|Publication number||US2471675 A|
|Publication date||May 31, 1949|
|Filing date||Aug 28, 1944|
|Priority date||Aug 28, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2471675 A, US 2471675A, US-A-2471675, US2471675 A, US2471675A|
|Inventors||De Jongh Peter|
|Original Assignee||Lou R Crandall|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (5), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May 3l, 1949. P. DE JoNGH 2,471,675
POULTRY HOUSE Filed Aug. 28, 1944 4 Sheets-Sheet l if 1 Y Perse Devo/96H.
May 31, 1.949. i EDE JONGH 2,471,675
POULTRY HOUSE Filed Aug. 28, 1944 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 May 31, 1949. P. DE JONGH 2,471,675
POULTRY HOUSE Filed Aug. 28, 3.944k 4 Shee'ts-Sheefl 3` 7 3m 69 48 FY 0, 49 49 37 l IIx 40 49 l /2 l f5 r E z N f 44 (n X o /2 f 2a.
P. DE JONGH POULTRY HOUSE May 3l, 1949.
Filed Aug. 28, 1944.
' PEI-Ee fuomcfr.
Patented May 3 1, 1949 UNITED STATES 4PTl'-N'I' ICE POULTRY HOUSE Peter y.De Jongh, Arlington, N. J., assgnor to'jLou R. Crandall, New York, N. Y.
15 Claims. '1
My invention relates to building structures, particularly to a prefabricated structure such as a poultry house.
An important object oi the invention is to produce a poultryhouse which is of quarter .elliptic cross-section with a rectangular vertical front wall, quarter elliptic end walls and a roof Wall or deck supported by the front and side walls sloping downwardly from the front Wall to the ground in a quarter elliptic plane.
A further object is to construct the front and side Walls of vertical studs in the form of lengths kof piping or YSteel tubing to .be held spaced .apart by joist or spacer member-s, Vand. rafters in the form of lengths of st eel tubing or piping Vleent into bow shape to support preferably .a `Slueet metal roofing or decking.
A further object is t provide simple connector fittings readily stamped from sheet metal `for anchoring the studs -to a floor structure, or for connecting ytogetl'ier the upper ends of the studs and the rafter members, and with .these ttings provided with horizontal supporting flanges for the joist or spacer members which are preferably of Wood.
A further object is -to adapt the iittings for supporting nailing blocks, .preferably of Wood, against the inner sides of .the studs and the rafter members to which blocks sheets of suitable material may be nailed for lining of the front and end walls, and the roof Wall formed by the pipes and joists, the Wood joists or spacers providing support against which corrugated orother type oi sheeting may be secured against the outer side of the wall structures and the roof structure.
Another object is to provide window and door sections or panels which .are .completely prefabrioated for delivery and to be installed as units in connection with other panels and the supporting studs and rafters.
A further object is .to have the connector f1ttings already secured in place .on the studs so that the only .field work required, when :the house is to be set up, is the insertion r,and securing of the wood spacers, and the nailing .blocks to which the inner lining and the outer ,metal sheathing are to be nailed.
