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Publication numberUS2463703 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 8, 1949
Filing dateAug 31, 1945
Priority dateAug 31, 1945
Publication numberUS 2463703 A, US 2463703A, US-A-2463703, US2463703 A, US2463703A
InventorsLester G Legler
Original AssigneeLester G Legler
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Water detector for fuel systems
US 2463703 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 8, 1949. L. G. LEGLER 7 2,463,703


Application August 31, 1945, Serial No. 613,818

6 Claims. 1

This invention relates to water detectors for fuel systems and the like, and more particularly to a device for preventing wvater from being carried from a gasoline tank or the like to a point of delivery.

It is well known that gasoline service stations, for example, have a more or less serious problem in that water will collect in the gasoline storage tanks and be pumped from the tanks into the consumers tank upon the latters truck or car. It is well known that a certain percentage of water is present in gasoline, and, due to condensation and other causes, this water becomes separated from the gasoline, and, being heavier than the latter, will collect at the bottom of the tank, from which point the inlet pipe to the pump usually draws its supply. As a result, this water will be picked up by the pump and delivered to the consumer, thus causing trouble in the operation of the automobile or truck of the latter.

It is contemplated by the present invention to provide a device which will, during the pumping operation, serve to separate the water from the gasoline, if there is any appreciable quantity of water present, and this separated water will be employed to prevent action of the pump, so that, as soon as any appreciable quantity of water is present in the gasoline being delivered to the consumer, the pump will be automatically stopped so as to warn the operator that water is present and no more gasoline should be drawn from the storage tank until the situation is remedied.

As is well known, water is heavier than gasoline and can, therefore, be separated from the latter by the action of centrifugal force. This principle is made use of in the present device in that the gasoline is caused to follow a curved path in its flow from the tank to the point of delivery, this curved path bringing about a centrifugal action on the flowing liquid so that the water will be separated from the gasoline. Adjacent this portion of the device provision is made for collection of the water so separated, and means are provided whereby this water will close an electrical circuit so as to stop the pump and thus prevent further delivery of gasoline from the tank.

One object of the invention is to provide a novel water-detecting device for gasoline storage tanks or the like,

Another object of the invention is to provide a device which may be readily attached to the pumping systems of gasoline storage tanks or the like, and which will stop the action of the pump so soon as any appreciable amount of 2 water is present in the gasoline being drawn from the tank.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a water-detecting device for gasoline storage tanks or the like so arranged that any water present in the gasoline being drawn from the storage tank will be separated from the gasoline during transit, and the separated water employed to indicate to the operatcr that water is present in the gasoline by stopping the pumping operation.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a device of the character described in which the gasoline, during its travel from a storage tank to a delivery outlet, is caused to follow a curved path and thus is subjected to the action of centrifugal force to cause any water present in the gasoline to be separated therefrom.

To these and other ends the invention consists in the novel features and combinations of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of a water-detecting device for fuel systems embodying my invention, and

Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a portion of the device showing the part in which the separation of the water from the gasoline takes place.

To illustrate a preferred embodiment of my invention, I have shown, more or less diagrammatically, a storage tank ID for gasoline or the like, the usual pumping standard l'l having a pivoted hook 12 for holding the filling nozzle, this hook, when the nozzle is removed therefrom, closing the circuit between conducting 'wires l3 and [4, which Will, as explained hereinafter, close the circuit through the pump to start the latter in operation, as is usual with devices of this character.

A pump of any desired form is indicated at :5, this pump being designed to be driven electrically by the motor [6, the outlet of the pump being shown at H, and the inlet being indicated by the pipe I8. A supply pipe l9 leads into the storage tank It) and extends to a point adjacent the bottom thereof, the pipe [8 being offset from the pipe 18 and being connected thereto by a reversely curved pipe section 20.

The section 20 is shown in section in Fig. 2, and it will be noted that the end of this section adjacent the pipe l8 makes a sharp turn, as indicated at 2|, in this case substantially a turn. This sharp bend in this portion of the path of the gasoline during transit causes the liquid being drawn from the tank 10 to be subjected to the action of centrifugal force, thus throwing outwardly against the portion 22 of the pipe any water which may be present in the gasoline being pumped.

