US 2461558 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 15, J E'MEAGHER Y I TRANsFUsION APPARATUS Filed Dec. l5, 1945 M14/55E. Mina/45e,
IN V EN TOR.
Patented Feb. l5, 1949 2F-'RANSlUSIN APPARATUS Jaimes. EfMeagher, Glendalefnalif. Application December 15, 19%15fSeialfNo. 6353-347 (Cl. 12S-,214)
` ll'Claims. l v:This invention relates tze-anew and improved =self-contained kit for withdrawing endete-ring' .iuids lMore specical-ly, Vthe :invention mmprises am, ieocncmifcaily. manufactured .ekit in- --Qiudir a` uidereceiving-fbettle, aiseteofeaccesserieseimeluding Ea, him@derni-ick :needl-eiandftubing, asistnage fcompartment for the .laeeessories a/nd fito 'fseal zthe :ien-tire skit. 'ln the process of drawing, istering and administering blood, it :is Werfy :important -thaft e .the complete cycle from zthe @emerito-the. recipient heficzvrriedzout -.under fabselutely -ster-ile ,anda asep- Vtic cen-ditions.. :Since itfisipreseutlgpraictice to settare large-guantities of rbloodinca, bloodsioa,nk
`fession withthenterition dfireducingsuchlosses.
of. .a ,steile -eontainer .either 'evacuated or kunder i -V @atmospheric ,.pi'esure, aflerfigth f [sterile tubing with connectors Yat .eah end, one 'of Which'is a hllow needle, and a'vlve' mehamism"forfreguletting the flow of lbioo'difromffthe"dnnortoithie many dis'dvntages The pperatinn off-connectingan externallsteriletube set' tothe sterile "zoon- 'tiner-"ca`n, 'ad`"frequently ,doesfresult iin* contamination andteven.iinithe'i'damageoiequipment through improper nuse. A"'ihecompletesteriiizattion f Nthe 'equipment is dillclt to accomplish 'ye't *anything V"ieee-*than n'complete-Jsizerilizzzion "dan'gerons V"(Iorisik'erblei-time Vlis*reduiredfinf'the oieaning"operation'ands-pealequipment isf-nec- With the above problems and difculties in t :2 isian object ofrtheepresent iniventinzto pmi/isle; arnnitaxrylfkitfer .package lJmzfbioexl imams ,fusions iuvbiicih ready r. for use et ,ell times and mec-lures .no extra ,.'equipmerrtxor accessories.
Itisianntheriobjectief thenvemtionzftoqomvide ezseti-xaomeinedmnitin vrhiciitizhe administrent-ive Y fsetacomprisimgithemeedleiand.ituloingfis :a paint of the unit and sipcsitionedein aimrstehilizeclethele emg-:rieserieaor .a single-mee. Etnismnothersobject; oithe hvemiemtoi pmvide a transfusion unit in which the blood-storing space is seiieseaiing to eei'iminaiethe necessity of @if sea'lszzand eifdzcngerfafifznetinnsdeme @trom camelessifllyairdling- Rf erringmiewoit ,e1drawmesfinwwhichfia pre sie. embodiment pfgifheiinventionfisillustleted: I;- eure laieemprises e -1vertica1eti9n thmugh a .fumi-t cef-instructed@@acordarme mviththe @me invention.;
section ably. provided. meer .disease with la,.eineunsler,entia extending groove adapted .to refei-veem fcling ...strainer AIclamp. Within the-:,bott-leoneck |@J resilient .stopper i2 is 4...positionet .in ,sealing relationship- 'lflhe .sIQppel-...Aisiforrned- `of AruJoloer or similar resilient materialhisnat, .surfaced rret; itsimberfend `Whicli .comprises .the .actuel `closing v:suracefor the `in terior iof the battle andlhafs a .-circunfenial fla-ng'efet'its .top ires'tsrupon the. rim of 'the `v'neck "I5 "'in 'sealing relationship. An 'open topped central compartment `2 2 Yisprovided Ainfthe stopper l2 ,above abottcm wall 2 3 of fcohsideraible thickness. "The steppertis'rmlv 'h-ld inplace in the bottleibvneansdf a'rirrg Zilievvhichpverlies "thelangeel *and*` extends #down anderrouric'lft'he nekiiitra curve-under theecuter'bea'd W.V Y Y `^Wit1hin Lthe' .compartment 22A-isy positioned zt-set nofif'enfiinistrsitfive a1ccessories comprising Se 1pair 'ifhypoemeioneedles--ZBixedimsecuredmthe img-ure f2 :isf-afsideselewatiengoffthegmgitncvonenlargement 29 at the opposite ends of a tube or conduit SI. The latter is preferably positioned in the compartment in a coiled or stacked condition. One needle 28 extends into but not through the thickened bottom wall 23 of stopper i2, as illustrated in Figure l, the wall being recessed at 32 to receive the tube enlargement 29 upon the reception of a downward force and in order to permit the needle to extend into the sealed interior of the bottle. Vrlube 3i is of sufcient diameter to permit blood to ow therethrough and the strength of its wall structure prevents collapse in the presence of a vacuum within the bottle II.