The above and other Aimportan-.t .features of the invention will become apparent fromthe following detailed .specification in connection with the ,accompanying drawings, in which drawings:
Figure 1 is a perspeetiue elevation of a poultry house embodying .the `features of my invention;
Figure 2 is a Perspective View Voi the house partly assembled; Figure 3 is a crossfuotion -looking from the interior .of the house to ,show the connecting arrangement between the studs, rafters and spacers in one of the end Walls ,and the .connections of the studs and rafters with the flooring;
Figure 4 is .a ililllgtildiznal section on plane yIV--IV .of Figure 3 allowing the interconnection between .studsintlgie iront Walls and the rafters, and connection of the studs with the flooring;
Figure 5 an enlarged elevation of the lower end of one of the studs and the oQlSlnector fitting for 4holding yit in plaoe in the floor boards;
Figure -6 is .an lsul.-aiefsd section, such as section -VI-VI on `Figure A showing the yconnector -tting arrangement :for seeurin-g .a corner .stud .Post to .the flooring;
.Figure 'lis auenlargesi elevation fof the structurewtliin the dotted line 'V11 Figure 4 showing the conneetirigfarrangement lloetween a window panel and adaoent-paoel .or section;
Figure :8 ,is .a section ,on plane Vin-VIII of Figure 7*;
Figure r9 is .an enlarged `elevation of the connecting arrangement #within :the dotted line e of Figure :betweeuone the ,studs .and one of the rafters;
Figure-1.0 .is anenlarged elevation .of the connecting ,arrangement :within the dotted line X, figures, tosliow the connection between .one of v`the spacers and .a reiter;
Figure 1l is a Setongon @laine XL-XI .of Figure 10;
Figure 12 is an .enlarged section von plane `XII-.XII of v,Figure A.4: .and
Figure i3 -is an .enlarged .section .on plane MII-XLII of `Figure 4.
Referring to Figure il, vtime.iriouse shown comprises :a front wail structure A, end .wall struetures B, and ,roofing ic, `the .end wall structures being each of substantially quarter .elliptical Shape so that the rooms-Sexcams .down along .the tops of the ,front and .end .wall struotures to :terminate .at :the :Hoon @ne .of .the end wail structures .is ;.;usually :provided -with .a door D,
while the front Wall structure A may be provided with a desired number of windows and one or more entrance openings F for the poultry. Figure l shows a one unit house having one Window and one poultry entrance, but the length of the house can be extended to embody a number of units.
Referring to Figures 2 and 3, the skeleton structure for each end wall comprises intermediate studs ill and a corner stud Ia, a rafter Ii, and spacers I2, together with connectors or ttings for connecting these parts together. The studs are preferably in the form of lengths of pipe or steel tubing and the rafter II is in the form of a length of pipe or tubing bent to extend downwardly from the top of the corner stud lilo: and across the tops of the intermediate studs and to terminate at the oor, the bend of the rafter being substantially quarter elliptical.
The studs when delivered for assembly of the house have secured thereto fittings for connection at their upper ends with the corresponding rafters, and at their lower ends with sill boards i3 which are secured to a supporting platform or iioor G, usually of cement.
Referring to Figure 4, the supporting skeleton framework for the front wall structure A includes the end or corner studs Illa of the end walls B, and a number of intermediate studs ifi, depending upon the length of the house. The studs divide the front wall structure into panels or sections which are preferably all of the same width and one or more of these panels or sections will include window structure E and entrance structure F. As shown on Figure e, every other front wall panel is provided with a window and entrance structure. These sections or panels providing the window and entrance structures are preferably completely prefabricated. 'These prefabricated panel units are mounted on the floor sill board I3 and intermediate rafters I5 are secured thereto.
Figure 5 shows the manner of anchoring the intermediate studs of the front or side wall structures to the oor, While Figure 6 shows the manner of anchoring the corner studs Hic to the oor. The studs rest on the sill boards I 3 and are kept properly spaced by spacer strips i6, preferably of wood, which are secured to the sill boards as by means of screws Il, Figure 5. Some l of these screws may also serve to secure a sheet metal connector or fitting I3 which folds the studs in place. The iitting comprises the U- shaped body part I9 which between its ends receives a stud I or I li to be secured thereto as by a bolt 2B. Extending from the lower edges of the legs of the fitting body I9 are the flanges 2l which engage against the tops of the adjacent spacer strips I and which receive screws il for securing the tting to the spacer strips and thereby to the sill board I3. In the fitting, between the stud and the yoke of the body I9 is interposed a nailing block 22, preferably of wood, this nailing block being of a width equal substantially to the diameter of the studs so as to be interposed between the ends of adjacent spacer strips I 5 and with the inner faces of the blocks flush with the inner sides of the strips.
