US 2469656 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 10, 1949. P, H. LIENERTV- 2,469,656
VAPORIZER Filed April 19', 1946 Patented May 10, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE Claims.
This invention relates to vaporizers.
One objectof this invention is to provide a simple yet effective vaporizer for deodorant, perfume or medicating vapors whereby the vapor is produced by the heat from a suitable source, such as an electric light bulb.
Another object is to provide a vaporizer having a container for liquid and means such as a wick for conveying the liquid to a vaporizing unit placed adjacent the source oi heat, such as an electric light bulb.
Another object is to provide a vaporizer as set forth in the preceding objects, wherein the vaporizing unit is provided with an adjusting device by which the amount of vaporizaticn is easily varied and/or shut off altogether.
Another object is to provide a vaporizer, as set forth in the preceding objects, capable of easy attachment to an electric lighting iixture, such as a night light, the hood oi which assists in concentrating the heat upon the vaporizing unit and increasing its efficiency.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent during the course of the following description of the accompanying drawings, wherein: y
Figure l is a side elevation, partly in central vertical section, of a vaporizer according to a preferred embodiment of the invention, with the electric lighting fixture to which it is attached shown in chain lines;
Figure 2 is a cross-section along the line 2--2 in Figure l; and
Figure 3 is a vertical section through the vaporizing unit, taken along the line 3--3 in Figure i. 0
Referring to the drawings in detail, Figure 1 shows a vaporiser, generally designated IB, acu cor-ding to a preferred embodiment oi the invention, as attached to a source of heat such as an electric lighting xture, generally designated El, by means of a clamp, generally designated l2. The vaporiser i@ consists oi a container i3 oi glass or other suitable material having a chamber lil therein for the reception of liquid i5 to be vaporized. rlhe container i3 is threaded as at l5 to receive the correspondingly threaded cap il of the vaporizing unit, generally designated i8, and a gasket i9 seals the joint therebetween.
The vaporizing unit i8, besides the cap il', consists of a neck 2d, these having an internal bore 2| leading at one end to the chamber id by way of a corresponding hole 22 in the gasket I9. At its opposite end the neck is flared as at 23 into a cylinder 24 having a chamber 25 to which the bore 2| leads. The cylinder 24 is open at its opposite end 25 and is also provided with apertures 2l in side walls thereof aligned with similar apertures 28 in a sleeve-like cap 29 having an end wall 3U closing the open end 25. The cap 29 is slidably and rotatably mounted on the cylinder 2.4i so as to be removable or adjustable, and this is facilitated by the provision of an annular knurled portion 3l for grasping by the fingers of the user. The chamber 25 is provided with a suitable filler or absorber 32, cork being found suitable for this purpose, and has a central bore 33 therethrough for the passage of a wick 34. The latter leads downwardly through the bore 2l and hole 22 into the chamber i4 of the container I3.
The clamp i2 consists of a band of metal or other suitable material having a loop 35 encircling the container I3 at one end and having a larger loop 3G at its other end encircling the electric light fixture li. The free end of the loop l2 is iormed with a reversely bent tab 31 inserted through and hooked around the edge of a slot 38 in an intermediate portion of the clamp I2. An additional slot 35 is provided, where necessary, for the passage of the switch knob 40 of the electric light iixture II. The clamp I2 is preferably of material which is somewhat resilient so that the loop 35 yieldingly grips the container i3 and holds it in place while at the same time permitting it to be slid vertically for adjustment purposes.
The electric light fixture Il may be of any suitable type, the type shown being a conventional night lamp, generally designated 4I, mounted in a socket 42. The latter, as shown, is provided with a base 43 and an upstanding portion 44 containing the usualcontacts (not shown) which are energized by conductors within the usual cable or cord 45.
rhe lamp lll is provided with prongs 46 in its base t?, the prongs 4G being plugged into the socket i2 so as to engage the contacts therein. The lamp di is provided with an upstanding portion ill encircled by the clamp l2 and also con taining the switch (not shown) actuated by the switch knob di). The upstanding portion 43 is provided with a reduced diameter portion 49 containing `the usual socket (not shown) for ren ceiving the base of an electric light bulb 5l, the contacts of which are electrically connected with the prongs i6 actuated by the switch knob 45. v
The reduced diameter portion 4Q of the lamp lil is provided with a groove 52 into which is snapped the mating rib 53 in the base 54 of a hood 55. The latter is of approximately semicircular cross-section and is open at its rearward edge 56.
