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Publication numberUS2455922 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1948
Filing dateDec 27, 1945
Priority dateDec 27, 1945
Publication numberUS 2455922 A, US 2455922A, US-A-2455922, US2455922 A, US2455922A
InventorsEnglander Joseph B
Original AssigneeEnglander Joseph B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Annunciating device
US 2455922 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' Dec. 14, 1 948. I J AN R 2,455,922

. ANNUNCIATING DEVICE Filed Dec. 27, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Fir-5,5

Dec.14, 1948.. J. B. IEVNGLANDER I 2,455,922

ANNUNC IATING DEVI CE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 27, 1945 Fitz-5.5..

INVENTOR.

i atented Dec. 14, 1 948 UNITED,

SITATES'PATENT OFFICE I ANNUNCIATING DEVICE? a I Joseph B. Englander, Woodmere, N. Y.

Application'Dece nber 27, 1945, Serial No. 637,417

cording on an endless sound track and means for synchronizing the audible reproduction thereof with the-movement of the door of the vehicle so that the recording or warning is reproduced commencing at the beginning thereof shortly after the opening of the door, is repeated continually duringthe time that the door is open, and upon the. closing of the door the recording will cease after completion of the warning.

The invention also has in view an" annunciator of the indicated character in which the endless sound track is moved with reference to the sound reproducing means at a rateof speed adaptedto obtain clarity of pronunciation-of therecording and in which the sound reproducing means does not become effective until the desired rate of speed of the sound track is attained.

The invention has for another of its purposes the provision of an annunciator for audibly reproducing an advertisement or slogan upon the actuation of the control switch therefor by the deposit of a coin or slug in a vending machine or the like. I

With the foregoing and other objects in View reference is now made to the following specification and accompanying dr'awingsin which the preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an ana'nunciating device, constructed. in accordance with the invention;

Fig. 2 is a fragmentary schematic perspective view illustrating a modified form of annunciating device embodying the invention.

Fig.3 is an enlarged view of the synchronizing cam and switch actuated thereby.

Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional view of the switch and actuating means for starting the motor.

Fig. 5'isa sectional view taken approximately I on line 5-5 of Fig. 4. 1 1

vReferring to the drawings by characters of reference, the device includes an endless film I0 mounted upon rollers H and having sprocket I 4 claims. 01. 179-1003) engaging openings 12 adjacent a longitudinal edge thereof for engagement with a sprocket roller [3 secured to a shaft l4.' The rollers I l are journaled' on trunnions l5 affixed to a suitable support Ni and are arranged in parallel relation with the longitudinal axisof the shaft l4. 7

The film i0 is driven by an electric motor I! through a drive shaft I8 affixed to the armature thereof and' having a worm l9 at its free end whichmes'hes with a gear 20 secured to the shaft i l; .The drive shaft. [8 is mounted for rotation in bearings 2| while the shaft I4 is mounted for rotation in a bearing in the support 16 and in a bearing 22 at the opposite end thereof. o i

The film i0 is formed with a sound track on which is recorded an. announcement; warning or message which is audibly reproduced by any desired means such as a photo-electric cell 24 arranged in juxtaposition to the sound track and connected by conductor wires 25 and 26in an electric circuit with an audio amplifier and speaker 21. The excitor 28 of the photo-electric cell 24 is connected by conductor wires 29 with asource'of current supply and the audio amplifier,

and speaker 21 is also connected with a source of current supply as illustrated by conductor .wires 30. 'A switch 32 is actuated by any desired means such as the opening and closing of a door or other 7 movable object indicated generally by the reference character A in Fig. 4 of the drawings for controlling'the starting of the motor 11.

In order to provide means for putting the photoelectric cell into operation when the film has attained a rate of speed best adapted for clarity of pronunciation of the recording, a governor 33 is provided which is mountedonthe drive shaft I8. and has a normally open switch 34 connected in said electric circuit with the photo-electric cell and which governor functions to close said switch 34 when the desired'rate of speed of the film has been attained. Acam 35 is provided for synchro nizing the beginning and ending of the audible reproduction ofthe recording on the sound track so that the reproduction starts and ceases when the dead or unrecordedportion of the sound track is in juxtaposition to the photo-electric cell. The cam 35 is affixed to one end of a shaft 36 arranged at right angles to the shaft I4 and has a gear 31 aflixed tothe opposite end thereof which is in meshing engagement with a worm 38 'secured to the end of the shaft I 4 The shaft 36 is-revolvablyxmounted so as to disposed the cam in juxtaposition to a switch 39 the free end-of which is engaged by the high portion of the cam 3 for moving said switch in one direction against the tension of springs 4|! which springs function to return the switch to its normal position after release by the cam.

