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Publication numberUS2456182 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1948
Filing dateFeb 1, 1946
Priority dateFeb 1, 1946
Publication numberUS 2456182 A, US 2456182A, US-A-2456182, US2456182 A, US2456182A
InventorsLawrence E Goble
Original AssigneeFostoria Pressed Steel Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Flexible joint assembly
US 2456182 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

'Dec.14,1948. 1.. E. GOBLE 2,456,182

FLEXIBLE JOINT ASSEMBLY Filed Feb. 1, 1946 If 0 F/Gj {Z0 A?) C I I2 m H .9 v 3 I z l\ .II\: I\

Patented Dec. 14,1948

UNITED STATES PATENT '0 PF] CE .ELEXIBLE. JOINT. ASSEMBLY Lawrence E. Goble, i-Fostoria, LOhio, ass'ignorzto The *Fostoria Pressed iSteel Crporation,'-.Fos- :toria,gOhi0,,;a;corperationofQhio Application February 1, 19.4G,Seria-l No. 64 2.922

This invention relates to definite positioning of devices in a Widerange of locations from a single support, including a joint, or in series a plurality of joints in coordinated control.

This invention has utility when incorporated in universal joint assembly of links to carry a terminal device, as an electric light. The coordination involves a factor of safety or rather resistance to manual control in lever-like buildup back from the terminal device to the fixed support carrying the assembly. The resistance sequence at the device desirably is a slight factor above or beyond that tocarry the device, with facility for manual shifting of the device from the minimum resistance of the joint most close in the assembly to the 'device. Any more departurerange than thus available is transmitted to the next joint back from thedevice, by :the more strong manual exertion at the device.

Referring tothe drawings:

Fig. 1 a side elevation of ail-embodiment of the invention in a link and joint assembly for an incandescent lamp device mounting;

Fig. 2 is an enlarged detail, with parts broken away, of an intermediate joint in the assembly of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a section thru the base or mounting for the terminal joint of the assembly of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary diagrammatic illustration on a still more enlarged scale, showing the spheric zone portion and a conical coacting region providing a frustum face portion of a conical pyramid or cone.

Fixed to a machine part, table or desk may be a flange 9 having a cylindrical flange or collar 2 therefrom to a reduced diameter at a shoulder 3 with a further externally threaded portion 4. In complementary pairs centrally outwardly flared duct-providing spring washers 5 of the Belleville type are stacked to position an internal spheric zone member or bearing ring 6 as a complementary member for a sphere or ball joint member 7. Embracing the member 1 is a shell or housing member 3 coacting with the threaded portion 4 in lodging in a sealed relation 9 with the shoulder 3. At the predetermined grip or compressibility factor established in response to the spring washer stack 5, there is definite thrusting of the ball I outward as to the member 8 against cone frustum tangent region l0. With a line H in the full diameter of the ball 1 as the cylindrical portion interior for the cap member 8, coaxial therewith is the zone or rather frustum ID at approximately inward '1 Claim. (01.28-5-92) il'lO complementary'member .l llrto'the member sembled to abut a shoulder 3 at the limit .ofits pitch. This tangent or straightrtaper-ipoittion ff i terminates in'an opening 12, which :in practice desirably has clearance approaching 45 .01 slightly'in -excess thereohto a neck E3.

In adopting a generalglinkassembly,raitube'ssectioni'rl. may have a pair of members .Bbppositely directed thereon before there he anchoring of terminal ball joint members l therewith. The anchoring is effected by thrusting :tuhularastem portion in from the throat .ltxintorthe endpf the tube M. The stem 15 .on itsxexteriorhas grooves er channels ll; circumferentially iextendr ing in parallel. Thereinmay be locatedzbrazinig wire, which, upon :heating provides :fused', :bomling llliofrthe stem 8-5. with the linktubezlfi; :Gai-te -i-s..takento havetthe-igage of the balluniit'l', t3, 11:5], at :the throat 16' fully as strong as the "tube P4. With the balls 1 of "V and .1' "'.di-ameters, the :tube st-l is acceptable of a gage #20.

From'the remote end .of the "link .tube eli lwisia external-threading 4. Here alsois a sealedxjoint 9 for holding to a predetermined compression a helical spring l9, in lieu of Belleville spring washers 5. The common thrust here is both Ways against zone rings 6. The housing 8, I8, is a minor link thrusting the balls I therefrom into definite frictional grip or resistance to ready shifting at tangent frustum regions ID.

