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Publication numberUS2463801 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 8, 1949
Filing dateJul 11, 1944
Priority dateJul 11, 1944
Publication numberUS 2463801 A, US 2463801A, US-A-2463801, US2463801 A, US2463801A
InventorsPage Herbert E
Original AssigneePage Herbert E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clothes-washing machine
US 2463801 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.Filed July 11, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet'l a 9 8 F v w n If y 6 /J J 5 N \flQ i W 5 J III a x 0 4 "v 2 a 4 N lo 1/ J 7 L 0 v 0 4 .0 2. w/ a a 4 o 2 a 4 4 O O a w 4 n 5 4 f .0

w 85 Z I 4 INVENTOR. 7 a c 5' March 8, 1949. v 5 PAGE 2,463,801

CLOTHES WASHING MACHiNE Filed July 11, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 57 Z INVENTOR.

:Herbert 5.. Pace Patented Mar. 8, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CLOTHES-WASHING MACHINE Herbert E. Page, Alhambra, Calif.

Application July 11, 1944, Serial No. 544,348

. Claims. 1

This invention has to do with cleaning apparatus and in its more particular aspects relates to washing machines,

It is an object of my invention to provide a washing machine of the tumbler type which may be operable with a minimum of objectionable vibration; which incorporates means for automatically maintaining dynamic balance; which is extremely simple to operate; and which may be economically manufactured.

The invention possesses still further features of novelty and advantage and those will become obvious from the following detailed description of an embodiment which I have chosen for the purpose of explaining the invention. In connection with the following explanation I shall refer to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a medial vertical section;

Fig. 2 is a reduced section taken on line 2--2 of Fig. l;

Fig. 3 is a fragmentary section taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1; and

Fig. 4 is a fragmentary section of Fig. 1, but showing parts in a relatively different position.

In general, I carry out my invention by utilizing a wash basket which rotates about a horizontal axis in a drum or casing and having a resilient connection to the drive shaft. Disposed around the periphery of the basket I provide a plurality of symmetrically arranged liquid-- collecting cups which have control valves operable to selectively release liquid therefrom in response to lateral movement of the basket relative to its axis of rotation under the burden of an unequally distributed wash load.

In the drawings the numeral 5 denotes a cabinet within which a drum 6 is horizontally mounted upon supporting legs 8, the drum having an inwardly flanged front opening I!) adapted to be closed by a door ll carrying an annular sealing gasket l2.

A shaft I5 is journalled in bearings l6, ll, bearing I6 being secured by bolt IBa to the back wall of the cabinet and bearing I! being secured to the'back wall of the drum 6 by bolt Ila.

A drive pulley is secured on the shaft between the bearings and is driven by a V-belt 2| from a motor M of conventional construction.

A circular wash basket is secured on the left-hand end of the shaft, l5 by means of resilient rubber hub 28 which carries a metal bushing 29 fitting on the shaft, the bushing being keyed on to the shaft. The hub member 28 is secured in a socket 30 provided by a wall member II. The shaft l5 has a disc-like end mem' her 32 which engages the left end face of the rubber hub member to prevent movement of the basket longitudinally of the shaft.

Disposed annularly of the basket there isan outer wall 35 divided by partition walls 36 into a plurality of liquid catching cups 40, which cups communicate with the interior of the basket through perforations 4| in the periphery of the basket.

In the front portion of the wall 35 of each of the cups 40 there is a discharge port 43 providing a seat for a valve 45. Each valve 45 is secured on the end .of a stem 46, which stem slidably extends through a guide plate 41 carried by the basket, there being a compression spring 48 interposed between each guide plate 41 and each valve 45 to urge the valve seated. The

valves are shown in open position in the drawings.

Keyed on to the drive shaft 15 there is a collar 50 on which is slidably carried a disc 5| having circumferentially spaced recesses 5la in its front or left-hand face, each of the recesses having a bottom wall providing a. cam surface 52. Pivotally secured to the right-hand end of each of the valve stems 45 there is an actuating rod which is fulcrumed in a bracket 56 carried by the back wall of the basket. Each of the rods 55 extends adjacent its upper end through a guide bracket 51 alsocarried by the back wall of the basket, and on the lower end of each of the rods 55 there is rotatably mounted a cam follower roller 59 in engagement with a cam surface 52. Radially disposed slots 58 are provided in the disc 5| adjacent its periphery and each of the rods 55 has a lateral arm 58a, said respective arms projecting into the respective slots as guides. I

Inasmuch as during the washin cycle the basket 25 and drum 6 are filled with water to the approximately level L. as the basket rotates the cups 40 will tend to become filled with water through perforations 4|, the water being normally retained in the cups during rotation by will set up vibrations and will cause uneven wear on the parts. I therefore provide novel means for automatically restoring'the dynamic balance of the machine, which includes means for selectively releasing water from the cups 40 to when the rotation 'of the basket is stopped, as will now be described.

