Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2475379 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 5, 1949
Filing dateDec 18, 1946
Priority dateDec 18, 1946
Publication numberUS 2475379 A, US 2475379A, US-A-2475379, US2475379 A, US2475379A
InventorsStong Guy E
Original AssigneeCorning Glass Works
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric heating device
US 2475379 A
Images(1)
Previous page
Next page
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y 5 1949- G. E. STONG 2,475,379

ELECTRIC HEATING DEVICE Filed Dec. 18, 1946 Jnmnmr GUY .5 drama ttumzpa Patented July 5, 1949 ELECTRIC HEATING DEVICE Guy E. Stung Elmira, N. Y., assignmto Corning Glass Works, Corning, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 18, 1946, Serial No. 716,937

2 Claims.

This invention relates to electric heating devices of the type comprising an electrically conducting iridized film of tin oxide supported on and in intimate contact with a base member of ceramic material such as glass. Such films are produced by heating the ceramic base member to 600700 C. and exposing it for ten to twenty seconds or more, while heated, to the fumes of stannic chloride or an atomized mist of stannous chloride solution. This process is commonly known as iridizing because the films are frequently iridescent in appearance. useful for some purposes, such as the generation of heat, but no satisfactory means has hitherto been devised for providing them with metallic terminals whereby substantial electric currents may be passed through the films.

The primary object of this invention is to provide spaced metallic terminals which are permanently united with the ceramic base member and which make non-resistant electrical contact with the iridized film.

According to the invention, spaced metallic terminals or members are supported on a ceramic base member, each metallic member consisting of a fired on metallized layer of silver intimately united with the base member and a fired on metallized layer of platinum intimately united with the base member adjacent to the silver and overlying the silver at least in part. A conducting iridized film of tin oxide is subsequently deposited by the above process on the base member between the metallic members and overlying the platinum of each metallic member and in electrical contact therewith. In order to pass an electric current through the iridized film, the metallic members or terminals may be connected by means of clamps or soldered joints to a source of electric current in the usual manner.

For a better understanding of the invention, reference is had to the accompanying drawing in which Fig. 1 is a plan view of a glass plate provided with spaced metallic terminals and a conducting iridized film between and over the terminals in accordance with the invention; and

Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, showing the iridized film greatly exaggerated.

In the drawing a ass p ate In is provided with Such films are glass in known manner.

2 metallized stripes II and I2 of silver and superimposed metallized stripes l3 and I4 of platinum and an overlying electrically conducting tin oxide iridized film l5. Silver stripes II and I2 which are in electrical contact with the film l5 through platinum stripes l3 and M are connected by clamps l6 and I! with a source of current (not shown).

The metallized stripes are formed by applying to the glass plate near its edges narrow strips of silver metallizing composition and firing it on the Narrow strips of platinum metallizing composition are thereafter applied so as to contact the glass adjacent the silver stripes and to overlie the. silver, at least in part. The platinum composition is then fired on in known manner. The silver and platinum metallizing compositions, known as "metallic lusters or "silver or platinum bright are well known and are readily available on the market.

When the conducting iridized film is subsequently' deposited on the glass plate and the metallized stripes, a good electrical contact exists between the film and the metal. A good electrical contact would not be obtained if the layer of platinum were omitted, because for reasons unknown the film, during deposition, becomes granular in structure at the junction of silver and glass. I have found that when this junction is covered with platinum the iridized film makes good electrical contact with the platinum and through it makes good contact with the silver.'

I claim:

1. An article of manufacture comprising a ceramic base member, two metallic members supported on the base member in spaced relationship to each other, each metallic member consisting of a fired-0n metallized layer of silver intimately united with the base member and a fired on metallized layer of platinum intimately united with the base member adjacent to the silver and overlying the silver at least in part, an iridized film containing tin oxide and extending continuously from intimate contact with the platinum of one of said metallic members to intimate contact with the platinum of the other, and means connected with said metallic members for supplying electric current thereto.

