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Publication numberUS2462686 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 22, 1949
Filing dateFeb 28, 1945
Priority dateFeb 28, 1945
Publication numberUS 2462686 A, US 2462686A, US-A-2462686, US2462686 A, US2462686A
InventorsStallard Ben W
Original AssigneeStallard Ben W
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dice agitator
US 2462686 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 22, 1949. B. w. SLIALLARD DICE AGITATOR Filed Feb. 28, 1945 IN V EN TOR. Aim QF JrMM (z Patented Feb. 22, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DICE AGITATOR Ben W. Stallard, Cincinnati, Ohio Application February 28, 1945, Serial No. 580,153

2 Claims.

This invention relates to a device for tumbling or agitating, tokens, dice and the like, possessing several plane faces or surfaces, each bearing indicia, for use in connection with game boards as an indicator or means operative by the players for determining or governing the plays or moves of the game and particularly to the means for impulsively moving a reciprocable tray upon which the elements to be tumbled are disposed and housed within a transparent enclosure. A device operative from several points thereabout, adapting the same to be stationed centrally of a game board for convenient availability for operation by each of several players from their positions about the game board.

An object of the invention is to provide means for administering an impact stroke against the underside of a reci-procable tray housed within a transparent enclosure, to tumble elements as dice loosely disposed thereon and in which the degree of stroke or force cannot be changed or varied through any maneuvering movement on the part of the operator.

Another object is to provide a dice tumbling and shaking device of simple and compact structure, operative by a rotative manipulator, having a plurality of radially extended finger or thumb holds, adapting the device to be mounted in a fixed position, as centrally of a table or game board respectively, presenting a finger hold available from each relative side of the table or game board.

Another object is to provide a device for tumbling or shaking dice and the like, disposed upon a tray and housed within a transparent enclosure, the tray mounted for reciprocal movement and a manually rotative wheel for determinately depressing and abruptly releasing a spring tensioned plunger movable centrally beneath the tray for forcibly striking the tray, the impact dls persing the dice therefrom from reassembly thereon.

Various other features and advantages of the improvement will be more fully set forth in the following description of the drawings forming a part hereof, illustrating a preferred embodiment of the invention, in which:

Figure l is a side elevation of the improved device.

Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof.

Figure 3 is a section on line 3, 3, Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a side elevation of the manually rotative impeller.

Figure 5 is a bottom plan view thereof.

Figure 6 is a plan view of a modified form of spring actuated trip hammer for imparting an impulsive stroke or impact against the underside of the reciprocable dice holding tray.

Referring to the drawings, l indicates a casing, shown as of cylindrical contour, although its shape is optional and the form shown is one of design selection. The base end of the casing has a closure plate 2, removably fixed thereto, to facilitate in installation and assembly of the operative parts, housed within the casing. The opposite or upper end of the casing terminates with an inwardly extending lateral flange 3, providing a circular opening for the top side of the casing and an annular bearing support for a disk 4, as an element of a hand wheel or impeller against upward displacement by a ring plate 5, removably fixed to the underside of the disk and in bearing engagement with the underside of the flange 3 of the casing.

The upper side of the disk has a plurality of radially projected wings 6, integral therewith, four in number, equally spaced, being provided, each serving as a thumb or finger hold for manually rotating the handwheel. The plural number of wings permits the unit to be stationed in the center of a table or game board, with a wing directioned and conveniently accessible to each of several players positioned about the tableor game board, and thereby avoid the transfer of the unit from one player to another.

The lower side of the disk 4, has a sleeve or hub I, extending centrally therefrom having its outer end or edge cam toothed and in bearing contact with a pair of diametrically disposed lugs or gudgeons 9, radially projecting from a thimble form of plunger 59, concentric with the sleeve and having its closed. or upper end telescopically engage therein.

The bore of the plunger is of square form for slidably telescopically engaging over a correspondingly contoured tubular stud I l, projecting upwardly from the center of the base plate 2, as a means for non-rotatively confining the plunger. A spring !2, is interposed between the plunger and the base plate and socketed within the bore of the stud H, for exerting an upward pressure against the plunger. Upon a partial rotation of the hand wheel, the cam toothed edge of the sleeve or hub I, will depress the Plunger due to the inclined edges or surfaces of the teeth IS, in bearing contact with the lugs 9, of the plunger until the shouldered or perpendicular end of the teeth is reached, whereupon the plunger is abruptly released for a reverse or impact imparting stroke to a degree determined by the depth of the teeth. The plunger being provided with a pair of diametric lugs, for simultaneously engaging with relative cam teeth at respectively opposite sides of the plunger, a balanced condition prevails for a smooth depressing action of the plunger.

The head end of the plunger is in abutting contact with a fiat-headed end of a shank l5, projecting centrally from the underside of a tray or table 16. The shank I5, of the tray centrally traverses an aperture centrally in the disk 4 oi. the handwheel, the tray therefore is loosely coupled to the impeller. The tray, and disc or other objects 'c-o...be,tumbled, loosely disposed thereon are enclosed by a transparent dome-shaped shell ll, seated upon the top side of the disk of the handwheel and confined by the perpendicular inner ends of the wings or finger holds 6.

