|Publication number||US2447870 A|
|Publication date||Aug 24, 1948|
|Filing date||Jul 1, 1944|
|Priority date||Jul 1, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2447870 A, US 2447870A, US-A-2447870, US2447870 A, US2447870A|
|Inventors||Polcyn Bernard H|
|Original Assignee||Polcyn Bernard H|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (67), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 24, 1948. B. H. POLCYN 2,447,870
DRINKING CONTAINER AND JAR CLOSURE FITTING Filed July 1, 1944 INVENTOR AT ORNEYS.
Patented Aug. 24, 1948 UNITED. STATES .PATENT OFFICE Damiano coN'rAINER solemn CLOSURE FITTING l 4 Bernard Polcyn, Milwaukee, Wis. Application July 1, 1944, serial No. 543,119
This invention relates to improvements in drinking containers and jar closure fittings.
It is a primary object of the'inven-tion to provide a drinking container, and a fitting applicable to any jar to constitute such a container, which will be completely sealed except when used fordrinking.
It is a very important further object of the invention to provide sealing means so releasable that the normal application of the users hand to the container to lift it for drinking purposes will, without any conscious client on the part of the user, open both a liquid valve and a vent valve for delivering liquid from the container to the well from which drinking occurs.
An optional object of the invention is the insulation thermally of the jar and its contents to preclude loss of heat from the contents of the jar and to protect the hands of a user from being burned by the jar.
Other objects will be apparent to those skilled in the art by analyzing the invention hereinafter disclosed.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a view in vertical section of a device mbodying the invention;
Fig. 2 shows the same embodiment of my invention as it appears in perspective;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the device hown in Figs. 1 and 2.
Like parts are identified by the same reference characters throughout the several views.
While my device may be manufactured unitarily, it is contemplated that, in the first instance, it may comprise a fitting applicable to any jar having a threaded mouth to constitute a closure for such jar and to provide for drinking therefrom, subject to the control aiiorded by my invention. A threaded jar is shown at 4. To it is applied a closure 5 comprising a threaded sleeve portion engaged with the jar. A disk portion 1 completes the jar closure and serves as a separator between the int-erior of the container or jar and the well 8 which is formed by an annular flange 9, preferably slightly beaded at Ill, which urrounds the disk portion 1 of the appliance.
A gasket l I may intervene between the closure and the top of the jar, if desired. Optionally, I may extend the skirt portion I2 downwardly to any desired extent. The skirt portion I2 is preferably spaced slightly from the periphery of the jar not merely to facilitate the introduction of the jar into threaded engagement with the closure but, more particularly, to insulate the jar and its contents. The air space Willtend to prevent loss 1 Claim. (Cl. 65-43) of heat whenthe jar contains beverages or other liquids which it is desired to maintain warm. The same air space will keep the skirt portion l2 of the device reasonably cool so that the hand of the user will not be rendered uncomfortable by the heat of the jar'and its contents.
At least one port, and preferably two ports are provided in the closure disk 1. The port l5 permits the flow of liquid from the container into the well 8, While the port l6 provides an air opening through which atmospheric air may enter the container to replace the liquid thus discharged for use. Each of the ports is provided with a valve, the valves being designated by reference characters IT, l8 respectively. The valves are preferably mounted upon a common valve carrier H), which, in the device described, takes the form of a lever, normally lying flat against the disk portion 1 of the appliance and extending at 2B upwardly along the inner side of the flange 9 and over the bead ill at 2|. From this point, the lever extends downwardly at 22, the portion 22 of the lever constituting a handle for its manipulation. A leaf spring 23 is riveted, or otherwise secured, to the inner surface of the handle portion 22 of the lever and is folded backwardly upon itself at 24 and thence downwardly at 25 along the exterior surface of the flange 9. At its extremity it has a lug portion 26, seated in a socket 21, formed externally in the flange 9. The bend at 24 in the spring provides a fulcrum upon which the lever pivots for the very slight movement required to lift the valves l1, it, from their respective seats in the correspondingly tapered ports I5, I 6.
The entire closure 5 may conveniently be molded in one piece from a suitable plastic, or metal, or glass, or other material. The recess 21 may be molded in it. The production of the valve carrier and the spring are simple stamping operations and these parts readily snap into place upon the mounted closure without requiring screws, rivets or other fastening devices to maintain the assembly.
