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Publication numberUS2446838 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 10, 1948
Filing dateJul 25, 1944
Priority dateJul 25, 1944
Publication numberUS 2446838 A, US 2446838A, US-A-2446838, US2446838 A, US2446838A
InventorsLawrence Jr Howard C
Original AssigneeRca Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Pulse forming circuit
US 2446838 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 10, 1948.

Filed July 25, 1944 IN V EN TOR.

Patented Aug. 10, 1948 PULSE FORMING cmocrr Howard 0. Lawrence, Jr., Haddonfield, N. J., assignor to Radio Corporation of America, a. corporation of Delaware Application July 25, 1944, Serial No. 546,472

6 Claims. (01. 250-27) The invention covered herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States for any governmental purpose without payment to me or assigns of any royalty thereon.

My invention relates to the production of electrical pulses and particularly to systems wherein energy which is stored in pulse-forming lines or networks is discharged through two or-more gas or vapor discharge tubes to produce an electrical pulse.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved circuit for producing pulses having average and/or peak powers above the capabilities of a single discharg tube.

A further object of the invention is to provide a pulse-forming system of the above-mentioned type wherein. the duration of a pulse is not changed by failure of a discharge tube.

A further object of the invention is to provide a system of the above-mentioned type in which, upon failure of a discharge tube, the duration of the pulses remains substantially unchanged and in which the power of the pulses is only slightly reduced.

A further object of the invention is to provide an improved pulse-forming circuit which remains operative to produce usable pulses after failure of a discharge tube.

In one preferred embodiment of the invention, there are two pulse-forming delay lines which are charged through two reactors or choke coils, respectively, and which have a common pulse output circuit. There is a separate gas discharge tube for each pulse-forming line,- the two discharge tubes being triggered through separate tubes by pulses from a single blocking oscillator or the like. The failure of either discharge tube will have only a slight effect on the power output and no effect on the pulse length.

The invention will be better understood from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which Figures 1 and 2 are circuit diagrams of two embodiments of the invention. In the two figures, similar parts are referred to by similar reference characters.

Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawing, the invention comprises pulse-forming networks H3 and ID which may be in the form of low-pass filters having series inductance coils II and H and shunt capacitors I2 and I2, respectively. An equivalent pulse-forming network may be substituted for the type illustrated. The pulse-forming networks In and. ID are charged to a suitable potential from a direct-current source (not shown) which is con-- nected to the networks I and 10 through charging reactors l4 and I4, respectively. It may be desirable to include ammeters I5 and I5 to meter separately the discharge currents of the two networks. The charging reactors I4 and I4 present 2 such high impedance at the pulse frequency that the networks In and I0 are substantially open circuited and, therefore, are reflecting at one end. The inductance of each charging reactor is usually chosen to be of such value that it will resonate the total capacity in each pulse-forming line at a frequency equal to or lower than /2 the repetition rate of the pulses formed. A typical value for each reactor coil is henries. The outputs of the two pulse-forming lines are connected in parallel to the primary I8 of a pulse output transformer I9. A voltage pulse (of negative polarity) is produced across the primary winding as explained below.

It is well known that a rectangular voltage pulse may b formed by discharging certain types of networks such as the networks In and I0 through a load preferably having an impedance substan tially equal to the characteristic impedance of the network. In Fig. 1, the networks l0 and ID are discharged periodically through a pair of gas or vapor discharge tubes I6 and I6, respectively, and through the primary I8 of a transformer. I9 coupled to the load (not shown) to produce the desired voltage pulses. The load may be a magnetron which is to be keyed by the applied pulses for the production and transmission of pulses of high frequency radio energy. The gas discharge tubes l5 and I6 may be hydrogen Thyratrons, for example.

The discharging path for the networks I0 and I0 may be traced from one end of each network on the output transformer side through the primary winding I8 to ground, through ground to the cathodes of the discharge tubes I6 and I6, and through the tubes I6 and I6 to the other side of the networks l0 and I0, respectively.

The periodic pulses for causing the gas discharge tubes IG and Hi to break down and discharge the networks It! and I0 may be produced by a blocking oscillator 2|. The positive blocking oscillator pulses are applied to vacuum tubes 22 and 22' which function as buiier amplifiers to isolate the grid circuits of th gas discharge tubes i6 and I6 from each other. The pulses from tubes 22 and 22' are passed through pulse inverting transformers 23 and 23 and applied through grid current limiting resistors 25 and 24' with positive polarity to the grids of the gas discharge tubes I 6 and I6. Resistors 24 and 24 may be eliminated with some types of gas discharge tubes.

The invention is not limited to the specific circuit of Fig. 1. As shown in Fig. 2, for example, the charging chok coils I4 and I4 may be connected to the inductance coil side of the networks I0 and I0, andthe other connections changed accordingly.

The invention is not limited to the use of two gas discharge tubes. Any number of gas discharge tubes may be employed. Each tube must have its own driver or buffer and its own pulse-formtube; (3) It is possible to meter separately the.

currents of the two gas discharge tubes thereby facilitating maintenance, the proportion of the load assumed by each gas discharge tube being determined from the meter readings; (4) The tubes are operated in such manner that should they not be identical in characteristic when they are placed in operation, thereby causing them to assume disproportionate percentages of the load power, they will be aged in such a way that the load becomes more nearly equally divided.

I claim as my invention:

1. In a pulse generating circuit, a plurality of pulse-forming delay networks, a plurality of reactance units connected to said networks, respectively, through which charging currents are supplied to said networks, said reactance units presenting a high impedance to the frequency components of the pulses to be generated, a load circuit that is common to said networks and which has an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from said load circuit whereby said networks discharge into said load circuit substantially without reflection, a plurality of discharge tubes connected to said networks respectively for discharging them through said load circuit, and means for causing said discharge tubes to periodically discharge said net works simultaneously.

