|Publication number||US2469784 A|
|Publication date||May 10, 1949|
|Filing date||Jul 7, 1944|
|Priority date||Jul 7, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2469784 A, US 2469784A, US-A-2469784, US2469784 A, US2469784A|
|Original Assignee||William Quinn|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 10, 1949. w. QUINN RABBIT OR ANIMAL TOILET Filed July 7, 1944 ATTORNEY Patented May 10, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RABBIT OR ANIMAL TOILET William Quinn, New York, N. Y.
Application July 7, 1944, Serial No. 543,849
21 Claims. 1
This invention relates to new and useful improvements in a hygienic rabbit or animal toilet.
More specifically, the invention proposes the construction of an animal toilet, such as a toilet for a rabbit hutch, characterized by a receiver for animal excreta and a seat for the animal provided with a hole opening into the receiver and a slanting fioor directed downwardly toward the hole.
Still further it is proposed to provide a toilet as aforesaid having means for removably securing the toilet seat to the receiver.
Still further it is proposed to provide a toilet of the aforementioned type in which the receiver has a bottom wall slanting oppositely to the slanting seat floor.
For further comprehension of the invention, and of the objects and advantages thereof, reference will be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, and to the appended claims in which the various novel features of the invention are more particularly set forth.
In the accompanying drawings forming a material part of this disclosure:
Fig. l is a perspective view of a hygienic animal toilet constructed in accordance with this invention.
Fig. 2 is a central section of the toilet taken on line 22 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the receiver, per se.
Fig. 4 is an inverted plan view of the seat, per
Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmentary section on the line 6-6 of Fig. 3.
Fig. '7 is a section similar to Fig. 2 showing the toilet constructed in accordance with a modification of this invention.
Fig. 8 is an inverted plan of the seat of Fig. 7.
The animal toilet, constructed in accordance with this invention, comprises a receiver I and a seat member I I removably secured thereto. The receiver I0 is of round dish-shape and includes a bottom wall I2 and an upstanding cylindrical wall I3 formed on the upper edge thereof with three equidistant dove-tail tongues I4, each tongue I4 being curved concentric with the wall I3 and being relatively short in length.
Seat member II has a floor I surrounded for the greater part of its circumference by an upstanding wall IB. Wall I6 at the rear reaches its greatest height and from this point slants downwardly toward the front where it blends into the floor I5 leaving a narrow entrance way I1.
A hole I8 is formed in the floor I5 and opens into the receiver I0. Floor I5 has a top face I9 which slants rearwardly toward the hole I8.
Three equidistant rectangular recesses 20 are formed in the bottom face of the floor I5, and a dove-tail groove 2| extends from each of these recesses. Recesses 2|] are adapted to mate with tongues I4 so that seat member II may rest securely on the top edge of the receiver I0. By rotating the seat member I I relative to the receiver ID the tongues can be caused to move into the grooves 2|, thereby removably securing the seat member I I to the receiver I0 so that they form a unit which can be picked up as one piece, and which will not become separated by antics of the animals in the cage in which the unit is used.
The operation of this form of device is as follows:
It is well known that a rabbit living in a hutch will make a habit of excreting his body wastes in one corner of the hutch. This has the disadvantage of wetting the hutch, making it dirty, carrying disease, and smelling and infecting other and adjacent hutches, especially a hutch in a tier immediately beneath the hutch in question. The present invention is directed toward providing a toilet which may be disposed in such a corner, the toilet being constructed to be hygienic and to be attractive to the rabbit and therefore to be utilized by it.
The toilet aforedescribed is so designed as to automatically operate correctly with dumb animals. It is well known that a rabbit is attracted to a nest or any similar retreat or shelter in a hutch. Very often a rabbit in a hutch will seek shelter in a feeding dish or the like. The present toilet is provided with an entrance way I'I opposite the opening I8, the rest of the toilet being surrounded by the wall I6. Thus a rabbit entering the toilet must enter through the entrance way I'I. It is natural with rabbits to always sit facingthe opening of the retreat in which they have sought shelter. This is an inherent trait of rabbits and it is taken advantage of here so that when the rabbit is sitting on the seat member II, his excretory organs will be disposed in the vicinity of the hole I8. Thus his excreta, both urine and pellets, will be dropped through the hole I8 into the receiver I0 which will be large enough to take several days excreta. The receiver forms an ideal receptacle for pellets and urine,' preventing contamination of the hutch-and providing simple means for 001- lecting the pellets for use as fertilizer.
