|Publication number||US2448171 A|
|Publication date||Aug 31, 1948|
|Filing date||Jan 26, 1945|
|Priority date||Jan 26, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2448171 A, US 2448171A, US-A-2448171, US2448171 A, US2448171A|
|Inventors||Edmund M Campbell|
|Original Assignee||Mine Safety Appliances Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (12), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A11g- 31 1948- E. M. vcAlvnEaELL.
FIRST AID KIT Filed Jan. 2e, 1945 Patented Aug. 31, 1948 PATENT .lorries 1 FIRST-AIDKI'I` Edmund M.'Camlpb.erll, PttsburghPa., assigner to `Mine Safety- Appliances Company, Pittsburgh,.Pa;,' a corporation ofPennsylvana 'Applicationalanuary Y26, 1945, Serial-No. 574,761 s c'iaims.. (C1. .22e-50)' Thi's.invention -r\e1atestoe1rstaid kits,.. andA more particularly-to fthosefkits in each-ofwhich theitems of ylirsttaid.-are packaged in anplurality offlightfboxes, generally of- ,uniform lengthand breadth, and commonly referred 5:to asnunit containers. .y
l I tisamongthe-objects of-.this-inventionvto pro'-A videalfirstflaid: kit whichv has any outerY case that can-be v,p .ermanently 'attachedtoy a support, which. has aportable unit removablyhousedin the casa. and in -Which'.. rstfa-id' Vunit containers are clamped Ainqthe portable unitv in Ysuch amanner thatfas individual boxes .are removedthe remain-- ing boxes.remain.cIamped-inpJaCe.. A
. accordance with. thisinvention ag -frameg is providedwhichlhasfspaced end walls andan open side. The end walls maybe substantially; parallel; plates .that iare -spacedapart-by.'v side members at` threev sideswof thewframe. Between/the. endsaofi' the frame -is an'intermediate member,` sn'ohfasza@y plate substantially-parallelftothe end plates; that is movable back and forth between them. This: movable plate fis. held -i-nftheframee and l.guided therein by means ofthe'side members. The movable plateis constantly urgedtoward one-ofthe end Walls of the frame so kasto enable it tofclarnp: betweennitselff.' and that wall. a stack or row of first-aid boxes each containing one or more items of first aid. Preferably, `two opposite side members of the frame are in the form of channels in 'which are disposed coil springs that are connected to the clamping plate and to the end wall toward which it is biased. When it becomes necessaryl-to use one of thefirst-aid boxes'it4 can*4 beremoved from the frame by.-- merely pullingit outlfof ltheopen side of the. frame. The :springs thenlwill move the clampingplate -to take up-the space leftlby the removedbox,whereby therest olthe boxes again rwill be `clamped in the frame. It! is .preferred that the springsv not ,be-nicapable ofi-moving the clamping plate allgthef way to the end of the frame, so after several of the boxes have been removed from the frame the plate will no longer clamp the rest in position. This makes it necessary to replace the used boxes before the frame has been completely emptied. The top of the frame is provided with a handle to permit it to be lowered into an open top container which has a closure for making it watertight. This case is adapted to be permanently mounted in any desired location. When an accident occurs requiring first aid, the case is opened and the frame with the first-aid boxes therein lifted from it and carried to the scene of the accident.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the Aaccompanying rdrawings in which Fig. 1 is aside view of the framelled with first-aid' boxes and sealed in a case vshown .in
vertical section,y and Fig.' 2 is a perspective viewr of'lthe frame alone. y
Referring to'Fig. 1 ofthe drawings, a water.-
tight` case is formed from a rectangular container Vhavi'ng an open `upper.endnormally 'closedby aY removable -flanged cover 2.. VThe cover isy provide.d.'interiorly with .a .rubber sealing. gasket; .3jtliat restsrcn top of the. container and is. held..
between the cover .angeand a angedlmember 4` attached to the. lower surfacef the.Y cover..
