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Publication numberUS24511 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 21, 1859
Publication numberUS 24511 A, US 24511A, US-A-24511, US24511 A, US24511A
InventorsF. F. Wagner
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Railkoad-car seat and couch
US 24511 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Car Seat and Couch.

Patnted June 21, 1859.

a y \g f Witnes r lnveptor:




Specification of Letters Patent No. 24,511, dated June 21, 1859.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, F. F. WAGNER and P. P. DIcKINsoN, both of Harrisburg, in the county of Dauphin and State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and Improved Car Seat and Couch; and we do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, making a part of this specification, in which Figure 1 represents a vertical longitudinal section of one of our seats in an inclined position and partly opened for a couch, showing also an elevation of part of the adjoining seat arranged as a seat, in a reversed position, and Fig. 2, is a plan or top view of two adjoining seats arranged as in Fig. 1, the seat of the first one being removed.

Similar letters in both views refer to corresponding parts of our invention.

To enable others skilled in the art to fully understand, use and construct our invention we will proceed to describe it.

A, is the seat which rests on two arbors B, B, which have their hearings in the sides of the frame C, and the seat is secured to the frame by means of a catch a, which turns on a pivot b, and which when turned crosswise to the seat catches under the cross bars a, as clearly represented in Fig. 1. It is however not essential for our improvement to have the seats so arranged that they can be removed, and they might just as well be permanently attached to the frame C.

Rigidly attached to the arbors B and B, are the arms D, and D, and the arms D, are connected by cross bars d, which form the support for a cushion E, and in the same.

manner the arms D, are connected by cross bars d, which form the support for the cushion E. Additional cushions F, F, are hinged to the cushions E, and E, in such a manner, that the same can be unfolded and brou ht in the same plane, or so that the additional cushion F, or F, folds on the top of the cushion E, or E, to which it is attached. The cushions E, and F, are represented in the former and the cushions E, and F, in the latter position, and each of the cushions F, and F, is provided with seat.

ears f, and f, which, when the cushions are folded down, fit into corresponding recesses g, at the sides of the cushions E. Hinged to the arms D, and D, are fiat bars G, the under edge of which is provided with notches d, which fit over pins 6, which are attached to the armpiece H, and these arms serve to retain the cushions E, and E, in the desired inclination, as clearly represented in Fig. 1.

I, and I, represent cog wheels which are rigidly attached to the arbors B, and B, and these two cog wheels are connected by an odd number of similar cog wheels J, so that when one of the arms D, is raised the other one D, is depressed, and these wheels are so arranged that the arms D, and D, are parallel to each other under all circumstances. Three wheels J, are represented in our drawings, but any odd number of Wheels will answer our purpose.

The frames 0,. are rigidly attached to the floor of the car and additional framings L, are hinged to the legs of the frames C, in such a position that they form a support for the feet of persons in the next succeeding seat.

The operation is as follows :In order to change the seat into a sleeping couch, the arms D, and D, are inclined as much as is convenient for the person occupying the seat, and the cushions F, and F, are unfolded in order to have a convenient support for the legs as well as for the head, and in this position the arms D together with the cushions are retained by the notched bars G. In day time the seat may be arranged so as to form a convenient resting place for the upper part of the body, in which case the arms D, and D, are brought to any desired degree of inclination and if now the cushion F, only is unfolded as represented in Fig. 1, the head and the upper part of the body will be in a quite comfortable position and at the same time the legs rest on the cushion F and the feet are or may be placed on the footboard L, which is attached to the next preceding In order to reverse the seat the cushions F, and F, are folded on the cushions E, and E, and the arms D, and D, are turned until they come in a position as represented in both the figures in the seat bars G, as and for the purpose herein shown A, adjoining the seat A. and described.

Having thus described our invention What I F. F. WAGNER. We claim as new and desire to secure by Let- P. P. DICKINSON. 5 ters Patent, is, Witnesses:

The arrangement and combination of the F. TRACE,

wheels I, J, arms D, D, cushions E, E, and G120. H. BELL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6663174 *Jun 28, 2002Dec 16, 2003Sit Safe AsPassenger chair
US6959966 *May 18, 2004Nov 1, 2005Stanzwerk Wetter Sichelschmidt Gmbh & Co. KgChair with swing-out footrest
US7229134 *Jul 16, 2004Jun 12, 2007Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KasihaSeat apparatus for vehicle
US8313059Nov 20, 2008Nov 20, 2012Virgin Atlantic Airways LimitedSeating system and a passenger accommodation unit for a vehicle
US8720821Oct 18, 2012May 13, 2014Virgin Atlantic Airways LimitedSeating system and passenger accommodation unit for a vehicle
US20040232741 *May 18, 2004Nov 25, 2004Stanzwerk Wetter Sichelschmidt Gmbh & Co. KgChair with swing-out footrest
US20050012377 *Jul 16, 2004Jan 20, 2005Aisin Seiki Kabushiki KaishaSeat apparatus for vehicle
Cooperative ClassificationA47C1/0345