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Publication numberUS2456185 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 14, 1948
Filing dateNov 23, 1944
Priority dateNov 23, 1944
Publication numberUS 2456185 A, US 2456185A, US-A-2456185, US2456185 A, US2456185A
InventorsWilliam L Grube
Original AssigneeGen Motors Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electroplating apparatus
US 2456185 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. M 1948;. w. L. GRUBE ELECTROPLATING APPARATUS Filed NOV. 25, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Envcntor Gttornegs Patented Dee. 14, 1948 ELECTROPLATING APPARATUS William L. Grube, Detroit, Mich., assignor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mich., a corporation of Delaware Application November 23, 1944, Serial No. 564,751

This invention relates to an electroplating apparatus and more particularly is concerned with a. barrel electroplating apparatus.

Among the objects of the invention are the following: to provide improvements in barrel-type plating devices; to provide a barrel plating apparatus of simple and light weight construction and one especially adapted for plat ng parts of relatively small sizes, such as, for example, screws, bolts, nuts, brackets, hooks, etc.; to provide a barrel plating apparatus of simple construction having a wde range of adjustments: to provide an improved barrel plater having simplified means of adjusting the anode for various positions of adjustment of the barrel; to provide improvements in barrel platers whereby the barrel is easily removed from, and replaced in, the apparatus; to provide a barrel plater having simple means for adjusting and changing the adjustment of ,the barrel; to provide 'a barrel plater of simple and compact construction; to provide an improved barrel construction for use in barrel-plating apparatus; and to provide improvements in barrel plating equipment adapt d to be readily converted to accommodate different plating solutions and parts to be plated. I i v i Other objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent from the detailed description which follows, attention being directed to the accompanying drawings which illustrate a device in accordance with one embodiment of the invention.

Figure 1 is an elevational viewwith parts broken away and in section of a barrel plating apparatus in accordance with said embodiment of the invention.

Figure 2 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale of a portion of the device of Figure 1, showing more clearly the relationship between the barrel and associated parts.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view taken substantially on line 3-3 in Figure 1, certain parts being broken away to show the construction more clearly.

Figure 4 is a perspective view on a somewhat enlarged scale of a portion of the apparatus shown in Figure l.

Figure 5 is a view with parts broken away and in section of a portion of the apparatus of Figure 1, illustratin more fully the relationship between the barrel, a means for rotating the same and means permitting the barrel and a gear and spindle connected therewith to be lifted from the device as aunit.

4 Claims. (Cl. 204-214) Figure 6 is a detail view with parts in section showing more clearly and on an enlarged scale, a portion of the device of Figure 1.

In the drawings, Ill represents a base to which is hinged at H a frame 12. The hinged frame is adjustably held in an inclined position during plating by means of straps l4 pivoted at lfi'to the base l0. Each strap I4 is slotted at l8. The slots are enlarged at spaced intervals to form spaced seats 20 which are adapted to accommodate threaded pins 22 fixed to opposite sides of the frame I2. A wing nut 23 engages the threaded end of each p n 22. 'The slots, seats, pins and wing nuts provide for adjustably mounting the frame in any one of a plurali y of inclined positions as will be readily understood. The wing nuts, when tightened, secure the parts in any position of adjustment.

The frame l2 has a cross-bar [3 to which is welded a boss 25. The boss 25 has a thrust bearing 26 adjacent the upper end thereof. Extending within and iournaled in the boss 25 is a flan ed spindle 21 which is secured to a barrel or bucket indicated genera ly at -28 for containing the electrolyte. The barrel is made up Of a central section 29 of metal which is covered both inside and out by a plastic layer or liner such as Koroseal, which is a vinylchloride plastic, "neoprene," which is a synthetic rubber made by polymerization of chloroprene, or other plastic inert with respect to the plating solution or electrolyte. The inner layer of plastic is indicated by 30 and the outer layer by 3 l. Fixed to the barrel are handles 33. Resting on the thrust bearing 26 and fixed to the spindle 2'! is a gear 34. The

gear 34 is engaged and driven by a gear 36 which in turn is driven by a motor 24 mounted on the frame I2. Thus the construction is such that the barrel and means for rotating the same are movable as a unit with the hinged frame. Within the barrel adjacent the lower portion thereof is a ring-shaped member 38 formed of fabric treated with Bakelite, a phenol formaldehyde resin or similar non-metallic material which snugly engages the inner walls of the barrel to secure a metallic screen 40 in position adjacent the lower or bottom of the barrel. A plurality of similar spacers 42 spaces the screen from the bottom of the barrel. The metallic screen serves as support for the parts to be plated and as a part of the system for conducting plating current. The ring 38, screen 40 and spacers 42 are removable. A metallic rod 44 having its lower end in current conducting engagement with the screen extends upwardly within a sleeve 45 of duck treated with "Bakelite or similar non-metallic material arranged in the barrel adjacent one side wall. A current conductor 46 joins the upper end of the rod 44 with a fiat ring 48 of copper or other suitable current conducting material, said ring being secured to the outside of the barrel adjacent the upper end thereof.