Also positioned within the bottle and carried i with its upper end sealed in the bottom wall 23 of stopper I2, is a vertical rigid tube 33 which extends substantially to the lower end of the bottle for a reason which will be explained.
The unit construction is completed by the presence of a cup-shaped sealing cap I4 overlying the compartment 23 with its side wall enclosing the bottle neck and extended inwardly, as at 34, to underlie the lower bead I8. Within the top of cap I4 and carried thereby is a resilient sealing wafer or disc 36 which is compressed against the top surface of ring 24. Cap I4 may preferably be formed of a light, destructible metal or of a plastic and may be positioned upon the bottle in any well known manner.
The unit is sold in the sealed condition illustrated in Figure 1. The parts within the bottle are sterilized and aseptic and air has been exhausted from the bottle to create a vacuum therein. In placing the unit in use, the cap I4 is first removed and the free needle 28 withdrawn from the compartment 23. This is accomplished without actual physical contact with the needle, the operator instead grasping the enlarged end 29 of the rubber tube 3I. The needle is inserted into the patient in the usual manner and bottle II supported in a position to receive the blood. The physician or attendant then exerts a downward force upon the head of the needle 28 carried by the stopper and forces the inner end thereof into the interior of the bottle. The vacuum within the bottle is immediately `ef fective to draw blood from the patient.
Upon the bottle being lled with the predetermined quantity of blood, the inner needle 28 is drawn from the stopper I2 whereupon the natural resilience of the material instantly seals the opening and the contained fluid is insured against contamination.V The administrative kit comprising the two needles and their conduit 3i can then be discarded, having served its purpose.
In emptying the bottle, the container is preferably inverted so that the end of tube 33 within the bottle is positioned above the uid level. A hypodermic needle is then inserted through the bottom wall 23 into the end of tube 33 to provide for the entrance of air into the space above the contained fluid. A second needle is inserted through the stopper I2 at the recess 32 and the iiuid is conducted therethrough by the action of gravity.
In the described preferred embodiment the liquid-containing space within bottle Il was evacuated of all air to create a vacuumreffective to draw the blood into the bottle. The unit is usable, however, in the absence of the vacuum. In such a case, the operation previously described is applicable but with the following variation.
4 The bottle will be filled by the action of gravity and so must be placed at a level below the patient. Further, the entrance of uid will displace air from the bottle which must be permitted to escape. Accordingly a third needle would be inserted through the bottom wall 23 to permit this escape.
While the particular apparatus herein shown and described in detail is fully capable of attaining the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore stated, it is to be understood that it is merely illustrative of the presently preferred embodiment of my invention, and that I do not mean to limit myself to the details of construction or design herein shown, other than as defined in the appended claims.
