Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2466042 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 5, 1949
Filing dateAug 26, 1947
Priority dateAug 26, 1947
Publication numberUS 2466042 A, US 2466042A, US-A-2466042, US2466042 A, US2466042A
InventorsNechtow Mitchell J, Reich Walter J
Original AssigneeNechtow Mitchell J, Reich Walter J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Internal heat-treatment device
US 2466042 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 5, 1949. w. J. REICH ETAL INTERNAL HEAT-TREATMENT DEVICE Filed Aug. 26, 1947 Inverzfor: Wallis? f Bez'c/z Icc/z-iow- Patented Apr. 5, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE INTERNAL HEAT-TREATMENT DEVICE Walter J. Reich and Mitchell J. Nechtow, Chicago, 111.

Application August 26, 1947, Serial No. 770,708

2 Claims.

This invention relates to a treatment device, and more especially to a hydro-therapy vaginal bag.

In certain inflammatory or other abnormal or undesired conditions of portions of the body it has been found very helpful to apply heat within a body cavity having its walls in the undesired condition, or communicating with or being closely adjacent the organ or organs in the undesired condition, and this application of heat has frequently been effected by flowing a warmed fluid into and out of the body cavity. While this has sometimes been accomplished by the use of hot air, hydro-therapy theatments by the use of warm air are by far the most generally accepted and practiced methods of treatment.

The conditions with which we are particularly concerned are disturbances or abnormalities of the female organs which may be helped by the application of heat, preferably accompanied by mild dilation, within the vaginal vault. Examples of these conditions are inflammations of the walls of the vaginal vault or uterus, or of closely associated parts, too small uteri or vaults, an unduly large uterus which has not regressed or involuted to normalcy following childbirth, and the like, no attempt being made to list all of the conditions under which, and ways in which, our treatment device may be used, as these will be readily apparent not only to a gynecologist, but also to any other skilled physician, to whom uses in other fields will be apparent. For example, the principles of our treatment device are equally applicable to such disorders as those of the prostate gland in a man, where a device of the character disclosed herewith, preferably with a somewhat modified bag shape, may be used in the body cavity adjacent the anus for the application of heat to the prostate gland. The particular device illustrated in the accompanying drawings, however, is an intra-vaginal hydro-therapy or hot compress bag, and the remainder of this specification will concern itself with this device.

Treatment of the interior of a body cavity by flowing a warmed fluid therethrough has heretofore, at least in practice, required expensive and relatively complicated machines for controlling the heating and flow of the fluid and the delivery and discharge thereof from the body vault, as the machines commonly used for the so-called Elliot and Newman treatments. Since these machines are relatively large and expensive, they are not adapted for home use, but require that the treatments be given at a doctors oflices, at a hospital, or the like. Moreover,

the application of heat should preferably be for a substantial period, as of the order of a half hour to an hour, for best results in most cases, and this limits the number of treatments per day which can be given with a machine. These and other disadvantages make such treatments, particularly intra-vaginal hot compress treatments, expensive and inconvenient to the patient, with the result that the treatments are frequently avoided entirely even when their desirability is known, or taken too infrequently or for too short a period for best results.

The treatment device which we are here disclosing and claiming, obviates these and other disadvantages in that it is very inexpensive, small enough to be readily put away in a drawer or cabinet or carried in an overnight bag, and. adapted for self-administered, individual and. private use at the convenience of the patient; and yet it provides all of the effectiveness and beneficial results of treatments heretofore ob-- tainable only away from the home and under medical supervision and administration by oth-- ers.

These and other advantages will be apparent from the following specification and the draw-.

ings, in which:

Figure 1 is an elevational view, partly broken away, of an intra-Vaginal hydro-therapy treatment device embodying our inventions; Figure 2: is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the portion of the device at the lower left of Figure 1; Figure 3 is an enlarged sectional view of the same portion, but transverse to that of Figure 2 and along the line 3-3 of Figure 1; and Figure 4 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the connector device at the upper end of the deliver; tube as shown in Figure 1.