Extending upwardly from the frame 12 is a post 50, the upper end portion 51 of which curves. toward the barrel. The extreme end of portion 5| is threaded and carries a bracket made up of parts 52 and 53 firmly secured together. at 49 to part 53 is a curved bar 54;the'1cwerend portion 55 of which extends within the upper end.

of the barrel. The lower end portion 55 f the curved bar has secured thereto a spring-clip 56 having a seat for engaging the ball-end 57 of a rod 58. To the lower end of the rod 58 secured an anode 58 of the metal to be deposited Figure 6 illustrates more fully the means for securing the spring-clip to the lower end 55 of the curved bar. Portion 55 hasan e'ongatedslot 60 therein.. A flanged-sleeve 6| of Bakelite? or similar material has its flanged-end resting on the upper face of the end 55 ofthe bar. Below the sleeve is a washer 62 of Bakelite or similar. material of greater dimension than the Width of the slot 69. Below the washer is a, current conductor 63 and next the spring-clip. The flanged-sleeve 61-, washer 62-, conductor 63 and spring clip are fastened together by a bolt 64, and nut 65. The flanged-sleeve GI and washerBZ are made of a suitable dieectric such as l3akelite and electrical-1y insulate the spring-clip and conductor 63 from the end portion 55 of bar 54 inany posi tionof adjustment of the parts in the elongated slot 60;

The portion of the post-50 also carries a bracket 12 to which is pivoted at 14 an arm 16, the free end of which carries a roller 18 of copper or other suitable conducting material. The roller is spring-biased into engagement with the flat ring 48 as by means of spring 80 fixed to the arm 16 and member 52.

In operation the partsto be plated-are placed in theelectroyte in the barrel 2%, the barrel and hinged'frame I2 being held in an inclined position by means of theslotted straps M The degree of inclination may be readily varied depending on the conditions and the frame held in any position of adjustment. The slotted-strap construction permits bringing the frame I 2 into a position resting on the base Hi if desired in order to occupy less space when the device is not in use. By means of the spring clip -56 the'a-node 58 is held in -a-ny desired position in the electrolyte in the barrel. Thepositi'on of the anode may be readily changed by moving the ball-end 5 or the rod 58 carrying the ancde w-ithin the ban -shaped seat of the spring-clip. The spring clip has suflicient strength to rrictionally hold the ball-end oi the rod 58 and anode in any position of adjustment.

The slot 66 permits further adjustment, if desired; The positive side era-source for supplying direct current (not shown) leads td'conductQT -63 an'd by means of the spring clip and rod 58 to the anode The opposite or negative side -of the 'dire'ct current source is electrically joined to "the roller 18., as for example, by a conductor "secured to the arm 4 6. The plating current will pass from the anode through the electrolyte to the pants to-be platedon the metallic screen 40 the lower portion of the barrel, then through the screen, rod 44., and conductor 46 to the ring 48, and thence to the roller 18 and to the negative sidect the Hinged electric power source. During the plating operation the barrel is rotated by means of the electric motor and gearing 34, 36 and the roller 18 is spring-biased into contact with the ring 48. Thus the ring and contacting roller permit the plating current to flow in all positions of rotation of the barrel.

When the desired amount of metal has been plated on the parts to be plated the plating current is cut off. The curved bar 54 and the anode supported thereby are then moved by swinging the bar about the hinge 49. The roller 18 is moved from contact with the ring 48, and the barrel and associated parts may then be removed by the operator grasping the handles 33 and lifting thereon. This simple operation removes the barrel, electrolyte and plated parts therein, flanged" spindle 21 and gear 34 as a unit. The electrolyte may then be removed from the barrel and the barrel used, if desired, in the subsequent cleaning and'rinsing operations which may be given. the plated parts. The barrel and parts carried thereby are then replaced in the apparatus and. the device is ready for plating other work.

As an illustrative example, small steel screws have been plated in the apparatus with a thin electrodeposit of cadmium using a conventional aqueous cadmium plating electrolyte and anode of cadmium. If desired to plate parts with another metal it is a simple matter to remove the barrel and electrolyte, then dump the electrolyte from the barrel, rinse the barrel, change the screen if. necessary, insert a sufficient amount of the other electrolyte and replace the barrel with the different electrolyte in the apparatus. A diffe'rent anode will be employed in place of the cadmium anode.

