US 2457885 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 4', 1949. L E GATCH 2,457,885
TRAILER HITGH l Filed Dec. 5, 1946 gl-4 `^^1`m I 2 O O O O O O i 7 5 lo /8 9 4) C I 'l 3 T |s- 23 a 12-rp lo alge Patented Jan. 4, 1949 UNITED STATES f PATENT OFFICE lTRAILER m'ron James Earle catch, Macon, Ga.
Application December 5, 1946, Serial No. 714,317 4 claims. Y (c1. 28o-33.15)
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of the character which can be detached or uncoupled with a minimum of effort and with-v out tools. i
A further object is to provide a rhitch of the type indicated having freedom of movement in all directions so that there can be no binding or undue strain imposed upon either the hitch or the bumper of the vehicle to whichit is attached. A further object of the invention is to provide a trailer hitch in which the locking device by means of which it is engaged or` disengaged is subjected to no strain when the device is in operation, and inwhich thelatching device is so constructed as to render the accidental disengagement of the device practically impossible. l
Further objects will more kparticularly appear in the courseof the following detailed description.
The invention consists in the novel construe-.i
tion, arrangement and combinations of parts hereinafter more particularly described and claimed.
One sheet of drawings accompanies this specification as part thereof in which like reference characters indicate like parts throughout.
In the drawings: U f
Figure 1 is a side elevation o f vtheimproved device in operative relationship to a car bumper and the bodyof a trailer, only fragments of the car and bumper being shown;
Figure 2 is a transverse cross'section taken line 2-2 of Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a horizontal cross section taken on line 3-3 of Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a medial vertical longitudinal cross section through the device showing the draw-bar in elevation, and
Figure 5 is a perspective view of one latch member removed from the device.
In the embodiment of the invention herein illustrated a draw-bar I is provided one end of which is adapted to be received in the bore of a tubular bracket 2 attached to the bottom of the trailer body T. This tubular bracket is provided with transverse locking bolts 3 by means of which the draw-bar is rigidly associated with the bracket and the trailer body.
The draw-bar I is formed with a medial enlarged abutment portion 4 and the opposite end of the draw-bar is threaded to receive a. nut.
. 2 i The threaded end of the draw-bar l is slidably positioned within the bore of a tubular member 5 which is preferably provided with bushings II--II and an oil nipple l0, and a compression spring 9 is positioned on and surrounds the draw-bar I between the medial abutment 4 and the tubular body 5. Preferably, a washer 8 will be interposed between the compression spring 9 and the tubular body 5 and after assembling the nut 1, is applied to the threaded end of the drawbar, thus securing that end of the draw-bar slidably within the tubular member 5. By this construction it will be apparent that the direct draft of the trailer will be taken by the nut l against the forward end of the tubular body 5 While any shocks produced by over-riding of the trailer against the car propelling it will be absorbed by the shock spring 9.
The tubular body 5 is formed with downwardly projecting spaced parallel lugs 6-6 which are arranged to straddle a tubular collar I2 and to` be pivotally associated with said collar by means of pivot bolts lli-I6 which pass through suitable orices `in the lugs 6 6 4and are threaded into the side walls of the collar I2. These pivot bolts I6 are secured `in their properly adjusted position by bolts I3 which extend through suitable orifices extending lengthwise of the collar I2 `and through transverse holes in the pivot bolt I6, as well illustrated in Figure 2.
Preferably the orices in the lugs 6-6 are sufficiently largeto accommodate bushings to prevent undue Wear on the pivotbolts.
A king bolt 29 is provided having a medial annular enlargement 3l preferably formed with a polygonal perimeter to serve as a tool grip and the lower end of this king bolt is threaded as at 30 to receive a securing nut 32 by means of which the king bolt can be rigidly associated in a vertical position through a suitable orifice in a bracket member 28 which, as herein illustrated, is of right angle form and secured to the bumper B of the propelling car as by a bolt or bolts 21. The king bolt 29 is further formed near its upper end with an annular groove 34 and its upper free end is tapered as at 33 for ease in assembling the parts.
