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Publication numberUS2472340 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 7, 1949
Filing dateDec 29, 1945
Priority dateMay 24, 1944
Publication numberUS 2472340 A, US 2472340A, US-A-2472340, US2472340 A, US2472340A
InventorsGiuseppe Prezioso
Original AssigneePaillard Sa
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sheet feeding and positioning mechanism for typewriters
US 2472340 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 7, 1949. G. PREZIOSO 2,472,340

SHEET FEEDING AND POSITIONING MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITERS Filed Dec. 29, 1945 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 HWHHIHHH T G. PREZIOSO SHEET FEEDING AND POSITIONING MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITERS June 7, 1949.

3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Dec. 29, 1945 G. PREZIOSO SHEET FEEDING AND POSITIONING MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITEHS June 7, 1949.

5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Dec. 29, 1945 Patented June 7, 1949 UNITED STATES OFFICE SHEET FEEDING AND POSITIONING MECHANISM FOR TYPEWRITERS Giuseppe Prezioso, Yverdon, Switzerland, assignor to Paillard S. A., a corporation of Switzerland 9 Claims. 1

Accounting typewriters are known, which permit the superposition of one or more sheets of account forms, called statements, on a sheet, called journal, which is carried by the platen of the machine for the purpose of obtaining duplicates.

For carrying out this operation it is necessary that each statement sheet be held in a position corresponding exactly to th desired writing line. In most cases this adjustment is made more or less satisfactorily by hand.

the statement sheet is to be adjusted. These devices have the disadvantage of requiring a space on the carriage substantially equal to the width of the statement sheet; they are far too cumbersome for convenient use. For this reason they can be employed only on machines provided with special carriages, furthermore the device must be removed when the typewriter is to be used for ordinary work.

The present invention relates to a mechanical device for manipulating several sheets on a typewriter in such a manner that at least one sheet is transported by the platen, while the others are transported by crossbars controlled themselves by tapes and thereby maintained in an exactly parallel position to the cylinder axis. The tapes to which the ends of the crossbars are .fastened are connected on one end to a tensioning drum 'andon the other end to an operated drum.

.The first drum is subjected to the action of a spring, the second drum to that of an escape- -ment device.

sheets by their upper edge and a member ex- The crossbars carry the statement tending under the organs pressing the sheet carried by the platen, guides the ends of the sheets --carried by the crossbars.

This device is distinguished from that described in patent application .Serial' No. 582,441,

fastened to it a ribbon It. ribbons at both of its ends a crossbar (not now Patent No. 2,411,335, dated November 19, 1946, inasmuch as the actuating mechanism for the operated drums of each single statement sheet cooperates with a selecting device which is rigidly fastened to one end of the carriage. This selecting device comprises several rows of keys and permits the predetermined choice of the position in which an individual statement sheet is to be brought in agreement with the desired writing line. The device is located at the end of the machine carriage in such a manner that it in no way interferes with the common use of the typewriter.

The following diagram-s represent as an example a preferred embodiment of the invention:

Fig. 1 is a front view,

Fig. 2 is a section according to line II-II of Fig. 1,

Fig. 3 is a view in perspective with parts in section,

Fig. 4 is an axial section of a control mechanism,

Fig, 5 is a partial view of the section represented in Fig. 4 with some members in a different position,

Fig. 6 is a detail view of Fig. 2,

Fig. 7 shows schematically in perspective three sheets A, B and C in their relative position with respect to the platen.

For convenience sake the same parts or parts of similar function are designated by the same numerals in the present specification as in application Serial No. 582,441.- 7

A crank 3i is clamped to an axle 29 having rigidly fastened to it a toothed segment 21 meshing with a pinion 25 mounted on a shaft 23 provided at each end with a drum 2| carrying Fastened to these shown) serves for locating and transporting a statement sheet 13 shown in Fig. 7. Similarly,

crank 32, axle 3i), toothed segment 28, pinion 2B, shaft 2 3, drums 22 and ribbon 2!] Serve for locating and transporting sheet C of Fig. '7.

Cranks 3i and 32 control individually the movement of sheets B and C.

J On each of its ends the carriage is supplied On the right hand flange Ill, a casing, is fastened by means of screws 5|.

This casing consists of a drum in the shape of a sector of a cylinder, open axially on one side. Emerging on a portion of the cylindrical surface of this drum, there are slots 52 affecting but a portion of the wall thickness and following a meridian plane of said cylinder. In each slot there is a lever 53, articulated at one end at 5 1. Each of these levers is supplied with an extension 55 provided with a key, said extension being offset with respect to that of the adjacent levers in order to provide clearance space for the keys.

