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Publication numberUS2463255 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 1, 1949
Filing dateJun 16, 1945
Priority dateJun 16, 1945
Publication numberUS 2463255 A, US 2463255A, US-A-2463255, US2463255 A, US2463255A
InventorsEdward Elliott
Original AssigneeTransit Res Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bolster construction and ventilation system
US 2463255 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 1, 1949. 5 ELUOTT BOLSTER CONSTRUCTION AND VENTILATION SYSTEM 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed June 16, 1945 gun/0W March 1, 1949. E. ELLIOTT 6 BOLSTER CONSTRUCTION AND VENTILATION SYSTEM Filed June 16, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 t p 1012p 5441077' Patented Mar. 1, 1949 UNITED STATES FATENT OFFICE BOLSTER CONSTRUCTION AND VENTILATION SYSTEM Application June 16, 1945, Serial No. 599,897

Claims.

This invention relates to cars having a body and 'tWo trucks therebeneath and has for its object to provide an improved ventilation system for the motors carried by the trucks. The principal object is to provide a ventilation system including a series of ducts in the body which may be used, with slight alterations, either to feed a forced blast of clean air downwardly onto the motors or to inlet clean air from the side of the body to motors. Air may be merely inlettcd to the motors where the motors have a cooling fan incorporated within their casings.

Another object is to provide a longitudinal body bolster through which a center bearing member extends, the bolster being partitioned along its length to divide air from a blower, to direct the divided air from a blower, to direct the divided air through one compartment of each bolster directly to one motor of one truck, and to direct the remainin air through the other compartment, around said center bearing member and to the other motor of each truck.

A further object is to provide a longitudinal body bolster, as described, together with a web bracing and boxing extending outwardly therefrom fore and aft of the center bearing member which extends through the bolster, the bracing serving as lateral air ducts to admit air from alongside the body to the motors, when the motors are equipped with fans. When this alternative form is used the inlets to the longitudinal bolster are blocked and when the bolster is used to conduct air the inlets of this form are blocked as will be described in detail hereinafter.

Other objects and advantages also will be seen as reference is had to the accompanying drawings in which my invention is illustrated and, in which Figure 1 is a perspective View of the intermediate longitudinal and transverse foundation members of a street car body together with my improved motor ventilation system,

Figures 2 and 3 are vertical sections taken, respectively, along the lines 22 and 33 of Figure 1, and

Fig. 4 is a horizontal section through the base of the vertical posts of one end of the underneath structure of a car body further illustrating the system arranged for forced ventilation of the motors, and

Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4 but of the other end of the underneath structure of the body illustrating the system arranged for selfventilation of the motors.

More particularly, 1 indicates the body side sills which are connected b transverse members 2 which are transverse body bolsters, by transverse members 3 on each side Of a step well 4, and by end transverse members 5. Extending from the midsection of the members 3 to the midsection of the members 5 are two hollow longitudinal body bolsters 6 and 7. These bolsters 6 and 1 are continuous from the members 3 to the members 5 and the transverse bolsters 2 are in two parts, the two parts being welded to opposite sides of the longitudinal bolster. These bolsters 6 and I are air ducts for supplying air to the far motors of the trucks therebeneath (not illustrated). The bolster ii has an opening 8 through a side Wall thereof and the bolster I has a similar opening 9 through an opposite side wall thereof, both of these openings being on the side of a king pin member 30 remote from the members 3.

Between the members 2 and 3 the bolsters 6 and. l have further air ducts in and H respectively parallel therewith, one wall of the bolsters 6 and l serving respectively as one wall of the further ducts. These ducts each have an opening l2 in the bottom thereof through Which air flows to the motor therebeneath, these openings and also the ducts Iii and H being on opposite sides of the bolsters B and 1.

Between the bolsters 2 and l and the side rails l and also between the ducts 10, ii and the bolsters 2 and the side rails I, I provide box-like bracing l3 and M respectively which, as will be described, is suitable for use as lateral air ducts. The space between the cross-members 3 is a compartment for motor control and other equipment. Also between these members is a motor l5 which operates a blower l6 (see Figure 4). The supply of air for the blower is directly through a grill or louvre protected opening ll in a side sill I and air is directed from this blower into the ducts 6, 1, Ill and H by the split ducts "3.

