US 2451023 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. l2, 1948. J. R. DusKo 2-451023 MANNEQUIN LIMB Filed DeC. '15, 1945 cose/oh i?. usko.
IN V EN TOR.
,q TTQRNEK Patented Oct. 12, 1948 MANNEQUIN LIMB Joseph R., Dusko, Youngstown, Ohio Application December 15, 1945, Serial No. 635,190
This invention relates to a method of making and repairing mannequins and more particularly to the construction of the shoulders, wrist and waist-joints thereof. f f
The principal object of the invention is the provision of a method of making an improved joint construction as used in mannequins.
A'further object of the invention is the provision of a mannequin construction incorporating structural members and surface members and means effectively joining the two together to form an unbreakable, integral unit.
A still further object of the invention is the provision of a mannequin construction incorporating joint structures firmly uniting the papiermch body of the mannequin to a metallic structural supporting member and joint means.
The method of making and repairing mannequins shown and described herein has been devised to provide a more substantial structure than has heretofore been possible with the various constructions heretofore knownv in the art. It is Well known that many mannequins of various sizes and shapes are employed in retail establishments for the display of wearing apparel. It is also known that these mannequins are primarily formed of hollow papier-mch body parts and that the various limbs and body parts are removably afxed to one another so that the mannequin can be adjusted as to various positions and postures and straight or curved arms substituted or interchanged so that the merchandise may be more advantageously displayed thereon. It is also well known that these mannequins are frail and subject to considerable breakage particularly with respect -to the sections thereof adjacent the joints by means of which the various body and limb portions are attached to one another. The present invention relates to a method of making and/or repairing mannequins to avoid breakage at or near the joint structures.
WithI the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed can be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of the invention.
The inventionis illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein: Y
Figure 1 is a plan view with parts broken away and parts in cross section illustrating the portion 2 Claims. (Cl. 46--163) of a mannequin and the construction of a joint structure therein.
Figure 2 is an enlarged cross 'sectional side elevationof a portion of an arm of a mannequin illustrating the method of making and/or repairing the same. l
Figure 3 is an end elevation of the joint portion of -the mannequin illustrated in Figure 2.
By referring to the drawings and Figure 1 in particular, it will be seen that a mannequin is generally indicated by the numeral I IJ, a lower portion I I being attached thereto as at a waist joint I2, and an arm portion I3 affixed to a shoulder portion I4 of the mannequin by a joint construction including a bifurcated structural member I5 located within the body portion I0 of the mannequin and terminating in a face plate I6 which is slotted to enable it to receive a ball joint construction I'I attached to the arm I3.
In Figures 1 and 2 of the drawings the arm I3 will be seen to comprise a hollow arm structure, preferably formed of papier-mch as is customary in the art, vand having the added features of an internally positioned metallic structural assembly I8 in the form of a pair of rods spaced apart and retained in spaced relation as by means Vof a bracing member I9 which is welded or otherwise affixed to the rods I8. The uppermost end sections of the rods I8 are welded or otherwise affixed to a plate 20, and the ball joint.
assembly Il, heretofore referred to; projects therefrom so that it may operatively engage a suitable mounting slot or cavity in the face place I6 in the shoulder construction I4 of the mannequin I0. The upper end section of the hollow papier-mch arm I3 is filled with a wooden disc 2I which is located immediately adjacent the plate 20. It will be observed that the rods I8 extend through the wooden disc 2 Iby way of openings 22 formed therein.
In forming the construction in accordance with the invention, a tubular section of screen 23 is positioned about the end of the arm I3 and within a cut-away section 24 of the layers of papiermch. A plurality of tacks 25 are driven through the screen 23, the papier-mch layers of the arm I3 and into the wooden disc 2| thereby firmly uniting the screen 23, the papier-mch layers of the arm I3 and the wooden disc 2|. A mold is thenv positioned to provide for the application of a metal cap 26 which is preferably of solder and poured so that one section thereof engages the outer edges of the plate 20 and the other section thereof extends over the tacks 25 and the screen 23 a substantial distance back onto the hollow arm I3. The papier-mch oi the arm I3 is thereby rmly a'ixed to the end structure comprising the plate 20 and the wooden disc 2| and sealed thereto by the application of the poured metal cap 2B. A plaster or plastic material ll 21 is then applied to the area of exposed screen and cut papier-mch layers 24 to lill in satisfactorily between the cut end section and the inner end of the poured metal cap 26. When this is properly set, the exterior enamelI finish customarily used in nishing mannequins is then applied over the entire joint structure including the plaster ll 21 and the metal cap 26. resulting structure has been found to resistbreakage unusually well, and as it is equally applicable in new constructions or in the repairing of. broken mannequin joint structures,the invention is considered to relate to both.
It will be obvious to those skilled in theart of mannequin formation that the structure thus disclosed applying to ther shoulder jointI of themannequin may be equally advantageously applied toY the-wrist joints, waist joints and other `joints of a mannequin.
lit will. be obvious that the detailed disclosurel as set forth in Figure 2 is used on bothhalv-es of the` joint, that is, on. the shoulder portion and the arm portion as illustrated in Figure 1 and indicatedby the numerals I4 and I3, respectively. The same is true in its use in awrist joint, the same construction being applied in opposed relation. to both the hand section, if desired, and the wrist section. In` this connection it is pointed out that it is sometimes customary in the mannequin artvto apply solid hand portions and in this event the construction disclosed herein isA applied only tothe wrist end ofthe arm portion of the mannequin as well as to the other various joint structures of the mannequin.
It` will thus be seen that a simple and eiiicient method. of making and repairing a mannequin has been disclosed, which method. may be advantageously used in re-working mannequins as well as in the formation ofnew mannequins. The structural members inserted within the hollow body and. limb portions of the mannequin carry the stress of the mannequin structure, and as these stresses are conveyed directly to one another by the plate and face plate portions included in The.
4 the joint assemblies, there is little or no likelihood of the papier-mch body portions being broken away from the joint structures as has heretofore been commonplace. l
Having thus described my invention, w at I claim is:
12A mannequin limb including a hollow ody section, a metallic supporting structure positi ned therein, metallic end plates axed to both ends of the said 'supporting structure and defining the ends of the said limb, joint means afxed to the said metallic end plates, nailer sections positioned immediately adjacent the said metallic end plates andinwardly therefrom, and means for attaching the end sections of the hollow limb to the said nailer sectionsland metallic end plates, said means comprising a layer of screen encircling each end section ofthe limb, fasteners driven through the screen and the material of the hollow limb and into the circumferential edge of the nailer sectiomand a metal cap encircling and overlying at least'part of the-screened section and enclosing the endof the hollow limb, and finishing material iilling the surface area between the metalv cap andthe finished surface area of the said hollow limb.
2'. In a mannequin having a plurality of body and limb portions removably axed to one another, each of the said body and limb portions comprising a hollow member, a supporting structure positioned therein, end plates axed to bothv ends of the said supporting structure and defining the ends of the said hollow member, joint means a-iixed to-the said platesmailer sections positioned adjacentthe said plates and inwardly therefrom, and means for attaching the end sect-ions oi the hollow members to the said nailer sections and plates, said means comprising a layer of screen encircling each end section of the hollow member,
fasteners driven throughfthe screen and the-maa terial of the hollow member and into theA circumferential edge of the nailer section7 and acap encircling and overlying at least part of the said screened section and enclosing the end of the hollow member and nishing material filling the surface: area between the cap and the nished surface area of the said hollow member'.
JOSEPH R. DUSKO.
No references cited.