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Publication numberUS2476965 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 26, 1949
Filing dateDec 23, 1946
Priority dateDec 23, 1946
Publication numberUS 2476965 A, US 2476965A, US-A-2476965, US2476965 A, US2476965A
InventorsCooter Irvin L, Emerson Walter B
Original AssigneeCooter Irvin L, Emerson Walter B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electric drilling of diamonds and the like
US 2476965 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 26, 1949. w. a. EMERSON EI'AL ELECTRIC DRILLING OF DIAMONDS AND THE LIKE Filed Dec. 23, 1946 1. 2. Flig.


BLANK DRILLING DRILLING N a c m B a m. 1 m A 0 4m m s n a a. 0

'lxwu- I. C00 TER ATTORNEY Patented July 26, 1949 ELECTRIC DRILLIN AND TH Walter B. Emerson, York County,

Irvin L. Cooter, Arlington, Va.,

G OF DIAMONDS E LIKE Maine, and assignora to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Commerce application December 23, 1946, Serial No. 718,095

' 11 Claims. (Cl. 125-30) (Granted under the act of amended April 30, 1928;

The invention herein described may be made and used by or for the Government of the United States without payment to us of any royalty therefor.

This invention relates to the drilling of diamonds and the like, and is particularly applicable for the production therein of extremely small holes, as the secondary cones and bearing surfaces of fine wire drawing dies, and to the chamfering of the back-openings of such dies. The invention is based on our discovery of methods and means by which such holes may be formed and countersinking thereof be accomplished by electrolytic drilling so conducted as to control the contour of the hole or chamfer.

The present invention is in part disclosed as a sub-combination of the process of diamond die production forming the subject matter of our copending joint application with Chauncey G. Peters, Forest K. Harris, and Karl F. Nefllen, now Patent 2,438,941, issued April 6, 1948, wherein the present invention'is employed for drilling the secondary cone and bearing in the production of diamond dies. The present invention is likewise in part disclosed in the article published within one year prior to the present application in the American Minerologist 312160-163 and entitled Controlled electrolytic drilling of diamonds by Walter B. Emerson, one of the present applicants.

Asthe invention is well exemplified by the application thereof to the drilling of the secondary cone and bearing and the chamfering of a diamond die, such application is herein described as illustrative but not restrictive of the invention.

In general, the production of diamond dies involves the following steps: (1) selection and preparation of die blanks; (2) spotting or starting the hole; (3) drilling the bell or primary cone; (4) drilling the secondary cone and bearing; (5) back-opening and relieving, and (6) polishing of the die surface.

The present invention is particularly applicable to the secondary cone and bearing drilling steps, and to the relief of the back-opening in this procedure.

(1) (2) In the practice of 'the prior art, for dies of .0015 inch diameter, or less, diamonds of A to carat, allowing a thickness of 1.3 to 1.8 mm., have been selected. The selected diamond has then been formed into a flat plate having two parallel surfaces spaced apart by the thickness of the die, this being generally accomplished by bruting. This blank has then been mounted and centered in a metal disc which is rotated in a bench lathe while a small conical hole is March 3, 1883, as 370 0. G. 757) 2 spotted or bruted in one of the flat surfaces of the stone with a diamond chip held in a pair of pliers, to act as a starting point for the drill. The blank is then ready for the drilling operation.

(3) The method and equipment developed in Europe for drilling diamond dies (see Paul Grodzinski, Diamond and Gem Stone Industrial Production, chap. II, page 169) essentially employ a star-drilling action. The drilling machine has a horizontal, single spindle that rotates at about 3500 revolutions per minute and carries a sewing needle for the drill. The diamond is mounted on a second spindle which oscillates the diamond against the sharpened end of the drill. Diamond dust of different grades mixed with alcohol or oil is used as the abrasive. Domestic machines as heretofore employed have operated on the same principle but usually employ ten vertical spindles to conserve space and facilitate inspection by the operator.

For drilling the primary cone, in the prior art the spotted blank is placed on the rough drilling machine, using a needle of about .040 inch diameter ground to a rather blunt point. Diamond dust of about 60 micron grade (our designation for dust having an average particle size inch of the cone.

of from 50 to 70 microns) is used for the first part of the operation, and of about 30 micron grade (25 to 35 microns) for the finish. In this way the bell is formed, preferably as a degree cone of about 1 mm. or .040 inch depth.

