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Publication numberUS2448782 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 7, 1948
Filing dateMay 14, 1945
Priority dateMay 14, 1945
Publication numberUS 2448782 A, US 2448782A, US-A-2448782, US2448782 A, US2448782A
InventorsDavis Archibald H
Original AssigneeDavis Archibald H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Composite strand and fabric
US 2448782 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept' 7 1948 A. H. DAVIS 2,448,782

COMPOSITE STRAND AND FABRIC Filed May 14, 1945 Patented 7, 194s Archibald Il. Davia, Washington, D. C.

Application May 14, 1945, Serial No. 93,693

This 'invention relates to novel composite textile strands and to textile fabrics made therefrom including woven, knitted, plied and laminated sheets. webbing. belts. tapes, cordage and the like.

A general object of the invention is the provision of composite textile strands and fabrics including fibers of high tensile strength. high resistance to atmospheric influence and to biological attack, and highheat stability and having likewise a high degree of adhesiveness to coating and laminating compositions.

While materials such as siliceous, nylon and fine metallic fibers possess in high degree the strength, resistance and stability desired in many cases. particularly in industrial applications, these fibers are all characterized by relatively smooth non-adhesive surfaces which entail serious disadvantages in the use of fibers of vthis type.`

I have found that by suitably combining high strength fibers of low surface adhesion with organic plastic fibers, it is possible to .provide composite strands and fabrics in which the adhesion of the components is greatly increased without any sacrifice of the strength and resistance properties of the high strength fibers.

In general, the 'invention includes composite textile strands comprising an organic plastic fiber and at least one high strength fiber of low surface adhesion, such as glass, nylon, or metal, disposed about the organic plastic fiber in contact with a portion' only of the surface of the organic plastic fiber, whereby the adhesive properties of the strand is greatly increased not only by' the adhesiveness of the organic plastic fiber but by the effective mechanical interlocking provided by the channels and projections embodied in the strand and fabric construction. The invention also includes textile `fabrics broadly, woven, knitted, plied and laminated from the strands of the invention into sheets, webbing, belts, tapes, cordage and the like which may be coated, laminated or otherwise treated to produce articles of improved utility or appearance.

Typical of the high strength fibers of low surfacefadhesion useful in the invention are glass fibers` produced in the known way of any desired dimensions, composition and color. Other high strength fibers suitable for use in the invention are asbestos fibers, mineral wool fibers, nylon fibers. and metallic fibers or wires.

The organic plastics useful in the invention may be selectedfrom a wide variety of classes of organic resins and elastomers including cellulose esters and ethers; polymerization and copolymerization products of oleilnic compounds.

4' Claims. n (Cl. 57-440) such as vinyl compounds, styrene, acrylic acid and its derivatives; synthetic or artificial rubber compositions, such asl poiymerized dienes and the of Fig. 5, and

various modifications thereof, rubber halides and hydrohalides, and chloroprene; urea, thiourea-, and melamine-aldehyde resins; phenol-aldehyde resins; glycerol-polybasic acid resins; polycarboxylic amide condensation products; and mixtures of two or more resins or clastomers. The plastics may include suitable plasticizers, pigments, fillers and other modifying agents well known in the plastic art.

The composite strands of the invention may be made in a wide variety of ways. such as by plyinger twisting together one or more threads or fibers of high strength material of relatively low surface adhesion.

The strands may be so formed that either the high .strength fibers or the organic plastic fibers project in the strand beyond the effective diameter of the other fibers in the strand in accordance with the use to which the strands are to be put.

In forming the strands-by twisting, the relative tensions on the high strength fibers and on the plastic fibersy may be adjusted with respect to the relative diameters of the fibers to cause either of the fibers to overiie the other in the strands as may be desired. The amount of projection of the organic plastic fiber in the strand section may be increased after formation of the strand by a suitable treatment such as by heating or by treating with a suitable swelling agent. The fibers may be, twisted or plied in a multiple of directions in the strand. The strand and fabric construction of the invention is th-us subject to a wide variation without departing from thecharacter- The invention will be more scribed with reference to the accompanying drawing showing illustrative emb iments oi.' the principles of the invention. y

Fig. 1 is an enlarged diagrammatic representation of acomposite strand embodying the principles of the invention;

In the drawing:

Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 are enlarged diagrammatic representations of further embodiments of the invention; v

Fig. 6 is an enlarged diagrammatic section of a coated fabric embodying the composite strand Fig. 8 is an enlarged diagrammatic section of assenso a coat 'd fabric embodying the composite strand of Fig.

