US 247266 A
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1..
- J. W. MILLER, Jr.
No. 247,266. P'aflzentec'lSept. 20,1881.
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' (No Model) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2. J. W. MILLER, Jr.
WIND- VEHIGLR- No. 247,266. Patented Sept. 20,1881.
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UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE.
JOHN W. MILLER, JR, OF MOUNT CLEMENS, MICHIGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 247,266, dated September 20, 1881.
Application filed February 17, 1881. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, JOHN W. MILLER, J r., of Mount Clemens, Macomb county, Michigan, have invented an Improvement in Wind-Vehicles, of which the following is a specification.
The nature of this invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in the construction of wind-vehicles, specially designed for use in plowing and performing other agricultural work upon a farm; and the invention consists in the peculiar construction, arrangement, and combinations of the various parts, all as more fully hereinafter set forth.
Figure l is a central vertical longitudinal section. Fig. 2 is a top plan. Fig. 3 is a diagram of the wind-Wheel; and Figs. 4, 5, and 6 are details of construction.
In the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification, A represents a suitable frame, mounted upon the tractionwheels Bat the rear and the guide-wheel O at the front. Upon this frame or table I erect a suitable frame, D, to support the horizontal wind-wheel E. This wheel is provided with two sets of arms, a Z), radiating from the hubs F G, which are secured to the shaft H, which rotates in the frame D.
I are the sails or wings, which are pivotally secured at one side to the outer ends of the arms a b and J is the rim of the wheel, against which the wings strike as they swing out of the wind. At the points where the wings come in contact with the arms and rim of the wheel suitable rubber pads, 0, should be provided.
Near the lower end of theshaftH is secured the bevel-wheel d, which meshes with a similar wheel, 0, upon the end of the shaft h, journaled longitudinally in the rear of the frame A, and said shaft It carries a worm, 'i, which meshes with a spurred wheel,K, upon the rear axle of the device, and to which the tractionwheels B are keyed or otherwise rigidly secured. By this construction and connection of parts, as the wind-wheel is revolved by the wind it must necessarily cause the vehicle to move forward. Upon the lower end of the shaft H is secured a V-shaped brake-wheel,L, with which engages a brake, 'lc, operated by means of a rod and crank-handle, l, in the usual manner.
M is a suitable frame, pivotally secured to the front end of the frame A, and carries the wheel 0. The rear end of this frame terminates in a toothed segment, m, which engages with a pinion, n, on the vertical shaft 0, which is surmounted by a hand-wheel, by means of which the wheel 0 and its frame are turned, so as to give the desired direction to the de- V108.
To the rear end of the frame A, I pivotally secure the links 0, which are also connected to and carry the bar N. y
S is a bell-crank lever, likewise securedto the frame and bar N, and is connected by means of a rod, T, to the lever V, by means of which the bar N is raised or lowered as desired.
W is a cabin, erected removably on thefront end of the device to protect the operator from the weather and to inclose the levers and handwheels bymeans of which the action of the device is governed.
It' the device is used in plowing, the plow should be attached-to the bar N, and a marker,
X, should also be employed when the nature of the work requires it. This marker may also be used to prevent the device being driven sidewise when the wind is strong.
What I claim as my invention is- 1. In a wind-vehicle, and in combination with the frame A and wheels B O, the windwheel E, shaft H, bevel-pinion d, frame D, inclosing and supporting shaft H, and pinion d, shaft h, bevel-pinion e, worm t', and pinion K, substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. In a wind-vehicle, and in combination with the frame A and wheels B 0 thereof, the wind-wheel E, shafts H h, bevel-pinions d c, worm 'i, pinion K, grooved brake-wheel L on the lower end of shaft H, brake 7c, and rod and crank l, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. In a. wind-vehicle, and in combination with the wind-wheel thereof, the radial arms a b, the hinged sails or wings I, and the clastic cushions c, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
' In testimony that I claim the above I hereunto set my hand this 3d January, 1881.
JOHN W. MILLER, JR.
H. S. SPRAGUE, GHAEL s J. HUNT.