(4) For drilling the secondary cone, a lighter drilling machine is used with a fine needle ground to approximately the shape of the desired cone. Diamond dust of about 30 micron grade is used at the start followed by grades 12 (8 to 15 micron) and 6 (4 to 8 micron) as the drilling progresses. Frequent regrinding of the needle is required as the pecking action soon blunts the sharp tip. If after many tedious hours the apex of the cone is found to be .001 inch or less in diameter, the drilling is considered complete.

' (5) For back-opening according to the prior art, the die in its casing is then returned to the chuck of the bench lathe for counter drilling. In this operation a spherical hole, in line with the die axis, is bruted into the back surface of the die with diamond splints held in sharpnosed pliers until it reaches the point of the secondary cone. In some shops the bruting is discontinued when the sphere comes within .003 The final opening is then made on the drilling machine using a needle sharpened to a hemisphere .010 inch in diameter The present invention in this embodiment has for objects severally and inter-dependently the material reduction of the time heretofore required for forming the secondary cone and bearing, the provision of a new controlled electrolytic drilling method, the provision of a new plural step method of forming the secondary cone and bearings in dies of this sort, and the provision of a new method of chamfering or relieving the back-opening which reduces the time thereof to approximately of that required for effecting the relief in the method of the aforesaid copending application. Further objects and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the detailed description of the illustrated embodiment of method and means incorporating its principles.

Briefly, in applying the present invention in the production of small diamond dies, following the preparation of the blank and formation of a primary cone therein by any suitable methods, for example, those of the copending application above mentioned, we form the secondary cone and bearing by our controlled electrolytic drilling method preferably as a two-step process insuring centering thereof relative to the apex of the primary cone. The die may then be back-opened and internally polished by any suitable methods, those of the above mentioned copending application being preferred. The present inventionmay then be employed for effecting a bevelled relief of the edge of the back-opening to the extent of one-half a thousandth of an inch, more or less.

In the accompanying drawings of the illustrated embodiment.

Figs. 1 to 4 are diagrammatic illustrations on a greatly enlarged scale of the steps of forming the secondary cone and relieving the back-opening in accordance with this invention.

Fig. 5 is a diagram of the electrolytic drilling method and means.

Fig. 6 is a diagram of hole-contours produced by various electrolytes.

Fig. 7 is a diagram illustrating the voltagecurrent relationships characteristic of respective electrolytes.

As indicated in Figs. 1 to 3, by our new procedure after the die blank has been prepared, as by cutting and polishing its facial surfaces and forming the primary or bell cone therein, an initial coarse drilling of the secondary cone is effected (Figs. 1 and 2) followed by fine drilling of the .bearing portion thereof (Fig. 3). By this procedure the tedious and time consuming star drilling operation, which is the basis of prior methods, is eliminated, and the strains, flaws and fractures, and other damage to the bearing surfaces frequently resulting from preparing the blank and spotting and back-opening the die by bruting is avoided. When the die has been backopened by any of the methods described in the aforesaid copending application, the present invention may be applied to efiect relief of the backopening by electrolytic chamfering, as illustrated in Fig. 4. Considering these operations in more detail:

(1) Preparing the blank In applying the present invention in the production of small diamond dies of the type disclosed in the above mentioned copending application, as the first step the blank is preferably prepared with two polished parallel surfaces and a polished window face at right angles thereto, and the primary cone is drilled therein perpendicular to one of the parallel faces. Any desired methods may be employed for so preparing the blank, those disclosed in the above mentioned copending application being preferred.

For forming the secondaary cone in accordance with the present invention, apparatus exemplified in Fig. 5 may be employed.