Each lever 53 is provided on its end opposite to its articulation point with an arm 56, extending toward the axis of the drum. One side of this arm has a finger 51, which acts as a rest for lever 53 against the inner surface .of the drum. On the opposite side, arm 55 has a tooth 58 following an inclined portion 59. The free end 60 of lever 53 functions as a stop for a pawl 61 as will be described later.

A spring 53a, located on the bottom of each slot 52, tends to hold the key-lever 53 in its raised position as shown on Fig. 4.

Opposite to key-levers 53, there is a latch 51,. having the shape of a circular sector. This latch is articulated in its central portion on two arms 52', which form a part of the casing 50, and is subjected to the action of a spring 65, which pulls it towards the inside of the aforementioned drum. The outer edge of sector 6| terminates in a rim 64 bent towards the inside of the casing.

Shaft 29 has rigidly fastened to it a lever 65; similarly shaft 30 is provided with a lever 65, located in a plane intercepted by the ends 50 of levers 53. At its end (see Fig. 6) it is supplied with a pawl 61, articulated at 68 and subjected to the action of a spring 69. The arrangement is such that lowering a key, for example Number 14 of the keyboard in the drawing, brings the end 60 of the corresponding key lever into the path of pawl 6'! (see Fig. 2). If another key is lowered :of a rank higher than that of the first lowered one, owing to the action of spring 59, lever =66 may be brought back to its rest position (see Fig. 6) located upwardly of all keys.

:Shaft 38 carries a lever 66a similar to lever '66, but mounted loosely on shaft 30 and movable in a plane intercepted by the ends Gil of the keylevers, parallel to that of 66.

Lever 65a is connected by means of a connecting rod 10 to lever 55,fastened to shaft 29. Owing to the fact that the points of articulation of connecting rod 10 and the intersection points of axes 29 and 30 with the plane of said connecting red are chosen so as to form a parallelogram, it F follows that when shaft 29 is operated by crank 31, arm 65a moves in just the same manner as arm 66 moves when shaft 30 is operated by the crank 3|. A lid 1| covers up casing 50.

The interspaces between th key-levers 53 are chosen so that each position determined by a lever corresponds to a writing line on the state- :ment sheets.

In the example described it has been assumed that every sheet comprises 27 writing lines.

Assuming that a journal sheet A being placed on the platen it is desired to locate a statement sheet B on the writing line it and another sheet on the writing line (see Fig. 7), the device functions as follows:

.Sheets B and C are clamped in position on the nrossbars fastened respectively to the pairs of tapes l9 and 2D. Lowering key It of the keyboard, asshown'in Figs. 1, 2 and 5, alters its position, from that shown on Fig. 4 to that shown on Fig. 5.

With reference to Fig. 4 it may be seen that the bent rim 64 of sector 6| rests against the inclined surface 59 of the shoulder 56 pertaining to lever 53; the finger 5! abuts on the inner wall of the casing 50. Lowering lever 53 against the action of spring 53a causes edge 64 to glide on inclined portion 59 until the former catches tooth 58 under the influence of spring 53. Lever 53 now occupies the position shown in Fig. 5 and its end 60' is in. the path of pawls 67, carried by the ends of levers 66 and 66a. When lever 3| is 0p- :erated counter-clockwise (see Fig. 2) its movement will be stopped by key-lever No. 14. Therefore the statement sheet B is brought into posi tion for writing on the 14th line and held there by locking means set forth in application Serial No. 582,441. In order to bring sheet C into position for writing on the fifth line, key No. 5 is lowered. Lowering that key causes sector 6| to release key No. I4, which returns to its rest posi'tion under the action of spring 53a. Key-lever No. 5 on the contrary is retained in the position shown in Fig. 5 for key-lever l4.

Lever 32 is operated in the same manner as lever 3| and the corresponding pawl 61 arrests its movement by engaging the end fill-of key-lever No. 5.

Sheet C is now in position for writing on the fifth line and it is held there in the same manner as sheet B.

The described device may comprise more or less than three rows of keys.

Instead of being mounted onseparate shaf-ts 29 and 30, levers 3| and can be: carried both by shaft30, lever 3| as well as lever 65a being then fastened to a sleeveloose on said latter shaft.

From the description given it is apparent that the device according to the patent permits an exact mechanical registering-of several statement sheets with respect to a sheet located on the platen of a typewriter. It is evident that such a device can. be made to take more than two statement sheets.