The slanting face I9 of floor I5 assures that the While, as aforedescribed, it is natural for a,
rabbit to utilize the toilet of the present invention, this utilization may be enhanced in the first instance by depositing some excreta in the receiver, the rabbit then following another natural characteristic of depositing his excreta successively in the same place.
In the modification of the invention shown in Figs. '7 and 8, the construction of the toilet ,is similar to that previously described except that the seat member H has an annular'fiange'22 which surrounds the receiver I0, and a tongue 23 which fits in a groove24 formed in the wall l3 aof 'the receiver. Tongue 23 'and groove '24 assure .that. seat member l I may properly be associated with receiver ill in only one position. Seat mem- :-ber H-has a slanting face I9 directed toward a :hole l8'.and the bottom wall I? of receiver -Ill .has a top face 25 which slants in a reverse direction from the the face l9. Thus when excreta drops through hole l8 onto the face 25,
it flows ,or rolls away from the hole I8 so that a .pile does notiorrn under hole l3 and block the entrance. of further excreta.
-While the toilet has been described in relation tocits operation as a toilet for use in a rabbit :hutch,-it may of course be employed as a toilet for other types of animals. It may be made of any suitable non-porous material such as plastic,
.pottery, :glass or metal.
in the-appended claims.
Having thus describednmy invention, .what I claimas new, and desire to secure by United States Letters Patent, is: I
1. A-hygienic rabbit or animal toilet comprisingabottom waste container having a floor. and
an upstanding circular wall, and an animal housv.ing receptacle having a circular animal concealing wall of the same approximate diameter as .the, circular wall of said waste. container, said receptacle having an open top, said animal con- .cealing wall being provided with a narrow entrance way near one side and progressively increasing in height from each side of said entrance way to. a high. point opposite said entrance way,
.said .animal housing receptacle having a floor spaced above the floor of thewaste container and provided with a discharge opening for waste located adjacent to the high point of said animal concealing wall, whereby an animal will be caused to rest on said floor of said housing receptacle with its head adjacent the entrance way and with its body discharge openings located adjacent the waste discharge opening of said housing receptacle floor, the animal housing receptacle being detachably mounted on the waste container and interlocked against accidental separation.
2. A hygienic toilet for rabbits and animals comprising a bottom waste container having a floor and an upstanding circular wall, equally spaced dovetailed projections formed on the top edge of said circular wall, and an animal hous- 'ing receptacle having an open top and a floor seating on said circular wall of said waste container, said floor of said receptacle being formed 5 in'its bottom face with equally spaced dovetailed grooves in which said dovetailed projections are received, said receptacle being formed with an .upstanding circular wall formed with an entrance way in one side thereof and increasing progressivelyin height from. each side of said entrance way to a high point oppositesaid entrance way, said. floor of said receptacle beingv sloped downward from said entrance way and having a low point formed with a discharge hole adjacent the high point of the circular wallof said receptacle, the floor of said receptacle being spaced above the floor of said waste containerso that waste dropping through said discharge hole will collect in the space between said fioors, each of said dovetailed grooves continuing at one end into a recess into which said dovetailed projections can be engaged byturning said receptacle relative to said waste container, whereby said receptacle can .be separated from said container to permit waste collected in said container to be spilled therefrom byturning said receptacle relative to said contamer aligningsaid dovetailed projections with .said recesses ireeing'said receptacle to be lifted off said container.
REFERENCES CITED The following references areof record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 843,850 Smidesang Feb. 12, 1907 884,457 Boydelatour Apr.\-14,-1908 902,508 Rathborne Oct..27,1908 921,669 Blake May11,1909
.1-:-,239,'Z04- Lee etal. Sept. 11,1917 1,813,329 Supplee July 7, 1931 1 9711708 Decker Aug. 28,1934 2,053,594 Albert Sept. 8, 1936 ..2=, 182,-980 4 Bruzenak Dec. 12,1939 2,222,974 Bow Nov. 26, '1940 2,230,861 Buehler Feb. 4, 1941 OTHER REFERENCES Popular Mechanics Magazine, page 113,.De- .cember 1943.
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|U.S. Classification||119/161, 4/449, D30/161, 232/43.2|