|Publication number||US2451015 A|
|Publication date||Oct 12, 1948|
|Filing date||Apr 26, 1944|
|Priority date||Apr 26, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2451015 A, US 2451015A, US-A-2451015, US2451015 A, US2451015A|
|Inventors||Adams Heston D|
|Original Assignee||Adams Heston D|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (2), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
t. 12, 1948. H. D. ADAMS 2,451,015
DISPENSING PAC KAGE FOR CARTRIDGE RELOADING COMPONENTS Filed April 26, 1944 INVENTOR. H$T0N 0. A0AM A T TOR/v5 Y.
Patented Get. 12, 1948 UNH'E'ED S TES. PATENT Erica Heston B. Adams, Mount Morrison, Colo. Application April 26, 1944, Serial No. 532,845
2 Claims. 1
This invention relates to improvements in am munition.
The great improvements in powder and advances in the science of ballistics have made the gun an'instrument of precision and at the same time it has made it so sensitive that great care must betaken to provide ammunition in which the kind and quantity of the powder used is accurately proportioned to the weight and type of bullet. Different makes and types of primers also make a difference in the performance of a gun and in any event the primers must accurately lit the cases or shells.
To obtain consistent results with a gun, or pistol, it is absolutely essential that the ammunition must be the same. With the improved powders now in use, the slightest variation in the quantity will make an appreciable difference in the performance of a gun, other things being equal. The weight and the type of bullet is likewise of great importance as the initial velocity will vary with the mass when subjected to the same propelling force.
In well equipped factories the same primers, cases, shells and bullets are always available and devices are used which measure the powder charge with great accuracy and as a result the V ammunition gives consistent results.
Owing to the scarcity of ammunition at this time and to the high cost thereof, gunmen, in increasing numbers, are reloading their empty shells or cases. The required primers and bullets can be purchased from dealers and powder of the desired kind is also available in bulk. Reloading tools are also available. The main concern of the amateur reloader is therefore the powder as this must be very carefully weighed so as to get just the right amount for the particular shell, case, or cartridge and bullet. If the powder charge varies as much as a grain in weight, the performance of the gun will show a corresponding variation.
It is the object of this invention to produce packages of components, each of which shall contain two or more or all components for any particular case or cartridge. The components of each package shall be balanced as to type, size, quantity, shape and weight for the particular load desired and shall in no case exceed safe pressure limits. If the gunman has his own case, the components are furnished so as to fit that particular case, or all of the components, including the case may be furnished and sold in unit packages to be assembled by the purchaser, all packages of components to be properly labeled.
2 Since the kind and quantity of powder is the, component of greatest delicacy, the powder "is carefully weighed and enclosed in packages'for example, in gelatin capsules. Where the bullets are provided with a lubricating coating, they may be individually wrapped. With such a package, the reloader merely in: eerts the primer, empties the charge of powder into the case and inserts the bullet with the full assurance that the cartridge thus reloaded" will have the proper components in the right weight and can therefore rely on the ammunition to give the results desired and perform consistently.
Where the reloader prepares the powder charges from powder bought'in bulk, it often varies one or more grains in weight and it has happened that a double charge of powder has been loaded'into a case with serious and some times fatal results.
In the drawing several different kinds of pack.- ages have been illustrated.
Figure 1 shows'a longitudinal diametrical section of a tubular package containing ppwder,
primer and bullet;
Figure 2shows a package similar to that shown in Figure 1, which, in addition, contains an empty case;
Figure 3 shows the components enclosed in a large gelatin capsule.
Referring now to the drawing, reference numeral l0 designates a tube of glass or plastic, or any other material, preferably transparent, and M denotes a metal screw cap that is secured to and closes the open end of the tube. Positioned within the tube are the components needed for reloading a cartridge of a given size and type. The quantity of powder for a charge is carefully weighed and deposited in the bottom of the tube where it has been designated by reference numeral l2. On top of the powder is a wad I3 of fibrous material such as cotton, felt, paper or the like, the bullet I5 is inserted in the tube, a primer M is positioned in or on the wad l6 after which a part of Wad l5 may be positioned against the end of the bullet and the cap screwed in place.