The keyboard, fitted to one end of the carriage, has its keys grouped in several rows. It is there- .fore not cumbersome and in spite of remaining attached to the machine, it interferes in no way with ordinary typewriting.

I claim:

1. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of aplurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewritu, comprising, a casing carried by the carriage of saidtypewriter, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted on said casing and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after :movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of :said first means, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each for limiting the feeding of astatement sheet and operable in "a plane out'of reach by'said first means when in in-- operative position but engageable with a selected one of said first'means 'when the same is held by saidlatch means to stop the feeding of one of'said statement sheets.

.2. .In a typewriter, a. device :for selecting the limiting position of a pluralityofstatementsheets -to:be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the :platennfsaidtypewfiter. comprising, a casing in the form of a cylindrical sector and carried by the carriage of said typewriter, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted in the cylindrical portion of said casing and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after movement of the same from inoperative position for holding the selected one of said first means, and a plurality of means supported by said casin and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first means when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first means when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding one of said statement sheets.

3. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing in the form of a cylindrical sector carried by the carriage of said typewriter and having a plurality of diametrical slots in its cylindrical portion, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted on said casing each in one of said slots and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of said first means, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first means when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first means when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

4. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing in the form of a cylindrical sector carried by the carriage of said typewriter and having a plurality of diametrical slots in its cylindrical portion, a plurality of levers selectively operable and fulcrumed in said casing each in one of said slots and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said levers after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of said levers, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said levers when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said levers when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

5. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing carried by the carriage of said typewriter, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted on said casing and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a common latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of said first means, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first means when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first means when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

6. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing carried by the carriage of said typewriter, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted on said casing and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a common latch lever fulcrumed to said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of said first means, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first means when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first means when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

'7. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing in the form of a cylindrical sector carried by the carriage of said typewriter and having a plurality of diametrical slots in its cylindrical portion, a plurality of levers selectively operable and fulcrumed on said casing each in one of said slots and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a common latch lever fulcrumed to said casing and engageable with a selected one of Said first levers after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the same, and a plurality of means supported by said casing and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first levers when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first levers when the same is held by said common latch lever to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

8. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter, comprising, a casing carried by the carriage of said typewriter, a plurality of means selectively operable and movably mounted on said casing and normally urged to inoperative position against said casing, a latch means carried by said casing and engageable with a selected one of said first means after movement of the same from said inoperative position for holding the selected one of said first means, a plurality of means pivoted upon said casing and each for limiting the feeding of a statement sheet and operable in a plane out of reach by said first means when in inoperative position, but engageable with a selected one of said first means when the same is held by said latch means to stop the feeding of one of said statement sheets.

9. In a typewriter, a device for selecting the limiting position of a plurality of statement sheets to be fed in superposed relation on a journal sheet carried by the platen of said typewriter,

Meme? 7 meme. a casing eerrled by the eern ese of s d pewrite a urelit i m ans elec: ti el er b e a d. niove i mm ted on said eas ng and ne mal uses to npperat positLOn against, said casingQa latch n ea ris carried b sai c in an n aeee le th a s t d one of said first means' after movement of the same om. s d m era Pesitien, for ho in the s e o e o 'seld fi t ean a p u l ty of means pivoted on said oesir g a m each in-v eluding a spriqgmrged pawl for, limiting the feed- The following references are of record in file .of this patent:

Number Name 2,086, 45 P fie ul .13, 1 .93? 2 50 Kni h n et e -e-- Jun 6, 19%

FOREIGN PATENTS umbe Cou D te

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2086945 *Mar 18, 1933Jul 13, 1937Wanderer Werke Vorm WinklhoferTypewriter
US2350773 *Nov 25, 1940Jun 6, 1944Dietrich Geiser HansDevice for automatically inserting and adjusting sheets of paper in typing or printing machines
CH179109A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2671659 *Jan 25, 1951Mar 9, 1954Hummel August CMetering device for tape dispensers
US4266880 *Sep 26, 1978May 12, 1981International Business Machines CorporationPaper insertion apparatus
US4273456 *Sep 26, 1978Jun 16, 1981International Business Machines CorporationPaper insertion apparatus for a typewriter
Classifications
U.S. Classification400/598, 400/608.4
International ClassificationB41J11/38, B41J11/48, B41J11/54, B41J11/36
Cooperative ClassificationB41J11/38, B41J11/54, B41J11/36
European ClassificationB41J11/54, B41J11/38, B41J11/36