Figures 7 and 8 show the connecting arrangement between the intermediate studs lf2 of the front wall structure A and the front ends of the intermediate rafter I5. Fittings IS secured to the upper ends of the studs i4 by bolts 20 receive on their flanges 2l the adjacent ends of spacers or headers 23, the headers being secured to the flanges by screws 24. Nailing blocks 25 are held by the fittings I8 against the inner sides of the studs I il. Fittings I8 are secured to the forward ends of each of the intermediate rafter pipes i5 by means of bolts 25, the flanges 2! of the ttings being secured against the inner faces of the adjacent header strips 23, the ttings receiving the nailing blocks 2.
Figure 6 shows a manner of connecting the lower ends of corner studs Illa to the floor. The corner fitting 28 comprises a U-.shaped body 23 through which extends the corner stud ia seu cured as by a bolt 3S, a flange 3i on the body being secured by a bolt or screw 32 to the adjacent spacer strip I5. A plate 33 is secured to the outer leg of the body 2S, as by spot welding, and has a flange 3d secured as by a screw or bolt 35 to the end of the adjacent spacer strip i5 which at its other end is secured by one of the ttings i8 to the adjacent intermediate stud lil of the corresponding end wall structure. The fittings 35 (Figures 2 and e) for connecting together the corner studs lila with the end rafters I I are the same as the fittings it except that the outer flanges 2l are omitted.
Figure 9 shows to an enlarged scale the connection between the upper ends of the intermediate studs I3 of the end wall structures with the end rafters li. A fitting 3l is adapted for this connection comprising the U-shaped body 38 for receiving the rafter I I and having the flange 39 which is secured to one end of a spacer 4D. The body 33 has a U-shaped member il secured thereto as by welding, and this member receives the upper end of an intermediate stud I@ to be secured thereto as by a -bolt 42. The body 3S also supports a nailing block 43.
Figures l0 and 11 show a connection arrangement like Figure 9, except that the extension 4I on the body 38 receives the end of a horizontal spacer E-i, instead of the end of a stud. The end 44' of the spacer is cut down to reduced width to t into the extension 6I to be secured thereto by the bolt B2. The spacer ell extends to the adjacent intermediate stud Ill on which is a fitting, like the iittingY I8 whose one flange receives the end of the spacer M and whose other flange receives the end of a spacer i2 extending to the other intermediate stud IB to be secured to a fitting i6 which also supports the next spacer I2 extending to the corner stud Illa and secured thereto by a fitting, such as a fitting like the f1tting 28 shown on Figure 6.
As shown ony Figure 11, the ends of the spacers ld are recessed to receive nailing blocks llt to which are secured nailing blocks 4l extending into the recess ends 44 of the spacers 44. Between the connections 37 of the studs with the rafters Il, the rafters have fittings in the form of straps i8 (Figures 2 and 3) secured thereto for holding nailing blocks 69. As shown on Figures 2, 3 and 11, lining panels 5I for the end wall structures are nailed to the blocks 41 and 49, and to blocks 52 secured by suitable fitting 53 to the intermediate studs Ii), the end panels being also nailed to the blocks 5ft and the spacers I2 held to the studs Ill by the fittings I8. Intermediate iittings I8 on the studs of the front wall strucure A support Spacers 55 (Figure 4) which are secured to the fitting anges, and to the blocks 56 held by these fittings and to the spacers 55, the lining paneling for the front wall structure is nailed.
Metallic outer sheathing for the end walls, preferably corrugated sheathing 55a is secured by I on the sill boards I3. The corrugated sheath.A
ing 5E for the front wall structure A is nailed to the headers 23 and to the various spacer strips between the studs of the lfront Wall structure.
