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Publication numberUS2476155 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 12, 1949
Filing dateOct 10, 1946
Priority dateOct 10, 1946
Publication numberUS 2476155 A, US 2476155A, US-A-2476155, US2476155 A, US2476155A
InventorsMckelvy Alfred D
Original AssigneeMckelvy Alfred D
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination bottle and closure cap
US 2476155 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 12, 1949.,

A. D. M KELVY COMBINATION BOTTLE AND CLOSURE CAP Filed Oct. 10, 1946 Patented July 12, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE COMBINATION BOTTLE AND CLQSURE GAP Alfred D. McKelvy, New York'N. Y.

Application October 10, 1946, Serial'No.-'l02-,481'

'7 Claims. 1 My invention-relates to improvements in combination bottles and closure'caps, particularly, though notexclusively, for liquid toiletries.

In packaging choice perfumes, colognes, and the like for the retail trade,'it is desirabe that such goods be put up in'bottle-and-cap combinations of'a type in which the cap may be quickly and easily removed from the bottle for the dispensation of the goods therefrom, and in which the cap maybe readily reapplied to the bottle to close the same and tightly seal the remaining goods therein. It is further desirable that such bottleand-cap combinations be of attractive design to grace the retailersdisplays, as well as the dressing tables of the ultimate users of the goods. Combinations of the character indicated are desirably employed in designs wherein the bottle proper and the cap therefor are non-circularin transverse cross-section, the one meetin and seating against the other in a definite relative angular -dispositionto effect a predetermined unitary configuration continuing in fair or smooth fiowing fashion through the joint between bottle and can. It is also desirable that the meeting portions of such bottle and cap be constructed to coact in a manner to guide the cap angularly into a seated and proper angular disposition relative to the bottle as the cap is brought home thereon to close the same. It. is additionally desirable that such meeting portions of bottle and cap additionally coact to enable the seated cap to be twisted in relationto the 'bottle and thereupon to cause such twisting of the cap to initiate its removal from the bottle.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved combination of bottle and closure cap constructed to meet the various desiderations aforesaid.

Other objects of the invention reside in the novel combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter illustrated and/or described. I

In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a perspective View of a bottle and closure cap constructed in accordancewith my invention, the cap being shown as having been brought home into its seated relation on the bottle to close the same; Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the structure shown in Fig. 1, the cap being illustrated as angularly and axially shifted relative to the bottle, as in the act of removing the cap from the bottle or bringing the same home into seated position upon the bottle; Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional View of the structure shown in Fig. 1; Fig. 4 is a perspectivc view of the bottle showing particularly 2 the. *upp r-"p rtionh r f, and Fig. 5 is a p spective view of the cap showing particularly the lower portion thereci.

Reference bein 'had to he drawin i will b observed; thatthe illustrated'form oi my invention includes a bottl and a. capv B. The bottle A consists of a body In having an upwardly extending neck-1i at, top'and beveled shoulder portions 12 about th baseo the neck- The y H; is uniformly rectangular in transverse crosssection; fro the base thereof; to, said shoulders l2, such construction providing planiiorm faces I 3. from the upper edges of which the beveled shoulder poi "-tions t2 slope inwardly and upwardly joining each other along sloping ridges Ml intersectingth upright. corners. of the body Iii. A liner [-5 of corlc: or ;the-= like,=having an axial bore It, therein, is suitably fixed within the neck H, such axial bore 16 serving as the duct. in the neck through which. the contents of the bottle is dispensed. V

The capB includes a-crown portion l8 havin a pin-like stopper [,9 depending therefrom; axially thereof, said stopper being adapted to b removablyinserted into the bore 16 and to fit the same snugly. This stopper IQ may be molded into or otherwise suitably secured to the crown 18., or maybe cast integrally therewith. Said cap. B f rther include a skirt portion 20 depe d from the crown land encompassing the stopper l9. The skirt 20 is rectangular in outline transversely of the can to provide planiform faces 2| corresponding to the races 13 of the body ll], of the bottle. A. The lower -edgeg2 of the. skirt B is internally beveledinterfittingly to correspond with the shouldersl2 on the bottle A.

