitudinally partway therein or the bore may extend throughout the body and be closed at its base by a disc, or partly closed by a washer, the said disc or washer abutting against the detonator housing. Where a disc or washer is employed, this may conveniently be held in position against the inner end of an enlarged recess in the bore by the upper end of the detonator housing which is accommodated in the outer end of the recess, this outer end of the recess terminating in a depending portion of the fuze body screw-threaded externally to enter the shell body, and internally to receive the detonator housing. In this form the nose end of the bore in the fuze body is closed, for example, by an end cap, or the bore may extend from the inner end of the fuze body only part way towards the nose so that the nose end of the fuze is integral with the body portion. A washer or disc may be inserted in the detonator housing above the detonator.

When the upper end of the fuze bore is closed by an end cap, such cap may comprise a disc, for example, of brass, fibre or other material, which is retained in an enlarged recess at the outer end of the bore by any suitable securing means. Conveniently the outer end portions of the fuze body may be turned over inwardly to secure the cap in position.

In another alternative the fuze may have the 1 Claim. (Cl. 1025-73)" form of a plug inserted at the base of the proby a choice oi? thickness of the fuze body, and/or. Q by varying the thickness and/or diameter of the "end cap and/ or the rear disc; or washer, and also "by choice of materials used for its components in the case of a washer being used partly to close one end of the bore. in the fuze body, by varying the diameter and, shape of the washer orifice. The sensitivity of the fuze may also. be regulated and also by choice of the materials constituting. the detonator.

detonator.

The dimensions of the fuze and its component parts can thus be chosen so that this shock wave is insufiicient to cause detonation after a certain remaining velocity has been reached but is sufficient at higher remaining velocities to operate the fuze on contact of the projectile with a sufficiently resistant substance. In other cases the fuze and its component parts can be so formed that the shock wave is sufficient to operate the fuze only on contact with substances of or above a given resistance so that on striking substances ofiering a lower resistance the fuze can penetrate without operating. A fuze of an anti-aircraft shell can thus be arranged to penetrate outer portions of an aircraft, such as wing or fuselage coverings or skins, without operating until it strikes a harder material such as a spar, petrol tank, or other relatively hard part of the aircraft.

The accompanying drawings show in sectional elevation four forms of fuze according to the invention.

Referring to Fig. 1, I is the shell body, 2 is the housing for the detonator 3, and 4 is the fuze body, which constitutes the nose of the shell. The base of the fuze body is screw-threaded externally to be accommodated in the mouth of the shell body and internally to receive the detonator housing. The base of the fuze 4 is in contact with the detonator and its housing. The casin of the detonator 3 has a forwardly facing aperture which is so constructed as to allow limited movement within the casing of a portion of the detonating composition relative to the remainder thereof.

In the form shown in Fig. 2 the fuze body 4 has an axial bore 5 closed at the nose end by a disc 6 held by spun portions of the fuze body and opening at the base into a recess in which is accommodated a disc 1 which abuts against the detonator housing 3. Above the detonator is shown a paper washer 8 which makes contact with the top of the detonator and with the disc I. The washer 8 is not always required but may be necessary in order to ensure a good fit. The presence or absence of this washer and/ or variation of the materia1 from which it is made may be used also to vary the characteristics of the fuze.

The fuze shown in Fig. 3 difiers from that in Fig. 2 in having a bore which does not extend to the nose of the fuze and the substitution of a washer 9 with a tapering bore for the disc 1 shown in Fig. 2.

In the form shown in Fig. 4, the fuze is fitted at the base of the projectile. In this form the base of the body I is threaded to receive the detonator housing 2 containing the detonator 3, located below a washer II. Below the detonator a further washer I2 is provided. The fuze closes the base of the projectile, and is constituted by a screwed plug I 3 which when in position seats against the washer I2 and detonator housing 2. Outside the body a driving-band I4 is fitted and a cannelure I5 is also provided.

Owing to the simplicity of construction of the fuze it is more economic in construction than hitherto known safe fuzes. Moreover it is capable of much quicker manufacture than the usual type of fuze.

Further advantages of the improved fuze are that above certain ranges it will probably become inert and so be rendered innocuous on reaching the ground; its sensitivity can be readily adjusted by dimensional variation or variation in the materials from which its parts or parts of the projectile near the fuze are made or composed of. The composition of the detonating explosive may also be varied to produce the result.

I claim:

In an explosive percussion fuzed projectile of the type having no striker or arming mechanism, the combination of a hollow projectile body, a detonator casing located in said projectile body and containing tightly packed detonating composition, and a fuze body rigidly secured to said projectile body and positively locating said detonator casing in said projectile body, said fuze body comprising a solid nose plug forming a complete rigid closure for said projectile body and securing the detonator casing against access from the exterior of the projectile, the detonator casing having in its forwardly facing wall an aperture which is so constructed as to allow limited forward movement within said detonator casing of a portion of the detonating composition relative to the remainder thereof under shock due to impact of the projectile on its target.

PHILIP JOHN DAWSON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 385,332 Forster June 26, 1888 80 426,210 Phillips Apr. 22, 1890 2,164,797 Birkigt July 4, 1939 2,314,891 Moore Mar. 30, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS 35 Number Country Date 404,549 Great Britain Jan. 18, 1934 516,458 France Dec. 6, 1920 169,605 France June 10, 1934 809,307 France Dec. 3, 1936

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US385332 *Jun 26, 1888 Max von foestee
US426210 *Sep 3, 1889Apr 22, 1890 Fuse for shells
US2164797 *Jan 4, 1938Jul 4, 1939Marc BirkigtPercussion fuse for projectiles
US2314891 *Jan 22, 1941Mar 30, 1943Moore Wiley TProjectile
FR516458A * Title not available
FR769605A * Title not available
FR809307A * Title not available
GB404519A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2703531 *May 26, 1945Mar 8, 1955Donahue Jr William JFuze for projectiles
US7603951Mar 14, 2005Oct 20, 2009Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US7977420Mar 22, 2007Jul 12, 2011Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material compositions, shot shells including reactive materials, and a method of producing same
US8075715Jan 5, 2007Dec 13, 2011Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive compositions including metal
US8122833Oct 4, 2006Feb 28, 2012Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US8361258Oct 20, 2011Jan 29, 2013Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive compositions including metal
US8568541May 27, 2008Oct 29, 2013Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material compositions and projectiles containing same
US9103641Feb 14, 2012Aug 11, 2015Orbital Atk, Inc.Reactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US20060011086 *Mar 14, 2005Jan 19, 2006Rose Michael TReactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US20070272112 *Mar 22, 2007Nov 29, 2007Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material compositions, shot shells including reactive materials, and a method of producing same
US20080035007 *Oct 4, 2006Feb 14, 2008Nielson Daniel BReactive material enhanced projectiles and related methods
US20080229963 *May 27, 2008Sep 25, 2008Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive material enhanced munition compositions and projectiles containing same
US20100276042 *Jan 5, 2007Nov 4, 2010Alliant Techsystems Inc.Reactive compositions including metal
Classifications
U.S. Classification102/204
International ClassificationF42C1/00, F42C1/10
Cooperative ClassificationF42C1/10
European ClassificationF42C1/10