A pair of oppositely disposed weights 6!! are pivotally secured at their lower ends by pins 6| to ears 63 presented by a collar 64 secured on the shaft I5, so that the weights may be swung between the positions of Figs. 1 and 4. A pair of coil springs 65 normally urge the weights into the position of Fig, 1, causing the outer front edges of the weights to engage disc El and slide the disc to the left on the collar 50 to the posi- In this position the cam surfaces A tion of Fig. 1. 52 of the disc engage the respective follower rollers 59 to actuate rods 55 into position opening all the valves 45. However, when the shaft I5 is rotated, the weights are swung by centrifugal action against the action of spring 65 to the position of Fig. 4, in which position the valves 45 are normally closed. The disc Si is urged to the right by means of a coil spring l which bears at one end against the hub and bushing, and bears at its other end against a disc H, which disc in turn bears against the front or left-hand face of disc Spring 70 is not strong enough to slide disc 5i to the right until weights 60 are swung radially of the shaft by centrifugal action,

It will thus be observed that inasmuch as the follower rollers 59 are always in engagement with the respective cam surfaces 52, if the axis of rotation of the basket shifts from the true horizontal axis of rotation, one or more of the rods 55 will be actuated about the fulcrum 56 to open the valve or valves 45 with which it or they are operatively associated, thus releasing the water in the cup or cups 40 with which the actuated valve or valves are associated.

For the extraction cycle the water may be drained from drum 6 through a valve controlled outlet and the basket rotated to extract the moisture in the washed clothes within the drum by centrifugal action, some of the moisture thus extracted being caught in the cups so that the weight equalizing means hereinbefore described may operate to maintain balance.

I claim:"-

1. Cleaning apparatus comprising a casing, a driveshaft journalled in the casing for rotation about a horizontal axis, drive means operatively connected with the shaft, a cylindrical basket, said basket presenting peripheral liquid-passing .perforations, mounting means securing the basket axially on the shaft, said means including a resilient member interposed between the shaft and basket whereby to permit the longitudinal axis of the basket to tilt relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft in response to uneven weight .distribution in the basket, means operatively basket to selectively release liquid from the cups. and spring actuated means operable when the shaft is idle for simultaneously releasing liquid from all the cups.

2. Cleaning apparatus comprising a casing, a drive shaft journalled in the casing for rotation about a horizontal axis, drive means operatively connected with the shaft, a cylindrical basket, said basket" presenting peripheral liquid-passing perforations, mounting means securing the basket axially on the shaft, said means including a resilient member interposed between the shaft and basket whereby to permit the longitudinal axis of the basket to tilt relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft in response to uneven weight distribution in the basket, means operatively associated with the basket to equalize the weight distribution imposed thereupon, said last-named means including liquid-collecting cups equidistantly disposed around the periphery of the basket in communication with the perforations, means responsive to tilting movement of the basket to selectively release liquid from the cups, spring actuated means operable when the shaft is idle for simultaneously releasing liquid from all the cups, and centrifugally operable means cooperating with the spring actuated means to render the latter inoperative during rotation of the shaft.

3. Cleaning apparatus comprising a casing, a drive shaft journalled in the casing for rotation about a horizontal axis, drive means operatively associated with the shaft, a cylindrical wash basket having. an end wall, said basket presenting liquid-passing perforations, means resiliently securing the basket on the shaft in a manner to permit the longitudinal axis of the basket to tilt relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft in response to uneven weight distribution, a plurality of liquid-collecting cups disposed annularly around the periphery of the basket in communication with the perforations therein, each of the cups presenting a liquid-releasing opening, valve members controllably associated with said respective openings, a disc slidably mounted axially on the shaft to rotate therewith, actuating rods operatively connected at one end to the respective valve members, said rods having operative engagement at their other ends with the disc and being operable in response to tilting movement of the basket to selectively actuate the valves, and spring means carried by the shaft and operatively associated with the disc to slide the latter when the shaft is not being rotated and thereby simultaneously actuate all said valves.

4. Cleaning apparatus comprising a casing, a drive shaft journalled in the casing for rotation about a horizontal axis, drive means operatively associated with the shaft, a cylindrical wash basket having an end wall, said basket presenting liquid-passing perforations, means resiliently securing the basket on the shaft in a manner to permit the longitudinal axis of the basket to tilt relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft in response to uneven weight distribution, a plurality of liquid-collecting cups disposed annularly around the periphery of the basket in communication with the perforations therein, each of the cups presenting a liquid-releasing opening, valve members controllably associated with said respective openings, a disc slidably mounted axially on the shaft to rotate' therewith, actuating rods operatively connected at one end to the respective valve members, said rods having operative engagement at their other ends with the disc and aseacor being operable in response to tilting movement of the basket to selectively actuate the valves,

spring actuated means cooperating with the disc L for opening all the valves when the basket is idle and eentrifugally operable means carried by the shaft and renderingthe spring actuated means inoperative during rotation of the shaft.

