US 2454642 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Nov. 23, 1948. M. L. FINMAN 2,454,642
Filed June 21,1946
fNVEN Ton :MAF'PIAN L. F/MMAN A'r'ranurys Patented Nov. 23, 1948 UNITED PATENT OFFICE l g 1: Marian Minneapolis, Minn.
Application jun m, 1946, Serial No. 678,380
This invention relates to hair styling combs and more particularly to a comb structure suitable for use in affixing the hair in place when 'the coiffure is of the upsweep type. Inthe upsweep or up hair-do type of hair styling, the hairis combed upwardly and the ends held in place at a more elevated portion of the head. The problem in the upsweep coifiure is that the loose ends of the hair should, for bestappearances, be curled under so as to produce a slight roll at their point of attachment in the upper position. Ordinary hair pins or the so-called bobby pins may be used, but the placing of each lock ofhair is tedious and cannot well 'be performed by the individual in dressing her own hair, with the result that the upsweep coiffure has it deserves. p V p p It is an object of the present invention'to provicle animproved hair instrument 'inorder to overcome these difliculties heretofore encountered in upsweep hair styling andtoprovidean' instrumentality by which the'individual may do her hair in the upsweep style speedily with dexterity, and at the same time providelple'asing effects with little or no loose erids'of hair showing. It is also an object of the present invention to provide a comb structure suitable'for "ups' wee'p hair styling and to provide animproved cornb'strucT ture combining a. comband hair clamp in such a not attainedthe popularity done. It is a further object of the invention to provide an inexpensive comb structure capable of being fabricated from readily available materials and sold at a reasonable price. It is also an object of the invention to provide a. comb structure which may be used by inexperienced persons with good results. l
Other and further objects of the inventionare those inherent in the apparatus herein illustrated, described and claimed. w x111 l The invention is illustrated in'the drawings'in which 1 Figure 1 shows a head in which the hair is done in the upsweep style of coiffure; I
Figure 2 is a front elevationalrview or e t of the forms of combs of the present invention;
Figures 3 and 4 are front elevational views of further variant forms of the invention;
Figure 5 is an end elevational view of the comb structure of either Figures 2, 3 or 4;
Figure 6 is a rear elevational view showing a lock of hair and the comb placed preliminarily to its setting;
Figure 7 is a view corresponding to Figure 6 f 6 Claims. (or. 132- 21) fashion that the hair may be easily and quickly 3'0 except showing the hair clamped and partially rolled preparatory to setting;
Figure 8 is a view of the scalp showing the comb with the hair look preliminarily clamped therein. Figure 8 corresponds to Figure 6 in the series of manipulations;
Figure 9 shows the comb, with the lock of hair clampedand rolled thereon, set in place;
Figure 10 is an illustrative fragmentary sectional view in the direction of arrows l0-I0 of Figure 9; and r Figure 11 is a fragmentary sectional View taken along the lines lll| of Figure 2.
"fThroughout the drawings corresponding numeralsrefer to the sameparts. Referring to the drawings, particularly Figures 2 5, the comb structure includes a frame piece generally designated H! which is curved laterally as shown in Figures 5 and 8 so as to conform generally to the curvature of the sc-alpof the user. The comb frame [0 is also preferably curved so as to have its highest point at the center H and its lowest points at the ends l2 and I3. Alongthe bottom edge of the comb frame 10 there are a plurality of usual comb teeth [4 which may in one form of the invention be a complete series of teeth throughout the entire length of the comb frame I B, as indicated by the dimension line C. Upon the comb frame 10 there is mounted a'fiexible clamping bar [6 which is preferably of the same semi-resilient. material as the comb frame, and integral therewith at portion ll'. The opposite end ill of the clamping bar is unsupportec lpandsince-the comb frame It and the clamping bar ll are of semi-resilient material, the clamping bar IB may easily be flexed to an open position so as to permit easy introduction ofna lock of hair into the space 20 between the clamping bar l6 and the frame l0, ashereinafter described; Adjacent the freeend I8 of the clampinglbarithere is provided a clamping hook 22 which is bent over at the top portion 23,. as indicatedin Figure 11. The free end of the hook 22 issufliciently spaced. from the frame potion l0 so as to allow the end l8 of the clamping bar to be flexed outwardlyfor the introduction of the hair lock into the space 20 after which the free end It is again snapped under the hook 20 and is then held in place and exerts mild clamping pressure upon the lock of hair.
