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Publication numberUS2456179 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1948
Filing dateJun 10, 1944
Priority dateJun 12, 1943
Publication numberUS 2456179 A, US 2456179A, US-A-2456179, US2456179 A, US2456179A
InventorsFiner Henry James
Original AssigneeMasts Ltd
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Street lighting standard
US 2456179 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. J. FINER STREET LIGHTING STANDARD Dec. 14, 1948.

2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 10,- 194 I I r lnve ntoflv Dec. 14, 1948. H. J. FINER STREET LIGHTING STANDARD Filed June 10, 44

2 Sheets-Sheet 2 F/YGI. 4.

l aten ted Dec. 14, 1948 James Finer, :Sutton ge d-field, lel gland 7 to Masts L i ed, fi m n ham, l nd, a British c mpany Application June 10, 1944, iSeliiail N0. 539;5:85 .In Great Britain flame 1 3, .1943

13 Claims.

This invention is for =-street lighting standards and ha for its biieet a w tendand wh ch som bines both a means ;for ,iig-hting the surface pi a thoroughfare and means which permit the standard itself {to constitute a line-of direction for li i f p moving along the said surface.

necording to th presen inv nt on vthere is :pimidedz street lig ng standard which loom.- zprises :in combinatiqn a t ular standard .a least one laterally extending arm mounted at the apper -endio said-standardarrane fltoeerry a Ella-mp at the :free en thereof which is opera le to -,illumina,t e an extended area .of the su-riace mzpn -whioh th standard is ounted, a sleeve arranged to envelop the standard at ,a point along the ileneth thereof an use il uminating means operable to cast beams of light over the entiizesexterior; surf ace of the said, standard .which extends at least between the said sleeve and the said. 52 1111450135 -,t o give-a floodlighted, fluorescent .or :phosphoreseent eff to th s me and means for :sereening any lateral beams of ,light which tend to emanate from thesaid-sleeveiand iillumie Hate the sunface :upon :whieh the standard is mounted. v

uIt will fee seen from the iforeeoing that if a eries of street.li htingsstandaids of the shamev-ter specified in .the precedin in eereph are moun d sne ie ically along the (centre lin =Q h thoroughfare the same zperfonms fi s ly :the :nor-

mat ninetienei aastreet lightingstaminaamely as :a supper-st :fer the James which illum nate the surface, tof the road, :but {in addition a :se es 0; street li hting :stfihda ds construc ed awarding to vthe p esent invention .iorm upon. a roa whi h has an xunobst' ueted :view -;on a. either i e the eo a :eontinunus line which indicate [t th sltiver 01f :etear the various behdsiand turnsi th qr ad and so ;.e1i.mina tes any possibility o dan er vfrom fes r v ne because any :shareturn which may occur :in the road is :veasil visible :t a mote st ta acensiderahle d stance betore th ann oaehes such a bend.

Further, it :will .be found that according t t pr s nt invention, with .a no mahstre t light n standard :the light which i cas downwa dly uponvthe surface of :a road does not provide vie fy great assistance to a motorist in foggy weather, whereas with a str e i ting standard ic ,structe in a cordance with the presentjmlen tien :the i lum natin siiriaee o the stat-idem forms a very easy directional indication-wl'iich in itself permits of the driver of va ,car travelling gal; a comparatively h speed in .feegy teenditions without -Ihr$1iht5t danger .of leaving the oad shhtaee, ta eoheit eh wh c .canhe e efl hhd nehml l ghting ond t eh l b 6,.'. 6L i I i more panti ul y \d eribed with eference to {the eempahyihg dra in s -wh ch:

igu e. 4 ill s rates a h ng s and rd eonstnueted ti aee rdahee w t th pr n in- Ment on;

Eigun 2 is iantenla eed vie -o eh il um natihg uni ier.a..1ig t ng s anda d;

.Eienre'fi i u trates up n an eh a gedscal ran perspe t v half o th il uminat ng un t -i his eatedih-Ei urez aEieu e 4 illu trates Jme ifiea i n of the ligh ing standard i lu trated in Figu e .Eieure 5,.i yanienla sed t ew-e the ase Pe tiq :et ea light ng standa d .eens rsuete in a eoxda ee with the pre en mt ntieh;

Irisiiie 45 i .enla ze d qview tof the wee: nd 0 fi ure 1.? il ustrates ne mean 9 mount ng e s gnaltlisht-i. aeasing surmund nez h -has sp e tion eff ,ali hti g standard, e hs he ed in ac eoxdance wit h eresentin ention; n

.Eieure 2 ill strates one mean h a ng a easing such as is i u trate in Figure -5 and 16 it; miihe'ihese peri t l ehtinetstendareeeen 'et c in aee ndanee wi h the present th Mention. v