Adjacent the angled portion 2| of the pipe a depression or sump 23 may be provided, in which may collect the water separated from the flowing gasoline by the action of centrifugal force. This sump may be closed by a member 24 provided with a, threaded opening 25{iI1, which is screwed a, probe? comprising a plug. 26, having; mounted therein a conducting member 21, which conducting member will ordinarily be electrically; insulated from the plug 26. It willbe under: stood that the pipe 20 will usually be of conducting material, as will the member 29; and that the pipe will be grounded, as is usual such devices, so that, when the sumpcontains any appreciable amount of water, electricalcontact will be made between the pipe 20 and the conducting member 21, for, as is well known, water will complete an electrical circuit while gasoline will not. I makeuse of thecompletion of an electrical circuit by the water thus separated from the gasoline to check theloperation of the pump, and thereby signal the operator that water is present in the gasoline.

Any suitable electricaldevices may be employed for this purpose, and it willbe understoodthat the particular electrical. arrangement shown is for purposes of illustration rather than limitas. tion. As shown, the wire l3 from the hook l2 leads to a coil 33 about the magnet3l of a relay, and also, through wires 32 and 33, leads to one pole of the double-pole switch 34, The wire, it

is connected with the other pole. of the switch.

34 by means of wires 35 and 36, and the switchclosing member 31, designed toclose the gap 38 between thewire 3B and wire I4. The member 31 servesas the armature of. a relay magnet39, energized by a coil :40. connected to both poles of the switch 34, this switch being the main current switch of the apparatus and controlling the delivery of current from service wires 1H. It will be apparent from the above description that as soon as the switch 34 is closed the armature 3! will be. causedto closethegap 3,8,

and therefore the coil 30 will be energized when the nozzle is lifted from the hook l2,

When the coil 30 is energized, the armature 42 will be attracted, thus, by means of contact members 43. and. 44, connecting the wires 45 and, to wires, '32 and 41, respectively, which lead to the switch '34. Thuswhen the switch 34 is closed to cause the armature 31 to close the gap at 38, and when the nozzle is lifted from the hook l2 to complete the circuit through wires I3 and I4, current will be suppliedthrough wires 45 and 46 to the pump motor |6, and,it will be understood that it will be necessary for both of these gaps at 38 and between wires l3 and [4 to be closed forthe pump to be in operation.

The conducting member 21 projects from the outer end of the ,plug26, and from this projecting end a conducting wire 50 leads to a coil. 5| which surrounds a bridge 52 acrossthe arms.

of the magnet 39, th other terminal of this: coil being grounded, as shownv at 5,3. It will be understood that as long as the c'ircuit is not completed between the member 27 and thepipe 20, the circuit through the coil 52 will be ,open,

but when the circuit is closed a, current will be induced in the coil '5l which will counteract the eifect of the currentinthe coil Ml endf res;

lease the contact member 31 so that it will be drawn away from the contact members of the gap 38 by the spring 54, which breaks the circuit through the coil 3|], and therefore breaks the circuit to the motor l6 of the pump. As soon, therefore, as water collects in the sump '23 to make electrical contact between the member 2'! and the pipe 20, current from the service wires 4! to the pump motor l6 will be discontinued and the pump will cease its operations. Therefore, not only will the pumping of Water into a customers tank or other point of delivery be immediately checked, but also the user of the device will receive an indication of the presence-of water in the gasoline so that the situation, may be corrected before further supplies are drawn from the storage tank.

WhileI-haveshown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that it is not to be limited to all of the details shown, but is capable of modification and variation within the spiritof the invention and within thescope ofthe claims.

What I claim is 1. The method of pumping gasoline orother, liquid lighter than water from a tank which comprises pumping, the liquid from the tank,- fcrcing thefliquid aboutv a curved path to sub-. ject the liquid to the action of centrifugal force and thereby separate therefrom any water which may becontainedtherein, and directingthe wa-. ter soseparated to the spaced terminals of an, electrical circuit adjacent said curved pathto close said circuit.

2, The, method of pumping gasoline or otherliquid lighter than water from a tank which cm prises pumpingvthe liquid from the tank forcing the liquid about acurved pathto subject the liquid to the action of centrifugal force and, 40 thereby, separate therefrom-any water which may be contained therein, directing the water so separatedto thelspaced terminals of an electrical; circuit adjacent said curved path to close said, circuit, and controlling the operation of thepump; by -theu circuit soclosed.

3 A, pumping system comprising a tank, a; pumpfor drawing liquid from the tank, means: proyiding a, curved. passage through which the: liquidisforced to subject itto the action-of cen trifugal forceto separate from the liquid any water thatmaybe therein, -and an electrical cirh cuit having spaced terminals adjacent said curved; passage. upon which terminals the separated water collects' to closethe circuit therethrough,

4,.- A pumping v system comprising a tank, a, pump for drawingliquid fromthe tank, means providing acurved passage through which the; liquid is forced to subject it to the-action of centrifugalforce to separate fromthe liquid any, water. that may betherein, v an electrical circuit; haying spacedterminals; adjacent said curved; passage ,upon ;which terminals the separated; wa; ter, collects tocIosethe circuit therethroug h, -and.mea ns energized by the closing of-said cirQ- cuitfor, discpntinuing, the, action of the pump.

