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Publication numberUS2462224 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1949
Filing dateSep 2, 1944
Priority dateSep 2, 1944
Publication numberUS 2462224 A, US 2462224A, US-A-2462224, US2462224 A, US2462224A
InventorsRheams Charles J B
Original AssigneePhilco Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Noise reducing radio receiver
US 2462224 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 22, 1949. c. J. B. RHI-:AMS

NOISE REDUCING RADIO RECEIVER Filed Sept. 2, l1944 Patented Feb. 22, 1949 NOISE REDUCING RADIO RECEIVER Charles J. B. Rheams, Philadelphia, Pa., assigner, by mesne assignments, to Philco Corporation, Philadelphia, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application September 2, 1944, Serial No. 552,543 'i (Cl. Z50-20) 1 claim. l

The present invention relates to noise limters and especially to a means of reducing noise between transmitting stations during tuning of a frequency modulation receiver.

More particularly still the invention relates to the use of an auxiliary oscillator operating at a frequency which Will not interfere with the interrnediate frequency of the receiver and which will apply a signal to the limiter stage of the receiver to reduce noise when tuning from one station to another.

It is an object of this invention to provide a noise limiter for frequency modulation signal reception which will materially reduce the noise when the set is tuned from one transmitter to another.

It is another object of this invention to produce such a noise limiter which will require no adjustment on the part of the operator and which will be economical to produce.

Other objects and features of my invention will be apparent when the following description is considered in connection with the annexed drawing, in which- The single figure is a block diagram of a frequency modulation receiver having the auxiliary oscillator of my invention applied thereto.

Referring now to the drawing, there is shown at IIJ the receiving antenna of a frequency modulation receiver, the antenna being connected in the ususal manner to the radio frequency amplication stages II. From thesestages the signals are applied to the converter I2 in which there is also present a signal from the oscillator I3 so that the signal output from the converter is at the proper frequency for amplification in the rst intermediate frequency amplifier'stage I'd. The signals are then passed through the second intermediate [frequency amplifier stage I5 and through limiter I6 and discriminator I1 to the audio frequency amplication stages I8, the output of which, in the usual manner. is applied to a loud speaker or other translating device.

In accordance with my present invention I provide a delayed automatic volume control circuit Y20, the input to which may be derived from the output of the iirst intermediate frequency amplifier I4. This delayed automatic volume control circuit is coupled by means of the lead 2I to an auxiliary oscillator 22, the output of which is supplied over a lead 23 tolthe limiter IB. 1 The auxiliary oscillator 22 is adjusted to produce a. signal at a frequency which will not interfere with the intermediate frequency. For -example, if the intermediate frequency is 4.3 megacy'cles the auxiliary oscillator may be at 5.1 megacycles. The auxiliary oscillator is adjusted to produce a signal of sufficient amplitude to operate the limiter; for example, if the limiter threshold voltage is 4vo1ts, the oscillator circuit constants may be such as to make its output somewhat greater than 4 volts; for example, a '7 volt output was found to be satisfactory for use with such a limiter. The amplitude of the received signal, as applied to the limiter, is preferably of the order of 1.75 times the amplitude of the 5.1 megacycles signal from the auxiliary oscillator 22 in order to minimize beat note distortion. I

It will be clear, however, that if the signal strength is suflicient to operate the limiter no auxiliary oscillator input is necessary and, in fact, the presence of the auxiliary oscillator voltage effectively increases the necessary signal voltage which must be applied to the limiter for good reception. In the present example the signal voltage would have to be increased from the limiter threshold value to 1.75 times that value.

Thus it is advantageous to provide an automatic volume control system connected to an intermediate frequency stage prior to the injection point of the auxiliary oscillator voltage, since this auxiliary circuit will then supply a bias voltage (when the signal strength is suflicient to operate the limiter) which cuts down the oscillation strength and prevents interference between the desired signal and the auxiliary oscillator output. The oscillator 22 `should. of course, be designed to permit control of the amplitude of its output signal in accordance with an automatic volume control voltage. By way of example an oscillator such as that shown in United States Patent No. 2,316 076. issued April 6, 1943. might be employed. the AVC voltage being applied to the No. 1 grid of the oscillator.

It will be clear that the delayed AVC circuit and control may be omitted. although if this is done there will be a possibility of interference between very weak signals and the auxiliary oscillator output.

By means of the present invention a novel cir-I cuit arrangement has been provided whereby the annoying interstation noises usually encountered While tuning from station to station may be eliminated without deleteriously affecting the reception of desired stations. I

While I have described a preferred embodiment of my inventionit is obvious that other embodiments and constructions may be adopted Without departing from the spirit thereof and, ,consequently, I desire to be limited not by the foregoing description, but solely by the scope of the appended claim.