Refienving .to (the Lena-w nes the e is i lu t ated aa sheet n :l eh hg st ndar re hieh ar' ches s ction-fer ueeuponip emeh des end hqu etel ds, where n Ltl ere ismqu ted'at a pe ht a ong the tleneth'of the same a eeve 1:2 iwhiehli e emehtal .in;- f0. :m andis s onst t d in t m ner 1 111.neztrete JEEDJEQS @and 3 o as :t Joe plaeed aro nd the s anda d so as t eenei e e h sam in the Em nue o a h nged bracelet a th s arranged t h use i luminating m ans epe eh e to tbeam n t ligh a ileast pwe di ente the extetipr :sufiae 9 the standa d 5 .9 e to ,e v aifl esilie tedtefie to thesam w th :suc an arran emen :the i hdand is .ei re ,tpmminenqe which i hil -911 .3 art stic imiteie neara fl t m ovicle 1h ,ad tieh i th standard a he zepa e to. apar 112 of direction for trafiic which iearamlzget he weisp esentsiahyida zline eefieet tet e siriv of 1 wehieletandards at set their dinn ends wi h .e wh h e e -ihahi mead M14315: s taez ezpretisi theeeealiflwinatieni e th -readesue aeewhemn trempleyed ieriil uminatiha thesu ieee Qf therstehdard-h e h ef ah xdesi ed; 1.5 12313 19 eenfienratien, :bll (the ii eht rtheeeimm mus the thrown upwardly and concentrated upon the exterior surface of the standard, although it is to be understood that the light from the illuminating unit may be employed for subsidiary purposes, for example to provide signal lights 4 at required intervals along the surface of the standard, as is clearly shown in Figures i and 5. Such signal lights will preferablybe arranged to reflect the light in any desired direction.

Further, the light from the illuminating unit may be such as to give a decorative effect to the standard, for example it may be coloured or the colour of the light may be periodically varied so as to give a kaleidescopic effect, but it is to be understood that the essence of the invention resides in the employment of a means of illumination upon a standard, wherein the major portion of the light is employed in illuminating the surface of the standard, so as to give it a floodlighted effect.

One form of construction of illuminating unit for use in connection with the present invention is illustrated in Figures 2 and 3 and comprises two semi-circular elements similar to the element illustrated in Figure 3 hinged together at 5 in the form of a bracelet, each provided in the interior thereof with a lamp 6, for example a fluorescent tube, mounted in each segmental section so as to ow light upWardly and downwardly through upper and lower windows 1 and 8 provided with transparent or translucent lenses 9 and I constructed so as to cast the beam of light emitted from the lamps 6 over the major portion of the surface of the standard, which the unit encircles. Each semi-circular portion of such an illuminating unit can be formed primarily out of two semicircular metal stampings II and I2 (Figure 3) arranged concentric with one another and joined to one another by V-shaped brackets l3 mounted between the stampings so that the base of the V constitutes the holder for the semi-circular fluorescent tube 6 arranged in the annular space provided between the stampings. The annular openings at the top and the bottom of the unit which form the upper and lower windows land 8 support the glass lenses 9 and Ill constructed and arranged so that when the unit is in position upon a standard and the lamps are lighted the lenses throw the light over the surface of the standard. The semi-circular units are hinged to one another so that the jaws of the unit can be opened out and placed around the standard in the form of a bracelet and then closed so that the two halves of the unit completely encircle the surface of the standard. The electrical connections for the lamps 6 carried by the unit extend inwardly and through apertures in the metal sides l2 and thence into the standard, and can be connected to the electrical cables extending through the standard by means of plugs which can be easily removed from their sockets and thereby permit the illuminating unit to :be removed from the standard as a complete article and so provide a simple and efficient means of mounting such -illuminating units both on standards already erected and standards constructed for the provision of such units.

With the unit above described, the light, as hereinbefore stated, can be thrown upwardly and downwardly over the entire surface of the standard. If necessary, however, the downwardly directed light can be directed into a shield [4 (Figure's 4, and 6) which extends from the underside of the illuminating unit 2 to apoint adjacent to the ground. The shield can be arranged totaper 4 downwardly and form an annular space 15 between the standard and the shield. The shield 14 can be provided with apertures along the length thereof in which there are mounted prismatic lenses 16 (Figure 7) which when the light is thrown downwardly from the illuminating unit, reiract the light through piano-convex lenses l1 into a horizontal beam which will be emitted from the lower end of the standard and constitute a signal light or lights for traffic.

and "the standard at the lower end of the shield,

for drainage purposes.

In order to support the unit hereinbefore described upon a standard, there is preferably provided-around the surface of the lamp at the desired height above ground level, for example eight to nine feet, a stop ring 20 (Figures 1, 2 and 6) upon which the unit rests.

It will be appreciated that where the light from the illuminating unit is cast upwardly and downwardly over the surface of the standard, the lower half of the standard offers considerable assistance under foggy conditions to traffic travelling along a road.

It is to be understood that the illuminating unit or units may comprise a violet or substantially violet light visible in character, which casts a beam or beams over a reflecting surface of the standard for example a white surface, so as to give the said surface of the standard a fluorescent effect.

Thus it will be seen that according to the present invention there is provided a lighting standard, which is not only effective in appearance, but also provides a very efficient means for indicating to traffic the line of direction of the road upon which they are travelling.