When the device is in use, the contents of the container are kept sanitary, air and dust being excluded by the closure and valves. At the same time, the contents are instantly available for drinking. As above pointed out, no conscious effort on the part of the operator is required to open valves, since the grasp of his hand upon the assembly is inherently calculated to effect this result.
Not only are the contents of the containers protected from contamination, but they are also protected from spilling, the bias afforded by the spring 23 being sufiicient to hold the valves closed against normal pressure of the contents of the container, even though the container be overturned or actually inverted.
The appliance which comprises the closure, the valve lever with its valves and the spring 23 may, and preferably does, constitute a separate article of manufacture readily applicable to constitute any conventional screw-threaded jar as a container embodying the invention.
In a device of the described class, a drinking cup attachment for a jar, said attachment comprising a cap provided with a drinking well having a ported bottom and a rim with an external recess, valve means controlling deliveries from the jar to the cap, in combination with a valve operating lever having a portion looped over the said rim in loose pivotal relation thereto, and resilient means in the looper portion of the lever seated in the recess and adapted to urge the lever toward valve closing position, said lever having a depending handle portion in a position to be grasped by the hand used for lifting the jar.
BERNARD H. POLCYN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 870,006 Harbour Nov. 12, 1907 908,706 Sprinkle 11- Jan. 5, 1909 1,006,217 Honour Oct. 17, 1911 1,118,645 Flower Nov. 24, 1914 1,295,004 Coffman Feb. 18, 1919 1,296,447 Whitney Mar. 4, 1919 1,374,752 Megquier Apr. 12, 1921 1,380,481 Jennings June 7, 1921 1,393,250 Sharbaugh Oct. 11, 1921 1,446,474 Mahnken Feb. 27, 1923 1,756,249 Kaufman Apr. 29, 1930 1,935,969 Witherspoon Nov. 21, 1933 2,197,449 Conill Apr. 16, 1940 2,252,915 Conill Aug. 19, 1941 2,327,010 Byork Aug. 1'7, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 435,990 France Mar. 14, 1912 29,331 Netherlands Mar. 15, 1933
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US870006 *||Mar 8, 1907||Nov 5, 1907||Charles Wolfenden||Concrete-block machine.|
|US908706 *||Jun 11, 1908||Jan 5, 1909||Mahlon A Stair||Drinking-cup.|
|US1006217 *||Dec 8, 1910||Oct 17, 1911||Charles Honour||Can containing and pouring vessel.|
|US1118645 *||Jul 28, 1913||Nov 24, 1914||Stanley Thomas Edward Flower||Can perforator and sealer.|
|US1295004 *||Sep 12, 1918||Feb 18, 1919||Mason D Coffman||Can perforator and cover.|
|US1296447 *||Mar 14, 1917||Mar 4, 1919||Francis A Whitney||Spout for sealed containers.|
|US1374752 *||Mar 21, 1919||Apr 12, 1921||Megquier Bertellow W||Attachment for closed cans|
|US1380481 *||Mar 11, 1921||Jun 7, 1921||Ray Jennings||Cup|
|US1393250 *||May 6, 1920||Oct 11, 1921||Sharbaugh Wilbur F||Safety milk-can spout|
|US1446474 *||Sep 10, 1921||Feb 27, 1923||Mahnken William R||Bottle appliance|
|US1756249 *||Mar 21, 1927||Apr 29, 1930||Solomon Kaufman||Nonspillable container|
|US1935969 *||Feb 24, 1931||Nov 21, 1933||Witherspoon Lillian S||Container|
|US2197449 *||Feb 16, 1937||Apr 16, 1940||Conill Fernan O||Liquid container|
|US2252915 *||May 11, 1937||Aug 19, 1941||Fernan O Conill||Container for liquids|
