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Publication numberUS2471560 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 31, 1949
Filing dateNov 9, 1945
Priority dateNov 9, 1945
Publication numberUS 2471560 A, US 2471560A, US-A-2471560, US2471560 A, US2471560A
InventorsEverson Russell B, Ward William E
Original AssigneeOkonite Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sparking electrode for dry electrical testing of insulated wire
US 2471560 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. SPARRING ELECTRODE FOR DRY EL y 1949- B. EVERSON ET AL ,471,

ECTRICAL TESTING OF INSULATED WIRE Filed Nov. 9, 1945 Patented May 31, 1949 SPARKING ELECTRODE Eon DRY ELECTRI- CAL TESTING OF: INSULATED WIRE Russell Everson,

E. Ward, Dover, N. 1.,

Company, Passaic, N.

Jersey Tallman, N. Y., and William assignors to The Okdnlte a corporation of New Application November 9, 1945, Serial No. maze 4 Claims. 1

Our invention relates to an improvement in sparking electrodes for use in the dry electrical testing of insulated wire.

Prior to our invention it has been the custom to dry test insulated wire by the use of close fitting pipe, dangling metallic chains, etc. None of these prior devices completely contacted the entire cable surface and depended on the voltage jumping over the other part of the insulation surface.

One of the objects of our invention is to provide a sparking electrode for the dry testing of insulated wire wherein substantially the entire surface of the insulation is contacted.

Another object of our invention is to provide a sparking electrode for the dry testing of insulated wire which is of such construction that a range of sizes of wire may be tested in the same electrode with equal facility.

Still another object of our invention is to provide a sparking electrode for the dry electrical testing of insulated wire wherein multi-conductor insulated wire may be dry-tested readily.

Further objects and advantages of our invention will appear from the detailed description which follows.

In the accompanying drawin Fig. l; is an elevational view of our improved device;

Fig. 2 is a section on and Fig. 3 is a section on the line B-B of Fig. 1 but with the box or housing in open position ready to receive the wire to be tested.

Referring to the drawings in detail, our improved sparking electrode comprises a casing, housing or box 2 within which we mount a plurality of spring roller contacts or electrodes 4. In the drawings we have shown two pairs of roller contacts, one pair being mounted in the housing itself, the other pair being mounted in the upper half or cover 6 of the housing.

Each roller contact comprises a pair of discs I, mounted in spaced relation on a bearing shaft i secured to the housing or to the housing cover. Bridging or spanning each pair of discs are coil springs l2. These springs provide or constitute the roller contact periphery or body, and they are preferably set out of parallel with the axis of rotation of the roller as shown in the drawwa As will be seen the line AA of Fig. 1;

from Fig. 1 the rollers 4 are trated in Fig. 1, the wire being grounded as indicated at I8 and voltage applied to the electrodes as indicated at 20.

Inasmuch as each electrode is freely rotatable on its own axis, and by reason of the staggered disposition of the electrodes and theprovision of the spring metal body will be appreciatedthat when an insulated wire is fed through the tester substantially every part of the surface of the insulation is contacted. Fig. 2 illustrates this feature.

The provision of contact rollers of the spring type has an advantage other than those mentioned in that it permits of a wide range of wire' sizes to be tested in the one tester.

As above mentioned the springs l2of each contact roller are preferably set out of parallel with the axis of the roller, that is diagonally of the arranged in staggered relation to each other.

The insulated wire iii, the insulation is of which roller. We find this beneficial in the testing of multi-conductor .wire in that the springs may be set to extend at about the same angle as the conductors of the multi'conductor wire so as to roll down in between these conductors during testing- It will be understood by those skilled in this art that inv the use of our device with voltage applied to the roller contacts 4 and with the wire l6 grounded, the insulated wire is run' continuously through the device and any holes and imperfections in the insulation is will be indicated by the heavy surges produced in the current to the roller contacts.

For protection of personnel we provide the insulation shown at 22.

It is to be understood that changes may be made in the details of construction and arrange- 'ment of parts herein shown and described within the purview of our invention.