In order to ventilate the equipment compartment or a restricted portion thereof, if desired, the ducts l8 have openings [9 in the bottom thereof. Dampers 29 located in the ducts [8 apportion the air supply to the ducts l, l l and 6, II].

It will be noted, particularly in Figures 2 and 3, that the bolster 6 has greater depth in the vicinity of the king pin member 30 and that the parts of the transverse bolster members 2 are correspondingly given greater depth as the approach the member 6. That part of the king pin member 30 which extends upwardly into the intersection of the bolsters is of frusto conical shape and air may pass it without undue interference.

Operation will first be described where the motors are supplied with air from the blower Hi. In this case air for the blower is sucked through the opening ll then directed into the two parts of the duct it. The dampers 26 then divide the air at each side of the equipment compartment into one stream which flows through the duct l0 and through the opening 52 to one motor, and into a second stream which flows through the duct II and through the other opening [2 to a second motor. In the box-bracing l 3 above the other two motors vertical partitions 2| are welded in place parallel to the bolsters 6 and i, and between these partitions and the bolsters 6 and s I provide openings 22 in the box-bracings. The two openings 22 are directly above two motors. Thus, the air which enters the bolsters 6 is directed past the king pin members 30, through the openings 8 and 9 and then through the openings 22. This flow is illustrated in Figure 4.

Where the motors carry their own fans the problem is, essentially, to supply these motors with a source of clean air from the side of the car. In this case I omit the blower E6, the ducts I8, the ducts in and ii and the partitions 2!, as illustrated in Figure 5. I also seal the openings through the cross-members 3, and I provide grill or louvre protected openings 23 through or at the ends of diagonally opposite box-bracings l3 and i l. Thus, air may enter the openings 23 and pass through the opening-s l2 and 22 to the motors, all as illustrated in the left side of Figure 4.

It will be obvious that where one operator may use some forced draft ventilation and some selfventilation he may desire readily interchangeable equip-ment, in which case the ducts It and i i may be supplied as original equipment for self ventilation. In this case he will only have to add a blower is and the pipe sections it and shift partitions as described in order to convert to forced ventilation. In either case the ducts Ill and H may be considered as a part of the longitudinal bolsters and are 50 treated in the claims.

Various changes may be made without departing from the spirit of my invention and I therefore desire to be extended protection as defined by the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A rail car body having an equipment compartment located centrally therebeneath, transverse floor-supporting members serving as the longitudinal boundaries of said compartment, centrally located, longitudinal bolsters extending forwardly of said body from one of said members and rearwardly thereof from the other of said members, and a blower in said compartment supplying air into said bolsters, said blower having an inlet through the side of said body at the height of said transverse members whereby it reoeives clean, fresh air, said bolsters having outlets along the length thereof for supplying air to motors located therebeneath for the ventilation thereof.

2. A rail car body having an equipment compartment located centrally therebeneath, transverse structural members serving as the longitudinal boundaries of said compartment, longitudinal bolsters extending forwardly of said body from one of said members and rearwardly thereof from the other of said members, a blower in said compartment having an inlet exposed to the atmosphere at the side of said body, and a split air duct having one branch leading from said blower into one of said bolsters and its other branch leading into the other thereof, said bolsters each having outlets along their length for supplying air to motors located therebeneath.

3. A rail car body having an equipment compartment located centrally therebeneath, transverse structural members serving as the longitudinal boundaries of said compartment, longitudinal bolsters extending forwardly of said body from one of said members and rearwardly thereof from the other of said members, a blower in said compartment having an inlet exposed to the atmosphere at the side of said body, and a split air duct having one branch leading from said blower into one of said bolsters and its other branch leading into the other thereof, said bolsters each having outlets along their length for supplying air to motors located therebeneath, said split duct also having small outlets through the walls thereof for ventilation of at least a portion of said equipment compartment.