Although the covermay be clampedlonthe. con.. tainer, in any suitabley manner, itispreferredto.
use. a. toggle-'like clamp. of. well .known construe tion atv each end. .The linkl ofoneof. these clamps is, pivotally connected.. to a rrhook- 1'- mounted on one end' of the closureand-bent over the 4top of the link. to permanently.. connectthe The case may be provided with;h any suitable meansfor. .rigidlymounting, itorr a.l support, `such as ,onthe-v body of v a` vehicle.
It isma feature of thisinvention that aplurality of rst-.aid ...boxes 1.2.1 containing compresses. bandages, iodine, .ammoniainhalanta etc'.,- are housedin the, case infsuch'nraemanneras to-be removable therefromas anportableunitl Forthispurpose alframeis .removably disposed inthe case;`
This frame has upper and lower end walls-formed from Arrectangular yplates l 3.1and `Hlthat are tspaced bers 'Ilat the opposite-endsfofz theplates .preferably are in the form of channels welded to the end plates with their flanges projecting inwardly toward each other. Between these two channels the rear edges of the plates are connected by a third side member Il which may be a flat strip of metal having its ends bent over the end plates and welded thereto. The upper plate may be provided with a notch I8 through which this member extends, but the lower plate is shown naorrwer than the upper one and therefore without a notch. Channels I6 are spaced just far enough apart to permit the first-aid boxes to be inserted between them and moved back against member I1.
Onthe' Between the ends walls of the frame there is an intermediate or clamping plate that is movable up and down in the frame. This plate is held in the frame by providing its ends with pairs of notches 2| for loosely receiving the flanges of channels I6. The back of the plate likewise may be provided with a slot or notch 22 through which the rear side member I1 extends. The side members thus guide the clamping plate in its vertical movements. Disposed in each channel is a coil spring 23 :for urging the clamping plate toward one end of the frame. Preferably, the springs are above this plate with their upper ends connected to top plate I3 and their lower ends connected to tongues 24 integral with the clamping plate and projecting into channels I6. These springs lift the clamping plate toward the top plate. By pressing the clamping plate downwardly a stack of first-aid boxes l2 can be placed on it, and when the plate is released the springs will cause it to press the boxes up against the top plate of the frame, whereby the boxes are held in place by the clamping action of the two plates. The top plate is provided with a folding handling 26, and the entire unit ts snugly inside of the case.
`When an accident occurs requiring first-aid treatment, the case is opened and the frame with the rst-aid boxes therein is lifted by its handle from the container I and carried to the scene of theaccident. The boxes containing the desired items of first aid are then pulled out of the frame through its open front side, and the springs immediately raise the clamping plate so that it will continue to clamp the remaining boxes against the top plate. If any useful material is left in the boxes that were removed, they can be replaced in the frame by merely moving the clamping plate downwardly to make room for them. It is preferred that the springs lift the clamping plate only about half way up the, frame, as shown in Fig. 2, so that when the plate reaches that level it no longer will clamp boxes in the frame. This is desirable because it forcefullyV calls attention to thelfact that half of the boxes have been used up and the frame should therefore be restocked with new boxes as soon as possible in order to replenish the kit.
According to the provisions of the patent statutes, I have explained the principle and construction of my invention vand have illustrated and described what I now consider to represent its best embodiment. However, I desire to have it understood that, within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically illustrated and described.
1. A first-aid kit comprising substantially parallel end members, a pair ofoppositely disposed side channels spacing the end members apart, a plate between and substantially parallel to said end 4 members and movable back and forth between them, oppositely disposed edges of said plate being provided with pairs of notches for loosely receiving the flanges of said channels to slidably retain the plate between the channels, a side Vmember connected to edge portions of said end members substantially ,midway between said channels, another edge of the plate being provided with a notch for loosely receiving said side member, and coil springs disposed in said channels with their ends connected to one of said end members and to said plate to clamp between said end member and plate a stack of first-aid boxes removable from between said channels away from said side member.