At their inner ends, the spacers 40 extending from the end rafters aresecured to the adjacent intermediate rafters I5 by fittings like the fittings I8, and these tting-s also secu-re the intermediate spacers 51 (Figure 2) to the intermediate rafters. The roong 58, also in the form of corrugated metal sheathing, is carried by the rafters and is secured to the various spacers 4U and 51. The front end of the roofing is nailed to the cross headers 23 of the fron-t 4wal1 structure and project a distance beyond 'the front wall to provide an eave 59. Ceiling panelling 60 (Figure il) is nailed to the roof spacers 40 and 51 and to the nailing blocks 46 and 49 on the rafters.
As has been stated, the section which has the window and the poultry doorway therein is prefabricated as a unit to be shipped to where the house is to be erected. Referring to Figures'Z, 4, '1 and l2, this prefabricated Apanel or section will comprise two intermediate studs I4 connected together by a header 23 and by spacers 55 by fittings, such as the fittings I8. Between the upper joist 55 and the header 23 sideboards 6! are secured to form the window frame for receiving the sash 62 which carries the pane 63. The sash is hinged at its lower edge to swing inwardly and stop strips 4till are nailed tothe header 23 and to the sideboards BI for engagement by the sash when closed. A sheet metal sill plate 65 may be mounted on the joist 55 to which the sash is hinged.
Extending between the lower spacer 55 on the window section and the spacer strip `I6 which is secured by fittings I8 to the lower ends of the studs le, are sideboards 66 which, with the spacer 55 and the spacer strip I6, provide the doorway or entrance F for the poultry, as best shown on Figures 4 and 13. A closure board or plate 61 is hinged at its lower end to the 'spacer vstrip IB to be swung upwardly for closure of the .passageway F, or to swing down against the ground to form a ramp for entrance or exit of the poultry. As best shown on Figure 2 the Window panel or section is set down upon the sill board I3 and the spacer strip I6 is nailed to the sill strip and the studs It are secured at their upper ends by fittings I8 to the front ends of the corresponding rafters, and after mounting of this window panel in place, the various spacer members are secured to the laterally extending flanges on the various fittings for connection with adjacent studs.
The door frame panel could also be entirely prefabricated and mounted on the sill board for connection with the rafter structure and studs. Referring to Figure 2, the corner stud Illa and the adjacent intermediate stud VIll could form part of a prefabricated wall section or panel, with the studs connected together by the spacers I2, and this panel might be a close-d panel with sheathing secured against its outer side and 1ining on its inner side, or this prefabricated end section could form the doorway as shown on Figure 3. To form the doorway, -sideboards I would be extended between the upper joist and the spacer strip between the lower ends of the studs, and the door D would be hinged to one of the sdeboards. The end -rafter could be connected with the studs I0 and Ia after the'sec- 6 tion has been mounted on the sill board, .or fa rafter section 69 may form a part of the door frame section when fabricated and this rafter section could then be connected by a suitable kjoint 10 with the rear portion of the rafter, as shownon Figure 9.
I have thus kproduced a building structure rin the form of a poultry house of which the component parts may be readily prefabricated and readily and `quickly assembled. The rafter and studding members are lengths of stock piping or tubing with the connector and nailing block littings in place thereon, and the wooden spacer elements are for the greater part of the same length to be quickly installed and secured by the various connector fittings. The window and door sections are delivered prefabricated and the metal sheathing and the inner lining panels may be pre-cut before delivery so that the erection and assembly of the house will require merely the application of the various joists and spacer mem- -bers and the nailing of the inner and vouter sheathing in place.
I have shown a practical and efficient embodiment of the features of my invention but I do not desire to be limited to the exact construction :or arrangement shown and described and change and modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
I claim as my invention:
l. A poultry house comprising a front wall structure and end wall structures and a roof curving downwardly from the top of the .front Wall structure to the floor, studding members for said wall structures in the form of metal tube lengths, connector fittings on the studding elements and wooden spacer members extending between the studding members and secured thereto by said connector fittings., floor engaging sill boards on which the studding members rest, spacer strips secured to said sill boards between the lower end portions of the studding members, and connector fittings on the lower ends of the studding members secured to said spacing strips.
