US 2462606 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
6'66. 22, 1949. J. 'BRODEUR 2,462,606
COSMETIC BLEND PREDETERMINING DEVICE Fil ed Aug. 1, 1945 I 2 She'ets-Sheet 1 Feb. 22, 1949. Ji BRODEUR 2,462,606
COSMETIC BLEND PREDETERMINING DEVICE ZShee ts-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 1, 1945 Patented Feb. 22, 1949 2,462,606 COSMETIC BLEND PREDETERMINING DEVICEv .l'ules Brodeur, New York, N.
Y., assignor to Coty,
Inc., Wilmington, Del., a corporation of Delaware Application August 1, 1945, Serial No. 608,182
This invention relates to a cosmetic blend predetermining device and more particularly to an apparatus for visualizing the combined effect of a plurality of cosmetics.
A conventional practice in the application of face powder is to prepare the skin by previous application of a powder base. In addition to other functions, the powder base serves to smooth out minute irregularities in the skin. Ihe particular shade of powder base to be used depends largely upon the complexion of the user but it is obvious that her personal judgment may dictate a preference regardless of general principles. While the choice of a particular shade of powder base is not particularly troublesome, difficulty arises in selecting a shade of face powder that will not only suit the complexion of the user but will blend with the powder base over which it is superimposed. The combined effect of face powder together with its base is materially different from either of the components and the practical difliculty of testing a great number of combinations before a final choice is made is apparent.
Bearing the foregoing in mind, it is an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus enabling pre-determination of the combined effect of many shades of face powder and powdei bases.
Another object of this invention is to provide an apparatus enabling pre-determination of the effect of a particular lipstick shade with face powder and powder base shades.
Other objects of this invention will be apparent from the following description, it being understood that the above general statements of the objects of my invention are intended to describe and not to limit it in any manner.
In the drawings,
Figure 1 is a front elevational view of a cosmetic blend pre-determining device constructed according to the instant invention.
Figure 2 is a section along the line Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a front elevational view of the powder base simulation disk.
Figure 4 is a similar view of the face powder simulation disk.
Figure 5 is a similar view of the lipstick simulation disk.
Figure 6 is an isolated view of a section of the face powder simulation disk.
The device includes a base 10- adapted to rest on a support S which may be a table, sales counter or similar support. Disposed in the base l0 within an arcuate groove formed therein is the powder base simulation disk ll serving as a background member. As illustrated in Fig. 3, the disk II is divided into three sectors l2, l3 and 14. Each sector is coated with a dye or paint of a color corresponding respectively to dark, medium and light shades of powder base as more or less arbitrarily determined by a producer of the powder base. A web I5 likewise secured to the base i0, serves as a back support for the disk I I.
A shaft [6 provided with a nut l1 and washer l8 maintains the assembly of the device and permits its components to rotate relative to each other in the operation of the device.
The face powder disk 19 is rotatably mounted on the shaft i6 and is spaced from. disk H by a spacer 20. The disk [9 comprises laminations 2i and 22 interconnected by screws 23. Sandwiched between the laminations 2i and 22 and retained across openings formed therein is a plurality of individual transparent members 24 radially disposed around the disk l9.
Transparent members 24 preferably comprise sections of cloth mesh material dyed to correspond to face powder shades. Thus, the indicia A to L of the transparent members represent Various shades of face powder and each transparent member 25 is dyed to correspond to the particular shade it represents. In the use of the device, the indicia A to L will be supplanted by the trade-marks of the producer of the face powder. The con 1bined effect of a particular powder base with a face powder shade is determined by viewing the appropriate sector of the powder base disk 1 I through a transparent member 24. Although the term transparent is used to describe the members 24, it is obvious that the degree of transparency is qualified by the construction of the cloth mesh material. It has been found that a cloth mesh having approximately twelve openings or lace loops to the inch provides a satisfactory degree of transparency while contributing enough of the color of the mesh member to provide a combination effect. In this respect, it is preferable, but not necessary of course, to use round mesh material so that the sharpness of lines inherent in square holes does not detract from the blending effect. Knobs 25 are secured to the disk Hi to facilitate the manual rotation of the disk when viewing the shades of face powder to pre-determine the effect of association with a particular powder base shade.
