US 2463769 A
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Much 1949- e. H. ruse-ms 2,463,769
-NETHOD OF PRINTING AND BINDING BQONS Filed Feb. 21,4945 2 Sheets-Sheet 1' 8a a G Q g INVENTIORI.
VBY I Mud! 1949- e. H. HIGGINS 2,463,769
METHOD OF PRINTING'AI JD BINDING BOOKS Filed Feb. 21, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Mar. 8, 1949 METHOD OF PRINTING AND BiNDING BOOKS Gilbert 11. Higgins, Mountain Lakes, N. J., as-
signor to R. Hoe & (30., Inc., New York, N. Y., a corporation oi New York Application February 21, 1945, Serial No: 579,121
6 Claims. 1
This invention relates to a method of printing and binding books and magazines and more particularly to an improved method for producing and covering signatures, to form a book or magazine in which the grain of the paper runs parallel to the binding.-
Books and magazines, as heretofore produced on rotary printing machines equipped with Jaw folders, have been printed from plates arranged with columns across the cylinder, as compared to the herein described method wherein the plates are arranged with columns around" the cylinder. The heretofore known method has produced books and magazines in which the grain of the paper is perpendicular to the binding thereof, and it is well known in the trade that books and magazines of this type are not as acceptable as ones in which the grain of the paper is parallel to the binding. Therefore it is an object of the invention to provide a new method, using a rotary printing machine equipped with a jaw folder, for producing books and magazines in which the grain of the paper and the binding are parallel. 1
Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved method of'producing books and magazines in which two magazines are completely assembled, bound, and covered before they are trimmed or cut apart.
The method herein disclosed includes printing a web of paper from plates .that are arranged with columns around the cylinder, cutting the web into sheets, folding the sheets crosswise as with a jaw type folder to produce signatures of a selected number of pages, assembling the proper number of these signatures, binding them ontwo opposite edges, covering the bound signatures, and finally cutting apart the doubly bound signatures and trimming them.
A preferred method of practicing the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view of the sheet cutting and folding portion of a web fed rotary printing machine suitable for producing signa tures to be bound in accordance with the invention;
Figure 2 is a view of a printing cylinder suitable for printing a web that is to be cut and folded in practicing the invention;
Figure 3 is a perspective view of a signature produced by the mechanism diagrammatically illustrated in Figure 1;
Figure 4 is a perspective view of a group of associated signatures;
Figure 51s a perspective view of the group of signatures after they have been bound;
Figure 6 is a perspective view of the bound signatures associated with a cover;
Figure 7 is a perspective view of the signatures after the cover has been folded and glued; and
Figure 8 is a perspective view of the finished products produced by trimming and cutting the covered signatures illustrated in Figure 7.
The drawings illustrate a preferred method of producing books or magazines in which the grain of the paper runs parallel to the binding. Figure 2 illustrates a typical printing cylinder l0,
equipped with printing plates made and arranged Figure 1 shows the cutting and folding por tion of a web-fed printingmachine l'i. Although not shown. it will be understood that a web of paper is perfected by the printing machine having a plurality of printing cylinders similar to the printing cylinder l0, and that after the web is printed, it is slit into a plurality of ribbons, RI, R2, R3, R4, R5 and R6 each printed with two pages abreast. As shown, each printed ribbon is led around one of a plurality of turning bars I2. 2. first guide roller 13, a compensating roller l4, and where, necessary around additional guide rollers l6, after which the plurality of turned ribbons are associated with their side edges in substantial alignment and led between feeding rollers l1 and I8. Thereafter the associated ribbons are cut into sets of sheets by cooperating cutting cylinders 2| and. 22 that cut the associated ribbons perpendicular to their side edges, and the cut sheets are then taken by a combination collecting and folding cylinder 23,
. that cooperates with a jaw cylinder 24 to fold by collating a plurality of differently printed signatures, for example signatures 26a, 26b. and 260 (Figure 4). These signatures may be printed simultaneously by one large printing machine, or
separately by one or more smaller printing ma- A group of differently-printed signachines. tures 26a, 25b and 260 are assembled or collated and their open opposite side edges 32 and 33, that run parallel to the grain of the paper, are then bound. While Figure 5 shows these edges, bound with staples 34, it will be understood that they may be bound by stitching, by gluing, or in ,any suitable manner.
Figure 6 shows the doubly bound signatures associated with a cover sheet 33 of a size suitable for covering two books, and it will be assumed that the bound edges 32 and 33 have previously been roughened and provided with a suitableglue. The various portions of the cover sheet 36 reading from left to right are; a front cover 31, a back edge 33, a back cover 39, a second front cover 40, a second back edge 4|, and a second back cover 42.
