|Publication number||US2462510 A|
|Publication date||Feb 22, 1949|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1945|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1945|
|Publication number||US 2462510 A, US 2462510A, US-A-2462510, US2462510 A, US2462510A|
|Inventors||Korman Nathaniel I|
|Original Assignee||Rca Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (10), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N. I. KORMAN 2,462,510
ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED CIRCUIT Feb. 22, 1949.
Filed Sept. 1'7, 1945 RM X m 5 N m WK 6 N Z w M I M v /1 w! Patented Feb. 22, 1949 HNITED STATES TENT OFFICE ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED CIRCUIT of Delaware Application- September 17, 1945, Serial No. 616,911
My invention relates to electron discharge devices and associated circuits, and more particularly to magnetrons. utilizing cavity resonators. In one type of such device the anode elements are mountedwithin drum-shaped cavity resonators, the fields between the cathode and the anode segments being coupled to the space between the anode segments and the resonator, which has a large diameter compared to the diameter of the cylinder whose surface is defined by the anode segments. rangement the electromagnetic fields are weak in the vicinity of the axis ofthe resonator, that is in the space between the cathode-and the anode segments.
Practically this requires extremely M of the cavity resonator formed by the outer cylinder [5 and the outer Walls of the segmenducing the field pattern shown by the dotted In such an'arhigh fields near the periphery of the resonator in order to get reasonable fields in the vicinity of the anode segments. The result of this is that losses occur in the walls of the resonator which may be high and field emission may occur from the walls of the resonator.
It is an object of my invention to provide an improved electron discharge device and associated circuit of the magnetron type and utilizing resonators.
It is a particular object of my invention to provide such a device in which losses at the periphery of the resonator due to high fields are reduced and in which field emission from the walls is minimized.
The novel features which I believe to be characteristic of my invention are set forth with particularity in the appended claims, but the invention itself will best be understood by reference to the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing in which Figure 1 is a transverse section of an electron discharge device and associated resonator made according to my invention and taken along the line l-! of Figure 2, and Figure 2 is a longitudinal section taken along the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Referring to Figure 1, an electron discharge device and associated resonator made according to my invention includes an indirectly heated cathode It having the cathode and heater leads Ill-i9. Surrounding the cathode are a plurality of anode elements I] which are sectorshaped, and which although shown as solid elements could be made of sheet metal and hollow in the interior. The inner ends [2 of the sector shaped elements ll provide the anode segments surrounding the cathode l0 and define the oathode chamber. The anode elements are positioned in spaced relation so as to provide radially directed slots [3 communicating with the interior lines. The ends of the cylindrical member l5 are closed by plate members It and I! to provide a drum-shaped structure, the cathode chamber being sealed by means of the insulating cupshaped members 2i and 22 which may be made of glass.
The usual magnetic field is produced by means of electro-magnetic poles Ell-20'.
Thus it will be seen that I make the inner and outer diameters of the coaxial cylinder resonator more equal than in the case where segmental elements are not provided and where the resonator field and the field between the cathode and the anode segments are directly coupled. The slots l3 act as waveguides and the sections of the waveguides are so proportioned that standing waves do not occur in them, this being accomplished by correctly proportioning the slots. The length of the slots is preferably chosen to be effectively one-half wave-length so that if standing waves do occur the resonance in the waveguide sections will not be a substantial factor in determining the frequency of oscillation.
A voltage is induced between adjacent anode segments l2 in a manner now well known. These radio frequency voltages cause electro-magnetic waves to travel down the slot, which acts as a waveguide, causing high frequency voltages and currents at the ends of the slots to generate the high frequency electromagnetic fields shown by the dotted lines and thus energize the cavity resonator.
While I have indicated the preferred embodiment of my invention of which I am now aware and have also indicated only one specific application for which my invention may be employed, it will be apparent that my invention is by no means limited to the exact forms illustrated or the use indicated, out that many variations may be made in the particular structure used and the purpose for which it is employed without departing from the scope of my invention as set forth in the appended claims.
What I claim as new is:
1. An electron discharge device having a hollow drum-shaped conducting member, a plurality of anode elements of sector-shaped transverse section mounted within said member in spaced relation thereto, whereby the inner wall of said drum-shaped member and the outer surfaces of said sector-shaped anode elements provide a cavityresonator, said anode elements being spaced from each other along radial planes to provide radially-directed slots, the inner ends of said anode elements providing anode segments defining a cathode chamber, a cathode mounted in said chamber, the radial length of said slots being effectively a half-wavelength of the operating frequency of said device.