What we claim is:

1. Testing apparatus for the dry testing of the insulation of electrically insulated wire, said ap-. paratus comprising in combination a plurality of rotatable electrodes disposed in staggered relation along and about a common axis, said electrodes being rotatable about axes-positioned at right angles circumferentially about said common axis, each electrode comprising a pair of spaced heads the plane of which is parallel to said common axis, spring metal members spanning or bridging said heads and constituting the body of each electrode, said spring metal members being adapted to engage the surface of the insulation under test when a wire the insulation of which is to be tested is moved along said comis to be tested, is fed through the box as illus- 56 mo xis,

for each electrode, it

2. Testing apparatus for the dry testing of the insulation of electrically insulated wire, said apparatus comprising in combination a plurality of metal electrodes disposed in staggered relation about a common axis, each electrode comprising a roller composed of two spaced heads and a spring metal body, the plane of the heads being parallel to said common axis and each electrode body bein adapted to be deformed to the contour of the insulation of a wire moving along said common axis, the electrodes being rotatable about axes positioned substantially at right angles about said common axis, the electrodes being so spaced that substantially the entire surface of the insulation under test is contacted by the electrodes during the passage of a length of wire the insulation of which is to be testedalong said common axis.

insulation of electrically insulated wire, said apparatus comprising in combination a plurality of rotatable electrodes disposed in staggered relation along and about a common axis, said electrodes being rotatable about axes positioned at right angles circumferentially about said common axis, each electrode comprising a pair of spaced heads the plane of which is parallel to said com mon axis, coil springs spanning or bridging said heads and constituting the body of each elec- 3. Testing apparatus for the dry testing of the trode, said springs being adapted to engage the surface of the insulation of an insulated wire under test as the wire is moved along said common axis.

4. Testing apparatus for the dry testing of the insulation of electrically insulated wire, said apparatus comprising in combination a plurality of electrodes disposed in staggered relation along and about a common axis, said electrodes being rotatable about axes positioned at right angles circumferentially about said common axis, each electrode comprising a pair of spaced heads the plane of which is parallel to said common axis, coil springs spanning or bridging said heads and extending diagonally of the roller axis, said springs constituting the electrode body and being adapted to contact the surface of the insulation of an insulated wire as the wire is moved along said common axis.

RUSSELL B. EVERSON. WILLIAM E. WARD.

REFERENCES CITED UNITED STATES PATENTS I I}:

. Number Name Date 444,447 Lieb Jan. 13, 1891 976,172 Harris Nov. 22, 191

1,407,693 Heany Feb. 2B, 192

1,938,684 Bond Dec. 12, 1933 2,332,182 Stearns Oct. 19, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 348,311 Great Britain May 14, 193i

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US444447 *Nov 28, 1890Jan 13, 1891 Charles a
US976172 *May 26, 1909Nov 22, 1910Edward K HarrisTrolley-wheel.
US1407693 *Dec 6, 1918Feb 28, 1922Rockbestos Products CorpInsulation-testing device
US1938684 *Sep 25, 1931Dec 12, 1933Bell Telephone Labor IncTesting apparatus
US2332182 *Aug 23, 1941Oct 19, 1943Stearns Dick EInsulation testing device
GB348311A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2900597 *Dec 6, 1956Aug 18, 1959Okonite CoApparatus for testing electric cable insulation
US3267369 *Apr 15, 1963Aug 16, 1966Vector Cable CompanyMethod and apparatus for testing cable cores including means for causing the cable to twist about its longitudinal axis
US3343081 *Dec 13, 1965Sep 19, 1967Price Co H CDetecting apparatus including resilient moisture absorbent roller means for locatingdiscontinuities in non-conductive coatings on conductive objects
US3355664 *Jun 12, 1964Nov 28, 1967Rome Cable CorpApparatus for measuring insulation thickness of coated conductors
US3538436 *Jun 12, 1967Nov 3, 1970Purdue Research FoundationDevice for determining the energization state of the center conductor of a shielded cable by sensing a voltage drop in the semiconductor sheath of the cable
US3943438 *Nov 18, 1974Mar 9, 1976Zenith Radio CorporationApparatus for testing a hermetic seal in a glass cathode ray tube
US5050093 *Oct 19, 1989Sep 17, 1991The Boeing CompanyMethod and apparatus for inspecting electrical wire
US5525915 *Jan 27, 1995Jun 11, 1996Hi-Test Detection Instruments Ltd.Electrical conductivity tester for ropes
US7489140Nov 5, 2007Feb 10, 2009Southwire CompanyApparatus, method and system for spark testing an insulated cable
DE965947C *Feb 9, 1954Jun 27, 1957Siemens AgVorrichtung zur Pruefung unrunder isolierter elektrischer Leitungen
Classifications
U.S. Classification324/515
International ClassificationG01R31/02
Cooperative ClassificationG01R31/022
European ClassificationG01R31/02B2