2. A poultry house of substantially quarter elliptic cross-section comprising a front wall structure and end wall structures, studding members for said wall structures in the form of lengths of metal tubing, roofing supporting rafters in the form of lengths of metal tubing, connector fittings on the upper ends of the studding members affording connection with the rafters, connector fittings on the lower ends of the studding members affording connection of said members to a floor, connector fittings on said studding members intermediate their ends and spacer members secured to the studding members by these fittings, other connector fittings on said rafters intermediate their ends, and spacer members extending between the rafters and secured thereto kby said other intermediate fittings, all of said connector fittings having nailing blocks to Vwhich paneling can be nailed.
3. A poultry house of substantially quarter elliptic cross-section comprising a front wall structure and end wall structures, studding members for said wall structures in the form `of lengths of metal tubing, roofing supporting rafters in the form of lengths of metal tubing, connector fittings on the upper ends of the studding members affording @connection with the rafters, 'connector fittings on the lower ends of the studding members affording connection of said members to a foor, connector ttings'on said studding members intermediate their ends and spacer members secured to the studding members by these fittings, other connector fittings on said rafters intermediate their ends, spacer members extending between the rafters and secured thereto by said other intermediate fittings, nailing blocks held by the various connector ttings on the studding members to which inner lining panels for the house may be nailed, and nailing blocks held by the connector fittings on said rafters to which ceiling panels may be nailed.
4. A poultry house of substantially quarter elliptic cross-section comprising a front wall structure and end wall structures, studding members for said wall structures in the form of metal tubing lengths, rafters on said end wall structures and intermediate` rafters, said rafters being bowed to substantially quarter elliptic shape, connector fittings connecting the upper ends of the end wall studding members with the respective end rafters and fittings aording connection of the lower ends of the said end wall rafters to a floor, fittings at the ends of the intermediate rafters affording connection thereof respectively with the upper ends of the front wall stud members and the fioor, fittings on the studding members intermediate their ends and wood spacer members eX- tending between and secured to the studding members by said fittings, said intermediate rafters having connector fittings thereon in alignment with the fittings connecting the end wall rafters with the studding members, wood spacers connected to the stud member end fittings and the fittings on said intermediate rafters for holding the rafters spaced apart, roofinU sheathing resting on the rafters and nailed to the wood spacers extending therebetween, outer sheathing for said front wall and end wall structures secured b-y nailing to the wood spacers between the stud members of said wall structures, and wood nailing blocks supported by said fittings interiorly of the house and cooperating with said wood spacers for nailing thereto of interior sheathing.
5. In a poultry house having a front wall structure and end wall structures, supporting frame work for said wall structures comprising studding members in the form of metal pipe lengths, raftermembers in the form of lengths of metal piping and with the end rafter members extending along the tops of the studding members of the end wall structures, connector fittings secured to the upper ends of the front wall studding members and having laterally extending flanges, wood spacing headers between said front wall studding members secured to said flanges, other connector fittings secured to said spacing headers above the ends of the front wall studding members and secured to the front ends of the corresponding rafter members, connectoi ttings securing the upper ends -of the intermediate stud members in said end wall structures to the end rafter members and intermediate rafter members having connector fittings thereon in alignment with said stud member fittings, said aligned connector fittings having supporting flanges thereon, spacei1 members extending between the rafter members and secured to the flanges of said aligned fittings for holding said rafter members properly spaced, other fittings at the lower ends of the studding members for securing thereof to a supporting floor, and nailing blocks supported by said fittings interiorly of the house and cooperating with said wood spacing headers for nailing of interior sheathing thereagainst.
