|Publication number||US2448181 A|
|Publication date||Aug 31, 1948|
|Filing date||Nov 5, 1945|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2448181 A, US 2448181A, US-A-2448181, US2448181 A, US2448181A|
|Inventors||Holm Walter P T|
|Original Assignee||Vibra Co Soc De Resp Ltda|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (4), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 31, 1948. -w. P. T. HOLM "7" ELECTRIC ALARM DEVICE Filed Nov. s, 1945 ATTO RNEY ELEoTRIc ALARM Davids l Walter P. T. Holm, Buenos Aires, Argentina, as-
signor to Vibra Co. Soc. de Resp. Ltda., Buenos Aires, Argentina, a. .corporation of Argentina.v
v'This invention relates to burglar and fire :alarm devices, and more particularly to vibration and heat sensitive switches. i y
One object of the invention is to provide means highly sensitive to 'vibration and heat to close a circuit to an Ialarm device in the event of any attempt at burglary or fire, which means when disposed wherever desired Will be a safeguard against'such events.
vAnother object is to provide a device of this vtype with a pendulum suspension highly sensitive to both vibrations and heat so as to prevent the same from working ineiilciently. "i-fThe most outstanding feature of the'apparatus resides in that it provides a pendulum mounted in such a manner as to act as the breaker of a circuit` enclosing directly or indirectly one or more alarm elements l(bells, lights, etc.). The breaking of the current takes place between the rod of the pendulum proper and one or more contact terminals located near the rod, these contact terminals being `made of a good conducting material -capable of deforming or expanding under th'e effect of heat. i ylin the case of a trespass or a theft taking place at the spot where the apparatus is located, i. e.,
When this device suiers any vibration due to these causes, the pendulum will take on an oscillation of such a magnitude as to cause its rod to touch the said terminal or terminals, thereby closing lthe electric circuit and producing the desired alarm.
. fn the lcase of a fire, the terminal or terminals will become deformed or will expand so that the pendulum,l even if it stands still, will be touched bythe said terminal or terminals to produce the closing of the electric circuit and, consequently, the said alarm, in the same manner as hereinbefore stated.
It is evident that the electric circuit may cornprise an electromagnet, a relay, a motor, etc., to keep this circuit closed once it is closed or keep closed any other circuit comprising the alarm contrivances so as to have the alarm go on until it is interrupted by its corresponding switch.
Inorder that the invention may be readily understood and put into practice it is shown by way of example in the attached drawing by means of various illustrative figures wherein:
Figure 1 is a front view of the device according to the invention, with its lid removed, and showing the support of the penduluml in sectional view.
Figure 2 is a sectional view along the line A-A of the foregoing ligure, with the lid on,
'Application November 5, 1945, Serial No. 626,628 l l In Argentina April v30, 1945 i '.1
comme. (ci. zoo- 138i f a l' igure 3 is a-sectional View of Figure 1,
VFigure 4 is a Vfront elevational View on a re-f duced scale of the device, and y I i Figure 5 is the electric Wiring' diagram of the along the line -C--C apparatus. I
In the different figures of the drawing similar parts are indicated by the same reference numerals.
The construction in accordance with the model shown consists of an electrically insulating base I on which is mounted by means of 'screws 2 a support 3 made of a good conducting material. To provide for adjustment of support 3 these screws pass through lengthened holes 4 in the said support 3, as will be appreciated from Figs.
1 and 3. l i
-On this bracket-like support 3 rests a pendulum rod 5 which passes through a slot 6 in the bracket and ends in an inverted cradle 'l having pointed ends. As is seen from Fig. 1, the cradle 1 rests in `two conical cavities 8 in support 3 -so as to cause the same to offer the least possible resistance when the pendulum oscillates. All these elements, i. e., support 3, rod 5 of the pendulum and cradle I are made of a good conducting material or materials.
In order to prevent the rod 5 from being accidentally dislodged from the support it is provided with a suitable means such as the ring 9 having a pressure-screw Iii and located near the bottom portion of the horizontal Wing of support 3. In this manner, the cradle 'l of the pendulum cannot escape unless the pressure-screw I0 is loosened and the ring 9 moved down until the tips of the cradle can `clear the conical cavities 8, as will be readily understood.
