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Publication numberUS2472179 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 7, 1949
Filing dateJun 11, 1947
Priority dateJun 11, 1947
Publication numberUS 2472179 A, US 2472179A, US-A-2472179, US2472179 A, US2472179A
InventorsRaymond W Tibhetts
Original AssigneeTibbetts Lab Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Piezoelectric device
US 2472179 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 7, 1949. R. w. TIBBETTS PIEZOELEGTRIC DEVICE Filed June 11, 1947 J?z?/e2a&r 7730770, 56355 Patented June 7, 1949' UNITED PATENT OFFICE.

Raymond W; Tihhetts, Camden, to 'lliblietts Laboratories, Inc.,

acorporatiom of Maine Application June 1-1, 1947, Serial No. 753,840

2 Claims. (Cl. lib-327i This invention relates to piezoelectric" devices:

employing a piezoelectric element. and more: particularly to a piezoelectric. device in. which partscustomarily associated. inassemblywith the piezoelectric element, as. for example electrodes: or electrodes and leads, are electrically interconnected.

In the art of making piezoelectric transducers and other devices employing piezoelectric elements, it is often necessary tov provide an electrical interconnection. between electrodes or between electrodes and leads in order to increase the voltage outputof the device under given conditions of applied force to the device, as is described for example in the: series electroded piezoelectric element comprising one of the modifications of my United States Patent No. 2,388,279, issued October 9-,. Heretof'ore it has been attempted to accomplish this end by means of external. connecting leads which have proved inefficient, expensive, and have resulted in an undesirable increase in the: bulk or effective mass of the assembled piezoelectric: device.

Objects of the present inventionare to provide a device of the character described which eliminates the above. disadvantages, which appreciably diminishes to: a. desired compact andconvenient size the bulk. or efiective mass of the assembled piezoelectric device, and which insures an eflicient electrical interconnection between the electrodes or the electrodes and leads. Further objects of the invention are to provide a device of the character described which is of simple and durable construction and which is easy and inexpensive to produce.

In one aspect, the invention involves a piezoelectric device comprising a plate of piezoelectric material having a. hole extending therethrough, electrodes mounted on opposite facesoftheplate, the edge of an electrode onone side ottheplate being ofiset from the edge of the hole, and a conductor extending through said hole and into electrical contact with anelectrode on the other side of the plate. The conductor is formed of a plastic mixture of electrically conductive material.

In another aspect the conductor extends through said hole with one end in. electrical contact with an electrode on the other side of the plate, and a lead on the one side of the plate is in electrical contact with. the opposite end of the conductor.

In a more specific aspect the piezoelectric device comprises a pair of sed plates" of piezoelectric material, one of said plates having Maine, assignor Camden, Mame,

a hole extending therethrough, outer electrodes mounted on. the outer faces of each plate, and an intermediate electrode mounted between the inner faces of said: plates, the edge of an outer. electrode. on the one plate being offset from the edge of the hole, and. a conductor extending through said hole with one end in electrical contact with the intermediate electrode,v and a lead on the outer face of the one plate in electrical contact with the opposite end of the conductor.

In still another aspect the invention: involvesa piezoelectric device comprising a plateof piezoelectric material having a hole extending: there through, electrodes. mounted on opposite; faces. of: the plate, the edges. of the electrodes being ofl'set from the edges of the hole, and a con.- ductor for electrically interconnecting an electrode. on one face of the plate with an electrode on the opposite face of the plate, the conductor comprising a plug of conducting material filling the hole and integral portions of conducting ma terial interconnecting the ends of the plug with said electrodes. The conductor. is formed of a plastic mixture of electrically conductive mate'- rial and comprises a plug filling the hole: and integral portions interconnecting the ends of the plug, with said electrodes.

For the purpose of illustration, typical embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is an. isometric View of a typical embodi ment of the invention;

Fig. Z'isa section along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;,

Fig. 3 is an isometric view of a modified em bodiment of. the invention;

Fig. 4 is a section along the line 4'- of Fig. 3:

Fig. 5 is an isometric view of still another modified embodiment of the invention; and

Fig. 6 is a section along the lines 6-6 of Fig. 5-.

In. Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings, l designates a plate or slab of piezoelectric material as for example Rochelle salt crystal, the plate having. opposed faces 2 and 3 and having a hole 4 extending through the plate fromthe face 2 to the opposite face 3. Spaced metal plates or electrodes 5 and 6 and I and 8 are mounted on the opposed faces 2 and 3 respectively, the edges of said electrodes adjacent the hole 4 being cut away thereby to off-set the electrodes from the edge of the hole.

A conductor 9 for electrically interconnecting the electrodes 6 and T on opposite faces of the plate comprises a body portion or plug IUextending through and filling the hole 4 and integral extensions I21 and l! extending from" the ends of the plug over the opposed faces of the plate and thence over and into electrical connection with the electrodes 6 and 1 respectively.

The conductor 9 is formed of a plastic mixture of electrically conductive material as here specified, by way of example, preferably as a colloidal suspension of graphite in alcoholic, aqueous or other suitable liquid, a colloidal suspension of silver in a suitable cement, or, if gold electrodes are not used, an amalgam of suitable metal such as tin or silver. The plastic mixture is of sufficient viscosity to permit of controlled flow, that is, one which will not allow the material to capillary over a greater surface than that to which it is originally applied.

In applying the conductor the plastic mixture of electrically conductive material is preferably poured through a suitable nozzle, under controlled flow, into the hole until the hole is substantially filled, after which the material is allower to flow in a controlled direction onto the opposite faces of the plate and thence onto the surface of the electrodes 6 and l as shown in Fig. 1. The material is then allowed to dry and the efiicient and durable electrical interconnection of the .electrodes is complete.

To complete the electrical connection from the electrodes to an external circuit, leads [4 and i5 of well-known electrically conductive material are mounted by suitable means to the electrodes 5 and 8 respectively, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a small amount of the same plastic mixture as above described being flowed over the ends of the leads and onto the surface of the electrodes to insure an efficient electrical contact between said leads and electrodes.

The embodiment illustrated in Figs. 3 and 4 is of similar construction to the embodiment of Fig. 2-and illustrates the interconnection in series of a plurality of electrodes on opposite faces of the piezoelectric plate I, the same reference numerals being used for identical corresponding parts. In this embodiment three holes H, M and ii] are provided in the plate I and each hole similarly extends through the plate from the face to the opposite face 3. Spaced metal electrodes 20, 2|, 22 and 23, and 24, 25, 2B, and 27 are similarly mounted on the opposed faces 2 and 3 respectively, the edges of said electrodes being offset from the edges of holes l1, l8, l9 respectively. Conductors 9 of similar electrically conductive material as above described and having identical body portions or plugs I and integral extensions H and I2 are applied to the plate and electrodes in the same manner as above described thereby to electrically interconnect electrodes 24 and 2|, 25 and 22, and 26 and 23 respectively, and the leads l4 and I are similarly mounted on electrodes and 27 respectively to complete the electrical connection from the electrodes to an external circuit.

Referring to Figs. 5 and 6 a third typical embodiment of the invention comprises a pair of superposed plates or slabs 29 and 30 of similar piezoelectric material. Outer metal plates or electrodes 3! and 32 are mounted by suitable means to the outer faces 33 and 34 of the plates respectively, and an intermediate electrode 35 is mounted between the inner faces of the plates 29 and 30. The plate 29 has a hole 36 extending .therethrough from its outer face 33 to its inner face and the edge of the electrode 3| adjacent to the edge of the hole is cut away as at 37 thereby to offset said electrode from the edge of the hole. Conductor 38 of similar electrically conductive material as above described and having a body portion or plug 39 is applied to the plate 29 in the same manner as above described and extends through the hole 36 with one end in electrical contact with the intermediate electrode 35. A lead 40 extends over the outer face 33 of plate 29 and is mounted in electrical contact with the opposite endof plug 39, a small amount of the same plastic mixture as above described being flowed over the connected end of said lead and onto said opposite end of plug 30 to insure an efiicient electrical contact between the lead and plug. From the foregoing it is evident that the intermediate electrode is thus electrically interconnected with the lead 4'0 thereby to eliminate the heretofore usual intermediate foil lead cemented in position between the plates 2e and 38 and in contact with the intermediate electrode 35'. In a similar manner to that shown in the other embodiments leads I 4 and I5 are similarly mounted on electrodes 3| and 32 respectively, to complete the electrical connection from the electrodes to an external circuit.