In Figure 3 there is shown a modified form of the invention similar to that shown in Figure 2 except that the teeth l4 are omitted throughout the central space T so as to permit winding of 3 the lock of hair around the central portion of the frame IB and locking bar 16 after the hair lock is clamped therein. This permits a more firm attachment of the lock of hair to the comb clamping bar than where the winding is precluded by teeth throughout the central area.
In Figure 4 there is shown a modified form of the invention which is like that of Figure 3 except that the teeth MA are split, as indicated at and the split portions bowed apart so that the split portion of one tooth exerts resilient pressure upon the split portion of the next adjacent tooth. This type of com b tooth is held with greater force when placed in the hair, than the straight tooth type of comb illustrated at H! (Figures 2 and 3) and is preferred in some forms of the invention.
Referring to Figures 6-10 there is shown a series of views utilizing a comb of the type shown in Figures 3 or 4. In dressing the hair a lock of hair originating in the area 28 of the scalp is first combed and the ends 30 of the lock are then introduced into the space 20 between the comb frame In and the locking bar I6. The locking bar is then snapped'under the hook 22 and the lock of hair is accordingly well clamped. It is assumed that the comb used in this operation is of the type having the central area T free from comb teeth. The comb is placed with reference to the scalp as shown in Figure 8, that is to say, the comb bows away from the scalp at each of its ends and the teeth are directed up wards. The comb, with the ends 30 of the lock of hair protruding, is then rotated one complete turn in the direction of the arrow 3|, Figure 10 1 so as to roll the ends 30 of the hair under. This brings the comb upwardly to the position shown in Figure 10. The rotation of the comb is then completed through one-half turn and the comb, with the lock of hair clamped and held thereon, is then lifted and placed as shown in Figure 10 with the result shown in Figure 9. In Figure 9 the comb is generally shown in dotted lines inasmuch as the tooth portion and all or most of the frame ends are usually hidden by adjacent portions of hair.
Where the comb is of the type shown in Figure 2, that is to say, where provided with teeth I4 throughout the full length of the comb, complete rotation of the comb after clamping the lock of hair therein is precluded. Accordingly, the comb is fastened to the end of the lock of hair and the lock distributed throughout the length of the clamping bar. The comb is then given only a half turn and simultaneously the comb, with the lock ends clamped therein, is lifted and placed higher on the scalp. In this way practically all of the comb is completely hidden between the hair which curves over the top of the comb into the clamping position.
The comb may be fabricated from horn, artificial horn, plastic, Celluloid, or any suitable clear or colored semi-resilient material, and the teeth of the comb may either be of the type shown in Figure 2 or as shown in Figures 3-5. In any of the modifications the partially split teeth of the type shown in Figure 4 may be utilized so as to 4 provide a firm inter-tooth clamping pressure which facilitates holding the comb in place after the setting is accomplished.
As many apparently widely different embodiments of the invention may be made without departing from the spirit and scope thereof, it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the specific embodiments herein except as defined by the appended claims.
What I claim is:
1. An upsweep hair styling comb comprising a comb frame curved to fit generally the head profile, hair fastening means on the comb frame for clamping the comb frame to a lock of hair, said hair fastening means comprising a member integral with the comb frame at one end thereof and extending along the top of the comb frame and spaced therefrom, and teeth in said comb on said comb frame for affixing it in place with the lock of hair attached thereto.
2. An u psweep hair styling comb comprising a comb frame curved to fit generally the head contour, a similarly curved hair clamping bar flexibly mounted on the comb frame for movement toward and from clamping position in respect to said frame for attaching the comb to a lock of hair, said hair clamping bar being integral with the comb frame at one end thereof and extending generally parallel to the top of the comb frame, and comb teeth on the frame for affixing the comb in place with the lock of hair attached thereto.
3. The comb structure of claim 2 further characterized in that the comb teeth are segregated in two groups at opposite ends of the comb frame with a toothless space therebetween.
4. The comb structure of claim 2 further characterized in that the comb teeth are split longitudinally throughout a portion of their length and the split portions bowed apart so as to provide inter-tooth pressure of the bowed split portion of one tooth against the bowed split portion of each adjacent tooth.
5. The comb structure of claim 2 further characterized in that the comb frame has teeth from end to end.
6. The comb structure of claim 2 further characteri'zed in that means is provided for detachably securing the flexible clamping bar to the frame at one end of the comb.
MARIAN L. FINMAN.
Sawyer Sept. 11, 1928 Williams Jan. 18, 1938 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Germany Feb. 9, 1923 France Dec. 24, 1928 Number Number