US 2461822 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Feb. 15, 1949.
74 INVENTOR Weave. fiassey BY 7M @M,Qw 7600 ATTORNEYS M. c. HUSSEY v 2,461,822
Patented Feb. 15, 1949 UNITED .STATES' PATENT OFFICE CANDLE -Mary C. Hus sey, Mount Vernon, N. Y. A plication- October is, 1945, Serial No. 623,047 J? 3 Claims. (01. 67-22) This invention relates to wax candlesthe term wax being used generically to include the various waxes and known equivalents therefor adapted for candle making. The invention is particularly useful for decorative candles and is designed to prevent disfiguration or destruction""" of the decorative effect, even when the candle burns for considerable periods of time.
In the burning of candles, difliculty is encountered caused by what is termed guttering. This defect is caused by accumulation of molten wax in the form of a small pool which eventually extends to the edge of the candle, and then drips or runs down outside the body of the candle, rendering it unsightly and often even disfiguring the furniture, or the table pieces.
It is an object of this invention to construct candles of a novel decorative or, fanciful design which will burn for relatively long periods of time without disfiguration or destruction of the decorative value of the candle. To that end it is also an object of the invention to eliminate run-off of molten wax to the exterior of the candle by providing a run-ofi channel as a part of the decorative design. 7
In the accompanying drawings which form a part of this specification:
Figure 1 is a front view in perspective of one form of the invention;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view of the candle of Figure 1 taken along the line 2-2 looking in the direction of the arrows.
The drawings reveal clearly how these objects of the invention are attained. The body of the candle-that portion situated between the points Ill and H, I2 and I3 and I4 and I5 of Fig. 2, has a wick l6 centrally located in the body andforms a structure much likethe ordinary candle. The novel feature of the construction herein disclosed resides in the fact that helical convolutions designated by I1, [8, I9, 20, 2| and 22 of the same or similar wax material as that of the body have been disposed thereabout and in such manner as to form deep channels or gutters at and above the points to N of Fig. 2, It will be recognized that the configuration of the convolutions is much the same as in the well known Archimedian screw devised by Archimedes to pump water to .higher levels by mere rotation of a helical tube or channel.
The upper edges at the top of the convolutions as indicated by the reference characters I! and I8 preferably project above the central body por-- tion of the candle situated between the above mentioned points In and II, thus forming a relativel deep pool to hold the molten wax when the candle is first lighted. This prevents the wax from flowing over the edges I1 and I8. The molten wax as fast as it accumulates in the pool flows down the two independent channels, one channel defined by reference characters l0, l3, M, the other channel defined by reference characters I I, I 2 and 15. The entrances to the channels, one of which is shown at approximately the point H], are at the bottom of the pool and between the tip of the candle body, when first lighted.
In the construction shown in the drawings the body of the candle is enveloped in two distinct sets of convolutions. One may be said to start at the point II above and terminate at the point 23 below, where it merges with a base 24, likewise of wax, upon which the candle may be supported. This convolution thus makes nearly two complete turns around the main body of the candle. The second convolution may be said to start at the point I 0 above; it joins and merges with the base at a point diametrically opposite the point 23, and therefore back of the candle where line 22 merges into base 24 at a point not visible in these views.
Two downwardly sloping channels are thereby provided, on two opposite sides of the main body all points from its upper to its lower extremity. Whenever the wax becomes molten and sufiiciently fluid to move by gravity, it finds its way to one or the other of these helical channels and trickles downward until it becomes sulficientl cooled to cease flowing. The molten wax congeals before it has flowed very far, and may pile up in the descending channel so as to partly fill it, as shown at 25 in both Figs. 1 and 2. The exterior bank of the channel, for example that at or near point l9, hides the accumulated run-off 0f the wax at all points except to vision directed downwardly at the candle. In any event its exterior surfaces retain their original appearance at all times, except that, of course, the total height gradually decreases as the upper layers are burnt away and transformed into gas and vapor.
It will be understood that instead of using two convolutions as illustrated herein, I may substitute either one or three or more helical gutters for run-01f of molten wax, and the gutters may make any desired number of turns about the candle depending upon its length. Other changes may be made in the precise design without departure from the spirit of my invention.
The novel candle may be formed in any suitable manner as by being cast in a. mold with the 4 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Number a wick in the body, and a plurality of Archimedian channels of deep downwardly inclined form enveloping the body from top to bottom to form run-off gutters for molten wax.
3. A decorative wax candle comprising a body, a wick in the body, and helically disposed convolutions enveloping the body and forming deep downwardly inclined channels between the convolutions and the body, the upper edges of the .ctccnvolutions extending upwardly around the top :iiof the body and forming a pool for collecting the -wax and directing it into the downwardly inclined channels.
Name Date Rhoads Sept. 22, 1925 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Germany Aug. 16, 1889 Germany July 7, 1915 OTHER REFERENCES Emkay Candles," published by Muenoh- Kreuzer Candle 00.,
Syracuse, N. Y., pp. 26 and 27; received in Division 30, U. S. Patent Ofilce,
Jan. 14, 1943.