(2) Electrolytic drilling apparatus In the arrangement illustrated in Fig. 5, a 110 volt 60 cycle source is connected to the input terminals of a 0 to 270 volt output adjustable ratio autotransformer V, such as a variac. The secondary of the variac is connected to a capacitor C of about 20 microfarads and an A. C. ammeter A" of about 1 ampere range. The circuit may be arranged as shown to enable the capacitor C to be excluded, or enable a parallel capacitor C" to be employed. A wooden base 40 and pillar 4! forms the support for the diamond and electrolytic drilling apparatus. The pillar 4| is provided with suitable means for raising and lowering the drill, preferably in the form of a 5 inch rack 42 which carries a bar 43 provided with a flexure strip 44 and an adjusting screw 45 for fine adjustment. The rack is raised and lowered in any suitable manner as by rotation of the thumb screw 45a. A glass plate or block 46 is placed in a shallow evaporating dish 41 supported on the base 40, which may be provided with suitable centering elements, as three or four angle members 48, for correctly positioning the dish 4?. A small flat plate of glass or the like 49 is preferably cemented to the center of the block 46 to form the supporting pillow for the die blank 18. The drilling needle 50 is fastened into thelower end of a pendulous rod 5! which may be weighted at its lower end, as by a collar 5la. In the illustrated embodiment the needle 50 is made from 0.020 inch diameter hard drawn per cent platinum 30 per cent iridium wire. The pendulous rod 5| is connected to the flexure strip 4e by a light coiled spring 52 which may comprise '75 turns of number 30 enameled copper wire wound under slight tension on a '7 mm. diameter mandrel, for example. Platinum suspension hooks or other attaching means may be soldered to the ends of the coil to insure good electrical contact. This particular form of coil will apply a load of about 0.1 gramto the diamond when the electrode is lowered 1 'mm. after contacting the diamond, and about 0.2

gram when it is lowered 3 mm. after such contact. This loading ratio may be increased by using larger wire or by decreasing either the diameter or the number of turns of the coil. The weight of the pendulous rod is preferably adjusted when using the coil described so as to extend the spring 52 approximately 20 to 30 mm. In the form shown the end of the drill needle 50 is preferably ground to a cone having a 10 degree taper and an .002 to .003 inch spherical tip. The electrode and spring assembly is lowered by means of the rack 42 and its operating knob 45a until the tip of the needle 50 comes nearly into contact with the apex of the bell cone previously formed in the diamond. The spring ii is then lowered to contact and an additional 2 to 3 mm. therebeyond by operation of the flexure screw 45 until the load on the needle tip is approximately 1 gram, or less. An electrolyte such as a per cent aqueous solutlon of commercial KNO: (saltpeter) may be employed. This is poured into the evaporating dish 41 until the liquid level is about 1 mm. above the top surface of the diamond. The leads from the variac-ammeter series capacitance circuit are connected to thei'lexure strip 44 and to a platinum electrode 53 which dips into the solution in the dish 4'! to a depth 4 to 5 mm. greater than that of electrode 50. With the variac set for 210 volts, the current is applied. Under these conditions the ammeter should indicate about 0.5 m1- pere. If the current is greater than that, the liquid level is lowered. If less, the level is raised. Under these conditions a secondary 16 degree cone 0.008 inch deep, 0.0015 inch diameter at the bottom, may be drilled in about eight minutes.

This drilling step may also be practiced by using a per cent by weight aqueous solution of KNO: as the electrolyte and applying 85 volts across the electrode terminals. If at the start the drilling electrode 50 has a 10 degree taper and a tip diameter of 0.001 inch, the cone produced in 40 minutes will be 0.006 inch deep and have top and bottom diameters of approximately 0.002 inch and 0.0004 inch, respectively. The tapered electrode will have shortened about 2 mm. during the drilling operation, and its tip will have th e'shape of the hole and be of somewhat smaller dimensions. If a more blunt electrode is used, the resulting cone will have the same general shape but will be less deep; the shortening of the electrode will be less, and its final profile will show a broad shoulder above its tip. This seems to indicate that drilling is retarded by the time required for the electrolytic etching of the electrode.

(3) Factors controlled in .drilling Variables that affect the drilling are well within the control of the operator, thereby permitting surprisingly close duplication of results. The factors which affect the drilling include the composition, diameter and shape of the electrodes, the composition and concentration of the electrolyte, the applied load onthe drilling point, the drilling period, the capacitance in the circuit, and the voltage-current relationships for various electrolytes.

Both electrodes should be of a noble metal, or

an alloy of noble metals, to withstand the electroly'tic action. The composition of the deep-dipping electrode is less critical than that of the drilling electrode. The most satisfactory material for the latter thus far discovered is hard drawn 70 per cent platinum 30 per cent iridium wire. Hard drawn platinum wire drills fully as rapidly as this alloy but gives cones of greater diameter. The preferred diameter, of the electrode is 0.020 inch. The platinum-iridium electrode of this diameter is sufiiciently rigid to retain its shape during the pointing operation, and electrodes of this diameter are more economical to use than those of larger size. The-electrode tip is preferably ground with an 8 to 10 degree taper to a tip diameter of about 0.001 to 0.002 inch. The rate of drilling is retarded if the tip diameter is large. The bottoms of the cones tend to be somewhat irregular when tips less than 0.001 inch in diameter are used.