Lipstick disk 25 is rotatably mounted on the shaft l6 and is maintained spaced from the disk i9 by a spacer 21. Disk 26 is formed with a which may be identified by a to the inch, it is apparent series of concavities in which are disposed lipstick simulating members 28. Lipstick members 28 may be formed of wood and may be coated with a glossy lacquer corresponding to arbitrary lipstick shades 1 to 12. Thus, each lipstick member 28 represents a particular shade of lipstick suitable indicia as by the numbers 1 to 12, or by the trade-marks of the manufacturer of the lipsticks.
A ring member 29 is secured to the disk 26 adjacent to its circumference. The ring 29 is formed with openings in the periphery thereof designed to receive the ends of the lipstick members 28. In addition, the ring. 29' bearsithe indicia identifying the shades of the lipsticks.
Ring 29 serves further'as a frame for mirror 39 which is provided with a backing 3i. Handheld member 32 is provided to facilitate rotation of the lipstick disk.
The device is operated in the following manner:
A person, trying to decide which shade of powder base is most suitable for her, will rotate the'face powder disk i 9 and will observe the combined effect of each mesh member and-particular powder base shade as the mesh members are caused to overlie the appropriate sector of the powder base disk ll. Thus, the person is given a pre-view of her make-up ensemble. It may also be observed that since the sector is considerably wider than each mesh member, the user 'is enabled to simultaneously compare the eifects of a plurality of face powder shades with the powder base shade selected. Having made a decision in this respect, she may then rotate the lipstick disk 26 so that all three variables may be visualized as they will appear when applied to her face. Thus the device permits pre-determination of theeffect of a combination of various shades of cosmetics. I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention but it is obvious that numerous'changes and omissions may be madewithout departing from its spirit. For example, while I have illustrated the face powder selectors as being in the form of cloth mesh dyed to represent specific face powder shades, it is also feasible to utilize a transparent sheet of glass or cellophane to which a thin film of colorless adhesive may have been applied and thereafter to apply a very thin layer of the actual face powder thereto. Another expedient is to spray colorless cloth mesh with adhesive and V thereafter to spray the actual face powder thereon soas to coat the threads of the cloth mesh with the face powder it represents and whereby the powder base disc may similarly be seen therethrough. It is also feasible to employ actual Furthermore, while I have described the mesh therethrough whereby a pair of colors, each of which is selected from one of said members, may be viewed simultaneously and in superimposed relation, the relative rotatability of said members serving to permit different combinations of colors to be thus viewed, said front member colored sections comprising mesh material colored to represent cosmetic shades, the openings of said mesh material beingof such size as to enable viewing of said background member therethrough while contributing enough of the color of said mesh material to provide a combination effect. 7
'2. A device for determining the combined effect of two superimposed layers of cosmetics; said device comprising a background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said background member; a front member rotatable relative'to said background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said front member; each of said front member colored sections having a degree of transparency permitting the colored sections of said background member to be viewed therethrough whereby a pair of colors, each of which is selected from one of said members may be viewed simultaneously and a superimposed relation, the relative rotatability of said members serving to permit different combinations of colors to be thus viewed, said front member colored sections comprising mesh material coloredto represent cosmetic shades, said mesh material being formed with approximately 12 holes to the inch.
3. A device for determiningthe combined efiect of two superimposed layers of cosmetics; said device comprising a background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said background member, a front member rotatable relative to said background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said front member, each of said front member colored sections having a degree of transparency permitting the colored sections of said background member to be viewedtherethrough whereby, a pair of colors, each'of which is selected from one of said members may be viewed simultaneously and in superimposed relation, the relative rotatability of said members serving to permit different combinations of colors to be thus viewed, said front member colored sections comprising mesh material colored to represent cosmetic shades, the openings of said mesh material being substantially round and numbering'approximately 12 to the inch.
lipsticks instead of the simulated ones described. 7
material as being formed with twelve openings that considerable variations thereof will produce satisfactory results. Iclaim: ,7 V
1. A device for determining the combined effect of two superimposed layers of cosmetics; said device comprising a background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said background member, a front member rotatable relative to said background member, a plurality of differently colored sections on said front member i each of said front member colored sections having a degree of transparency permitting the colored sections of said background member to be viewed REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PAIEITTS Number Name Date 799,609 Ludwig Sept. 12,1905 1,738,398 Sesti Dec. 3, 1929 1,741,080 Stenz Dec. 24, 1929 1,954,274 Rodnon June 26, 1934 1,979,119 Radzinsky Oct. 30, 1934 2,257,981 Scott Oct. 7, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 70,442 Great Britain 1937