US 2465927 A
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March-29, 1949. M, B, RAPP 2,`4e5,927
DECALCOMANIAS F'iled April 15, 1946 INVENTOR.
Patented Mar. 29, 1949 UNITED sTATEs PATENT lOFFICE DECALCOMANIAS Melville B. Rapp, Miami Beach, Fla.
Application April 13, 1946, Serial No. 662,009
This invention relates to decalcomanias and more particularly to those known as the negative type of decalcomania transfers, for example.
Such decalcomanias are generally manufactured by Printing, lithographing or screen stencilling, face downward, onto a glutinous coated backing as of absorbent paper or other suitable material, a film or layers of ink or the like, depicting design, insignia or alphabetical characters in any desired format, in negative or reverse arrangement, in the manner as type set in the printing art, appears. At some time before use, the exposed face of the ink film or the like, has an adhesive applied thereto.
To transfer the ink film or the like, a common way is to apply the decalcomania to the surface to be decorated, by placing the printed side of the backing sheet directly onto said surface. The backing sheet is now wetted, whereupon it is released from said fllm. Pressure applied to said backing before its removal from the ink film, will cause said film, due to the adhesive thereon, to stick and be securely held on such surface.
It is apparent that it is diflicult to apply separate decalcomanias individually onto a surface, to effect a predetermined arrangement of their respective ink films on such surface. Besides great care, markings to indicate the positions to be assumed by the respective decalcomanias must be first made on such surface, and provision for properly registering the respective decalcomanias with such markings must be taken into account. In all, it is no easy task.
The cost to make a silk screen, lithographic stone or other suitable means used for the manufacture of decalcomanias, would be prohibitive, if it is intended to be used for making but one or at most a few decalcomanias of a particular monogram, spelled out name, combinations of particular designs or pictorial representations. The difiiculties which Would be encountered by the use of separate decalcomanias, each depicting a particular letter or component of such monogram, name, design, pictorial representation or composition, is quite evident, because each individual decalcomania Would have to be applied and spaced separately as explained.
It is therefore the object of this invention to provide a novel and improved construction whereby individual decalcomanias first arranged in predetermined relation, can be dealt with from then on as a single decalcomania.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a novel and improved manner of dealing with a plurality of individual decalcomanias of the type mentioned, which is easy to practice, which permits the building up of any desired composition economically and With ease, permitting for instance the sale of but a single decalcomania entity of a spelled out name or other desired composition, and which is emcient in carrying out the purposes for which it is intended.
Other objects and advantages will become ap-l parent as this disclosure proceeds.
In the accompanying drawings, forming part of this application, similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment following the teachings of this invention.
Fig. 2 is a similar view showing the rear of said embodiment.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a component of this embodiment.
Fig. 4 is similar to Fig. 1, showing how monogram decalcomanias may be made in accordance with the present invention, in like manner as illustrated in Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 shows a sheet bearing negative type decalcomania transfers of individual letters of various styled alphabets, each of which may be cut from said sheet to effect desired compositions, as for instance a spelled out name, letter combinations, or the like, as shown in previously mentioned figures of the drawings.
Fig. 6 shows in perspective, a modified form of decalcomania entity embodying this invention.
Fig. 7 shows an end view of another manner of assembling individual decalcomanias into a single entity.
In the drawings, individual decalcomanias IS, 16 and I'l, which are of the negative type, are arranged co-planar in a predetermined format, and adhesively joined to form an entity as indicated generally by the numeral I8, in which assembled Structure, said entity can be then dealt With as a single decalcomania. The individual decalcomanias IE, IS and H, may be joined by an adhesive tape l9 and another 20, along their respective top and bottom edges; said tapes being preferably on the unprinted side of said decalcomanias. Any other suitable tape means may be used, as for instance gummed tape made adhesive by wetting, or that of the pressure sensitivc type. The manner of applying such Structure as a unit onto a surface to be decorated, is as if it was a single decalcomania. which is well known and has been explained.
Having a sheet marked off in rectangles, each of which is a decalcomania of an alphabetical character for instance, depicting different style types, the user may cut out whichever he requires for the Composition he needs, assemble them in substantially co-planar format in any predetermined arrangement, and deal with the resulting entity as a single decalcomania. Such sheet 21, may comprise a row of decalcomanias 22 of one style, while rows 23 and 24, may be characters in oppositely positioned circular segments to form the end decalcomanias 25 and 26 of the monogram assembly shown in Fig. 4.
If desired, said sheet 2! may have water soluble gummed lanes 21, which may be included in each rectangle cut from said sheet, and provide thereby the means for adhesively joining the composite parts of the desired decalcomania assembly. Use thereof, is evident, see Fig. 7.
Of course, the means used for joining the respective individual decalcomanias shall not lie across any part of the ink film. If desired however, a joining tape 28 may be used to effect the assembly as shown in Fig. 6, where said tape lies across the unprinted surface of the individual decalcomanias 29, 30, 3I, over the region of the ink layer of same. In such instance, said tape 28 would need be perforated as indicated by numeral 32 for instance, to permit water to seep through to properly release the ink film from the backing sheets of said respective decalcomanias.
For the purposes of definition herein, the printed side of the backing sheet of the decalcomania, shall be deemed that side carrying the ink film thereon, which film is to be transferred onto a surface to be decorated; it being common in decalcomanias of this type to have showings on the reverse side of the backing sheet in register with the delineations depicted by the ink layer; such showings being indicated by the numerals 15', IE' and I'l', are of non-transferable nature as ordinary printing would be.
For convenience, such reverse side of stock sheet 2! may carry lines 2I' thereon to indicate the cutting lines,V and also marking as 2I'to facilitate alignment in assembly as in Fig. 2. The manner of making assemblies where the individual decalcomanias are arranged in non-alignment relation, is of course evident without further explanation, and the stock sheets may be of all sorts of subject matter.
This invention is capable of numerous forms and various applications without departing from the essential features herein disclosed. It is therefore intended and desired that the particular description herein be deemed illustrative and not restrictive and that the patent shall cover all patentable novelty herein set forth; reference being had to the following claim rather than to the specific embodiments herein shown, to indicate the scope of this invention.
An article of the character described, comprising a plurality of separate decalcomanias arranged in substantially co-planar relation; each decalco-mania including an lnk film on one surface of a backing sheet, and a perforated sheet member permanently adhesively joining the other surfaces of all the backing sheets over the ink film regions; such adhesion being unafected upon application of moisture to the backing members through the perforations of said sheet member to release the ink film on the respective backing sheets.
MELVILLE B. RAPP.
REFEBENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 741,746 Walker Oct. 20, 1903 1,672,512 Yohns June 5, 1928 1,875,410 Babcock Sept. 6, 1932 2,020,717 Ansell Nov. 12, 1935 2,089,779 Adair Aug. 10, 1937 2,394,'701 Laws Feb. 12, 1946