Upon the application the an B to the bottle A. said cap-is manip l cd to in t e pp l9 into-the-b rc l6 and to br nge ap h me. .seatingit uponthe bottle with the lower beveled edge '22 of the skirt fitted to the beveled sho ders 1220f the bottle- A. In thus assembling the cap and-bct 1e,:- he corner thereof are l ed and their corresponding faces-13.11 disposed. n coplanar relationship and in unbroken continuationof each other. relative angular dispositioning of a, cap-and bottle; as shown, results in a configuration of th assembly in 'hexahedral form. My invention, 'ofcourse, contemplates articles 'ofthe instant-'nature-in various polyhedral or-other forms-of "irregular outline in transverse cross-section, ny such Selec d o dictating the shapes required in both bottle. and cap to produce the'particular predetermined configuration immun sed-sap assembly; Pr

3 erably, the lower edge 22 of the skirt 20 will be beveled somewhat more sharply than the shoulders I2 to insure a close fit between the seated cap and bottle along lines in th planes of the faces I3, M of the assembled bottle and cap.

Normally, the seated cap B is releasably held down upon the bottle A by the stopper I9 in frictional engagement with the wall of the bore I6 in the neck-liner I5, and is releasably held in its proper angular disposition relative to the bottle by reason of the interlocking engagement which occurs between the beveled edge 22 of the skirt 2i! and the beveled shoulders I2 on the body ID of the bottle. When the capB, during its application to the bottle, occupies any angular disposition relative to the bottle roughly approximating the exactly correct ultimate disposition of said cap, the said beveled edge 22 of said skirt 20 and the beveled shoulders I2 on the bottle will coact to shift said cap and automatically guide it angularly relative to the bottle into its said correct ultimate disposition thereon. This automatic angular guiding movement of the cap B imparts a turning or twisting movement to the stopper I9 at a time when it is almost fully disposed within the bore I6, such twisting movement of the stopper, combined with the rectilinear movement thereof, being advantageous in overcoming the then relatively strong frictional resistance occurring between the stopper I9 and bore I 6 in opposition to the seating of the cap on the bottle.

With the cap B seated on the bottle A and the stopper I9 fully inserted into the bore I6, it is difiicult to remove the cap from the bottle by a straight pull on said cap imparting only rectilinear movement to the stopper I9 in withdrawing it from said bore I6. Such difi'iculty in removing the seated cap B from the bottle A is avoided by first turning the cap one way or the other instead of exerting a straight pull upon it. The beveled shoulders I2 and the beveled lower edge 22 of the skirt 20 not only enable the seated cap B to be turned, but they coact in cam-like fashion upon the turning of the cap to initiate the removal of said cap from the bottle A. Thus, along with the twisting movement of the stopper I9 in the bore I6, occasioned by the turning of the cap B, a resulting rectilinear retracting movement of great force is automatically imparted to the stopper I9.

From the foregoing, it will be comprehended that the cap of a bottle-and-cap combination constructed in embodiment of my invention may be quickl and easily applied to the bottle and brought home into seated bottle-closing position thereon in a proper relative angular disposition mating the matching faces of bottle and cap, thereby effecting the particular predetermined configuration in the bottle-and-cap assembly. And it will be further comprehended that the cap may be quickly removed from the tightly sealed bottle with such ease as to avoid any danger of spilling the contents of the bottle in such operation. Changes in the specific form of my invention, as herein described, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of my invention.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. An article of the character described com prising a bottle and a closure cap of similar transverse rectilinear outline having matching planiform faces which mate and lie complanarin unbroken continuation of each other in a definite angular relationship between bottle and cap assembled, said bottle consisting of a body and a neck thereon provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, a stopper depending from the crown, and a skirt also depending from the crown and encompassing the stopper, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into said bore upon the application of the cap to the bottle to close the same and adapted to be withdrawn from said bore upon the removal of the cap from the bottle, the skirt being adapted to encompass said neck with its lower marginal portion meeting the upper portion of the cap of the bottle in the bottle-closing position of the cap, said cap being reversely twistable relative to the bottle about the axis of said bore upon its application to and removal from the bottle, said body having beveled shoulder portions thereon in upward and inward continuation of the faces thereof, the lower edge of said skirt being internally beveled and adapted to coact with said beveled shoulder portions angularly to guide said cap into face-mating disposition relative to the bottle as the cap is brought home into bottle-closing position, said beveled edge of said skirt being adapted further to coact with said shoulder portions to initiate the withdrawal of the stopper from said bore upon the twisting of the cap in either direction.