6. Supporting framework for a poultry house of the type described comprising Vstudding members in the form of metal pipes, rafter members in the form of metal pipes, sheet metal connector fittings on said studding and rafter members and having supporting flanges for receiving wooden spacer members for holding said studding members and said rafter members properly spaced, bolts securing said connector fittings to the metal pipe studding and rafter members, and direct acting fasteners securing the connector fittings to the wooden spacer members.
7. In supporting framework for a prefabricated building, wall stud members in the form of lengths of metal pipes, connector fittings on the lower ends of the stud members and having laterally extending flanges, spacer members extending between the lower ends of the stud members and secured to said flanges, similar connector fittings on said stud members intermediate their ends and spacer members secured to the fianges thereof, rafter members in the form of steel pipes extending across the tops of said stud members, other connector fittings securing the stud members to the rafter members, said other connector fittings comprising each a U-shaped body receiving and secured to the respective rafter member and a U-shaped end receiving and secured to the upper end of the respective stud member, and nailing blocks carried by said other connector fittings.
8. In a prefabricated house of the type described, frame members in the form of lengths of metal piping, connector fittings on said members, each fitting :comprising a U-shaped body receiving a member at its outer end and secured thereto and having laterally extending fianges to which spacer members may be secured, and a nailing block inserted in the rear end of said body part.
9. A poultry house of substantially quarter elliptic cross-section comprising studding members in the form of metal pipes, rafter members in the form of metal pipes bent to substantially quarter elliptic form, means for securing the front ends ofthe rafter members to some of the studding members, a floor, sill boards on the iioor on which the studding members and the rafter members seat at their lower ends, spacer members secured to the floor boards to space the lower ends of the studding members and rafter members, and sheet metal connector fittings on the ends of the stud members and rafter members having flanges overlying said spacer members and secured thereto to thereby hold said stud members and rafter members to the fioor.
1G. In combination in a building structure adapted for use as a poultry house, a framework including spaced elongated metal members and spacer members, connector fittings securing the metal members and the spacers together, nailing blocks carried by said fittings, and additional nailing blocks carried by said metal members at points intermediate the fittings, said nailing blocks being adapted for nailing thereto of sheathing to be supported by the framework.
11. Ln combination in a framework structure for prefabricated building construction, angularly related frame members, at least one of which is made of metal, a metallic securing clip connecting said members, and a nailing block secured in the assembly by said clip and resting against said metal frame member and backed up thereby for nailing sheathing to the framework assembly.
12. A structure as defined in claim 11 wherein the clip has a substantially U-shaped intermediate 75 portion the open end section of which is secured to the metal member and the closed end section of which embraces and secured the nailing block in place.
13. A prefabricated building structure comprising a wooden sill plate, a metal upright frame member resting endwise on said sill plate, wooden spacer members resting on the sill plate and having the end portion of said metal member retainingly disposed between the ends thereof, a retaining member secured to said metal member and having portions thereof resting upon said spacer members, and fastening elements securing said portions to the spacer members and also securing said spacer members to the sill plate.
14. A structure as defined in claim 13 wherein said securing member includes nailing block securing means and a nailing block is secured by said means to the metal frame member cooperatively related to the wooden spacer members to aord a. nailing surface for sheathing to be applied to the framework.
15. In combinuation in a framework structure for prefabricated building construction, principal metallic frame members, wooden spacer and nailing strip members running crosswise thereof and spacing the metal members apart, metallic securing clips connecting the wooden members to the metallic members with the ends of the wooden members spaced apart by the respective metal REFERENCES CITED The ollowing references are of record in the flle of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 494,181 Voss Mar. 28, 1893 799,544 Dennis Sept. 12, 1905 1,504,721 Sauve Aug. 12, 1924 2,074,656 Lohl Mar. 23, 1937 2,078,968 Patterson May 4, 1937 2,374,623 Sale Apr. 24, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 505,451 Great Britain 1939
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|U.S. Classification||52/86, 119/495, 52/643|
|International Classification||A01K31/00, A01K31/22|