The switch 32 is of the double pole single throw type and has a contact 32a thereof connected to one side of the motor 11 by a, conductor wire dl. The opposite side of the motor is connected through conductor wires 42, 43 and 44 to the other contact 320; of said switch 32. The remaining contacts 32b and 32d of said switch are connected by conductor wires 45 and 46 to conductor wires 4'! and 48 leading to a source of current supply. The conductor wire4s3' is also connected to one side of a solenoid G9, the opposite side of which is connected by a conductor wire 50 to a conductor wire 5% which latter is connected to one side of the normally open switch 3% controlled by the governor 33 and to a conductor wire 52 leading to. a contact 53 of the cam operated switch as and to. a. contact 56a of a switch 55. The opposite contact 54. of said switch 59.- is. connected by a conductor wire 55. to a con-. tact. 5.513. of said switch 55 thereby placing the two sets of: contacts. in parallel. The said switch is normally open and is; closed by the attraction of the. armature 51. to. its. solenoid 58 when the same. is. ene gized The contacts. 53.- and 5.4 of the cam operated switch 35: are normally open and are closed when the, is. engaged and moved by'the high portion' of the cam 35., The solenoid; 58. is. connected by wr ductor Wire: 59 to. the conductor wire 44 whilev the: opposite side oi said solenoid is connected by a conductor wire 50 to the remaining terminal-f the switch 34. carried by the governor 23: cQnnects the solenoids 4:9. and. 5.8; in parallel between the conductor wire- 14 and the conductor Wire 5.55 when the switch 314. is closed y t e overnon. The conductor; wire, 5.9.. is also connected to a conductor wire Balwhich has one hereof; connected to a. contact 62 or saidam ope ated wit h) 3.9:, the oppos t contact. :3 otwhich i,s co nnecte.d: bya conductor wire 6.41 toa. e of. our ant; supplythrough the. conductor contacts. 62; and 63 of said cam: ne edswitch. .9; are nonnallr closed when the seneas dby thelowen portion. of the cam high portion thereof;

ike: onduc r ire 2-5 leadin f om; the; ph toelectric .0. s; onnecte with: one s de ot the udio am fie an 1? cakes 2. e; posite side h eQi being Q n c edty a. c doctor wire 65.. o ne. side Q a w tch. fit hichz s n rmal y p n and; is adapted to be closedby'the attraction of' the armature 51 to its solenoid 58 when. the latter. ser ersize The, opp i terminal of: the. switch 651s connected with. the conductor wire; 26 leading;v from the photo-electric cellto. thereby completethe circ uit between: the photo-electric celland the. audio ampli-fier and speaker and which iscloscd when; the-solenoid 5.8 is; energized by the. closing or contacts and, 54-.ot the cam operated switch 3. 11 an iby closing: or the switch. 34- when the; desired: rate: of; speed, of; the. film I B has been attained 'lfh armature EFF-OfillhGSOlEIlOld'. 45 controls a switch 68 having one terminalthereot-connected to; the conductor wire 5.5 by a. conducting Wire 59-, the,- opposite end of the conduo-tor 9 being connectedt-othe conductor wiie;- l,5; e remaining: terminah of the switch connected; by a conductor: wire; lit to the 4 ctopwireJlL.

Where-tits switch 3.2; is closed any desired 4 means to thereby place in operation the motor H and start the movement of the film l0 and the revolving of the governor 33 and cam 35, the solenoid 49 will be energized when the switch 39 is moved by the high portion of the cam to close the contacts 53 and 54. This results in an intermittent energizing thereof together with an intermittent opening and closing of the switch 68 by the attraction of the armature 6'! to said solenoid until the switch 34 is moved to closed relation by the governor 33 attaining the desired .speed for satisfactory reproduction of the repositions to: the. photo-electric cell 24.

