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Publication numberUS2471193 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 24, 1949
Filing dateMay 18, 1945
Priority dateMay 18, 1945
Publication numberUS 2471193 A, US 2471193A, US-A-2471193, US2471193 A, US2471193A
InventorsBrower James E
Original AssigneeBrower James E
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Beam compass
US 2471193 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 24, 1949 y J, E. BRowER l l 2,471,193

BEAM coMPAss Filed May 18' 1945 N N" INVENTOR. hb N (/gme /ffaW gg n Bv ATI'D RN EYE Patented May 24, `1949 UNITED STATES PATENT UFFI CE BEAM COMPASS` James E. Brower, Pleasantville, N. J.

Application May 18, 1945, Serial No. 594,388

3 Claims.

My present invention, in its broad aspect, has to do with improvements in Compasses, especially for making circles, and in improvements in bars for supporting the same. More particularly, it is my purpose to provide a sectional and extensible bar which may be extended to almost twice its compacted length, and provided with instrument (such as pencils and pens) or point supports slidably mounted thereon, and provided for clamping means for holding the section of the bar in adjusted position and to hold the supports in adjusted position. Said supports, or travelers, are provided with elongated vertical openings, as also are end blocks on the sections of the bar, to the end that the instrument, or points are adjustable to assume an incline position to properly center points and instruments, and to scribe figures which are circles, and figures which are not circles, as for instance, ellipses and the like. In addition, I provide for novel carriers for the points and instruments, such as pencils, pens and the like, and novel means for holding the same in the slidable or fixed supports. Furthermore, my device is capable of very ne adjustments, and is sturdy, practical, and designed to fulll a number of purposes.

Other and equally important objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the accompanying description and drawings, but I Wish it understood that changes in form, size, shape, construction and arrangement of parts is permissible, and is contemplated Within my broad inventive concept and the scope of the appended claims.

In the drawings wherein I have illustrated a preferred form of my invention:

Figure .1 is a side elevation of my device;

Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1, but with one of the instruments removed to show construction of an end block;

Figure 3 is a section on the line 3-3 of Figure 1, and

Figure 4 is a section on the line 4-4 of Figure 1.

In the drawings wherein I have illustrated a preferred form of my invention:

The numeral I designates my bar, which is formed with similar sections 2 and 3, and each section has an end block 4 having a curved top and bottom 5 and a vertical elongated slot 6 with arcuate end walls 'I and parallel side walls 8. The opposite end of each section carries a serrated nut 8a attached by a screw 8b to the section end. The blocks are of a length exceeding the width of the sections 2 and 3. The bar sections 2 and 3 are designed to be placed side by side, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, and clamped together in various adjusted positions lengthwise to vary the length of the bar as a Whole, which may be adjusted from a compact position to an extended position of almost twice its compact length.

Mounted for sliding movement on the bar are a plurality of instruments (such as pens and pencils) and point supports or travelers 9, each of which is longer than the width of the'bar sections, and wider than both sections, and is transversely slotted as at I 0 to receive the sectoins therethrough. A U-shaped bearing plate or clip II is provided with the bight against a wall of the slot and the ends engaged about the body, as shown in Figure 2, and a thumb nut I2 is provided in the side of each support or traveler, which bears against the plate or clip II to clamp the bar sections 2 and 3 together and to hold the support or traveler in adjusted position thereon. Each support or traveler has arcuately curved upper and loWer faces I3 and is formed with an elongated, vertical slot I4 in the thick portion I5 thereof, which has arcuate ends I6 and parallel side walls Il. Slots I0 and I4 communicate, as shown in Figure 4. Each point I8 is knurled, as at I9, and threaded as at 20, and has attened plane sides 2l, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, to be received in slots I4. Knurled nuts 22 and 23 are threaded thereon to engage above and below the supports or travelers, and the lowermost nut 23 has an enlarged bore 24 so that it may be threaded down to overlie the knurled portion I9. The points I8 are movable to various inclined positions, as shown in Figure 1, to make ner adjustment on centering points and to draw circles and figures which may not be circles, such as ellipses and the like. The curved faces I3 facilitate the angular adjustment and permit the nuts 22 and 23 being tightened up against such faces to hold the points in the angular position. Points or instruments may be similarly supported and adjusted on the blocks 4. An instrument, such as a pencil 25 has a carrier 26 having a tubular knurled ferrule 2'I on the threaded shank 28, and the nuts 22 and 23 are similar to those used for the points. Instead of a pencil, a pen, or any other instrument may be used.

From the foregoing, it is believed that the operation and advantages of my invention will be apparent, but it is again emphasized that interpretation of the scope of my invention should only be conclusive when made in the light of the subioined claims.

I claim:

1. A compass device, 'c omprising a sectional longitudinal adjustable bar, a block formed on one of the ends of each section and having arcuate upper and lower faces, and a vertical elongated slot, a plurality of supports slidably mounted on the bar and having a transverse slot through which the sections of the bar are received, clamping nuts for holding the sections in adjusted position and the supports in place thereon, said supports having upper and lower arcuate faces and an elongated vertical slot, and implements carried in the slots of the supports and blocks and angularly movable with respect thereto, means for clamping the implements in position, said means engaging the arcuate faces of the supports and blocks.

2. The invention as defined in claim 1 wherein the implements have threaded portions extending through the slots, nuts on said threaded portions, fiat sides on said implements, and the slots have arcuate ends.

3. The invention as dened in claim 1 wherein implements are carried in the supports and blocks and have threaded extensions formed with fiat plane sided opposed parts, and nuts are carried thereon engaging the arcuate faces above and below the blocks and supports.


REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 684,452 Muehlberg Oct. 15, 1901 913,993 Turnbull Mar. 2, 1909

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US684452 *May 18, 1901Oct 15, 1901Karl Oswald MuehlbergBeam-compass.
US913993 *May 28, 1908Mar 2, 1909Stanley Rule & Level CoTrammel-point.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2656605 *Feb 11, 1952Oct 27, 1953Schlieder Leland FChalk holder or the like
US2693033 *Dec 5, 1950Nov 2, 1954Acker Jr Hobart WilliamInstrument for checking the distance between holes of different diameters
US2831255 *Mar 9, 1954Apr 22, 1958Ebert Robert JMultiple speed compass
US5509207 *Sep 9, 1994Apr 23, 1996Harms; Dale N.Speed layout stick
US6907669 *Jan 28, 2004Jun 21, 2005Kedu HanDrawing compass
US7010861 *Jun 28, 2004Mar 14, 2006Michael NicholsonMarking system
US7137206 *Jan 19, 2005Nov 21, 2006The Antioch CompanyWriting guide
US20050283986 *Jun 28, 2004Dec 29, 2005Michael NicholsonMarking system
US20060156557 *Jan 19, 2005Jul 20, 2006Carmen Lira-NunezWriting guide
WO2002102556A1 *Jun 17, 2002Dec 27, 2002High Richard CPrecision alignment and marking device
U.S. Classification33/27.3, 33/41.4, 33/27.31
International ClassificationB43L9/04, B43L9/00
Cooperative ClassificationB43L9/04
European ClassificationB43L9/04