In the strand shown in Fig. 1, the high strength ber i and the organic'plastic ber Ii are of substantially the same diameter. As shown in the ber, the high strength ber i., of glass. for example, is caused to project to a greater diameter in the strand by giving it a greater degree of twist, for example, by subjecting the plastic ber to greater tension than the high strength ber while twisting the two bers into the strand.

In the strand of Fig. 2, the high strength fiber i0 has a greater ber diameter than the organic plastic ber I I so that when twisted into a strand at substantially the same tension the high strength ber projects to a greater distance in the strand than the plastic ber.

In the strands of both Figs. 1 and 2, the relative positions of the bers in the strand may be reversed. In the forms shown, the mechanical interlocking effect in fabric structures and in coated constructions is more predominant t 'n when the organic plastic ber is outermostin the strand.

In tlie strands of Figs. 3 and 4, high strength bers or wire i0 are plied or twisted about substantially straight organic plastic bers Il. A plurality of high strength fibers I0 of different directions of twist may be utilized as in Fig, 4.

Fig. 5 shows a strand having six high strength bers I0 plied about a relatively straight organic plastic ber Il of substantially greater ber diameter.

' Fig. 6 shows diagrammatically the combined adhesive and-mechanical interlocking eect of the strands of Fig. 5 when combined into a fabric and coated with a coating composition I2.

. Fig. 'I shows a strand having three high strength bers I0 plied about an organic plastic ber il of substantially smaller ber diameter.

Fig. 8 shows the strands of Fig. 7 composed into a coated fabric construction combining high strength and a high degree of cohesion of the fabric elements the coating composition being indicated at lI 2.

The strands of the invention in their various forms adapt themselves to plyin. knitting, weaving and the like into fabric structures of a wide variety of patterns. For example, by weavo ciples of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Iclaim:

1. A composite textile strand comprising an organic plastic fiber and at least one glass fiber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface of the organic plastic ber, the relative twist'of .the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by an amount sumcient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand.

2. A composite textile strand comprising an organic .plastic ber and at least one glass ber of lesser fiber diameter than the organic plastic ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion onlyof the surface of the organic plastic ber, the relative twist of the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by an amount suicient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand.

3. A textile fabric comprising a plurality of strands including an organic plastic ber and at least one glass ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface ofthe organic plastic ber, the -relative twist of the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by. an amount sulcient to project the glass fiber to the periphery of. the strand. and a coating composition bonded to the glass bers of the fabric by contact rwith the organic plastic bers.

4. A textile fabric comprising a plurality of strands including an organic plastic ber and ing the strands into a ribbed fabric structure both the structure of the strands and the fabric structure itself cooperate to `increase adhesion and mechanical interlocking in coated and laminated structures.

`It will be clear from the foregoing construcl tion and examples that the construction and .arrangement of the strands and fabrics may be widely varied without departing from the prinat least one lglass ber of lesser ber diameter than the organic plastic ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface of the organic plastic fiber, the relative twist of the glass fiber being greater than that of the organic' plastic ber by an amount sumcient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand, and a coating composition bonded to the glass fibers or the fabric by contact with the organic plastic bers.

' ARCHIBALD H. DAVIS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,110,979 Rider Mar. 15, 1938 2,217,826 van Laer Oct. 15, 1940 2,252,999 Wallach Aug. 19, 1941 2,308,781 Francis Dec. 29, 1942 2,313,058 Francis Mar. 9, 1943 2,313,104 Wallach Mar. 9, 1943 2,335,844 Camp Nov, 30, 1943