cording on the sound track of the film. When the Switch 3 5 is thus closed by the action of the V governor 33 the solenoid 58 is energized by the closing of the circuit through the conductor wire 45. from the switch 32 to the conductor wire 69 and thence to the conductor wire connected to the contact 54 and then through contact 53 and conductor wire 52 to conductor wire 5| and through the. switch 34 to the conductor wire whlehconnects with one side of the solenoid 58. e qhl osite. side oi the. solenoid 53 is connected bythe conductor wire. 59 to the conductor wire 14 and thence to the opposite contact of the switch 32. The energizing of the solenoid 58 effects, the closing or the switch 56. which bridges the conductor wires: 52: and to thereby shortci'rcuit he contacts 5% and 5d of the cam operated sw tch 3-3 and eliminaithag the intermittent energization of the, solenoid 45 as; the circuits through the Solenoids 4'5 and 58 remain clfosed relation.

energizing: of. the. solenoid 5-8 also efiec-ts' 1h closing of the.- switch 66. to. thereby close the circuit. between the; photo-electric cell 24* and the- :tufiio amplifierand speaker The'cam 35'- has its high; portion. so: positioned reference to the location of the recording on the film H1 that the high portion of; the cam actuates the switch. 3,-9 toefiiecrt the energization of the solenoids as hereinbeioro described. the; dead portionof the endlesssonnd track between the opposite ends of the recording will then; be; located injuxtapositier!- tolthe; photo-electric cell 24.. Therecording will tie-reproduced thereafter as soon as the sound track bearing the recording: moves into juxtaposition to the photoselectric cell and will becontinually repeated so. long as: the switch- 32 remains in. cl-osQd: relation. When the switch 3.2- isopened the circuit. from the source of current through the conductor wires 4 and iii; is completed; through the contacts 62 and wli h. will: be; in; closed relation provided any of the recorded portion of the sound track isin juxta- The reion oi the recording: will continue until portion. oi? the cam 35hasmoved the switch 3/..9 to..-intenrupt the' circuit through thecontacts 62 and 63 which will take place when theend of the recording has been reached and the dead portion:- of: the sound track. is injuxtaposition to the; :photoeelectric cell. When this takes" place the circuits to the motor and to-the solenoids. '49' and- 585: are broken to discontinue operation of the-device.

In place of the solenoids- 49" and 58 hereinbefore described; the invention mayinclude a single solenoid Til which is connected by conductor wires and 13 with the conductor'wire M and with one ofth'e-terminals of the governor liirandz 1.17; theswitch 15 being connected by the:

conductor wires 26 and s with'the'photo electric cell-24 and theaudio amplifier and speaker 21 similar "to the switch :66 in theprevious' form of 'the invention] The switch 16 is connected by the conductorwires 52 and55 with the contacts 53 and 54 of thefcamoperated switch 39simil'ar to the switch-'56 in the previously descr-ibed form of the'invention. While the switch "is connected by a conductor wire 18 with the'conductor wire 55 and by a conductor wire 19 with the conductor wire 45 leading to the contact 320 of the switch 132 similar to the switch 68 in the previous form :of the invention .Thus.when the solenoid 'H is energized upon the closing ofzthe'gov-ernor control switch 34, the armature 14 thereof will be moved to close the threeswitches 15, 1B and T! which 'willfunction similarly to'theswitches 85,56 and 68in the previously described form of the invention. H

While theinvention has been shown and described in its application to the preferred em- --bodiment--thereof, it is to be understood that the of the recording on said member, a normally open switch controlled by said governor, a pair of solenoids arranged in parallel in an electric circuit between a source of current supply and said governor controlled switch, a normally open switch controlled by the movement of the armature of one of the solenoids and a pair of normally open switches controlled by the movement of the armature of the other solenoid, a pair of switches controlled by the movement of said cam, one of said cam controlled switches being moved to open relation when engaged by the high portion of said cam and being connected in circuit with said governor controlled switch and with one switch of said pair of armature controlled switches and with the switch controlled by the other armature and the other of said cam controlled switches being closed when engaged bythe high portion of said cam and connected in circuit with said source of current supply and with the solenoid having said pair of armature controlled switches, and a normally open switch connected in circuit with said motor and said source of current supply for controlling the operation of the motor and functioning when said switch is closed and said solenoids energized upon the closing of said governor controlled switch by the attainment of a predetermined rate of speed of the movable member to effect the closing of the armature controlled switches and thereby close the circuit between the reproducing and audio amplifying means for rendering the same operative to continually repeat the recording during the time that the said last named switch is closed and to complete the reproduction of the recording after opening of said last named switch.