After the cover .sheet and bound signatures have been properly associated, the cover and back portions 31, 33, and the cover' and back portions 42, 4| are bent upward around the signatures until they assume the position shown in Figure 7. This secures the cover to the bound signatures by attaching the inside portions of the two back-edges 38 and 4| to the previously glued portions 32 and 33. Thereafter the top and bottom edges 43 and 4-4, respectively, of the covered signatures are trimmed, after which a single or double cut is made half way between and parallel to the vertical bound edges 32 and 33, thus separating the doubly bound and covered signatures into two separate books indicated by the numerals 46 and 41.
As shown in Figures 7 and 8, the left hand book 46 will have its front cover 31 on top, whereas the right hand book 41 will be reversed with its back cover 42 on top. This is the preferable method of assembly, although other arrangements are possible.
The word book" as used herein, is intended to include the type of book generally referred'to as a magazine, and to other similar publications.
It will be understood that the invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof, and it is therefore desired that the present embodiment be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, reference being made to the claims rather than to the foregoing description for an indication of the scope of the invention.
What I claim is:
l. The method of simultaneously producing two books, which comprises associating a plurality of ribbons slit from printed webs so the side edges of the ribbons are in substantial alignment, cutting the associated ribbons perpendicularly to the side edges and to the paper grain, to form sets of sheets two pages long and two pages wide having cut edges and side edges, folding each set of cut sheets substantially midway between the cut edges to form a signature, collating groups of such signatures and binding each group at 4 both side edges, and cutting each thus bound group in the direction of the paper grain and substantially midway between its two bound edges.
2. The method of simultaneously producing two books, which comprises associating a plurality of ribbons slit from a printed web so their side edges are in substantial alignment, cutting the associated ribbons across the paper grain and perpendicularly to the side edges to form sets of sheets each two pages long and two pages wide and having cut edges and side edges, folding each set of cut sheets substantially midway between the cut edges and across the paper grain to form a signature, collating a plurality of such signatures and binding them at both side edges, wrapping a sheet of cover material about the bound signatures and securing it to the bound edges of each thus bound product, and cutting each such product substantially midway between its two bound edges.
3. The method of producing books in which the grain of the paper runs parallel to the binding, which comprises printing a web of paper with columns of printing positioned lengthwise thereof in the direction of the paper grain, cutting the web into sheets at least two pages long and two pages wide, collating a plurality of said sheets and producing signatures by folding the cut sheets transversely of the grain of the paper, assembling a plurality of such signatures in proper sequence, binding the assembled signatures on two opposite unfolded edges, covering the bound signatures, and cutting the thus doubly bound signatures midway between the bound edges and along the paper grain to produce two books.
4. The method of producing books which comprises, printing a travelling web of paper with columns of printing running lengthwise thereof and in the direction of the paper grain, cutting web into sheets at least two pages long and two pages wide and collecting a plurality of said sheets, folding the cut and collected sheets transversely of their direction of travel to form signatures, binding a group of such signatures on two opposite unfolded edges, assembling the bound signatures with material for two covers, securing the cover material to the bound signatures, and cutting the covered signatures midway between the bound edges to produce two books.
5. The method of simultaneously producing two books which comprises collecting sets of printed sheets each two pages long and two pages wide with the lines of printing running transversely of the paper grain, folding each set of sheets parallel to the lines of printing and on a line substantially midway between opposite edges of the said sheets to form a signature, assembling a plurality of such signatures and binding them together on two opposite edges that parallel the grain of the paper, and cutting through the thus doubly bound signatures between and substantially parallel to the bound edges, thereby producing two bound books in which the grain of the paper runs parallel with the binding.
6. A method of producing two covered books in which the grain of the paper runs parallel with the bound edges of the pages, which comprises collecting a plurality of printed sheets each two pages wide and two pages long with the lines of printing running transversely of the paper grain, folding the collected sheets crosswise of the paper grain and midway between pages to form a signature, collating a plurality of such signatures and binding them together on two opposite edges that parallel the grain of the paper,
5 6 wmmlne and securing a piece of cover material around the bound signatures. coverin the first UNITED STATES PATENTS and last poses and the bound edges thereof, and Number Name Date cutting through vthe thus doubly bound signa- 664574 North Dec. 25, 1900 tures between pages and substantially parallel to 5 702.413 Dressel June 17, 1902 the said bound edges. 804,293 Wood Nov. 14, 1905 GILBERT H. HIGGINS. 1,046,064 Goss Dec. 3, 1912 1,132,215 Roesen Mar. 16, 1915 REFFBENCES CITED 2,255,087 Bawdon et a1 Sept. 9. 1941 The followin: references are of record in the file of this potent: