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Publication numberUS2451072 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 12, 1948
Filing dateJul 24, 1946
Priority dateJul 24, 1946
Publication numberUS 2451072 A, US 2451072A, US-A-2451072, US2451072 A, US2451072A
InventorsLonzo S Cooper
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Refrigerating system having thermometer-receiving well at the evaporator inlet and outlet
US 2451072 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 12. 1948.




OFFICE- THE EVAPORATOR INLET AND OUTLET Lonzo 8. Cooper, Piqua, Ohio, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio, I corporation of Delaware Application July 24, 1948," Serial No. 686,039

1 Claim.

This invention relates to refrigerating systems and particularly to refrigerating systems of the direct expansion type. I

In a refrigerating system where refrigerant is expanded through a series conduit evaporator or cooling element it is frequently desirable, particuhowing through the evaporator has not been determined exactly because the thermometer was affected by the temperature of ambient air. Refrigerating systems ordinarily have a coupling at the inlet and outlet ends or the evaporator to which the conduits connecting same with a refriserant translating device are attached. I contemplate the use of couplings for this purpose which are provided with means forming a well therein for receiving a thermometer from exteri= oriy thereof whereby a substantially true or exact indication of the temperature of refrigerant flowing into and out of the evaporator may be obtained.

An object of my invention is to provide an improved refrigerating system particularly of the direct expansion series refrigerant flow evaporator type.

Another object of my invention is to provide in elements ordinarily included in refrigerating systems a means for obtaining substantially true or exact temperatures of refrigerant entering the evaporator and of that leaving the evaporator.

In carrying out the foregoing objects it is still a more specific object of my invention to provide a refrigerating system with means for receiving a thermometer and which means protects the thermometer from temperatures of ambient air so as to obtain an, exact indication of the temperature of refrigerant flowing into and out of the evaporator of the system.

Further objects and advantages of the present 2 invention will be apparent from thefollowing description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein a preferred form is clearly shown.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic showing of a refrigerating system having my invention embodied therein;

Fig. 2 is a top view of a coupling employed in the refrigerating system shown in Fig. 1 and conetructed in accordance with my invention;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the coupling shown in Fig. 2 and is taken on the line 8-8 thereof; and

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional viewsof the coupling taken on the line 4-4 of i Referring to the'drawings, for illustrating my invention, I have shown in Fig. 1 thereof a closed refrigerating system of the direct expansion series refrigerant flow evaporator type. This system includes a refrigerant translating device including a motor-compressor i i, a condenser i2 and an evaporator or cooling element it. The evaporater it is of the series flow conduit type and may. if desired, be provided with a plurality of metal cross fins to augment the cooling efiect produced thereby in any suitable compartment to be cooled. at conduit it establishes communication between the translating device or condenser i2 and the inlet end Me or evaporator it. Another conduit or pipe it establishes communication between the translating device or motorcompressor ii and the outlet end Mb of the evaporator it. In order to intermittently .operate the motor=compressor ii a snap switch is may be interposed in the power line leading to the motor. The switch it includes a diaphragm or bellows it whichis connected, by a pipe or conduit 2i, to a bulb 22 secured in intimate thermal contact with the outlet conduit end Nb of evaporator it. Bellows, l8, pipe 2! and bulb 22 form a closed circuit which contains a, volatile fluid capable of causing expansion and contraction of bellows it for actuating switch i 8 to control cyclic operations of the motor-compressor H in response to temperature changes at the outlet end' Nb of evaporator it as it is well known and conventional in th art. A pressure responsive expansion valve 24 is interposed in the con- I after.

pocket type well known to refrigeration servicethe evaporator l4 as is also conventional in the art. Operation of motor-compressor ii of the refrigerant translating device withdraws gaseous or evaporated refrigerant from evaporator i4 through conduit I1 and causes this refrigerant to be compressed and circulated, through a conduit 28, into the condenser l2 where the compressed refrigerant is cooled and liquefied in any suitable or desirable manner. ant is directed through conduit l6, under control of valve 24, into the evaporator l4. The evaporator l4 upon absorbing heat, from within a compartment in which it is located, causes refrigerant therein to vaporize and this evaporated refrigerant is returned to the translating device when the motor-compressor II operates. Systems of the type disclosed ordinarily have couplings interposed therein for connecting the inlet end l4a of evaporator i4 to. conduit l8 and for connecting the outlet end Nb of the evaporator to conduit II. In the present disclosure such couplings are indicated generally by the reference character 28.

In accordance with my invention the couplings 28 of the present disclosure are of unique design in order to enable the accomplishment of the preceding objects. For example, the coupling 28 is of substantially T-shape and includes threaded ends 3! and 32 adapted to receive flare nuts on the conduit end Me or Nb of evaporator 14 and flare nuts on the end of conduit [6 and conduit II respectively. The T-shaped coupling casting 28 is hollowed out as at 33 to provide a passage,- or path of flow for refrigerant through the same.