2. An electric heating device comprising a 3 ceramic base member, an iridiaed tin oxide-containing illm supported on and in intimate contact with said base member, and two metallic electric terminals supported on said base memher in spaced relationship with each other, each such terminal consisting of a layer of silver intimately united with the base member and a layer of platinum intimately united with the base member adjacent to the silver and overlying the silver at least in part, the iridized mm extending continuously from intimate contact with the platinum of one of said terminals to intimate contact with the platinum of the other.

GUY E. STONG.

U 4 REFERENCES The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2021661 *Nov 6, 1933Nov 19, 1935Dispersion Cathodique SaElectrical heating element of large surface for low temperatures
US2119680 *Jun 14, 1935Jun 7, 1938Saint GobainMethod and means for the manufacture of electrical resistances
US2258646 *May 17, 1939Oct 14, 1941Bell Telephone Labor IncResistance material
FR767797A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2557983 *Mar 22, 1949Jun 26, 1951Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoTransparent electroconductive article
US2564708 *Sep 3, 1947Aug 21, 1951Corning Glass WorksHeat screen
US2569773 *Nov 20, 1948Oct 2, 1951Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoElectroconductive article
US2624823 *Jun 23, 1949Jan 6, 1953Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoElectroconductive article
US2628299 *Dec 31, 1949Feb 10, 1953Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoConnection for electrically conducting films
US2640904 *Aug 10, 1950Jun 2, 1953Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoLaminated safety glass
US2641672 *May 8, 1950Jun 9, 1953Northrop Aircraft IncElectrical conductor
US2648752 *Oct 27, 1950Aug 11, 1953Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoTransparent electroconductive article
US2648754 *Jul 22, 1947Aug 11, 1953Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoElectroconductive article
US2681405 *Feb 2, 1951Jun 15, 1954Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoElectrically conducting films
US2688565 *Jul 1, 1949Sep 7, 1954Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoRefractory base containing a low reflection coating and method of making same
US2694649 *Jul 2, 1949Nov 16, 1954Pittsburgh Plate Glass CoIndium oxide coating on a silicious base
US2701296 *Aug 1, 1952Feb 1, 1955Corning Glass WorksElectrically heated appliance
US2760036 *Sep 16, 1952Aug 21, 1956Raymer Robert CMetallic film potentiometer
US2877329 *May 25, 1950Mar 10, 1959Libbey Owens Ford Glass CoTransparent resistance heated panel and method of producing same
US2952761 *Apr 2, 1957Sep 13, 1960Chemelex IncElectrically conductive laminated structure and method of making same
US3007026 *Sep 21, 1953Oct 31, 1961Woodling George VElectrical heating devices
US3245023 *Mar 29, 1963Apr 5, 1966Du PontHeating device
US3279042 *Jul 19, 1962Oct 18, 1966Siemens Planiawerke AgMethod for producing a contact layer on a silicon-containing material
US3296574 *Dec 21, 1962Jan 3, 1967Luigi TassaraFilm resistors with multilayer terminals
US3895218 *May 2, 1974Jul 15, 1975Asg Ind IncElectric heater plate and terminal thereof
US3934119 *Sep 17, 1974Jan 20, 1976Texas Instruments IncorporatedElectrical resistance heaters
US4483304 *Jan 20, 1982Nov 20, 1984Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo KenkyushoFuel vaporizer for internal combustion engines
US4814586 *Apr 2, 1987Mar 21, 1989Grise Frederick Gerard JElectrical resistance heater
US4933534 *Nov 23, 1988Jun 12, 1990Cunningham Paul AElectrical heater and plug
US5940579 *Feb 26, 1997Aug 17, 1999White Consolidated Industries, Inc.Capacitive leakage current cancellation for heating panel
US6166620 *Jun 12, 1998Dec 26, 2000Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Resistance wiring board and method for manufacturing the same
Classifications
U.S. Classification338/309, 427/284, 52/171.3, 427/108, 427/125, 427/229, 219/543
International ClassificationH05B3/26, H05B3/78, H05B3/22
Cooperative ClassificationH05B3/78, H05B3/265
European ClassificationH05B3/78, H05B3/26C