2. In a pulse generating circuit, a pair of pulseforming delay networks, a pair of reactance units connected to said networks, respectively, through which charging currents are supplied to said networks, said reactance units presenting a high impedance to the frequency components of the pulses to be generated, a load circuit that is common to said networks and which .has .an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from said load circuit whereby said networks discharge into said load circuit substantially without reflection, a pair of discharge tubes connected to said networks respectively for discharging them through said load circuit, and a source of driving pulses connected to said discharge tubes for causing them to discharge said networks periodically and simultaneously.

3. A pulse generator comprising a pair of delay networks, an output circuit common to said networks and which has an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from .said output circuit whereby said networks discharge into said output circuit substantially without reflection, means for charging one of said networks through a comparatively high impedance reactance coil, means for charging the other of said networks through a second comparatively high impedance reactance coi-l, means including a discharge tube for discharging one of said networks through said output circuit periodically, and means in- 4 eluding a second discharge tube for discharging the other of said networks through said output circuit simultaneously with the discharging of said one network.

4. In a pulse generating circuit, a plurality of pulse-forming delay networks, a plurality of reactance units connected to said networks, respectively, through which charging currents are supplied to saidnetworks, said reactance units presenting a high impedance to the frequency components of the pulses to be generated, a load circuit that is common to said networks and which has an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from said 'load circuit whereby said networks discharge into said load circuit substantially without reflection, a plurality of discharge tubes connected to said networks respectively for discharging them through said load circuit, a plurality of buifer tubes connected to said discharge tubes, respectively, and a source of driving pulses connected to said discharge tubes through said buffer tubes for causing them to discharge said networks periodically and simultaneously.

5. In a pulse generating circuit, a plurality of pulse-forming delay networks, a plurality of reactance coils, each of said networks having one of said coils connected thereto through which charging currents are supplied to the network, said reactance coils presenting a high impedance to the frequency components of the pulses to be generated, a load circuit that is common to said networks and which has an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from said load circuit whereby said networks discharge into said load circuit substantially without reflection, a plurality of discharge tubes, each of said networks having one of said discharge tubes connected thereto for discharging it through said load circuit, a plurality of bufier tubes, and a common source of driving pulses connected to each of said discharge tubes through a separate buiTer tube for causing the discharge tubes to discharge said networks periodically and simultaneously.

6. A pulse generator comprising a plurality of delay networks and which has an impedance that is substantially equal to the characteristic impedance of said networks as viewed from said output circuit whereby said networks discharge into said outputcircuit substantially without reflection, an output circuit common to said networks, means for charging said networks through a plurality of comparatively high impedance circuits, respectively, and means including a plurality of discharge tubes for periodically and simultaneously discharging said plurality of networks, respectively, through said output circuit.

, HOWARD C. LAWRENCE, JR.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file'of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,084,004 Riccioni June 15, 1937 2,235,385 Rava Mar. 18, 1941 2,284,850 Smith June 2, 1942 2,405,069 Tonks July 30, 1946 2,405,070 Tonks July '30, 1946 Certificate of Correction Patent No. 2,446,838. August 10, 1948.

HOWARD C. LAWRENCE, JR.

It is hereby certified that error appears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correctlon as follows:

Column 4, lines 54 and 55, claim 6, strike out the comma and words an output cireult common to said networks and insert the same after networks and before and in line 49, same claim;

and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Ofiice.

Signed and sealed this 8th day of February, A. D. 1949.

THOMAS F. MURPHY,

Assistant Commissioner of Patents.

ction August 10, 1948.

Certificate of Gone 0. LAWRENCE, JR.

ears in the printed specification of the above numbered patent requiring correction as follows:

Column 4,1'1nes 54 and 55, claim 6, strike out the comma and words an output circuit common to said networks and rnsert the same after networks and before and in line 49, same claim;

and that the said Letters Patent should be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case 1n the Patent Ofiice. Signed and sealed this 8th day of February, A. D. 1949.

Patent No. 2,446,838.

HOWARD s hereby certified that error app THOMAS F. MURPHY,

Assistant Commissioner of Patents.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2084004 *Feb 15, 1935Jun 15, 1937Bindo RiccioniMethod and apparatus for producing special electric fields
US2235385 *Mar 23, 1939Mar 18, 1941Alexander RavaWelding method and apparatus
US2284850 *Apr 19, 1939Jun 2, 1942Hammond V HayesSpeed indicating apparatus
US2405069 *Feb 23, 1942Jul 30, 1946Gen ElectricPulse generating system
US2405070 *Feb 23, 1942Jul 30, 1946Gen ElectricSquare wave pulse generating system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2575961 *Oct 31, 1947Nov 20, 1951Cons Vultee Aircraft CorpVariable width pulse generating system
US2605449 *Jun 3, 1948Jul 29, 1952Schrader George FPulse generator
US2782867 *Sep 3, 1952Feb 26, 1957Research CorpPulser circuit
US2837638 *Jun 3, 1953Jun 3, 1958Hazeltine Research IncPulse generator
US4928020 *Apr 5, 1988May 22, 1990The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergySaturable inductor and transformer structures for magnetic pulse compression
Classifications
U.S. Classification327/183, 315/230, 346/33.00B, 327/304
International ClassificationH03K3/00, H03K3/55
Cooperative ClassificationH03K3/55
European ClassificationH03K3/55