The sequence herein is with a tubular arm 20 having a switch 2| for an incandescent light 22 directed by a reflector 23 as the terminal device in the assembly. Electric conductor stranded wires 24 with insulation covering 25 may be supplied thru a support at to enter central opening 21 in the mounting terminal fitting I, 2. The stack of washers 5 provided a central Way for the conductor wires to pass thru the ring 6 and enter polar port 28 in the ball I. Therefrom there is tubular way continuity thru the stems l5, link or tubes I4, 2!], ball ports 28, spring I9. At wiring assembly, the straight line lay out will permit ready threading of the wiring to the device.

Herein there is importance to holding up to initial established performance standards. The ball-stem unit desirably is a screw machine prodnot of processed steel. Parts may be die cast, even of zinc or aluminum, as well as alloys. However, under the practices aifording reliable results, surface treatment is undertaken, as by plating with cadmium. With the control at say 200# to 400# spring compression in a housing, oiling of the ball 1 as to the taper 10 has not tended to detract from the grip or holding as much as 12 while even with graphite the slip does not exceed 20%. The purpose is for dry or non-lubricated use, and the hard plating finish holds up satisfactorily for long continued performance, not as continued moving, but as shifting to set positions, such as normally required in lamps.

The compression thrust, while holding the zone ring 6 against the ball 1, locates the ball I for an approximately constant line contact circle hearing on the taper face In. The complementary line contact constant circle bearing on the ball 1 is rocked or shifted as to the face of the ball. Force applied to the stem l moves the ball of the ball and socket joint, as to the socket.

While brazing is mentioned for the assembly of the stem 15 with the tubular link, in so doing a shaped heating end for the fusion effecting tool is desired to avoid or hold down too high a temperature which might act detrimentally upon the exterior finish of the tubular portions as exposed. Plastic or self-setting adhesive may be used to bond the stems [5 in the tubes, and thereby extend the range of finishes available not to be disturbed by assembly operations.

In a lineal series of the flexible joints, importance resides in establishing a relation for response to change or adjustment force applied thereto. A factor in such control is the degree or extent of holding from the high compression 5, l9, at the joint more close to the force applied. For a ratio of approximately 3-4-5, in a series of three joints in succession, pressure per square inch adopted for cadmium plated ball and socket is found at 200#, 300# and 400#. In foot pounds for 7 diameter ball, this shows up in the range of 5, 6, 8 /2. A more wide factor may be adopted, as 1, 2, 4. Adopting this schedule for the showing in Fig. I, the tubular housing 8, l8, has a single compression spring means therein, so that it may be taken as 1. The diiferent compressing at the housing unit 2, 8, may be taken as 2. From this it follows, one taking hold of the link portion 20,

has first strain response to shifting at the joint 8, l8, combining at each ball 1 for a maximum in the range of Further more intense strain may rock the tube M as much as 45 from Vertical as to the base 2, 8.

What is claimed and it is desired to secure by Letters Patent is:

A ball and socket type of flexible joint comprising a stem and therefrom a throat having a spheric enlargement forming a friction face, a cylindrical socket snugly coacting with the enlargement friction face, said socket having at approximately 20 an inwardly tapering seat toward an opening of sufficient diameter to provide clearance at the throat for the stem to flex as much as 45 in a complete orbit, a ring in the socket spaced from the seat by the enlargement, said ring having annular clearance from the socket with a spheric seat complementary to the enlargement face and frictionally coacting therewith, the opposite side of the ring being a flat face, and thrust-effecting means coacting in the socket, including a compression helical spring of diameter approximating the diameter of the ring and coacting with the ring fiat face to maintain gripping coaction between the ring seat and the enlargement in holding the enlargement at tangential complete peripheral engagement in the tapering seat.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 757,143 Reilly Apr. 12, 1904 1,220,069 Capdevila Mar. 20, 1917 1,927,703 Glowacki Sept. 19, 1933 2,041,847 Marchand May 26, 1936 2,100,069 Creveling Nov, 23, 1937 2,303,642 I-Ioy Dec. 1, 1942

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US2041847 *Feb 26, 1935May 26, 1936Marchand AdolphAdjustable duplex electric lamp
US2100069 *Sep 25, 1935Nov 23, 1937Lubrication CorpLubricating device
US2303642 *Dec 23, 1940Dec 1, 1942Thomas J HoyPressure sealed coupling
Referenced by
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US2646242 *Jan 18, 1952Jul 21, 1953Boltuch LeonUniversal joint
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U.S. Classification285/153.3, 403/56, 285/269, 269/75, 403/144
International ClassificationF21V21/29, F16C11/08, F16M11/14, F16L27/047
Cooperative ClassificationF16M2200/041, F16M2200/044, F16M11/14, F16L27/047, F16M11/2078, F21V21/29
European ClassificationF16M11/20A3E, F16M11/14, F16L27/047, F21V21/29