2. A rst-aid kit comprising substantiallyl parallel end plates, a pair of oppositely disposed side members spacing said plates apart and connected to two opposite edge portions thereof, a third side member, connected to edge portions of the plates between said opposite edge portions, a clamping plate between and substantially parallel to said end plates and provided with openings for loosely receiving all three'side members to slidably retainV the clamping plate in position, springs pulling the clamping plate toward one of said end plates to clamp between said one end plate and clamping plate a stack of rst-aid boxes removable from between said pair of side members away from said third side member, and a handle attached to one of the end plates for lifting the kit.
3. A first-aid kit comprising substantially parallel end members, a pair of oppositely disposed side members spacing the end members apart-and each being provided with a pair of spaced substantially parallel flanges, a plate between and substantially parallel to said end members and movable back and forth between them, the plate having tongue portions projecting between said spaced flanges, coil springs between said spaced iianges with their ends connected to said tongue portions and to one of said end members to clamp between said end member and plate a stack of rst-aid boxes removable from between said side members, and a handle attached to one of the end plates for lifting the kit.
. EDMUND M. CAMPBELL.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number 'Name Date 416,042 Smith et al NOV. 26, 1889 551,692 Schmidt Dec. 17, 1895 1,009,047 Capitain Nov. 21, 1911 1,902,239 Holdgrafer Mar. 21, 1933 1,944,075 Gaisman Jan. 16, 1934 2,205,664 Davis July 2, 1940 2,251,876 Gibbs Aug. `5, 1941
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US416042 *||Aug 12, 1889||Nov 26, 1889||Grocer s canister|
|US551692 *||May 4, 1895||Dec 17, 1895||Receptacle for gloves|
|US1009047 *||Jun 12, 1909||Nov 21, 1911||Henry D Capitain||Hand-bag for physicians and surgeons.|
|US1902239 *||Nov 17, 1930||Mar 21, 1933||Clem Holdgrafer||Bread serving appliance|
|US1944075 *||May 20, 1931||Jan 16, 1934||Gaisman Henry J||Container|
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|US2251876 *||Sep 23, 1940||Aug 5, 1941||Gibbs William J||Apparatus for storing stacked articles|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2685970 *||Jun 18, 1951||Aug 10, 1954||Package display stand|
|US2692177 *||Dec 23, 1950||Oct 19, 1954||American Mach & Foundry||Self-leveling, storing, and dispensing apparatus|
|US2735552 *||Jun 13, 1950||Feb 21, 1956||Display rack|
|US2825466 *||Oct 18, 1951||Mar 4, 1958||Gillette Co||Display rack|
|US3275133 *||Jun 15, 1965||Sep 27, 1966||Ruby A Wood||Paper roll dispenser|
|US3738722 *||Dec 1, 1971||Jun 12, 1973||Scandinavische Import||Device of the self-leveling type for storing and dispensing a stack of articles|
|US3951260 *||Nov 25, 1974||Apr 20, 1976||Frazee Kenneth G||Survival kit|
|US4214684 *||Nov 6, 1978||Jul 29, 1980||Galowitz Dennis A||Ball holder|
|US4320932 *||Apr 25, 1980||Mar 23, 1982||Lloyd Giffin||Vertical breadbox or the like|
|US4828119 *||Apr 18, 1988||May 9, 1989||Jero Manufacturing, Inc.||Self-leveling tray or ice dispenser|
|US5322171 *||Oct 22, 1993||Jun 21, 1994||Jero Manufacturing, Inc.||Dispenser apparatus|
|US5984115 *||Mar 6, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Koestenblatt; Erik D.||Compact disc case system|
|U.S. Classification||294/166, 217/64, 220/23.89, 211/49.1, 211/59.3, 206/803|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S206/803, A61F17/00|