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Publication numberUS2458879 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 11, 1949
Filing dateNov 13, 1944
Publication numberUS 2458879 A, US 2458879A, US-A-2458879, US2458879 A, US2458879A
InventorsAbraham Schenk
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Manufacture of integral
US 2458879 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Jan. 111, 19.49.

SELF-EREC-TING ILLUSTRATIONS Filed Nov. 15, 1944 5 6 l n EN 8 n J M 4rmlE m 4 I in m 5 n D i n 6 J 4% v M MINIVENTOR. 7

Jan. 11;, 1949j A. SCHENK 2,453,379


Application November 13, 1944, Serial No. 563,300

This invention relates to animated, threedimensional illustrations which are self-erecting and which are particularly adapted for the location between adjacent pages of a book, folder or the like.

The main feature of my invention is a onepiece construction of pages and three-dimensional, self-erecting illustrations.

Broadly, my invention is based on a novel construction and manipulation of said illustrations, several forms of which are shown, by way of example, in the accompanying drawings, and constituting what is at the present time, the preferred form of my invention.

In the accompanying drawings,

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of animated, three-dimensional, self-erecting illustrations as applied to a bookwith the book in open position;

Fig. 2 is a fiat view of the blank used in forming the pages and the threedimensional, selferecting illustrations shown in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 shows a part, or member, which is attachable to the illustration in order to give it action and animation;

Fig. 4 is a transverse profile view of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a view corresponding to Fig. 4, but with the adjacent pages of the book partially closed; I

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of another form of my invention. It pictures a horizontal bar with a figure attached to it and differs from Fig. 1 only in the form of animation;

Fig. 7 shows the parts attachable to the illustration in Fig. 6, to give it animation;

Fig. 8 shows a variation, employing the same essential principles as illustrated in Figs. 1 and 6. This View shows a vertical .bar with a figure attached to it and differs from Figs. 1 and 6 only in the form of animation;

Fig. 9 shows the parts attachable to the illustration in Fig. 8 that impart animation to same.

As shown in Fig. 1, the book or folder I, for which the generic term book will hereinafter be used, has adjacent .pages or wall elements 2 and 3, and a three-dimensional illustration 4, centrally located between same pages.

The construction of the elements 2 and 3 and the central section 4, is best shown in Fig. 2. Here an imprinted piece of paper or board has been die-cut along the outer and inner solid lines and scored along the broken lines 9 to I1.

When the resulting shape is bent along the scored lines 9 to IT, and. tabs 5, 5' and 6, 6' are brought together and secured by means of suitable binding, such as rings, a three-dimensional illustration 4, will be formed in the center of two adjacent .pages 2 and 3. When the wing shaped part or member I, Fig. 3 is attached to "windmill shape 4, in Fig. 2 by suitable means such as 1 Glaim. (Cl. 46-36) an eyelet or a pivot, through holes 8, 8, this illustration becomes animated as shown in Fig. 1. Motion or animation is given to part I, by tapping the edges with the finger.

Fig. 5 is a view intended to show what happens to the illustration when the book is being closed. The pressure of adjacent elements 2 and 3 upon the central section 4, will cause this central section to collapse upon itself. When the elements 2 and 3 are reopened, section 4 will resume its position as pictured in Figs. 1 and 4.

Obviously, the form of the central section 4 may be varied in many ways and in Fig. 6, for instance, it pictures a circus scene with an acrobat l8, swinging from a horizontal bar I9. The acrobat I 8, is attached by means of slits 20, 20' to a .bar 19, which is suspended from uprights 4. The bar has been inserted in holes of tabs 2!, 2 I. By twisting either end of the bar with thumb and index finger, the acrobat will appear to swing and loop around the bar.

Fig. 8 is essentially of the same construction as Fig. 6, with this one exception, that here the bar 22, is inserted vertically through holes at top of illustration 4 and in tab 23 at bottom, and figures 24 are attached to bar 22, by means of slits 25, 2'5. Twisting the bar from the top end will cause the figures to spin around.

Having described my invention, I claim:

A method for making a folder having a three dimensional self-erecting illustration at its binding, consisting in cutting out portions of the central area of a flat sheet to form a central illustration at the center of said fiat sheet which illustration is integral with the fiat sheet and connects with and continues into uncut end portions of said fiat sheet, scoring fold lines on said illustration in order that said illustration will be self-erecting when said uncut end portions of said flat sheet are moved towards each other to bring their adjacent ends together, moving said uncut end portions towards each other to bring their adjacent ends together, and binding the adjacent ends of said uncut end portions in order that they may open and close like a folder.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:


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Referenced by
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US2544783 *Jan 14, 1950Mar 13, 1951Phillips Publishers IncPop-up book construction
US4146983 *Dec 1, 1976Apr 3, 1979Compak Systems, Inc.Promotional pop-up and method of making
US4212231 *Aug 16, 1978Jul 15, 1980Compak Systems Inc.Method of making a promotional novelty device
US4468020 *Jun 7, 1982Aug 28, 1984The Wessel CompanyMethod and apparatus for producing pop-up booklets
US4592573 *Apr 19, 1984Jun 3, 1986Structural Graphics, Inc.Three-dimensional pop-up message display stationery
US4910899 *Jul 15, 1988Mar 27, 1990Arthur AlperinPop-up
US5452846 *Sep 14, 1993Sep 26, 1995Myers; Susan B.Container with decorative display and closure securement assembly
US5868599 *Jun 2, 1997Feb 9, 1999Innovative Usa, Inc.Interactive book
US5961149 *Nov 21, 1997Oct 5, 1999Intervisual Books, Inc.Toy train and book assembly
US7618301Jun 2, 2006Nov 17, 2009Mattel, Inc.Fold-out playsets with pop-up structures
US7753753Jun 11, 2007Jul 13, 2010Mattel, Inc.Playsets with pop-up structures
US20050132621 *Dec 21, 2004Jun 23, 2005Bostick Charles R.IiCraft set and elements for constructing pop-up cards
US20060286891 *Jun 2, 2006Dec 21, 2006James KnightFold-out playsets with pop-up structures
WO1997009102A1 *Aug 21, 1996Mar 13, 1997Lewis Galoob Toys IncTransforming playset
U.S. Classification446/148, 40/539
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/38