In the particular embodiment of our inventions illustrated herewith there is a bag l0 having in communication with its interior one end of each of a fluid delivery tube ll and a fluid discharge tube l2, the delivery tube having at its other end a connector device l3 and the other end of the discharge tube l2 terminating adjacent but preferably short of said connector device.

The bag I0 is of oblate form and of a size appropriate to the vaginal cavity of the woman who is to use the device. Treatment devices otherwise identical but with bags of several different sizes should be available, and the doctor should provide the patient with a suitably fitting bag when he first prescribes the device and gives instructions in its use. The bag is of flexible lie within the ba I'U so that they communicate with the interior thereof, the neck llla of the bag being sealed around the tubes, slightly backof such ends, in fluid-tight relationship. The other end of the delivery tube ll is provided with the connector device I3, here shown as a .rather long funnel-shaped member of resilient material, as

soft rubber, adapted to be readily slipped onto the, 1

end of a mixing faucet capable of delivering mixed hot and cold water at a suitable temperature above that of the body but not so hot as to cause discomfort or injury to the tissue in contact with the bag. In order to keep the bag dilated during use of the device the discharge tube l2 presents more restriction to flow of fluid therethrough than through the delivery tube I l, preferably by having a substantially smaller internal cross section than the delivery tube. While it will be understood that we are in no way limiting ourselves to specific dimensions in any portion of our device, we have found that a delivery tube with an internal diameter of about a quarter of an inch and a discharge tube with an internal diameter of about an eighth of an inch work well in practice.

It is believed that the manner of using our treatment device will be obvious from the foregoing, and accordingly the same will be only briefly described, and in connection with intravaginal hydro-therapy. The woman using the device for treatment would insert the bag ID (in collapsed condition, and preferably after havin first sterilized the exterior of the bag by boiling water or other suitable means) in suitable position in her vaginal vault, and would slip the connector device 13 up over the end of a mixing faucet sufficiently far to have the connector hold itself firmly in place. The flow of water, and regulation of the temperature by suitable adjustment of the hot and cold water valves, can be effected either before or after placing the connector device IS on the faucet, although it is somewhat preferable to make the initial fiow adjustment before making the connection; and the rate of flow through the faucet should always be made substantially greater than that which the discharge tube l2 will permit at the available water pressures, in order to insure dilation of the bag If) during the treatment. Since the end 121) of the discharge tube is preferably a few inches below the connector device l3, water discharging from such end 12b discharges into the bowl or the tub associated with the faucet being used, and out through the drain opening provided in such bowl or tub. Since the wall material of the bag l0 provides some retardation of heat transfer therethrough, holding a hand or finger where it will be contacted by water leaving the end no of the discharge tube enables adjustment of the Water valves during the treatment period, at such times as changes. in pressure in the hot or cold water pipes mayrequire, to forestall any noticeable changes in the heat being delivered to the tissues in contact with the outer surface of the bag.. When the treatment has been carried on fora suitable period, the water is turned off, the

connector 13 removed from the faucet, and the water drain-ed from the device, whereupon the bag 10 will collapse and can be readily removed. The great ease and convenience of intra-vaginal hydro' therapy treatments by use of our device, particularly in comparison with present treatment methods and devices, will be readily apparent. I I

While we have shown and described certain embodiments of our invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in the constructionand arrangement may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of the'invention as described in the appended claims.