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2110979 *May 21, 1936Mar 15, 1938Linnard T RiderYarn
US2217826 *Dec 2, 1939Oct 15, 1940American Enka CorpRayon for reinforcing rubber products
US2252999 *Apr 13, 1938Aug 19, 1941Sylvania Ind CorpArticle and process for the manufacture thereof
US2306781 *Jul 17, 1941Dec 29, 1942Sylvania Ind CorpProduct containing siliceous fibers and method of making the same
US2313058 *Jul 17, 1941Mar 9, 1943Sylvania Ind CorpTextile product and method of making the same
US2313104 *Aug 18, 1941Mar 9, 1943Sylvania Ind CorpPlied yarn and cords and process of producing the same
US2335644 *May 27, 1942Nov 30, 1943Clark Thread CoComposite strand material
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2539301 *Jul 15, 1949Jan 23, 1951Us Rubber CoWoven glass fabric and method of making same
US2575753 *Dec 29, 1948Nov 20, 1951Us Rubber CoMethod of producing chenillelike yarn
US2631463 *Nov 12, 1946Mar 17, 1953Dayton Rubber CompanyCord belt
US2729933 *Jul 12, 1952Jan 10, 1956Schlichter Jute Cordage CompanTwine
US2773282 *Jan 17, 1950Dec 11, 1956Stanley BackerMethod of and apparatus for spinning yarns
US2917891 *Sep 1, 1953Dec 22, 1959Columbian Rope CoSynthetic rope structure and method of making same
US3090189 *Oct 30, 1957May 21, 1963Michelin & CieElastic wire cables
US3091018 *Dec 27, 1956May 28, 1963Johns Manville Fiber Glass IncProcess for combining glass fibers with synthetic resin fibers and product thereof
US3093352 *Jun 6, 1961Jun 11, 1963Douglas Aircraft Co IncPower absorbing systems and components for arresting aircraft
US3125404 *Oct 24, 1957Mar 17, 1964 Tensile strength
US3206923 *May 16, 1963Sep 21, 1965Russell W PriceReinforced conductive yarn
US3422873 *Jul 24, 1967Jan 21, 1969Firestone Tire & Rubber CoTire cord
US3463290 *Apr 24, 1967Aug 26, 1969Mitsubishi Electric CorpHandrail belt for escalator
US3603071 *Apr 22, 1970Sep 7, 1971Goodyear Tire & RubberCords for annular reinforcing tire belts
US3620280 *Apr 16, 1968Nov 16, 1971Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpMultifilament reinforcement yarns and articles containing same
US3625809 *Feb 24, 1970Dec 7, 1971Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpFilament blend products
US3631667 *Aug 29, 1967Jan 4, 1972Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpMethod of making reinforcement for tires
US3769787 *Oct 26, 1971Nov 6, 1973Hartford Fibres LtdCompact multi-filament textile yarn and method of making the same
US3824779 *Jun 4, 1971Jul 23, 1974Owens Corning Fiberglass CorpMethod of making multifilament yarns
US4103102 *Jul 1, 1976Jul 25, 1978Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedReinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4177553 *Feb 27, 1978Dec 11, 1979Bell Telephone Laboratories, IncorporatedReinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4618167 *Feb 9, 1984Oct 21, 1986Whitehead Edwin NSecurity filament for use in identification cards
US4750324 *Jan 23, 1987Jun 14, 1988Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyElastic composite yarns from brittle ceramic yarns
US5189840 *Aug 12, 1991Mar 2, 1993Gunze LimitedDevice for holding slidable member
US5436076 *Sep 30, 1994Jul 25, 1995Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd.Composite cord for reinforcing rubber
US6458456 *Mar 22, 2000Oct 1, 2002Technology Innovations, LlcComposite fiber for absorptive material construction
US7127879Oct 3, 2002Oct 31, 2006E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And CompanyPly-twisted yarn for cut resistant fabrics
US8916262May 18, 2009Dec 23, 2014Dow Corning CorporationComposite materials and structures
US20040065072 *Oct 3, 2002Apr 8, 2004Nanoamp Solutions, Inc.Ply-twisted yarn for cut resistant fabrics
US20040106202 *Nov 26, 2003Jun 3, 2004Technology Innovations, LlcComposite fiber for absorptive material with sensor
CN102493084A *Dec 7, 2011Jun 13, 2012吴江市凯灵喷水织造厂Method for weaving polyamide bag fabrics
EP0310202A1 *Sep 30, 1988Apr 5, 1989Stamicarbon B.V.Combinations of polyolefin filaments and yarns of low wetting and adhesive power and filaments and yarns of high wetting and adhesive power
WO2004031462A1 *Oct 1, 2003Apr 15, 2004Du PontPly-twisted yarn for cut resistant fabrics
Classifications
U.S. Classification442/60, 428/374, 57/240, 57/229, 57/238, 428/392
International ClassificationD03D15/00, D02G3/44, D02G3/40, D02G3/28
Cooperative ClassificationD03D15/00, D02G3/182, D03D2700/0137, D10B2101/20, D03D15/0094, D10B2101/06, D03D15/02, D03D15/0016, D03D15/0011, D10B2101/04, D10B2401/063, D03D15/0027, D02G3/44, D10B2331/02, D02G3/28
European ClassificationD03D15/00, D03D15/00C, D03D15/00P, D03D15/00E, D03D15/02, D03D15/00B, D02G3/44, D02G3/28, D02G3/18B