The support 3 may be equipped with any suitable means for controlling its position (low or high). ing, is a simple eccentric I I engaging a notch of the support and mounted on the `base I. It may be turned by means of a key or an instrument like the rod I2 one end of which is square shaped in cross section and engages the eccentric body Il while the other end carries a knob I2 to ODerate it (Figs. 2 and 4). I
The rod 5 suspended in th'e manner as has been described hereinbefore extends downwardly and receives at its lower end the weight I3 thus constituting the pendulum of the device. This rod 5 has intermediate the ends thereof a small bolt I4 extending therethrough and rigidly aiiixed thereto. I 1 f il Near the bolt I4, at a different level, for ex- This means, in the example of the draw a support I6 which is mounted on the base I by A means .of screws I1 that pass through a slot I8 of the support to permit adjustment of its height.-
The electric connection of vthe device is, as in the case of ordinary circuit-breakers, ef-
fected in series with the elements and contrivances producing the corresponding alarm, the
cables I9 and 20 being connected to the screws.:
2 and I1, respectively (Fig. l). A lid 2| covering the device as a protecting means (Figs. 2 and 4) has the necessary orifices or openings for the said cables I9 and 20 to pass therethrough (provided they do not pass through the base I), as well as the openings 22 (Fig. 4) for the insertion of a screw driver to operate the screws 2 whenever it is desired to adjust the position of the support 3 by means of the knob I2 and the eccentric II, and opening 23 (Fig. 2) to allow heat to pass in case of a fire. The device operates as follows:
With the apparatus put in the pl-ace where it is needed, for example, a door, a display-window, a vehicle, etc., and the electric current connected thereto, any movement of such-door, window, etc., will induce a vibration which, in turn, will cause the pendulum to oscillate immediately. When the pendulum swings, rod will make contact with one of the wires I5 or with both, thereby closing the electric circuit which will start the alarm installation. Again, when there is a fire, the heat received by the wire -or the wires I5 will cause the same to form an arch or bend towards and make contact with the through-bolt I4 of the rod 5, whereby the circuit is closed as in the foregoing ease, even if the pendulum remains motionless. To increase the heat sensitivity of the device, the rod 5, or a portion thereof, may be made of a material having a high coeiicient of expansion, so that the bolt I4 may touch the wires I5 for the desired purpose. n In certain cases, the bolt I4 may be dispensed with, if the direction in which the wires I5 are bent is towards the rod 5, the electric circuit being closed in the same manner in the event of are. l
To sensitize the apparatus or to condition to the temperature ranges of summer and winter, all that is necessary is to raise or lower the position of support 3 by the aid of its adjusting means, viz, the eccentric II', rod I2, knob I2 andscrews2. l
Also, the wires I5 may be spaced from rod 5 and its bolt I4, as may be deemed necessary. I
.What is claimed is: l y i vl, l. A heat and vibration sensitive switch, comprising a nonconducting base, a pendulum support connected to said base, a pendulum rod carried by said support, a second support connected to said base, at least one thermoscopic rod connected to said second support and adjacent said pendulum rod, and a bolt carried by. said pendulum rod extending transversely through the same and adjacent said thermoscopic rod.
' jlf" 2,448,181
l 3. .A heat Iand vibration sensitive switch, compri'sing ia non-conducting base, a pendulum support connected to said base, said support having a slot formed therein and two conical cavities spaced from said slot, a pendulum rod extending through said slot, an inverted cradle l, memberat one' end of said pendulum rod adapted to seat in said conical cavities, a second support connected to said base, at least one thermoscopic rod connected to said second support and adjacent said pendulum rod, and a bolt carried by said l pendulum rod extending 4transversely through the same and adjacent said thermoscopic rod.
4. A heat and vibration sensitive switch, comprising a non-conducting base, a pendulum support connected to said base, a pendulum rod at least part of which has a high coefiicient of expansion carried by said support, a second support connected to said base, at least one themoscopic rod connected to said second support and adjacent said pendulum rod, and a bolt carried by said pendulum rod extending transversely through the same and adjacent saidv thermoscopic rod. 5. A heat and vibration sensitive switch, com--A prisihg a non-conducting base, a pendulum support connected to said base, said support having a slot formed therein and two conical cavities spaced from said slot, a pendulum rod extending through said slot, an inverted cradle member at y one end of said pendulum rod adapted to seatirr said conical cavities, a ring slidable on said rod and below said support, said ring having a threaded aperture formed therein, a screw in said aperture for friction-al engagement with said pendulum rod, a second support connected .to said base, at least one thermoscopic rod connected to said second support and adjacent said pendu-f lum rod, and a bolt carried by said pendulum rod extending transversely through the same `and adjacent said thermoscopio rod.
6. A heat and vibration sensitive switch, comprising a non-conducting base, a pendulum sup-- port connected t0 said base, a pendulum rod car. ried by said support, an eccentric rotatably mounted in said base and engaging said support for moving said support on saidbase, means connected to said eccentric for rotating the same, a second support connected to said base, at least one thermoscopic rod connected to said second support and adjacent said pendulum rod, and a bolt carried by said pendulum rod extending transversely through the same and adjacent saidI thermoscopic rod.
. WALTER P. T. HOLM.
j j i REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record inthe le of this patent: l. n
fJNITED STATES PATENTS Number l l kmaar/57 1,720,230
Name Date I Fassett May 18, 1915 Murray v July 9, 1929.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1139757 *||Feb 6, 1914||May 18, 1915||Leo Ehrlich||Theft-prevention device for automobiles.|
|US1720230 *||Jan 12, 1921||Jul 9, 1929||R M Company Inc||Multiplex burglar alarm|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2508961 *||Mar 28, 1949||May 23, 1950||Charles J Songer||Fast acting stop signal|
|US2736012 *||Feb 6, 1953||Feb 21, 1956||Electric fire alarm system|
|US4458241 *||Sep 1, 1981||Jul 3, 1984||Psi Limited||Device for protecting works of art|
|US4945347 *||Mar 17, 1988||Jul 31, 1990||Perry John C||Motion and orientation responsive device for seismic, intrusion, and tilt alarms and the like|
|U.S. Classification||337/3, 340/571, 340/689, 337/334, 340/566, 340/594, 340/521|