We claim; v

1. A treatment device of the character described, including: a bag of flexible material adapted to be inserted in .abody cavity; a flexible liquid delivery tube having one end opening into the interior of the bag and the other end adapted to be supplied with a stream of liquid; and a flexible liquid discharge tube communicating with the interior of the'b'ag, the internal cross section of the delivery tube being greater than the internal cross section of the discharge tube to present more restriction to flow of liquid through the discharge tube than through the delivery tube. 2. Apparatus of the character claimed in claim 1 wherein: the bag is adapted to be inserted in and fit well inthe vaginal vault of a woman, .said other end of the delivery tube is provided with a connector device adapted to make connection with a faucet, said discharge tube being shorter than said delivery tube and said tubes are fastened together throughout substantially the entire length of the discharge tube.

v WALTER J. REI CI-I'.

IVIITCHELL J. NECHTOW;

REFERENCES CITED The following referencesare of record in the file of this patent:

NITED STATES PATENTS Name Date 380,626 Hamilton Apr. 2, 1888 2,026,747

Nemzek Jan. 7, 1936

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US380626 *Apr 3, 1888 hamilton
US2026747 *Mar 16, 1935Jan 7, 1936William P B NemzekGravity thermal dilator
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3228400 *Dec 3, 1962Jan 11, 1966Armao Thomas ACryogenic capsule probes
US3848607 *Jun 8, 1973Nov 19, 1974M ClairTherapeutic apparatus
US4469103 *Mar 3, 1982Sep 4, 1984Barrett Harold FMethod of treating conditions such as tumors in living bodies
US4628931 *May 18, 1984Dec 16, 1986Barrett Harold FMedical treatment method
US4949718 *Sep 9, 1988Aug 21, 1990Gynelab ProductsIntrauterine cauterizing apparatus
US5226430 *May 24, 1991Jul 13, 1993The Beth Israel HospitalMethod for angioplasty
US5242390 *May 3, 1991Sep 7, 1993Goldrath Milton HEndometrium coagulating surgical method for thermal destruction of the endometrium
US5257977 *Mar 14, 1991Nov 2, 1993Argomed Ltd.Technique for localized thermal treatment of mammals
US5451208 *Sep 2, 1993Sep 19, 1995Goldrath; Milton H.Endometrium coagulating apparatus and surgical method for thermal destruction of the endometrium
US5549559 *Mar 11, 1994Aug 27, 1996Argomed Ltd.Thermal treatment apparatus
US5571153 *Mar 25, 1996Nov 5, 1996Wallst+E,Acu E+Ee N; Hans I.Device for hyperthermia treatment
US5769880 *Apr 12, 1996Jun 23, 1998NovaceptFor use in delivering energy to tissue for ablation
US5800493 *Apr 26, 1995Sep 1, 1998Gynecare, Inc.Intrauterine ablation system
US6139571 *Jul 9, 1997Oct 31, 2000Fuller Research CorporationHeated fluid surgical instrument
US6576001Dec 3, 2001Jun 10, 2003Innercool Therapies, Inc.Lumen design for catheter
US6585752Nov 7, 2001Jul 1, 2003Innercool Therapies, Inc.Fever regulation method and apparatus
US6595967Sep 16, 2002Jul 22, 2003Innercool Therapies, Inc.Collapsible guidewire lumen
US6602276Mar 1, 2001Aug 5, 2003Innercool Therapies, Inc.Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation
US6676688Apr 16, 2001Jan 13, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Method of making selective organ cooling catheter
US6676690Jun 20, 2001Jan 13, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Inflatable heat transfer apparatus
US6685732Aug 17, 2001Feb 3, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation employing microporous balloon
US6692488Apr 12, 2001Feb 17, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Apparatus for cell necrosis
US6702842May 30, 2002Mar 9, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Selective organ cooling apparatus and method