|US2327010 *||Dec 9, 1940||Aug 17, 1943||Bjork Carl O||Drinking attachment for beverage cans|
|FR435990A *||Title not available|
|NL29331C *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2534614 *||Jun 15, 1949||Dec 19, 1950||Michael Bernice M||Weaning cup|
|US2571843 *||Apr 3, 1948||Oct 16, 1951||Dale Wallace S||Antispill device for liquid containers|
|US2574338 *||Jan 5, 1950||Nov 6, 1951||Tom Lewis||Milk can dispenser closure|
|US2608841 *||Nov 16, 1950||Sep 2, 1952||Rice William W||Drinking cup for use by infants and invalids such as chair and bedridden patients|
|US2646670 *||Jan 15, 1951||Jul 28, 1953||Labitska Charles W||Closure for drinking receptacles|
|US3739938 *||May 20, 1971||Jun 19, 1973||Paz N||Non-spill cup|
|US3964631 *||Jun 24, 1974||Jun 22, 1976||Albert Kenneth J||Drinking receptacle|
|US3967748 *||Jul 11, 1975||Jul 6, 1976||Thermo Seal||Drinking receptacle valve means|
|US3972443 *||Nov 1, 1974||Aug 3, 1976||Thermo Seal||Drinking receptacle|
|US4133446 *||Feb 27, 1978||Jan 9, 1979||Thermo-Seal, Inc.||Drinking vessel cover with valve controlled openings|
|US4136799 *||Sep 26, 1977||Jan 30, 1979||Inventor's Inc.||Decanter|
|US4212408 *||Nov 3, 1978||Jul 15, 1980||Orion Industries, Inc.||Beverage drinking container|
|US4982882 *||Dec 23, 1988||Jan 8, 1991||L'oreal||Cap for dispensing a fluid or viscous product, and container equipped with such a cap|
|US5118014 *||Nov 5, 1990||Jun 2, 1992||Bomatic, Inc.||Spill-proof mug|
|US5148936 *||Apr 5, 1991||Sep 22, 1992||Aladdin Synergetics, Incorporated||Container closure arrangement|
|US5186353 *||Nov 6, 1991||Feb 16, 1993||Ramsey Douglas P||Self-sealing closure|
|US5222623 *||Aug 15, 1991||Jun 29, 1993||Douglas R. Eger||Covered drinking vessel|
|US5465866 *||Jul 11, 1994||Nov 14, 1995||Belcastro; Domenic||Automatically sealing cup|
|US5605254 *||Mar 1, 1995||Feb 25, 1997||George J. Wagner, III||Ventilated directional dispensing cap|
|US5890620 *||Aug 14, 1997||Apr 6, 1999||Belcastro; Domenic||Automatically sealing cup|
|US6276560||Aug 22, 2000||Aug 21, 2001||Niko Products, Inc.||Automatically sealing cup|
|US6352166 *||Feb 10, 2000||Mar 5, 2002||William Industries, Inc.||Self-closing lid apparatus|
|US6763964 *||Jun 11, 2002||Jul 20, 2004||Pacific Market, Inc.||One hand openable lid for beverage container|
|US6786352||Jun 4, 2001||Sep 7, 2004||Domenic Belcastro||Valve arrangement for an automatically sealing cup|
|US6978910 *||Sep 25, 2003||Dec 27, 2005||Sanson, Llc||Anti-spill device for cup and lid|
|US7195137||Jun 3, 2004||Mar 27, 2007||Niko Designs, L.L.C.||Self return teeter tauter lid|
|US7546933 *||Jan 26, 2007||Jun 16, 2009||Ignite Usa, Llc||Travel container having drinking orifice and vent aperture seals|
|US7997442||Aug 16, 2011||Ignite Usa, Llc||Travel container having drinking orifice and vent aperture|
|US8360258||Jan 29, 2013||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure|
|US8403173||Jul 30, 2010||Mar 26, 2013||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure|
|US8464895||Jun 27, 2011||Jun 18, 2013||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container with one-handed operation|
|US8573431||Sep 7, 2011||Nov 5, 2013||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure with venting|
|US8590731||Aug 9, 2011||Nov 26, 2013||Ignite Usa, Llc||Travel container having drinking orifice and vent aperture|
|US8727176||Sep 11, 2012||May 20, 2014||Ignite Usa, Llc||Seal mechanism for beverage container|