While the embodiments described above illustrate typical ways of interconnecting various opposed electrodes or electrodes and leads in accordance with my invention, it is to be understood that my invention is not to be so limited but may be used to connect or interconnect various arrangements of electrodes and electrodes and leads as specific applications may require.

Further, it should be understood that the present disclosure is for the purpose of illustration only and that the invention includes all modifications and equivalents which fall within the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A piezoelectric device comprising a plate of piezoelectric material having a hole extending therethrough, electrodes mounted on opposite faces of the plate, the edges of the electrodes bein offset from the edges of the hole, and a conductor for electrically interconnecting an electrode on one face of the plate with an electrode on the opposite face of the plate, the conductor comprising a plug of conducting material filling the hole and integral portions of conducting material interconnecting the ends of the plug with said electrodes.

2. A piezoelectric device comprising a plate of piezoelectric material having a hole extending therethrough, electrodes mounted on opposite faces of the plate, the edges of the electrodes bein offset from the edges of the hole, and a conductor for electrically interconnecting an electrode on one face of the plate with an electrade on the opposite face of the plate, the conductor being formed of a plastic mixture of electrically conductive material and comprising a plug filling the hole and integral portions interconnecting the ends of the plug with said electrodes.

RAYMOND W. TIBBETTS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1840580 *Jul 25, 1927Jan 12, 1932Bell Telephone Labor IncCrystal-controlled oscillator
US2077204 *Nov 27, 1935Apr 13, 1937Telefunken GmbhPiezoelectric oscillating crystal
US2412030 *Oct 27, 1938Dec 3, 1946Gen ElectricPiezoelectric crystal mounting
US2416887 *Oct 20, 1944Mar 4, 1947Tibbetts Lab IncPiezoelectric device
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2771561 *Mar 17, 1952Nov 20, 1956Pye LtdQuartz crystal units
US2967957 *Sep 17, 1957Jan 10, 1961Frank MassaElectroacoustic transducer
US3042904 *Nov 9, 1956Jul 3, 1962IbmLogical and memory elements and circuits
US3117768 *Nov 21, 1960Jan 14, 1964Branson InstrUltrasonic transducers
US3909641 *Sep 4, 1973Sep 30, 1975Meidensha Electric Mfg Co LtdHolder device for a vibrator
US4112323 *Jan 28, 1977Sep 5, 1978Kabushiki Kaisha Daini SeikoshaCircular flexural mode piezoelectric vibrator with integral support arms
US4360754 *Dec 21, 1979Nov 23, 1982Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.Mode suppressed piezoelectric device
US4409711 *Sep 29, 1982Oct 18, 1983The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The ArmyMethod of fabricating acceleration resistant crystal resonators
US4633122 *Jun 18, 1985Dec 30, 1986Pennwalt CorporationContinuous channels through film; silk screening, xerography
US4944191 *Mar 7, 1989Jul 31, 1990Abbott LaboratoriesUltrasonic detector
US5448127 *Jul 6, 1993Sep 5, 1995Canon Kabushiki KaishaVibration wave driven motor
US5632074 *May 19, 1995May 27, 1997Canon Kabushiki KaishaVibration wave driven motor
US6760455 *Jul 13, 2001Jul 6, 2004American Technology CorporationElectrostatic loudspeaker with a distributed filter
US6888291 *Oct 31, 2002May 3, 2005The Boeing CompanyElectrical system for electrostrictive bimorph actuator
WO1989007345A1 *Feb 8, 1989Aug 10, 1989Pacific BellImproved piezoelectric relay element and method for driving the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification310/363, 381/173, 310/366, 29/25.35, 156/299, 310/331, 381/190
International ClassificationH03H9/13
Cooperative ClassificationH03H9/583, H03H9/56
European ClassificationH03H9/58F2, H03H9/56