5,, A-deviceflof the class described comprising a, tank, a pump for drawing a relatively light liquid; fuel from the, tank, means providing a passage throughwhich said, fuel is forced, said passage; having a curved portion to subject the liquid'to; the action of centrifugal forceand-thereby separate from fthe liquid, any. water, that may be-v therein, an electricalcircuit having spaced tern, mmalstoward whichlany-such water is directed;;

to span the,gap -between said terminals and close;-

said circuit, and means controlling the operation of said pump by the closing of said circuit. I

6. A device of the class described comprising a tank, a pump for drawing a relatively light liquid fuel from the tank, means providing a passage through which said fuel is forced, said passage having a curved portion to subject the liquid to the action of centrifugal force and thereby separate from the liquid any water that may be therein, an electrical circuit having spaced terminals. means directing such separated Water from the outer side of the curved portion of said passage to said terminals to close the circuit therethrough, and means energized by the clos- The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,505,791 Lenz Aug. 19, 1924 2,239,270 Jahieis Apr. 22, 1941 2,259,771 Oberly Oct. 21, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1505791 *May 9, 1923Aug 19, 1924American Marine Device CorpApparatus for separating liquids of different specific gravities and indicating means therefor
US2239270 *Jan 31, 1940Apr 22, 1941John L HuttonDevice for detecting pump failure
US2259771 *Jan 30, 1939Oct 21, 1941Tokheim Oil Tank & Pump CoDispensing pump
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2910940 *Nov 22, 1954Nov 3, 1959Colman HarryCombined fluid pump and indicator
US3253547 *Aug 24, 1964May 31, 1966Union Tank Car CoSewage pumping system
US4293281 *Mar 31, 1980Oct 6, 1981Lamoreaux Charles LMobile air charging system
US4595341 *Jul 3, 1984Jun 17, 1986Rolls-Royce Motors LimitedFluid supply apparatus including plural reservoirs and condition responsive control of pump drive motor by contaminant sensing probes
US4629398 *May 7, 1985Dec 16, 1986Hazeltine CorporationOil detecting switch for controlling a pump
US4715785 *Mar 14, 1986Dec 29, 1987Richal CorporationOil detection apparatus for submersible pumps
US4752188 *Jul 24, 1987Jun 21, 1988Richal CorporationOil Detection method and apparatus for a pump submerged in a transformer vault
US6592126Jul 20, 2001Jul 15, 2003Flowserve Management CompanyMechanical seal leak detector
US7131330Aug 18, 2004Nov 7, 2006Richal CorporationSubmersible pump controller
US20060039802 *Aug 18, 2004Feb 23, 2006Richal CorporationSubmersible pump controller
DE1075385B * Title not available
DE1169224B *Feb 17, 1960Apr 30, 1964Karl ZieglerUEberwachungsgeraet zum Feststellen von Gasblasen in einer durch eine Leitung stroemenden, elektrisch leitenden Fluessigkeit
DE1192466B *Sep 7, 1960May 6, 1965Siemens AgLeckmeldeeinrichtung fuer Fluessigkeitsbehaelter, insbesondere fuer Heizoeltanks, mit einer Auffang-wanne fuer Leckfluessigkeit
DE1222329B *Aug 29, 1961Aug 4, 1966Walter NicolaiVerfahren und Einrichtung zur Verhinderung von Leckverlusten an Fluessigkeits-Lagerbehaeltern mit Unterdruck im Luftraum des Behaelters
DE1292972B *Oct 3, 1960Apr 17, 1969Nicolai WalterEinrichtung zur Anzeige von Undichtheiten an Lagerbehaeltern fuer Fluessigkeiten oder Gase
DE102007026324A1 *Jun 6, 2007Dec 11, 2008S. Müller Patent Entwicklungs und Verpachtungs GmbH & Co. KGContainer system i.e. tank structure, leakage monitoring device, has recess for point sensor provided at or in lockable precipitation-sewage pipe for detection of steam or liquid and arranged in flow direction before lock valve of pipe
U.S. Classification210/746, 417/44.1, 210/100, 417/9, 210/788, 417/36
International ClassificationB65D90/48, B65D90/00, B67D7/32
Cooperative ClassificationB65D90/48, B67D7/3254
European ClassificationB65D90/48, B67D7/32K2