2. An electron discharge device having a hollow drum-shaped conducting member, a plurality of anode elements of sector-shaped transverse sectionmounted within said member is spaced relation thereto, whereby the inner wall of said drum-shaped member and the outer surfaces of said sector-shaped anode elements provide a cavity resonator, said sector-shaped anode elements being spaced from each other along radial planes to provide radially-directed slots, the inner ends 7 of said anode elements providing anode segments defining a cathode chamber, a cathode mounted in said cathode chambenand radially-directed conducting bafile elements positioned in registry with said slots and extending inwardly from the inner Wall of said resonator.
3. An electron discharge device having a cavity resonator comprising a hollow conducting member, a series of anode elements mounted within said memberv in spaced relation thereto, said anode elements being spaced from each other to provide slots, said anode elements at one end of said slots providing a series of parallel anode segments defining a cathode space, a cathode mounted adjacent said anode elements for supplying electrons in said cathode space, and a plurality of conducting baflle elements positioned in said resonator in registry with the other ends of said slots'and extending from said hollow conducting member. V
4. An electron discharge device according to claim 3, having means including said hollow conducting member for providing an evacuated envelope for said device.
5. An electron discharge device having a cavity resonator comprising a cylindrical conducting member, an annular series of anode elements concentrically mounted within said member in spaced relation thereto, said anode elements being spaced from each other along radial planes to provide radially-extending slots, the inner ends of said anode elements providin anode segments defining a cathode chamber, a cathode mounted in said chamber, and radially-directed conducting baffle elements positioned in registry with said slotsand extending inwardly from the inner wall of said member.
NATHANIEL I. KORMAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
I UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,284,751 Linder June 2, 1942 7 2,402,397 Hansell June 18, 1946 2,411,953 Brown Dec. 3, 1946 2,424,886 Hansel! July 29, 1947 Disclaimer 2,462,510.Natham'el I. Korman, Camden, N. J. ELECTRON DISCHARGE DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED CIRCUIT. Patent dated Feb. 22, 1949. Disclaimer filed Dec. 22, 1949, by the assignee, Radio Corporation of America.
Hereby enters this disclaimer to claim 1 of said patent.
[Ofiicvlal Gazette January 31, 1950.]
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2284751 *||Aug 31, 1939||Jun 2, 1942||Rca Corp||Resonant cavity device|
|US2402397 *||Jul 25, 1941||Jun 18, 1946||Rca Corp||Ultra short wave oscillator|
|US2411953 *||Jan 10, 1944||Dec 3, 1946||Raytheon Mfg Co||Electron discharge device of the magnetron type|
|US2424886 *||Dec 29, 1942||Jul 29, 1947||Rca Corp||Magnetron|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2653259 *||Mar 29, 1946||Sep 22, 1953||Robert C Scott||Electron discharge device anode|
|US2676306 *||Sep 6, 1950||Apr 20, 1954||Sylvania Electric Prod||Wave guide transition|
|US2736839 *||Nov 26, 1945||Feb 28, 1956||Neher Henry V||Microwave oscillator|
|US2815469 *||Dec 26, 1951||Dec 3, 1957||English Electric Valve Co Ltd||Magnetron oscillators|
|US3027488 *||Nov 3, 1958||Mar 27, 1962||Raytheon Co||Tunable magnetrons|
|US6724146||Nov 27, 2001||Apr 20, 2004||Raytheon Company||Phased array source of electromagnetic radiation|
|US7265360||Nov 5, 2004||Sep 4, 2007||Raytheon Company||Magnetron anode design for short wavelength operation|
|US20060097183 *||Nov 5, 2004||May 11, 2006||Baker C V||Magnetron anode design for short wavelength operation|
|WO1992014256A2 *||Jan 31, 1992||Aug 20, 1992||Thomson Tubes Electroniques||Small-size coaxial magnetron|
|WO2003046941A1 *||Aug 22, 2002||Jun 5, 2003||Raytheon Co||Phased array source of electromagnetic radiation|
|U.S. Classification||315/39.51, 313/158, 313/326, 315/39.77, 315/39.75|
|International Classification||H01J25/00, H01J25/55|