1. Apparatus for withdrawing and storing animal body iiuids comprising a container, a resilient stopper sealing an aperture in said container and formed with a compartment therein substantially wholly within said container, an administering set positioned in said compartment including a hypodermic needle and means to penetrate said stopper tc connect said set interiorly to the sealed interior of said container, and means sealing said compartment, whereby said apparatus in its completely assembled form may be sterilized as a unit, and said sterility maintained until the instant of inserting said hypodermic needle in a patient.
2. Apparatus for withdrawing and storing body uids comprising a container having an opening, a resilient closure in the opening of said container formed with an open-sided compartment, an administering set'including a flexible uidcarrying tube and a closure-penetrating element on the end thereof extended partially through said closure and adapted to be pressed entirely 0 therethrough so as to connect the interior of said tube with the interior of said container, and a removable closure sealing the open side of said compartment.
3. Apparatus for withdrawing and storing body fluids comprising a container having an opening, a resilient stopper sealing said opening and formed with an outwardly opening compartment, an administering set including a length of noncollapsible flexible tubing with hypodermic needles seated in its endspositioned in said compartment, one of said needles being'adapted to extend through said closure into said container, a rigid tube sealed in said closure and extended substantially to the opposite wall of said container and adapted to serve as an air conduit for incoming air upon the inversion of said container and the insertion of a third needle through said closure to open thereinto, and a removable closure sealing said compartment.
4. Apparatus for withdrawing and storing body fluids comprising a bottle having a reduced neck formed exteriorly with spaced beads, a flanged hollow rubber stopper seated in said neck in airtight `relationship and formed with a compartment therein, an administering set positioned in said compartment comprising sterile needles connected to the opposite end of a length of iiexible tubing, a sealing ring overlying said flange and the outer of said beads to secure said stopper in place, and a removable sealing cap including a sealing disc overlying said ring to close vsaid compartment in airetight relationship, said cap extending around Y.said neck to overlie the inner of said beads. Y f
sanf-cleufeinf ma menttlj. erein 'substantially Whol n the "container Aside of ving a re' ess therein extending i aiedeemiiartne 1; ian .d-
nemen t 'n the rein by'engagjeineritof ts ends with said transvesefwall;
'otefend of 'said lcontainer M ntioned'jrecefss,wherebyon erld `of-said tube isl Iheld in 'said lfirstinent'iond and se sure; and removablefmeai's -te'riliinaT intowbutnot through saidclosureQ-Whereid opennga'clip S11. bus ngen the adjacent'endof saidftnbe will e W11? n s afljppenlng; haJVng 1315. "'nieansintosaidjcontainer; Yandsealing against the 'Sides Of Said extiiisessltheberi @dei Seid. @0mp ent d releasably held to said container.
"'SfA'devlce as described in claimr'? in which the end of sadwkxejjadiatent fsai'd penetrating means is adapted to fit into said recess with a 'l compfrtrnent hypodermic needle Within"said Set located Within said compartment; a, tube eX.. CIOSL'LI'S, and the adjacent'end Of Said tube being tending from the interior of said container to adapted t0 t into Said first-mentioned recess 11 een@ extending-inwardibut-non into seidenmds which "includes: `a 'container havin g fa,n
a compartment therein, the container sideisaid said closure and partially through the latter, o with a sealing t, whereby"pushing on said adwhereby one end of said tube is sealed by said jacent end of said tube will force said penetrating closure, but may be opened by inserting a needle means into said container to establish a uid through said closure to open into said tube; and connection between the interior of said container removable means sealing sald compartment. and said tube, but not between the interior of 10. A device for withdrawing and storing body 75 said container and said compartment; a tube 7 extending substantially from the remote end of saidcontainer into said rst-mentioned recess, whereby one end of saidtube is held in said firstmentioned recess andl sealed by said closure; a sealing ring extending over the ends of said closure and fastened by the nearer of said beads to secure said closure in place; and a removable sealing disc extending over said ring to close said compartment, fastened by the other of said beads.