The main body portion of coupling casting 28 consists of a rectangular upper part 34 and a rounded depending part 36 .(see Fig. 4). A bore 31 extends from the top or the coupling 28 down to a point near the bottom wall 39 (see Fig. 3) of the rounded part 36 thereof to provide a chamber" 4! within the coupling. Means in the form of a hollow plug 42, having a flange 43 welded or otherwise suitably secured to the top portion 34 Liquefied refriger- I that leaving evaporator i4 is simplified and, in addition, a more accurate temperature reading is obtained. Whe'mthe serviceman is desirous of determining the temperature of refrigerant flowing through the evaporator l4 the cap 41 on couplin or couplings 28 is removed and the well 44 is partially filled with a non-freezable fluid such as glycerine or oil. After a few minutes of operation of the system, to bring the temperature of the fluid placed in well 44 substantially to that corresponding to the temperature of refrigerant flowing through the coupling 24, a thermometer is inserted into the well. The walls of well 44 being disposed in the path of flow of refrigerant through the coupling 28 causes the refrigerant to flow around and in intimate thermal contact with the plug means 42. The temperature of the refrigerant is conducted through the metal walls of well 44 and through the body of liquid therein to the thermometer placed in the well. In actual practice the reading registered on the thermometer inserted in a coupling of the type herein disclosed has been found to be within a degree or two of the exact temperature of the refrigerant. Thus the serviceman is enabled to quickly obtain the temperatures he desires to carry out calculations as to the efficiency of or work being done by the evaporator of a refrigerating system. The expansion valve 24 may be adjusted or regulated while the temperatures on the thermometer are being noted to change the amount of refrigerant flowing through evaporator i4 in accordance with the servicemans calculations. After such readings are obtained and after the valve 24 has been adjusted the cap 41 may be replaced upon a cou- 1 pling' 28-to seal the liquid within the well 44 for future similar use, Should replacement of cap 41 be forgotten no breakage or damage will occur to the coupling 28 by virtue of water enteringthe well during defrostingof the evaporator. As before stated I provide the'well with outwardly tapering walls and any water, which might beof coupling 28, closes the chamber 4| and seals the refrigerant passage 33 extending through the coupling. Plug 42 has its outer cylindrical wall spaced from wall 31 of .the chamber 4i to permit refrigerant to flow through the passage 33 from one side of coupling 28 to the other side thereof. Thus it will be noted that plug 42 is disposed in the path of flow of refrigerant passing through coupling 28 and that the refrigerant may flow entirely around same. Plug 42 is hollowed out as at 44 to form a well for the reception of a thermometer as will be more fully described herein- Such a'thermometer may be of the glass men and ordinarily carried by them. The walls of well 44 are tapered outwardly from the bottom to the top thereof and these walls are threaded as at 46 to receive a threaded closure cap 41.

In the use of a refrigerating system of the type disclosed and particularly commercial installations, it frequently becomes-necessary or desirable to determine the efficiency of or the work being done by the evaporator. Such systems are usually provided with some sort of a coupling in order come trapped in the thermometer well. will upon freezing therein be caused to expand in a directionoutwardiy of the well along its tapered walls to thus avoidbreaking or cracking of the walls of plug means 42.

ambient air temperatures and the serviceman is enabled not only to more quickly ascertain the temperature of refrigerant flowing through the evaporator but also ascertains substantially the exact temperature of the refrigerant. This is of paramount importance in correcting expansion. valve and switch settings in a refrigerating system and particularly in systems employed to preserve highly perishable food products. drugs or serums.

While the form of embodiment of the invention as herein disclosed. constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted, as may come within the scope of the claim which follows.

What is claimed is as follows:

A closed refrigerating system comprising in combination, a refrigerant translating device, a cooling element having a refrigerant inlet and a refrigerant outlet, a conduit establishing communication between said device and the inlet of said ama's element and a conduit establishing communication between said device and the outlet of said element, a coupling connecting said first named conduit to said cooling element, a coupling connecting said second named conduit to said cooling element, and each of said couplings having means disposed in the path of flow of refrigerant therethrough and forming a well adapted to receive a thermometer from exteriorly of said couplings for indicating the temperature difl'erentiai between refrigerant entering and refrigerant leaving said cooling element.


summons omen The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1366894 *Apr 28, 1919Jan 25, 1921 Means for introducing temperature-responsive elements into engine
US1765387 *Aug 14, 1926Jun 24, 1930Savage De Remer CorpTemperature control
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5181391 *Mar 2, 1992Jan 26, 1993Spx CorporationRefrigerant handling system with air purge and multiple refrigerant capabilities
US5209076 *Jun 5, 1992May 11, 1993Izon, Inc.Control system for preventing compressor damage in a refrigeration system
U.S. Classification62/127, 62/129, 62/227, 62/343, 165/11.1, 374/148
International ClassificationF25B49/02, F25B41/00
Cooperative ClassificationF25B41/003, F25B2700/21174, F25B2600/0251, F25B2700/21175, F25B49/025
European ClassificationF25B41/00C