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Publication numberUS2447275 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 17, 1948
Filing dateAug 13, 1946
Priority dateAug 13, 1946
Publication numberUS 2447275 A, US 2447275A, US-A-2447275, US2447275 A, US2447275A
InventorsJames G Price
Original AssigneeJames G Price
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Shingles and clips therefor
US 2447275 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. .17, 1948.

J. G. PRICE 2,447,275

SHINGLES AND CLIPS THEREFOR Filed Aug. 13, 1946 2 S heets-Sheet 1 JAMES G PRICE- INVENTOR.

'.Aug. 17, 1948. J. G. PRICE I SHINGLES AND CLIPS THEREFOR Filed Aug. 13, 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Pig. '1

JAMES GnPRlCE iii Patented Aug. 17, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,447,275 I f 'SHINGLE'S ANDQLIPS 'rmmnr oaf I,

James G. Price, Coalgrove, .Ohiof Y v Application August 13, 194 SerialNo.690.133 j- Claims. 1 I

This invention relates, to shingles and shingle clips and, more particularly to a shingle locked into place by co-operating'surfaces on the shingle and clips therefor.

The primary object of the invention is to provide a shingle which may be precast of cementitious or other known building composition which, when set, forms a relatively hard, rigid body, and a. slip for looking it in place, the shingle having substantially smooth and continuous'edges and being devoid of nail and screw holes, notches, or other apertures through its body or edge. vWith this arrangement, it is intendedto provide a'shingle which, while conventional in outward appearance, may be laid in different patterns with various spacing without necessitating close fitting, at least laterally, with the fastening clips, and without danger of cracking .by securement of the clips.

More particularly, it is intended to provide a shingle,'preferably rectangular in plan, and having; a body tapering in thickness from the bottom to the top, the bottom of the shingle being undercut so asto form a flange for overlying the tops of the lower adjacent shingles and so as to form a hiddenrecess for accommodating the fastening clips. Furthermore, the upper longitudinal edge of each shingle is to be formed with a bevel extending upwardly from the face to the base, whereas the hidden longitudinal edge at the top of the undercut is to have a bevel extending upwardly from the base to the flange. Sheet metal clips having flat bases with screw or nail holes for securement to sheathing, and wing-like projections angling above and below the base for engaging the bevels are to be provided for locking the shingles to the sheathing.

These and other objects will be apparent in the following specification and drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view showing several shingles in place, broken away to show the hidden elements and a locking clip;

Fig. 2 is a vertical cross section along the lines 22 of Fig. .1;

Fig. 3 is a plan view of the locking clip;

Fig. 4 is a cross-section of the clip shown in Fig. 3 taken along the lines 4-4 Fig. 5 is a plan view of a wooden locking strip usable with the shingles illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2; and

Fig. 6 is a cross-section taken along the lines 66 of Fig. 5.

Referring now to the drawings, in which like reference numerals denote similar elements, the

pered in thickness from bottom to1t0p. as seen inFig. 2. The exposed longitudinal edge 4 at the-bottom of each shingle may be somewhat rounded and the vertical side edges 6, while illustrated as straight, may be roughened or otherwise configurated'for variety. Each longitudi nal top edge'll, however, is beveled so as to present an inclined surface 9 running continuously 'betweenthe'vertical side edges 6 and'extending upwardly and' inwardly fromthe s'hingle 'face It! to the base'II.'- j- The lower inside portion of each shingle is cut away toform a hidden recess I2 and to leave a flange l3 foro'verhangingthe top edges 8 of the adjacent shingles below, the shingle being cast to provide" a further undercut so as to form the hidden longitudinal edge I4 as a bevel extending between side edges 6 with its inclined surface I5 extending-upwardly from base -II to flange I3 Shingles 2 are locked in place by clips I6 preferably formed of sheet metal which may be stamped or bent of a fiat stock to provide a fiat base I8 having screw or nail holes 20, and wings 22 upwardly inclined from the lower and upper longitudinal edges of the base for face engagement with inclined surfaces 9 and I5 on the upper and lower edges 8 and I4 of the vertically adjacent shingles 2. While the shingles 2 and clips I6 may be used on conventional sheathing 26 placed over studding 28 as shown, they also may be supported on slats or battens suitably spaced on a building framework.