I claim:

I. In barrel electroplating apparatus, a base, a frame hinged to the base, means for adjustably holding the frame in any one of a plurality of inclined positions, a tubular boss fixed to said frame, a bearing at the upper portion of said boss, a spindle mounted for rotation in said tubular boss, a plating barrel having plastic inner and outer liners and fixed to the upper end of said spindle for rotation thereby, a gear fixed to said spindle and resting on said bearing, said barrel, spindle and gear being removable as a unit by moving said-spindle upwardly out of said tubular boss, a second gear engaging the first gear, an electric motor carried by the hinged frame for "driving said second gear, a continuous ringshaped current conductor carried on the outside cylindrical surface of the barrel, a support carried by said frame, an arm having one end pivoted to said support, a roller of current conducting material carried by the other end of said arm, a spring connected to said arm at a point between the ipiyoted end and said roller for biasing said roller into contact with said ring-shaped current conductor, a screen of current conducting material in said barrel adjacent the bottom thereof, a current conductor joining the ring-shaped current conductor and the screen, a hinged-bracket carried by said support having its lower end portion adjacent the top of the barrel, a spring-clip electrically insulated .trom and carried by the hinged-bracket, an anode, and an anode support having a universal ,joint connection with the spring-"clip.

'2. In barrel electroplating apparatus, a base, a frame hinged to the base, means for adjustably holding the frame in any one of a plurality of in clined positions, a tubular boss-fixed to said frame, a bearing at the upper portion of said boss, a spindle mounted for rotation in said tubular boss, a plating barrel having inner and outer liners of non-metallic material fixed to the upper end of said spindle for rotation thereby, a gear fixed to said spindle and resting on said bearing, said barrel, spindle and gear being removable as a unit by moving said spindle upwardly out of said tubular boss, a second gear engaging the first gear, an electric motor carried by the hinged frame for driving said second gear, a continuous ring-shaped current conductor carried on the outside cylindrical surface of the barrel, 9. support carried by said frame, an arm having one end pivoted to said support, a roller of current conducting material carried by the other end of said arm, a spring connected to said arm at a point between the pivoted end and said roller for biasing said roller into contact with said ringshaped current conductor, a screen of current conducting material in said barrel adjacent the bottom thereof, a current conductor joining the ring-shaped current conductor and the screen, a hinged-bracket carried by said support having its lower end portion adjacent the top of the barrel, and an anode adjustably supported by said hinged-bracket.

3. In barrel electroplating apparatus, a base, a frame hinged to the base, means for adjustably holding the frame in any of a plurality of inclined positions, a tubular boss fixed to the frame, a thrust bearing in the upper end of said boss, a spindle mounted for rotation in said boss, a

plating. barrel having non-metallic inner and outer surfaces and fixed to the upper end of the spindle for rotation thereby, a gear fixed to the spindle and resting on said thrust bearing, said barrel, spindle and gear being removable as a unit by moving said spindle upwardly out of said tubular boss, a second gear engaging the first gear, an electric motor carried by the frame for driving said second gear, a continuous ringshaped current conductor carried by the outside cylindrical surface of the barrel, a support carried by said frame, an arm having one end pivoted to said support, a roller of current conducting material carried by the other end of said arm, a spring connected to said arm at a point between the pivoted end and roller for biasing said roller into contact with said ringshaped current conductor, a removable screen of current conducting material in said barrel adjacent the bottom thereof, a current conductor connecting the ring-shaped current conductor and screen, a hinged-bracket carried by said support having its lower end portion adjacent the top of the barrel, and adjustable means carried by the hinged-bracket for holding an anode in position in the barrel.

4. An apparatus for electrodeposit'i'ng metal comprising a base; a frame hinged to the base; means for holding the frame in any one of a plurality of inclined positions consisting of a pair of slotted straps having spaced seats formed therein and being pivoted to the base, a pair of threaded pins fixed to the hinged frame and means for securing the pins in the spaced seats; a tubular boss fixed to the frame; a thrust bearing carried by the tubular boss; a spindle mounted for rotation in said tubular boss; a plating barrel having plastic inner and outer liners and fixed to the upper end of the spindle for rotation thereby; a gear fixed to said spindle and resting on said thrust bearing; said barrel, spindle, and gear being removable as a unit by moving said spindle upwardly out of said tubular boss; a second gear engaging the first gear; an electric motor carried by the hinged frame for rotating said second gear; a continuous ring-shaped current conductor carried on the outside cylindrical surface of the barrel; a support carried by said hinged-frame; a first arm having one end pivoted to said support; a roller of current conducting material carried by the other end of said first arm; spring means connected to said first arm at a point between the pivoted end and the current conducting roller for biasing said roller into contact with the ring-shaped current conductor in all positions of rotation of the barrel; a screen of current conducting material in said barrel adjacent the bottom thereof; a current conductor joining the ring-shaped current conductor and screen; a second arm hinged at one end to said support; a spring clip electrically insulated from and carried by the free end of the hinged arm; an anode; and an anode support having a universal joint connection with the spring clip.

\VILLIAM L. GRUBE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS OTHER REFERENCES The Metal Industry, Aug. 7, 1925, page 121, London, England.

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Referenced by
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US3320148 *Dec 4, 1961May 16, 1967Technicon InstrMethod and apparatus for electrophoretic density gradient separation and analysis
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Classifications
U.S. Classification204/214, 33/DIG.180, 68/139
International ClassificationC25D17/24
Cooperative ClassificationY10S33/18, C25D17/24
European ClassificationC25D17/24