From tests of aqueous solutions of 40 electrolytes, including salts, bases, acids, and several combinations of salts, it has been discovered that potassium nitrate (KNOx) is the most desirable for drilling diamond die secondary cones, and particularly the bearing portions thereof.

Although drilling is possible with other electrolytes, most of them have one or more disadvan tages, including slowness of drilling, inability to drill deep cones, production of roughness or irregularity of the cones, release of irritating fumes, critical requirements for duplication of drilling, and unsatisfactory contour of the resulting cone. The majority of electrolytes give cones of contour A (Fig. 6) as opposed to the'desirable shape B (Fig. 6) for die secondary cones produced with KNOs. One electrolyte, NaCl, gives a funnelshaped cone C (Fig. 6) which is useful in obtaining axial alignment of the secondary cone with the primary cone of the die. Slight impurities in the electrolyte do not effect the drilling appreciably, but it is well to use distilled water. The addition of a small'quantity (say 0.2 per cent) of aerosol to the solution reduces the spray from the liquid without interfering with the drilling.

- Excellent drilling may be made with 3 to 10 per cent KNO; concentrations (see Figs. 3 and 4) and with 3 to 6 per cent NaCl concentrations when the proper corresponding voltages and currents are used. Lower concentrations are less desirable from the standpoint of quality of the cones produced, while greater concentrations do not appear superior.

In general, the magnitude of the load applied by the electrode to the diamond affects the diameter and depth of the cone. A load of 0.1 to 0.2 gram is used to drill dies of less than 0.001 inch diameter. Dies of somewhat larger diameter are produced by increasing the weight. Drilling is not as rapid with the larger loads, however, and to drill a cone of the required depth with a 2 gram load may necessitate re-sharpening the electrode and re-drilling for an additional 40 minute period. The contour of the lower part of the cone tends to be irregular when loads of less than 0.1 gram are used. I

The rate of drilling seemingly obeys the law of diminishing returns. By the above procedure cones 0.006 inch deep may be produced in the first 40 to 45 minutes after which the drilling proceeds rather slowly. The best procedure when deeper drillings are required is to remove and re-sharpen the electrode after a 40 minute drilling. The second 40 minute drilling will then increase the cone depth to about 0.0075 to 0.008 inch. Additional drilling with re-sharpened needles will produce cones of greater depth.

Two beneficial eiiects were discovered when a capacitor C" of 5 to 10 microfarads capacitance is placed in parallel With the electrodes: (at) the shape of the bottom of the cone is improved, and (b) decomposition of the electrolyte is reduced so that little, if any, attention is needed to maintain the solution at its proper level. One disadvantage noted in drilling very small dies with parallel capacitance is that ally increases the diameter inch.

The drilling rate is greatly accelerated by placin 20 microfarads series capacitance C in the circuit and increasing the potential to 210 or even 220 to 230 volts, as indicated in Fig. 5. With this arrangement cones 0.006 to 0.008 inch deep and 0.0012 to 0.0015 inch in diameter can be drilled in 15 to 20 minutes. These more rapidly drilled cones employing series capacitance tend to be a second drilling usu- 0.0001 inch to 0.0003

7 Somewhat irregular in shape, however, and to wander from the die axis. Therefore, for the most accurate work, it is preferred to drill without a series capacitance at the present time, al-

though the increased drilling speed effected by its use has value, particularly in the initial stages of drilling a secondary cone.

The voltage-current relationship for effective drilling varies with different electrolytes. In general, as the voltage is increased from zero a first current peak is reached for each electrolyte at which visible sparking begins. Usually a current drop results from further increase in the voltage, and the sparking becomes more vigorous up to a second critical point at which the current suddenly becomes much .lower.

Fig. 7 illustrates this phenomena with respect to three electrolytes as follows, the curves being based on an applied load of 0.12 gram in these diagrams:

(#1) An aqueous solution comprising percent by weight sulphuric acid (H2804) (#2) An aqueous solution comprising 8 percent by weight ammonium chloride (NHACD.