2. An article of the character described comprising a bottle and a closure cap between which a definite angular relation is required to effect a predetermined configuration in the assembly of bottle and cap, said bottle consisting of a body and a neck thereon provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, a stopper depending from the crown, and a skirt also depending from the crown and encompassing the stopper, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into said bore upon the application of the cap to the bottle to close the same and adapted to be withdrawn from said bore upon the removal of the cap from the bottle, the skirt being adapted to encompass said neck with its lower marginal portion meeting the upper portion of the body of the bottle in unbroken continuation thereof in the bottle-closing position of the cap, said cap being reversely twistable relative to the bottle about the axis of said bore upon its application to and removal from the bottle, said body having beveled shoulder portions thereon non-circularly encompassing said axis of said bore, the lower edge of said skirt being non-circular and adapted to coact with said beveled shoulder portions twistingly to guide said cap into said definite angular disposition relative to the bottle as the cap is brought home into bottle-closing position, said edge of said skirt bein further adapted to coact with said shoulder portions to initiate the withdrawal of the stopper from said bore upon the twisting of the cap in either direction.

3. An article of the character described comprising a bottle and a closure cap adapted to be applied to the bottle in bottle-closing position thereon, said bottle consisting of a body, and a neck on said body provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, and a stopper and a skirt, both depending from the crown, the skirt encompassing the stopper and adapted also to encompass said neck, said stopper being adapted to be slidably and twistably applied to said neck to close the bore therein upon the application of the cap to the bottle and adapted similarly to be removed from said neck to clear said bore upon the removal of the cap from the bottle, said. cap

being reversely twistable upon its application to and removal from the bottle to impart twisting movement to said stopper, said body having beveled shoulder portions thereon extending noncircularly about the axis of said bore, the lower edge of said skirt being correspondingly beveled and adapted, in the bottle-closing position of the cap, to coact with said beveled shoulder portions of the body in cam-like manner, upon the twisting of the cap in either direction, to initiate the removal of the cap from the bottle with an accompanying sliding-twisting removal of the stopper from said neck.

4. An article of the character described comprising a bottle and a closure cap having matching faces which mate in a definite angular relationship between bottle and cap in assembly for effecting a predetermined configuration in such assembly, said bottle consisting of a body and a neck thereon provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, a stopper depending from the crown, and a skirt also depending from the crown and encompassing the stopper, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into said bore upon the application of the cap to the bottle to close the same and adapted to be withdrawn from said bore upon the removal of the cap from the bottle, the skirt being adapted to encompass said neck with its lower marginal portion meeting the body of the bottle in continuation thereof in the bottle-closing position of the cap, said cap being twistable relative to the bottle about the axis of said bore upon its application to and removal from the bottle, said body having a continuation of elongated beveled shoulder portions thereon, said shoulder portions being lengthwise angularly related and extending non-circularly about the axis of said bore, the lower edge of said skirt comprising a continuation of angularly related reaches corresponding in length and angularity with the length and angularity of said shoulder portions of said body and adapted to coact therewith in cam-like manner angularly to guide said cap into said definite angular disposition relative to the bottle as the cap is pressed home into bottle-closing position, and likewise to coact with said beveled shoulder portions of said body to initiate the withdrawal of the stopper from said bore upon the twisting of the cap relative to the bottle.

5. An article of the character described comprising a bottle and a closure cap adapted to be applied to the bottle in definite angular disposition with respect thereto to close the same, said bottle having a neck provided with a bore therein and angularly related beveled shoulders extending non-circularly about the axis of said bore, said cap consisting of a crown and a skirt on said crown having a beveled lower edge comprising angularly related reaches corresponding in length and angularity with the length and angularity of the beveled shoulders on said body, said cap further including a stopper depending from said crown and encompassed by said skirt, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into and withdrawn from said bore upon the application of the cap to and the removal thereof from said bottle, said skirt being adapted to encompass said neck and to seat along its lower beveled edge against the beveled shoulders on the bottle in the bottle-closing position of the cap, said beveled shoulders constituting cam-means on the body of the bottle and said beveled edge constituting cam-means on the skirt of the cap, said cam-means coacting upon the application of the cap to the bottle angularly to guide the cap into its said definite bottle-closing disposition, and coacting further to initiate the withdrawal of said stopper from said bore upon a twisting movement of the seated cap relative to said bottle.