2. In an annunciating device, a movably mounted member having an endless sound track and a sound recording thereon, means for reproducing and audibly amplifying said recordin an electric motor for driving saidimovably -'-mounted member, a governor, a cam driven by said'motor in timed relation with the movement I of the recording on said member, a normally open switch controlled by said governor, a pair of switches controlledby the movement of said cam,

one'of said cam controlled switches being moved {to open relation when engaged bythe high. portion of said cam and the other switch thereof beingclosed when engaged by the high portion of said cam,relay controlled switches in circuit with the movable member to close the circuit with the relay and thereby efiect the actuation of said relay controlled switches for rendering the reproducing and audio amplifying means operative to continually repeat the recording during the time that the said last named switch is closed.

3. In an annunciating device, a movably mounted member having an endless sound track and a sound recording thereon, means for reproducing and audibly amplifying said recording, an electric motor for driving said movably mounted member, a governor, a cam driven by said motor in timed relation with the movement of the recording on said member, a normally open switch controlled by said governor, a pair of switches controlled by the movement of said cam, one of said cam controlled switches being moved to open relation when engaged by the high portion of said cam and the other switch thereof being closed when engaged by the high portion of said cam, a pair of relays connected in circuit between a source of current supply and said governor controlled switch, one of said relays controlling a switch in circuit with one of said cam controlled switches and also controlling a switch in circuit with said reproducing and audio amplifying means and the other of said relays controlling a switch connected to one side of the source of current supply and with one of said cam controlled switches, the other of said cam controlled switches being connected to the source of current supply and to one of said relays, and a normally open switch connected in circuit with said motor and said source of current supply for controlling the operation of the motor and functioning when in closed relation and upon the closing of said governor controlled switch by the attainment of a predetermined rate of speed of the movable member to close the circuits with the relays and thereby effect the actuation of said relay controlled switches for rendering the same operative to continually repeat the recording during the time that the said last named relay is closed and to complete the reproduction of the recording after opening of said last named 21037 said motor in timed relation with :the

movement-oi the recording on sea-id member, a, "normally" open-switch comtrolledby said-governor,

arma ture of said relay controlling thi eeiswitches I one of aisal-id switches being in oircuit with .-said ieprodi-icing -and-amplifying means and the other two:switohesthereof being in circuit with thefirst d'escribed' oam control-led switch and with the opposite terminal "of #said -:govemor controlled switch and a normally open starting .iswitch in circuit with said 1 motor :and source of current supply-and "with the secondof said cam controlled :SWitCheS 'ior controlling the "operation of :the

mdotor and.' functionii'ig when in *elosed relation and upon .t-he-olosingof said governor controlled switch-by the attainment ofanpredetermined rate of speedof the .movable-member to close thecirsuit-with saidtrelayzand thereby effect the actuation of said :relay controlled switches forirendaring 'the reproducing and. audio amplifying lmeans operative to wontinually repeat the reoordin-g during .-the time-that the :said starting switch ol0.sed. I

JOSERH. B. ENGLANDER.

REFERENCES vCITED i'Ihe :following references are of record in the file of 1 this "patent:

LUNITIIED STATES "PATENTS .Number :Name Date 41,700,833 zEngelv w.. Feb.:5, 1929 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 298,129? -Great Britain .1928

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1700833 *Jan 30, 1928Feb 5, 1929Bell Telephone Labor IncSound-recording system
GB298297A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2554404 *Mar 24, 1949May 22, 1951Doke GriffithControl system for annunciators
US2561602 *Jul 29, 1947Jul 24, 1951Robert FineApparatus for making aural announcements
US2900191 *Feb 11, 1953Aug 18, 1959Dictaphone CorpDictation apparatus
US4475172 *Jun 18, 1981Oct 2, 1984Bally Manufacturing CorporationAudio/visual home computer and game apparatus
DE1095986B *May 12, 1955Dec 29, 1960Personal Products CorpZylindrischer Tampon
Classifications
U.S. Classification369/47.36
International ClassificationB60Q9/00
Cooperative ClassificationB60Q9/00
European ClassificationB60Q9/00