The package which has been described contains components for reloading and after the bullet and the primer have been removed and the latter positioned in the case the wad I3 is then removed and the powder poured into the case, after which the bullet is inserted thereby completing the cartridge.
In Figure 2 a package for the loading or reloading of pistol ammunition is shown. The
components are enclosed in a, tube l0a of an internal diameter sufficient to receive the empty case H. The bullet 15a is inserted and rests on the bottom of the tube after which a small wad l3a is inserted. The proper amount of powder is encased in a capsule l8 and it and the primer M are positioned in the compartment between the wad and thescrew cap top I la. When the package is opened the primer is inserted in case I1, after which the powder and the bullet are added. Where the purchaser does not want the empty case it can be omitted.
A slightly different form of package is shown in Figure 3 where a capsule-like container is employed. The container is formed from two parts A and B in the manner of the common gelatin capsules employed in administering medicine. The powder is contained in a small capsule 18. The bullet 19, the powder capsule and the primer M are positioned as shown; the bullet and the powder capsule are separated by two wads 20 between which the primer I4 is positioned.
It will be observed that the several packages illustrated and described are specifically different. All are alike in this, that each contains at least one set of components for reloading a cartridge; that the components are accurately designed and proportioned to reload a particular cartridge. The components in every case are packed in such a manner that they are protected against injury and from the action of the atmosphere. Packages like those described can be sold in any quantity and can be assembled on order to fit any specification.
The great importance of having the powder in the exact amount and the bullet of the desired weight and type has been stressed above and is here reiterated. The packages form an assembly of components all of which are operatively related to each other to .produce a desired result 4 when assembled into a cartridge.
In the above specification the word gun has been used in a generic sense and includes a rifle, pistol, revolver, shotgun, flare gun or harpoon gun; in short any weapon that is held in the hand or fired from the shoulder which uses a primer and powder charge to propel a projectile of any kind.
Having described the invention, what is claimed as new is:
1. A dispensing package for cartridge loading components, comprising a container, a predetermined weight of powder confined in a smaller container, and a bullet of a predetermined size, weight and type, positioned in the first mentioned container means comprising a fibrous spacer positioned between the bullet and the smaller container, and means for closing the first mentioned container, the quantity of powder being in predetermined relation to the size and weight of the bullet.
2. An ammunition dispensing package comprising an open ended container, a predetermined quantity of powder in the container, a wad of resilient fibrous material in the container, positioned to retain the powder in a predetermined position, a bullet positioned in the container with one end in engagement with the wad, a primer in the container, the resilient material of the wad separating the primer from the bullet and from the powder, and means for closing the open end of the container, for holding the parts in assembled relation.
HESTON D. ADAMS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 457,658 McCarthy Aug. 11, 1891 646,569 Breath Apr. 3, 1900 719,876 Roberts Feb. 3, 1903 739,487 Gair Sept. 22, 1903 1,774,258 English Aug. 26, 1930
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US457658 *||Jan 26, 1891||Aug 11, 1891||Stephen mccarthy|
|US646569 *||Feb 4, 1898||Apr 3, 1900||Dynamite Ordnance And Armaments Company||Projectile.|
|US719876 *||Sep 30, 1902||Feb 3, 1903||Winchester Repeating Arms Co||Display-package for powder, shot, &c.|
|US739487 *||Jan 15, 1903||Sep 22, 1903||Union Metallic Cartridge Company||Packing-strip for primers and cartridges.|
|US1774258 *||Jul 8, 1929||Aug 26, 1930||Raymond A English||Duplex capsule or the like|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4050175 *||Sep 10, 1976||Sep 27, 1977||Mulinix Lavern F||Loading devices for muzzle loading rifles|
|US4875303 *||Mar 25, 1988||Oct 24, 1989||Deweert William R||Muzzleloading powder and projectile tool|
|U.S. Classification||206/223, 102/430, 206/3, 86/1.1, 86/23|