On the upper face of collar I2 are positioned two parallel spaced latch members 20-20 which are pivotally associated with the collar as by screws 2 I and each of these latch members 20 is provided with an arcuate notch 22 adapted to seat in the annular groove 34 in the king bolt 29 when the device is in assembled relationship. On the free ends of each of the latch members 20-20 are upstanding posts 24-24 which are connected ing the connecting device to the king bolt the beveled end 33 of the king bolt Will eiectivelytf' operate to spread the latch members to bringlinenv same in locking engagement with the annular groove 34 without any undue pressure onff'saidf latch members and without,` any necessityflor manually manipulating the same.
When assembled in operative relationship-to all grips 23 which disengages said latch membersfrom the king pin and permits the raising of the draw-bar, tubular member 5, and collar l2; The trailer can be reattached to the car simply by replacing the collar i2 over the king bolt-andpresse ing same downward, the tapered end of the kingV bolt automatically spreading the latch members to permit the top of the king bolt to-pass between said latch members until they engage thel an.
nulary groove 34, thus effectively locking ther de'- vice in operative position.
Various modications in the precisesize,` shape and construction of the constituent, parts will readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the; art, but within the scope of the present invention4 as claimed.
Having thus fully described my invention, I claim: ,Y
1. Hitch for trailer comprising a draw-bar adapted to be associated with the trailer, a col# lar slidable on the draw-bar, compression means on the draw-bar restraining movement of the collar toward the trailer, means on the draw-bar to prevent withdrawalof the draw-bar from th'e collar and to carry the forward thrust of the collar in pulling the trailer, a king bolt verticallymounted on a car bumper, a second collar removably and rotatably mounted on the king" bolt, and
means for pivotally connecting the two-collars on a horizontal axis of rotation.
2` Device for connecting a car to a trailer comprising a king bolt formed with an annular'groove,
means for mounting the king bolt in a' verticalV position on a car bumper, a collar adapted toi rotatably embrace the king bolt having oppOsitel'y disposed latch members arranged to seat in the annular groove of the king bolt when the collar is in operative position on said bolt, a tubular housing formed with spaced, parallel off-set lugs adapted to embrace said collar and connected to said collar by aligned pivots, a draw-bar having a medially disposed abutment, one end portion of said,,draw-bar mslidably disposed in the tubular bruising?` and having me'ans to -preventfwithdrawal therefrom, a' compression" spring positioned on the :draw-bar intermediate the tubular housing and `the abutment on the draw-bar, and means for securing the other lend of the draw-bar to the trailer.
3;*Devi`ce-'for connecting a car to a trailer complispgA rkngffboltormed with a tapered upper end an an annular groove, means for mounting the kingvbolt in a vertical position on a car bumper, a collar adapted to rotatably embrace the king bolt having; oppositely disposed spring controlled latch members arranged to seat' in the* annular groove of the-kingy bolt when the; collar: is inoperative position on4 said bolt, a tubularf housing formed with spaced parallel, o-set lugs adapted to embrace said collar' and connectedlto saidE collar by dia-metrically aligned pivots, adrawbarhaving amedially disposed'abutment, oneend portion of said draw-bar slidably disposedrin the tubular housing and having an endl nut to prevent withdrawalftherefrom', a1 compression spring posi tionedjon thedraW-bar intermediate the tubular housing and thel abutment on the draw-bar, and means forv securing theother end of thedrawbar to the trailer.
4. Hitch forftrailers comprising, a draw bar ormedwithfan abutment, and adapted to be associated byt one end Witha trailer, a vertically disposed vking boltl rigidly associated with the bumper of. a car, aI collar' rotatably and removably embracing theV king pin, asecond collar slidable. on thedraw bar, a compression spring disposed on the draw bar between the abutment and the said' secondcollar, means` to prevent withy drawal of the; draw bar from the collar and means pivotallylconnecting the-.two collarson ahorizontal axis.
f r JAMES EARLE GATCH.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the ill'e ofthispate'nt:y
UNITED STATES PATENTS Date Number Naine` f 1,325,162 1 McGri'iT' Dec. 16, 1919 1,543,304 Tomlinson June 23, 1925 FOREIGN PATENTS Numberv` Country Date .421,730 Great Britain Dec'. 31, 1934