4 sealed in said closure and extending substantially to the opposite wail of said container and adapted to serve as an air conduit for incoming air upon the inversion of said container and the insertion of a needle through said closure to open thereinto; and a removable closure sealing said compartment.
14. A device for withdrawing and storing body uids which includes: a container having a reduced neck; a hollow rubber stopper seated in ysaid neck in air-tight relationship and formed with a compartment therein; an administering set including a iiexible tube and a stopper-penetrating element on the end thereof extended partially through said stopper and adapted to be lpressed entirely therethrough so as to connect the interior of said tube with the interior of saidcontainer; a sealing ring overlying the outer end of said stopper to secure the latter in place; and a removable sealing cap including a sealing disc overlying said ring to close said compartment in Vair tight relationship, said cap extending around said neck.
l5. A device for withdrawing and storing body uids which includes: a container having a reduced neck; a resilient closure in the opening of said container formed with an open-sided compartment located substantially wholly within said container; an administering set including a flexible tube and a closure penetrating element on the end thereof located within said compartment, and held in position by engagement with said closure prior to penetration of the latter; a rigid tube sealed in said closure and extending substantially to the opposite wall of said container and adapted to serve as an air conduit for incoming air upon the inversion of said container and the insertion of a needle through said closure to open thereinto; a sealing ring overlying the outer end of said stopper to secure the latter in place; and a removable sealing cap including a sealing disc overlying said ring to close said compartment in air tight relationship said cap extending around said neck.
16. A device for withdrawing and storing' body fluids which includes: a container having a retolthe opposite wall of said container and adapted Y to'serve as. an air conduit for incoming air on the tube and YalV closure'penetrating element on the end thereof Y:extending partially through said closure and adapted to bey pressed entirely therethrough so as to connect the interior of said tube ywith the interior of Vsaid container; a rigid tube sealed in said closure and extending substantially inversionrof said container and the insertion of a needle through said closure lto open thereinto;
a sealing ring overlying the' outer end of said closure .to secure the latter in place; and a removable sealing cap including a sealing disc overlying said ring to close said compartment in air tightl relationship, said cap extending around saidjneck. Y
17.A A device for'` use with a container in Witha 'closure member'adapted to fit within an opening of'said container to make a sealing t therewith, having a central compartment whose inner endis closed by a transverse wall with a recess therein; an administering set located within said compartment, comprising a fiexible tube and a vwall penetrating member Yattached to the end thereof, heid in said recess by engagement with said wall, said recess and said tube being so' correlatedV that the latter makes a sealing iit with the walls of said recess when'inserted therein; and a removable cover closing the rcompartment in said closure.
18. A device for use with a container in Withdrawing and storing body fluids, which includes: a closure member adapted to iit within an opening of said container to make a sealing fit therewith, having a central compartment therein; a transverse Wall across the inner end of said closure member, having a recess extending partially through said wall from said compartment toward the interior of said container; a flexible tube located within said compartment; a wall penetrating element located in said recess, extending partially through said wall, and attached to one end of said tube; the portion of the latter surrounding said element being so correlated with said recess as to make a sealing it with the walls of the latter when in said recess; and a removable cover closing the outer end of said compartment.
JAMES E. MEAGrI-IER.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Certificate of Correction February 15, 1949.
Patent No. 2,461,558.
JAMES E. MEAGHER tion of the above or appears in the printed specifica It is hereby eertiiied that err ing correction as follows:
d held in position therein by numbered patent requn Column 5, lines 66 and 67, claim 9, strike out a engagement with said closure and insert the same in line 68, after the Word compartment and before the semi-colon;
d with this correction Ytherein that and that the said Letters Patent should be ,rea
nform to the record of the ease in the Patent Office.
the same may co Signed and sealed this 16th day of August, A. D. 1949.
THOMAS F. MURPHY,
Assistant Uommssz'oner of Patents.