6. An article of the character described comprising a bottle, a closure cap adapted to be applied to the bottle and to assume a definite ultimate angular disposition with respect thereto to close the same, said bottle having a neck thereon provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, a skirt, and a stopper depending from the crown and encompassed by the skirt, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into and withdrawn from said bore in said neck upon the application of the cap to and the removal thereof from said bottle, said skirt being adapted to encompass said neck and to seat against the bottle in said bottle-closing disposition of the cap, cammeans on the bottle and cam-means on the skirt of the cap, the one cam-means coacting with the other under pressure-induced seating movement of the cap in all angular relationships between cap and bottle, except that relationship wherein the cap occupies its said ultimate angular disposition, the coaction of said cam-means with each other acting angularly to guide the cap into said bottle-closing disposition thereof, and acting further to initiate the withdrawal of the stopper from said bore upon a twisting movement of the seated cap.

'7. An article of the character described co1nprising a bottle and a closure cap adapted to be applied to the bottle in a definite ultimate angular disposition with respect thereto in closing the same, said bottle having a neck thereon provided with a bore therein, said cap consisting of a crown, a neck-encompassing skirt, and a stopper depending from the crown within the skirt, said stopper being adapted to be inserted into and withdr wn from said bore upon the application of the cap to and the removal thereof from said bottle, means on the bottle and cooperating means on the skirt of the cap coacting under pressure induced movement of the cap in its application to the bottle in all angular relationships between cap and bottle, except that relationship wherein the cap occupies its said ultimate angular disposition, the coaction of said means with each other acting angularly to guide the cap into its said b0ttleclosing disposition, and acting further to initiate the withdrawal of said stopper from said bore upon a twisting movement of said cap relative to said bottle.

ALFRED D. MCKELVY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 724,999 Hayes Apr. '7, 1903 755,360 Conde Mar. 22, 1904 877,229 Rivas Jan. 21, 1908 988,116 Duthie et al Mar. 28, 1911 1,074,023 Solomon Sept. 23, 1913 1,843,699 Sierad Feb. 2, 1932 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 659,836 France July 3, 1929

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US724999 *May 21, 1902Apr 7, 1903Charles W HayesBottle.
US755360 *Sep 2, 1903Mar 22, 1904Joseph CondeBottle-stopper.
US877229 *Aug 5, 1907Jan 21, 1908Damaso RivasBottle and stopper therefor.
US988116 *Sep 10, 1909Mar 28, 1911Charles LeeJar-closure.
US1074023 *Mar 11, 1911Sep 23, 1913Abe SolomonClosure.
US1843699 *Apr 18, 1930Feb 2, 1932George W Button CorpClosure for containers
FR659836A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2669740 *Apr 16, 1949Feb 23, 1954Main Charles ECombined closure cap and brush dispenser
US2877812 *Jun 16, 1955Mar 17, 1959Wood Ronald MDispensing device
US3064844 *Jun 19, 1959Nov 20, 1962Metallwerke Adolf Hopf K GClosures for bottles
US3099361 *Nov 28, 1960Jul 30, 1963Karl RuetzContainer with closing device
US3244272 *Sep 16, 1963Apr 5, 1966Numis Products IncCoin tube
US3252446 *Aug 13, 1964May 24, 1966Carter S Ink CoFriction closure
US3292779 *May 1, 1964Dec 20, 1966Colella Alfred SCoin container
US3366284 *Apr 13, 1966Jan 30, 1968Gen Foods CorpLiquid metering dispenser container
US3476278 *May 25, 1967Nov 4, 1969Lollmann PaulDevice for uncorking champagne or suchlike bottles
US3826397 *May 19, 1972Jul 30, 1974Beecham Group LtdBottle closure
US4273248 *Jul 6, 1979Jun 16, 1981ChanelShaped caps and containers
US4858777 *Sep 6, 1988Aug 22, 1989Simone MorelContainer with a removable cap having side generating lines in alignment with those of the container
US5876140 *Jun 20, 1996Mar 2, 1999Kabushiki Kaisha PilotCap device
US6588615 *Sep 13, 2000Jul 8, 2003Smithkline Beecham CorporationContainer closure system having a cap removable with less than a 45° twist
US6932229Aug 26, 2002Aug 23, 2005Smithkline Beecham CorporationContainer closure system having a cap removable with less than a 45 degree twist
EP0004501A2 *Mar 14, 1979Oct 3, 1979TELEPLASTICS Industries SA Société dite:Closure means for a container with a screw-threaded neck
EP0010028A1 *Sep 19, 1979Apr 16, 1980TELEPLASTICS Industries SA Société dite:Closure element with self-orientation of the plug
Classifications
U.S. Classification215/295, 215/43, 215/354
International ClassificationB65D41/28, B65D41/17, B65D41/02
Cooperative ClassificationB65D41/17, B65D41/28
European ClassificationB65D41/17, B65D41/28