What is claimed is t' In a frequency modulation receiver of the type comprising aicarrier frequencyfsignal transmission circuit, a carrier signal amplitude limiter stage, and a frequency detector stage having a different response band than the limiter stage, the improvement which comprises, invcombinationya high frequency signal generator, the generated signal from which is applied, together withthe kcarrier frequency signal from-thesignalfftransmission circuit, to the input circuit of said amplitude limiter stage, the frequencyof said-gener-A ated signal lying Within the response band of said amplitude limiter stage but withoutthe re-y sponse band of said frequency detector stage, an automatic Nolumegcontrol circuitfcoupled to said transmissioncircuitfor developing a l'control voltageithe-:magnitudeof which is dependent upon the amplitud-,enf theicarrier signal in said transmission circuit, and means for operatively applying,sad ,control voltage tosaidghigh frequency CHARLES J. B. RHEAMS.

REFERENCES CITED Thefollowing references vare of record in the file fof thisQpatent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS "Number Name Date Re;-*22,3.0 2 jfCase Apr. 20, 1943 1,976,457 Ohl Oct. 9, 1934 j2,035;176 McLennan Mar. 24, 1936 72,051,188 Thompson Aug. 18, 1936 2,060,969 Beers NOV. 17, 1936 12,069,854 Schade Feb. 9, 1937 2,116,501 Armstrong May 10, 1938 2,188,658 Hershey Jan. 30, 1940 2,214,929 Koschmieder Sept. 17, 1940 2,221,795 Haffcke Nov.'19, 1940 2,224,224 Hallam, JI' Dec. 10,1940 2,247,085 Goldman -'June24, 1941 2,264,018 Case Nov. 25, 1941 2,3953737 Hansell Feb. 26, 1946

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1976457 *Sep 17, 1931Oct 9, 1934Bell Telephone Labor IncMethod of and means for removing modulation from a modulated wave
US2035176 *Jan 27, 1934Mar 24, 1936Rca CorpRadio receiver
US2051188 *Jun 27, 1935Aug 18, 1936Rca CorpTuning indicator tube
US2060969 *Mar 15, 1933Nov 17, 1936Rca CorpAutomatic volume control with noise suppressor
US2069854 *Aug 10, 1935Feb 9, 1937Rca CorpAutomatic noise suppressor circuit
US2116501 *Sep 14, 1935May 10, 1938Armstrong Edwin HRadio receiving system
US2188658 *Apr 16, 1938Jan 30, 1940Hazeltine CorpSignal-translating system
US2214929 *Aug 25, 1938Sep 17, 1940Lorenz C AgRadio receiving system
US2221795 *Apr 7, 1938Nov 19, 1940Haffcke Philip MStatic reduction by signal controlled potentials
US2224224 *Dec 10, 1937Dec 10, 1940Hallam Jr DouglasMethod and apparatus for resonance assurance devices
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US2264018 *Sep 27, 1940Nov 25, 1941Hazeltine CorpSignal amplification control system
US2395737 *Aug 11, 1943Feb 26, 1946Rca CorpAngle modulation noise squelching system
USRE22302 *Nov 13, 1940Apr 20, 1943Hazeltine CorporationSignal-translating system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2513803 *Jan 29, 1948Jul 4, 1950Rca CorpReceiver and diversity receiver system
US2572235 *Mar 30, 1948Oct 23, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncMultichannel intermodulation interference reduction radio communication system
US2605397 *Feb 25, 1950Jul 29, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpRadio receiver for single side band signals
US2706776 *Jul 11, 1952Apr 19, 1955Int Standard Electric CorpAmplitude limiting arrangements for electric carrier current communication systems
US2797261 *Apr 22, 1954Jun 25, 1957IttCarrier telegraph receiver
US2922035 *Nov 5, 1954Jan 19, 1960Westinghouse Electric CorpSaturating filter network
US4314376 *Apr 14, 1980Feb 2, 1982Westland InternationalDouble-sideband, suppressed-carrier, signal injection apparatus for muting in an FM receiver
US4371749 *Jun 13, 1980Feb 1, 1983Magnavox Consumer Electronics Co.Circuit for processing angle modulated broadcast signals
Classifications
U.S. Classification455/210, 455/308, 455/296, 455/214
International ClassificationH03G3/22, H03G3/28
Cooperative ClassificationH03G3/28
European ClassificationH03G3/28