|US8746496||Jan 24, 2013||Jun 10, 2014||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure|
|US8777040 *||Aug 2, 2012||Jul 15, 2014||Pacific Market International, Llc||Flask|
|US8844762||Nov 12, 2012||Sep 30, 2014||Ignite Usa, Llc||Travel beverage container|
|US8863979||Dec 2, 2013||Oct 21, 2014||Ignite Usa, Llc||Seal mechanism for beverage container|
|US8919593 *||Jul 18, 2011||Dec 30, 2014||Russell Sinacori||Lid and resiliently biased closure slider|
|US8978923||Dec 5, 2011||Mar 17, 2015||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure with venting|
|US9095233||Nov 25, 2013||Aug 4, 2015||Ignite Usa, Llc||Travel container having drinking orifice and vent aperture|
|US9113698||Mar 10, 2014||Aug 25, 2015||Camelbak Products, Llc||Drink containers and cap assemblies|
|US9321064 *||Aug 26, 2013||Apr 26, 2016||Blake Vanier||Drinking vessel with pump and methods|
|US9334090 *||Jan 23, 2015||May 10, 2016||Zak Designs, Inc.||Liquid dispensing lid|
|US9364110||Feb 6, 2015||Jun 14, 2016||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure with venting|
|US9375107||May 15, 2014||Jun 28, 2016||Pacific Market International, Llc||Beverage container closure|
|US20050067417 *||Sep 25, 2003||Mar 31, 2005||Sanders Robert T.||Anti-spill device for cup and lid|
|US20050269325 *||Jun 3, 2004||Dec 8, 2005||Niko Designs, L.L.C.||Self return teeter tauter lid|
|US20060226160 *||Mar 17, 2006||Oct 12, 2006||Sami Elsaden||Insulated drinking container|
|US20070034594 *||Aug 4, 2005||Feb 15, 2007||Jason Doucet||Vented no-spill drinking bottle, bottle cap and associated bottle and pouch system|
|US20070210093 *||Jan 26, 2007||Sep 13, 2007||Pinelli Steven N||Travel container having drinking orifice and vent aperture seals|
|US20120012585 *||Jan 19, 2012||Russell Sinacori||Spill proof lid|
|US20130341359 *||Aug 26, 2013||Dec 26, 2013||Blake Vanier||Drinking vessel with pump and methods|
|USD656360||Mar 27, 2012||Ignite Usa, Llc||Lid for beverage container|
|USD656787||Sep 13, 2010||Apr 3, 2012||Ignite Usa, Llc||Beverage container|
|USD693629||Dec 31, 2012||Nov 19, 2013||Ignite Usa, Llc||Beverage container|
|USD693630||Dec 31, 2012||Nov 19, 2013||Ignite Usa, Llc||Beverage container|
|USD696073||Dec 28, 2012||Dec 24, 2013||Ignite Usa, Llc||Beverage container|
|USD699509||Jul 27, 2012||Feb 18, 2014||Ignite Usa, Llc||Lid for beverage container|
|USD700012||Jul 17, 2012||Feb 25, 2014||Ignite Usa, Llc||Lid for beverage container|
|USD742684||Sep 6, 2013||Nov 10, 2015||Ignite Usa, Llc||Lid for travel beverage container|
|USD748943||Jun 12, 2014||Feb 9, 2016||Ignite Usa, Llc||Lid for beverage container|
|DE20019294U1 *||Nov 14, 2000||Mar 28, 2002||Wulf & Co Emsa Werk||Trinkbehälter|
|EP0094235A2 *||May 9, 1983||Nov 16, 1983||Aladdin Industries, Incorporated||Beverage dispensing lid for a cup|
|WO2003010063A1 *||Jul 25, 2002||Feb 6, 2003||Pelkey Michael H||Hot beverage container|
|WO2004106187A1 *||May 21, 2004||Dec 9, 2004||Capitol Cups, Inc.||Lid for disposable drink cups having a flap wherein the lid/cup assembly is leak and drop resistant|
|WO2009010087A1 *||Jul 14, 2007||Jan 22, 2009||P.A. Oosterling Bv||Beaker|
|U.S. Classification||220/715, 220/264, 220/254.3, 215/309, 220/259.3|
|International Classification||B65D47/08, A47G19/22|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D2251/1075, B65D47/0866, A47G19/2272|
|European Classification||B65D47/08D2, A47G19/22B12G|