5. Cleaning apparatus comprising a casing, a drive shaft journalled in the casing for rotation about a horizontal axis, drive means operatively associated with the shaft, a cylindrical wash basket having an end wall, said basket presenting liquid-passing perforations, means resiliently securing the basket on the shaft in a manner to permit the longitudinal axis of the basket to tilt relative to the axis of rotation of the shaft in response to uneven weight distribution, a plurality of liquid-collecting cups disposed annularly around the periphery of the basket in communication with the perforations therein, each of the cups presenting a liquid-releasing opening, valve members controllably associated with said respective openings, a disc slidably mounted axially on the shaft to rotate therewith, actuating rods operatively connected at one end to the respective valve members, said rods having operative engagernent at their other ends with the disc and being operable in response to tilting movement disc during rotation of the shaft, and spring means normally urging said weight members into engagement with the disc, said spring means being operable when the shaft is not rotating to move the disc into valve-closing position.

HERBERT E. PAGE.

REFERENCES CETED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number- Name Date r 1,489,758 Hanson -4--- Apr. 8, 1924 1,772,863 Green Aug. 12, 1930 2,224,241 Verdier Dec. 10, 1940 2,230,345 Bradbury Feb. 4, 1941

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1489758 *Feb 7, 1921Apr 8, 1924Hanson Adolf KWashing machine
US1772863 *Mar 25, 1927Aug 12, 1930Borden CoCentrifugal drier
US2224241 *Feb 28, 1938Dec 10, 1940Verdier John LafayetteRotary extractor
US2230345 *Apr 25, 1938Feb 4, 1941Bendix Home Appliances IncCleaning machine
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2534269 *May 26, 1948Dec 19, 1950KahnAutomatic balancing system for cleaning machine cylinders
US2584942 *Apr 18, 1949Feb 5, 1952Thearle Ernest LDynamically balanced rotor
US2613837 *Sep 3, 1948Oct 14, 1952Westinghouse Electric CorpWashing machine having a resiliently supported tub structure
US2647386 *Apr 3, 1948Aug 4, 1953Easy Washing Machine CorpWashing machine
US2652710 *Mar 3, 1948Sep 22, 1953J G De Remer Res CorpCombined washing and centrifugal drying machine
US2685188 *Jan 15, 1952Aug 3, 1954Washex Machinery CorpRotary washing and dry cleaning machine
US2687215 *Dec 29, 1951Aug 24, 1954Us Hoffman Machinery CorpAutomatic balancing of horizontal extractors
US2695047 *Mar 6, 1951Nov 23, 1954John F RuckSelf-balancing auto tube and tire
US2699289 *Sep 2, 1950Jan 11, 1955Custom Scient Instr IncHigh-speed centrifuge
US2717698 *Dec 13, 1952Sep 13, 1955Us Hoffman Machinery CorpAutomatic balancing device for rotating cylinders
US2725188 *Oct 2, 1951Nov 29, 1955Laval Separator Co DeShock mount for centrifugal separators
US2760383 *Apr 24, 1953Aug 28, 1956American Laundry Mach CoBalancing means for rotating container
US2798610 *Dec 28, 1953Jul 9, 1957Meyer Henry C ALaundry machine
US2849894 *Dec 28, 1954Sep 2, 1958Gen ElectricCombination clothes washer and extractor
US2960780 *Sep 7, 1951Nov 22, 1960Jr William E StilwellApparatus for the complete laundering of fabrics
US2964193 *Aug 2, 1957Dec 13, 1960Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz AgCentrifuge for separating water from fine granular material
US3066522 *Dec 30, 1959Dec 4, 1962Bbc Brown Boveri & CieLaundering machine for washing and centrifugal drying
US3089327 *Nov 15, 1960May 14, 1963Murray CorpApparatus for the complete laundering of fabrics
US3117926 *Nov 28, 1958Jan 14, 1964Pellerin Corp MilnorAutomatic imbalance control system for a clothes washing machine
US3263815 *Jan 25, 1963Aug 2, 1966Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz AgAxially oscillating horizontal centrifuge
US3799348 *Jul 27, 1971Mar 26, 1974Zanussi A Spa IndustrieDevice for the automatic balancing of washing and drying machines
US5280660 *Oct 5, 1992Jan 25, 1994Pellerin Milnor CorporationElectronic balancing system for washing machine
US5548979 *Jan 23, 1995Aug 27, 1996General Electric CompanyHorizontal axis clothes washing machine with tub suspension
US5582040 *Aug 9, 1995Dec 10, 1996Khan; Aman U.Water balancing apparatus for horizontal axis and vertical axis laundry appliances
US5768730 *Nov 30, 1995Jun 23, 1998Sharp Kabushiki KaishaGlycerine balancing liquid
US5829084 *Jun 2, 1997Nov 3, 1998Fujiwara; Leslie H.Method and system for balancing an upright washing machine
US6327732 *May 10, 2000Dec 11, 2001Maytag CorporationLiquid equilibrium guides; for use in the dynamic balancing of a rotating vessel
US6510715 *Apr 14, 1999Jan 28, 2003Tulga SimsekSmart balancing system
EP2730691A1 *Nov 12, 2012May 14, 2014Whirlpool CorporationHorizontal axis washing machine with balance means
Classifications
U.S. Classification68/23.2, 210/144, 74/572.4, 210/367
International ClassificationD06F37/22, D06F37/20
Cooperative ClassificationD06F37/225
European ClassificationD06F37/22B