- What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:

1. An illuminating device for the exterior surface of a pole, comprising a unit adapted to surround an intermediate portion of a pole, said unit comprising a substantially annular inner sleeve of internal diameter to fit over the outer surface of the pole to which the unit is applied; a substantially annular outer sleeve concentrically dis- .posed with respect to said inner sleeve and spaced outwardly therefrom; radially extending brackets having their ends secured to the said sleeves and maintaining them in concentric, spaced relation, each of said brackets having a notch along its upper edge; and a substantially annular illuminating tube positioned between the sleeves and supported within the said notches in the radially-extending brackets for casting beams of light upwardly and downwardly along the exterior surface of a pole on which said unit is mounted.

2. An illuminating device as defined in claim 1, in which the unit, including the sleeve and illuminating tube, is substantially annular and is composed of two substantially semi-annular portions, hinged to one another at one end of each of the said portions whereby the unit may be readily placed about a pole to encircle the same, and in which means are provided at the other ends of the said portions for securing said ends together, whereby to secure said unit about a pole.

3. An illuminating device for the exterior surface of a pole, comprising a unit adapted to sur round an intermediate portion of a pole, said unit comprising an inner sleeve, an outer sleeve concentrically disposed with respect to said inner sleeve and spaced outwardly therefrom, the upper and lower edges of said sleeves being disposed, respectively, in the same planes and being turned inwardly toward each other with a space therebetween, brackets connecting said sleeves and maintaining them in concentric, spaced relation, i1- luminating means positioned between the sleeves and supported on said brackets for casting beams of light upwardly and downwardly a1ong the exterior surface of a pole on which said unit is mounted, and lenses mounted between the sleeves at the upper and lower edges thereof and retained in position by the inturned edges of said sleeves. HENRY JAMES FINER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the 20 file of ihis patent:

Number Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Gridley July 14, 1896 Jennings Jan. 31, 1911 Brams-on Apr. 18, 1911 Van Allen Oct. 18, 1927 Natzel et al May 14, 1929 Wiegand Apr, 7, 1931 Grussendorf et a1 Oct. 5, 1937 Bass et al July 11., 1939 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain 1934 France 1934

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US563922 *Feb 19, 1896Jul 14, 1896 Electric-lamp stand
US982823 *Dec 31, 1909Jan 31, 1911James J JenningsMeans for illuminating interiors of buildings.
US989944 *Nov 25, 1910Apr 18, 1911Paul BramsonElectrical hoop.
US1646045 *Jun 14, 1923Oct 18, 1927William Van AlenStreet-lighting system
US1713050 *Apr 9, 1928May 14, 1929NatzelOrnamental building
US1799341 *Feb 29, 1928Apr 7, 1931Gen ElectricBeacon light
US2094741 *Nov 1, 1934Oct 5, 1937Alexander VarrenTraffic light post
US2165211 *Nov 10, 1937Jul 11, 1939Airport Beacons IncAirport beacon
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GB411656A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2511440 *Feb 2, 1948Jun 13, 1950William H LongFixture for mounting fluorescent lighting structures
US3683172 *Aug 14, 1970Aug 8, 1972Mobil Oil CorpSuspended outdoor lighting fixture
US4053761 *Mar 18, 1976Oct 11, 1977Brinkley Jerry ADecorative item
US4225909 *Dec 13, 1978Sep 30, 1980Whiteway Manufacturing Co.Lighting fixture
US4237530 *Dec 12, 1977Dec 2, 1980Rowe Industries Inc., Division Of Groman CorporationHigh mast light support system
US4546417 *Jul 19, 1983Oct 8, 1985Safety Light CorporationSelf-luminous light source
US4787019 *Mar 10, 1987Nov 22, 1988Broeke Aleidus G Van DenLamp fitting with divisible attachment ring
US4903442 *Sep 23, 1988Feb 27, 1990G. A. Pfleiderer Gmbh & Co. KgMast for measuring or illumination purposes, especially for flight navigation lights
US5426574 *Mar 9, 1993Jun 20, 1995Carolfi; GianniStreet-lamp with fog lighting device
US7827714Apr 28, 2006Nov 9, 2010Hubbell IncorporatedPole mounted illuminated sign
US7832892 *Oct 21, 2008Nov 16, 2010Fu Zhun Precision Industry (Shen Zhen) Co., Ltd.Solar LED lamp assembly
US8029151 *Mar 23, 2009Oct 4, 2011Abl Ip Holding LlcBack-up lighting system
US8376582Feb 19, 2013Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.LED luminaire
US8414155Mar 18, 2009Apr 9, 2013Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.LED luminaire
US8506127Dec 11, 2009Aug 13, 2013Koninklijke Philips N.V.Lens frame with a LED support surface and heat dissipating structure
US8845152Sep 28, 2011Sep 30, 2014Abl Ip Holding LlcPole mounted enclosures for luminaires
US20110254725 *Oct 20, 2011Alon NitzanAirport travel surface edge lighting and foreign object detection system and method
DE202008004449U1 *Apr 1, 2008Jun 30, 2011THORN Europhane S.A., CedexLeuchte zum Beleuchten von Gehwegen, Fußgänger-Überwegen oder Plätzen
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/431
Cooperative ClassificationF21S8/086, F21Y2103/02, Y02B20/72, F21W2131/103
European ClassificationF21S8/08H2