In the use of the invention, the container I 3 is lled with a suitable vaporizable liquid I5, such as a perfume, a deodorant or a medicament, as desired by the user. The cap I'I is then screwed on, with the Wick 34 projecting downwardly into the liquidIS. The container I3 is adjusted verticallyuntil the sleeve orcap 29 projects into the space between the top of the electric light bulb 5I and the top of the hood 55. The cap 29 is turned by means of the knul-led portion 3l until the holes 2'I and 28 are in alignment so as to open a passageway into the chamber 25 containing the filler 32.
when the electric iight buibtil is iuuminated by throwing the switch knob 4D, the heat therefrom rises and heats up the vaporizing unit I8. Liquid inthe filler 32 within the chamber 25 is vaporized by reason of this heat' andthe vapor passesout throughthe aligned holes 21 and 28, thence out into. the room .through the open side of the hood 55. ,Meanwhile the wick,34 operates byv oapillarity to raise liquid from the cont.
tainer I3 through the. neck 2 li into thechamber 25, replenishing4 the liquid, vaporized from the ller 32. ,The amount and Vrateof vaporization is controlled `by turning the knurledportion 3|, thereby partially closing the passageway formed by the holes 2 1. and 28. terminate the vaporization entirely, the cap 29 is rotated by the knurled portion 31 tofcompletely close this passageway. The hood' 55`meanwhi1e serves to concentrate the heat upon the vaporization unit I8.
While` I have shown anddescribed my inventionin detail, it isto be understood` that the same is to bev limited only, by the appended claimsfor many changes may be made'without departing from the spirit andscopeof my invention. ,y
What I claim is:
1. A vaporizer for attachment to' an electric light fixture containing yan electric .light bulb comprising a. vaporizing liquid. container positioned alongsidesaid electriclight bulb', amounting bracket extending vtransversely from said container and attachable to.said fixture, a tubular vaporizing member connected to and communicatingv with, said lcontainer and positioned transversely to` saidl container'l above said light bulb, aV liquid absorbing,medium vin said Vaporizing member, and a. wick feedingjelement .extending from said liquid container,tosaidvaporizing member.. into communicationiwith said absorbing medium, said.vaporizing,memberA having a port therein for expulsion of vapor` therefrom;
2. A vaporizer for attachment to an electric light fixture ,containing an electric Ylight bulb comprisingA a. vaporizing liquid` container positioned alongside said, electric light bulb, a mounting bracket extending transversely from said containerv and attachable .to said fixture, a tubular vaporizing4 member connected, to and communicating with said container and positioned transversely to said container above said light bulb, a liquid absorbing medium Ain said vaporizing member, a wick feeding element extending from said liquidcontainer. to ,said vaporizing member into communication'with said absorbing medi- When itis desired to.
um, said vaporizing member having a port therein for expulsion of vapor therefrom, and valve means for regulating the expulsion of vapor through said port.
3. A vaporizer for attachment to an electric light iixture containing an electric light bulb comprising a vaporizing liquid container positioned alongside said electric light bulb, a mounting bracket extending transversely from said container' and attachable to said iixture,a tubular vaporizing member connected to and communicating with said container and positioned transversely to said container above said light bulb, a liquid absorbing medium in said vaporizing member, a wick feeding element extending from said liquid container to said vaporizing member into communication with said absorbing medium, said vaporizing member having a port therein for expulsion ofvapor therefrom, and a tubular cap overlying said vaporizing member and having a port alignable withvsaid vaporizing member port.
e. A vaporizer for attachment to an electric t kfixture containing an electric light bulb Sing a vaporizing liquid container posialcngside said electric' light bulb, a f bracket extending transversely from said co. Trier attachable to said fixture, a tubular vaporizing member connected to and communicating with said container and positioned tr visversely to said container above said lig t bi o, a liquid absorbing medium in said va- `said liquidcontainertorsaid vaporizing to communication with said absorbing said vapcrizing member having a port therein for expulsion of Vvapor therefrom, and a tubular cap overlying said vaporizing member and having a port alignable with said vaporizing member port, said cap being slidably mounted on said Vaporizing member whereby to alter the alignment of said ports and regulate the expulsion of vapor therethrough.
5. A vaporizer for attachment to an electric light iixture containing an electric light bulb comprising a tubular vaporizing liquid container positioned alongside said'electric light bulb, a tubular vapcrizing member connected to and communicating with said container and positioned transversely to said container and above said light bulb, a liquid absorbing mediuml in said vaporizing member, a wick feeding element extending from said liquid container tc said vaporizing member into communication with said absorbing mecliwn; said vaporizing member havinrr a port therein for expulsion of vapor therefrom, and a inountingbracket encircling and engaging said container and detachably attachable to said xture.
PETER H. LIENERT.
REFERENCES CITED ,-fie following references are of record in the file of thi