From the foregoing disclosure it is apparent that a wall or roof may be shingled by screwing or nailing on the side or roof of a building a. series of longitudinally spaced clips I6, laying on a course of shingles 2 with their hidden longitudinal edges I4 slid beneath the uppermost of wings 22, then fastening down another series of clips I6 with their lowermost wings 22 engaged against the beveled top edges 8 of the layed shingles, and then repeating the procedure with the subsequent upper courses. It should be noted particularly that the longitudinal spacing of clips I6 is not critical so long as each shingle receives adequate vertical support as by two clips, and that the shingles need not be closely fitted to the clips, thereby rendering variations in shingle width harmless. Where greater verused, it its preferred that they be longran-d-fr-equent enough tobridge beneath 'the'biit't jbints' between the laterally adjacent shinglesh The invention, although disclosed in detaiL;v

is not limited to the exact"'showirigbut'is in tended to cover all equivalents and modifications within the scope of the following claims:

I claim: v a

. "ll 'In combination a plurality. of similar shingles, each taperedin thickness 'frombottom to top andhavi-ng a longitudinal recess extendingifi'om side to-side in the lower portion ofthe base facethereof, .a downwardly extending flange ov'erhangingisaid recess, the lower portion of said flange being. adapted to overlie the upper edgeof I an adjacent similarshingle therebelow, the upper edge of said recess being defined by a'beveled surface inclined upwardly from said base face to Said;fi ang(-}, the 'upperedge of said shinglebeing. beveledto present a surface extending'from' side-toside and inclinedupwardly f-rom -the lower face'of said shingle-to theupper face thereof, and fasteners for said shingles'comprising a plurality of members each having a base portion adapted for= securement to a supan d other-portions presenting inclined surfaces angling upwardly and outwardlyfrom said base portion on the upper and lower sidesthereof for face engagement,"respectively, overrthe upper edge of 'one shin'gle and thesur-face d'efining thaupperedge-of. the recess on the next-adjacent shingle thereabove.

4 2. The combination claimed in claim 1, said members comprising sheet metal clips, the base portions thereof being flat and having holes therethrough for screws or nails, said other portions comprising pairs of wing-like elements respectively integral with said base portions.

3. The combination claimed in claim 1, said members comprising elongated strips of wood or the like material substantially frusto-conical in transverse-crosssection.

4-. In combination, a' su-pport, a shingle having a base surface resting on said support, a face surface, and upper and lower edge portions, said upper -edgeportion comprising a beveled surface 'iriclined'towa'rd's the lower edge portion from said wbaselsurfaceito said face surface, said lower edge .portion comprising a downwardly extending flangeforminga continuation of said face surfac'e a'nd overhanging a recess, the upper edge of said recess comprising a beveled surface inclined toward said-upper edge portion fromisaid base surface to'said flange, and a'fastener havinga base secured to. said support andhaving inclined walls extending upwardly. and outwardly from said base portion in faceengag'ement with the adjacent beveled surfaces on superposed shingles.

5.-T hecombinationclaimed in claim" 4' said fasten'ercomprising a sheet metal clip, saidba'se portion beingflatan'dhavin'g screw holes therethrough, said walls being formed by. wings integral with an angling.upwardlyf from'said base portion.

I JAMES G. IPRICEI REFERENCES CITED The {followingreferences are of recordlinmtlie file=ofthis patent:

UNITED STATES? i

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US326009 *May 19, 1884Sep 8, 1885BENTON WALDO a CObenton
US2038433 *Nov 2, 1934Apr 21, 1936Lawrence Jr Abbott WFlooring and the like
US2054512 *Jun 22, 1932Sep 15, 1936Starlock Mfg CompanyLocking means for tiles and bricks
US2279382 *Jun 20, 1938Apr 14, 1942Celotex CorpShingle and method of making the same
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2693621 *Oct 18, 1952Nov 9, 1954Fotograin CorpSiding
US4899514 *Nov 13, 1985Feb 13, 1990Brookhart Jr George CBallast block for roofing structures
US6122876 *Mar 24, 1995Sep 26, 2000James Hardie Research Pty. LimitedCladding board
US7178301 *Oct 27, 2003Feb 20, 2007Albright Gary TSimulated wood roofing shake
US7325325Jul 13, 2004Feb 5, 2008James Hardle International Finance B.V.Surface groove system for building sheets
US7524555Feb 3, 2004Apr 28, 2009James Hardie International Finance B.V.Pre-finished and durable building material
US7713615Apr 3, 2002May 11, 2010James Hardie International Finance B.V.Reinforced fiber cement article and methods of making and installing the same
US7993570Oct 7, 2003Aug 9, 2011James Hardie Technology LimitedDurable medium-density fibre cement composite
US7998571Jul 11, 2005Aug 16, 2011James Hardie Technology LimitedComposite cement article incorporating a powder coating and methods of making same
US8281535Mar 8, 2007Oct 9, 2012James Hardie Technology LimitedPackaging prefinished fiber cement articles
US8297018Jul 16, 2003Oct 30, 2012James Hardie Technology LimitedPackaging prefinished fiber cement products
US8409380Jul 28, 2009Apr 2, 2013James Hardie Technology LimitedReinforced fiber cement article and methods of making and installing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/547, 52/543
International ClassificationE04D1/34
Cooperative ClassificationE04D2001/3482, E04D2001/3414, E04D1/34, E04D2001/3458
European ClassificationE04D1/34