4-. A rail car body having an equipment compartment located centrally therebeneath, transverse structural members serving as the longitudinal boundaries of said equipment compartment, longitudinal boldsters one of which extends forwardly from one of said members, the other of which extends rearwardly from the other of said members, transverse body bolsters interseating said longitudinal bolsters at spaced distances from said transverse members, king pin members extending into said bolster members at the intersection of said transverse and longitudirial bolsters, said longitudinal bolsters constituting air ducts, said transverse bolsters being sealed against communication with the interior of said longitudinal bolsters, said longitudinal bolsters having outlets located at diagonally opposite sides of said intersection for supplying air to motors located beneath said body, and a blower located in said equipment compartment supplying air to said longitudinal bolsters.

5. A rail car body having an equipment compartment located centrally therebeneath, transverse structural members serving as the longitudinal boundaries of said equipment compart ment, longitudinal bolsters one of which extends forwardly from one of said members, the other of which extend rearwardly from the other of said members, transverse body bolsters intersecting said longitudinal bolsters at spaced distances from said transverse members, king pin members extending into said bolster members at the in- I tersection of said transverse and longitudinal bolsters, said longitudinal bolsters constituting air ducts, said transverse bolsters being sealed against communication with the interior of said longitudinal bolsters, said longitudinal bolsters having outlets located at diagonally opposite sides of said intersection for supplying air to motors located beneath said body, and a blower having an inlet continuously open to the atmosphere alongside said body, said blower being located in said equipment compartment and having ducts associated therewith leading into each of said longitudinal bolsters, said longitudinal bolster passing a portion of the air past said king pin members.

EDWARD ELLIOTT.

REFERENES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,481,888 Candee Jan. 29, 1924 1,835,673 Sheehan Dec, 3, '1931 2,154,771 Piron Apr. 18, 1939

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1481888 *Apr 7, 1920Jan 29, 1924Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoAir conductor for railway motors
US1835673 *Jan 17, 1930Dec 8, 1931Gen Steel Castings CorpCab underframe
US2154771 *May 25, 1936Apr 18, 1939Transit Res CorpBody bolster construction and motor ventilation system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2673512 *Sep 17, 1948Mar 30, 1954Gen Motors CorpAir conditioning apparatus
US2737904 *Jan 7, 1952Mar 13, 1956Gen Steel Castings CorpRailway motor truck
US2925788 *Nov 8, 1957Feb 23, 1960Craig Paterson JamesCooling internal combustion locomotive engines
US6688678Jan 28, 2003Feb 10, 2004Alfa Leisure, Inc.Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height
US6776451 *Oct 4, 2001Aug 17, 2004Alfa Leisure, Inc.Motorhome HVAC system
US6807735Sep 26, 2001Oct 26, 2004Alfa Leisure, Inc.Method of fabricating a motorhome
US7021699Feb 10, 2004Apr 4, 2006Alfa Leisure, Inc.Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height
US7082685May 28, 2004Aug 1, 2006Alfa Leisure, Inc.Method of fabricating a motorhome
US7338109Apr 4, 2006Mar 4, 2008Alfa Leisure, Inc.Motorhome with increased interior ceiling height
US7340832Oct 26, 2004Mar 11, 2008Alfa Leisure, Inc.Method of fabricating a motorhome
US8943977 *Oct 31, 2012Feb 3, 2015Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc.Railway truck having ventilated bolster assembly
US20040261267 *May 28, 2004Dec 30, 2004Johnnie CreanMethod of fabricating a motorhome
US20050023860 *Feb 10, 2004Feb 3, 2005Johnnie Robert CreanMotorhome with increased interior ceiling height
US20050052052 *Aug 17, 2004Mar 10, 2005Crean Johnnie R.Motorhome HVAC system
US20050204560 *Oct 26, 2004Sep 22, 2005Johnnie CreanMethod of fabricating a motorhome
US20070199196 *May 8, 2006Aug 30, 2007Johnnie CreanMethod of fabricating a motorhome
DE1212579B *Jul 26, 1956Mar 17, 1966Gen Steel Ind IncWiegenloses dreiachsiges Triebdrehgestell fuer Eisenbahnfahrzeuge
Classifications
U.S. Classification105/59, 454/83, 105/414
International ClassificationB61C17/04, B61C5/02, B61C17/00, B61C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationB61C17/04, B61C5/02
European ClassificationB61C5/02, B61C17/04