The head of the shank of the tray normally'is compressively engaged between the, plu,nger and disk of the hand-Wheel, which stabilizes-'the'tray while idle and is instantly grippedaiter-eachrimpulse or impact imparting stroke of the, plunger, so that the dice are susceptible to rebound under the descending force for an additional tumbling or shaking efiect, before-coming to rest upon the tray. The tray may be disposed in a horizontal plane or slightly inclined--therefrom' for varying effects the dice striking thetray after having been cast or expressed therefrom. "The cam sur- 'face'of the teeth for depressing the plungercan also be shaped to continue the binding connection of the; parts in starting the rotative movernent of the handwheel for-a slight rotative move- --ment of the tray to alter its position, particularly when the tray is disposed in an inclined or angularplane.

In the ariangement shown, embodying four thumb wings, and a correspondingnumber of =-cam teeth for thehandwheel, an operation is efiectedin a quarter revolution of the impeller and the teeth limit the rotation in one direction characteristic to a. turnstile. are always successively brought to a common rest position for convenient accessibility from the several sides of a table or game board. It is prefer- -:-alole,:however, thatthe number of cam teeth be The wings therefor such as tobe in diametric pairs for synchronous action upon the plunger for dependability and smoothness of operation.

ln'the modificationshown in Figure 6, the impact is in the form of lever .01 hammen; produced j fromaa pieceoi wiregbent in approximately rec- :tangular configuration, integrally providing a pairof :arms [9-49, connectedat their opposite :ends by cross bars.,20,12l, the crossbar 28, as the axis for the hammer, is-pivotally mounted upon a base 22, by a pair of staples 23-1-23. The cross Thebar at each of-the oppositesides of the knob,

: respectively; carries; a, roll er '26, for bearing con- :-tact witha;relative-cam tooth of the rotative impeller. Upon rotating the hand wheel the cam teethidepress the hammer and abruptly releases :the same for impacting against the underside of .the tray substituting forplunger shown in Fig- Norma'lly thertray is in an elevated position -and-frictionally boundto the impeller by the pressure of the;rplunger-"irnpingingly holding the head end of the shank of the tray in contact with the underside of the-disk 4 of the handwheel. Therefore in a starting movement or the handwheel there is-a. .tendency to rotatively shift the -:.tra-y. ,As the, plungergis..depressedby the-action "transparent enclosure will descend for reassem the ,plunger is instantly ,released and snaps upwardly, elevating the-tray until the head end of he shank at the lower side of the tray again impinges against the underside of the plate or disk 4 of the handwheel, the impact, as the parts ,comeiogether, expresses and disperses the from the tray and being confined within file 1y uponthe stray. The reciprocal stroke of the plunger is definite and uniform for each operation governed and determined by the depth of the cam teeth and as the retreating movement of the plunger is governed by'the relaxing pressure of the spring, there is no opportunity for theplayer in a manipulating movement'of'the handwheel I to change or vary the degree of plunger stroke or its force of movement,;nor-is it possible to efiect any change in actionby the rate of handwheel rotation.

Having describedmy invention,:I claim:

1. A game device, comprising; .a hollow base,

L." handwheel journaled in-'the =.base,.-a reciprocal dice supporting tray carried by said'handwheel and enclosed by a transparent shellon said handwheel, a spring urged plunger-withinthe base for reciprocating said tray,.the' handwheel-y-having cam teeth for cooperation with the: plunger for depressing and abruptly releasing the same in a rotative cycle of thehandwheel, thegretreat stroke of the plunger percussivelyrepulsing the tray with'the dice thereon for animpactto expel the dice from the tray for reassembly thereon. V

2. A game devicacomprising: a hollow base, a hand /heel rotatively seated in the top of the base, havinga'plurality of wings; extendingvradially therefrom to provide finger holds for;manually rotating the handwheel anda hub axially extending from the lower side thereof within the base, the outer endlof the hub. formed with a series of cam teeth, a dice supporting tray above the handwheel having a :headed shank axia ly extending from its lower side-traversing said handwheel and axially reciprocable therein, with the head of the shank con-tactingthe lower side .of the handwheel to limit its movement; and a spring urged plunger withinthe base concentric with the hub of the handwheel with its head end contacting thehead of the shank of the tray and having a pair of diametric lugs extending therefrom for cooperationwith the cam teeth of the hub of the handwheel for depressing the plunger in the rotativemovementrof theha-ndwheel and to abruptly release the same to deliver a percussive blow against the tray to tumble the dice thereupon.

BEN W. STALLARD.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file 01"" this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,211,741 Elwell Aug. 13,1940

FGRE IGN PATENTS Number Country Date 5,965 ,SWEdBIl Apr. {120,} 1395 607,054

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2211741 *May 15, 1937Aug 13, 1940 elwell
DE607054C *Feb 12, 1933Dec 15, 1934Wilhelm WiefelspuetzMechanische Wuerfelspielvorrichtung
SE5965A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3111321 *May 9, 1961Nov 19, 1963George A HormannCombined game board and dice agitator
US3516672 *May 6, 1966Jun 23, 1970Perma GmbhGame board dice agitator
US5238440 *Feb 27, 1992Aug 24, 1993Playskool, Inc.Toy top with popping balls
US6206371 *Aug 25, 1997Mar 27, 2001John DoveDevice for “flipping a coin”, or the like
US6352258Jul 28, 1999Mar 5, 2002Paul FitzgeraldChild's feeding bowl
US7037171 *Apr 7, 2004May 2, 2006Mattel, Inc.Entertainment device
US8109832 *Mar 7, 2008Feb 7, 2012Tien-Shu HsuSic-bo automated dice-cage and method of implementing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification273/145.00D
International ClassificationA63F9/04
Cooperative ClassificationA63F9/0406
European ClassificationA63F9/04B