US6726708 *Jun 14, 2001Apr 27, 2004Innercool Therapies, Inc.Therapeutic heating and cooling via temperature management of a colon-inserted balloon
US6813520Jun 23, 1998Nov 2, 2004NovaceptMethod for ablating and/or coagulating tissue using moisture transport
US6849063Nov 5, 1999Feb 1, 2005Wit Ip CorporationThermal treatment apparatus
US6905509Jul 18, 2001Jun 14, 2005Innercool Therapies, Inc.Selective organ cooling catheter with guidewire apparatus and temperature-monitoring device
US7018399Dec 29, 2003Mar 28, 2006Innercool Therapies, Inc.Method of making selective organ cooling catheter
US7052508Nov 18, 2003May 30, 2006Innercool Therapies, Inc.Inflatable heat transfer apparatus
US7066948Mar 8, 2004Jun 27, 2006Innercool Therapies, Inc.Selective organ cooling apparatus and method
US7077825Jan 16, 2002Jul 18, 2006Radiant Medical, Inc.Method for gastric cooling using balloon catheter
US7094253Apr 9, 2003Aug 22, 2006Innercool Therapies, Inc.Fever regulation method and apparatus
US7294142Aug 13, 2002Nov 13, 2007Innercool TherapiesSelective organ cooling catheter with guidewire apparatus and temperature-monitoring device
US7449018Jan 7, 2004Nov 11, 2008Innercool Therapies, Inc.Method and device for performing cooling- or cryo-therapies for, e.g., angioplasty with reduced restenosis or pulmonary vein cell necrosis to inhibit atrial fibrillation employing microporous balloon
US7512445Aug 3, 2005Mar 31, 2009Cytyc CorporationMoisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US7604633Oct 6, 2004Oct 20, 2009Cytyc CorporationMoisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US7674260Apr 28, 2005Mar 9, 2010Cytyc CorporationEmergency hemostasis device utilizing energy
US7731712Dec 20, 2004Jun 8, 2010Cytyc CorporationMethod and system for transcervical tubal occlusion
US7766949Aug 16, 2006Aug 3, 2010Innercool Therapies, Inc.Fever regulation method and apparatus
US7846160Dec 21, 2006Dec 7, 2010Cytyc CorporationMethod and apparatus for sterilization
US7896009Jun 26, 2006Mar 1, 2011Zoll Circulation, Inc.Method for gastric cooling using balloon catheter
US7998182Jan 17, 2006Aug 16, 2011Innercool Therapies, Inc.Selective organ cooling apparatus
US8163000Nov 13, 2007Apr 24, 2012Innercool Therapies, Inc.Selective organ cooling catheter with guidewire apparatus and temperature-monitoring device
US8205779 *Jun 3, 2010Jun 26, 2012Tyco Healthcare Group LpSurgical stapler with tactile feedback system
US8486060Sep 18, 2006Jul 16, 2013Cytyc CorporationPower ramping during RF ablation
US8506563Oct 19, 2009Aug 13, 2013Cytyc Surgical ProductsMoisture transport system for contact electrocoagulation
US8544711Jun 11, 2012Oct 1, 2013Covidien LpSurgical stapler with tactile feedback system
US8551082Mar 19, 2012Oct 8, 2013Cytyc Surgical ProductsRadio-frequency generator for powering an ablation device
US8652190Feb 28, 2011Feb 18, 2014Zoll Circulation, Inc.Heat exchange catheter apparatus and method for manipulating patient's body temperature
US8770460 *Dec 22, 2009Jul 8, 2014George E. BelzerShield for surgical stapler and method of use
US20100163598 *Dec 22, 2009Jul 1, 2010Belzer George EShield for surgical stapler and method of use
US20110017802 *Jun 3, 2010Jan 27, 2011Yong MaSurgical stapler with tactile feedback system
USRE37704Mar 28, 2000May 14, 2002Argomed Ltd.Thermal treatment apparatus
WO1998025557A1 *Oct 29, 1997Jun 18, 1998Alcon Lab IncLiquefaction handpiece
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/105, 601/15, 138/93
International ClassificationA61B17/22, A61F7/00, A61F7/12, A61B17/42
Cooperative ClassificationA61B17/42, A61B2017/22052, A61F2007/0054, A61F7/123
European ClassificationA61F7/12B