(#3) An aqueous solution comprising ten percent by weight potassium nitrate (KNOa).

The first peak above mentioned is indicated on each of these curves at X, the point Y is that at which the current suddenly becomes much lower, and the point Z is the point at which sparking again resumes when the voltage is increased above that of the point Y. The decrease in sparking at the point Y for curve #3 (KNOa) is much less evident than that for the other electrolytes, possibly because the current increases immediately after the transformation at Y.

Drilling of the diamond appears to begin at X and increases in rate until Y is reached. Between Y and Z the drilling electrode becomes highly polished and little, if any, drilling takes place. Beyond Z the electrode becomes pitted and rapidly deteriorates.

Our investigations have thus led to the discovery that the most effective drilling may be accomplished by employin a potential just below that which produces the sudden current drop at Y (Fig. 7).

For a given applied voltage the current increases with the depth of immersion of the drilling electrode, and the concentration of the electrolyte. With concentrations ordinarily used shallow immersions giving currents less than 0.3 ampere at transition Y (Fig. 7) are unsatisfactory because the drilling action becomes irregular. Also deep im'mersions giving currents greater than 1 ampere at transition Y (Fig. 'I) are unsatisfactory because the drilling electrode becomes pitted. Immersions giving currents of 0.5 to 0.7 ampere just below transition Y (Fig. '7) have proven the most satisfactory.

As above mentioned, drilling is most rapid for voltage values in the region just below the point Y (Fig. 7) immediately before the transformation occurs. The voltage for best drilling increases as the concentration of the electrolyte is reduced, and increases to a lesser degree with decrease of the applied load on the needle 50, and with into volts and volts, respectively, with 5 percent and 4 percent solutions. By following the principles herein set forth, the proper concentration'for a given electrolyte may be selected so that maximum drilling will take place at line voltage, thereby eliminating the need for a variable ratio transformer, such as V (Fig. 5). Such transformer, however, permits greater flexibility in drilling operations.

(4) Preferred practice In the illustrated practice of the invention exemplified in Figs. 1 to 4, we have found it advantageous to initiate the drilling of the secondary cone with electrolyte NaCl and drill all but the initial portion of the secondary cone and bearing with electrolyte KNOa. The electrolyte KNO: producesa relatively long, narrow cone of correct size and shape for the secondary cone of a small die. If the primary cone has a broad unpointed or irregular bottom, however, and drilling with KNOa is initiated immediately following the primary coning operation, there is a tendency for the secondary cone to lie slightly to one side of the primary cone axis. Excellent alignment and better blending of the primary and secondary cones is obtained by making a first drilling with the sodium chloride electrolyte and completing the drilling with KNOa. The following drilling .proccdure is therefore preferred:

The diamond 18 (Fig. 5) having been cemented on the post 49, is placed beneath and in the axis of the electrode 50. This electrode is ground with an 8 degree to 10 degree taper to a tip diameter of approximately 0.002 to 0.003 inch. This tip is preferably hemispherical (see Fig. 1), but may be simply flat. The electrode is lowered after contacting the bottom of the primary cone by an amount sufllcient to give it about an 0.2 gram pressure on the diamond. The electrode 53 (Fig. 5) should dip 4 to 5 mm. deeper in the container than the drilling electrode. A 5 per-' cent aqueous solution of sodium chloride is then poured into the container, immersing the diamond sufficiently (about 2 mm.) to give a current of about 0.7 ampere when 60 cycle alternating current of 90 volts potential is applied to the circuit. This gives a sharp apex to the cone, as shown in Fig. 2. The next drilling operation is performed with a 10 percent aqueous solution of potassium nitrate, and the tip diameter of the drilling electrode is somewhat smaller (0.001 to 0.0015 inch) for more rapid drilling. The same current and voltage values may be used. Greater voltages will be required for rapid drilling if lower electrolyte concentrations are employed. At the end of a 40 to 45 minute drilling period the drill will have produced a smooth bore cone having a length of about 0.016 inch and a diameter at the bottom of 0.0005 to 0.0006 inch. When this cone is drilled through to pierce the back face of the die, or when the back face is lapped off to the cone tip in accordance with the above mentioned copending application, the general appearance of the die is as shown in Fig. 3. If the initial distance between the bottom of the primary cone (Fig. 1) and the back of the die was greater than 0.005 inch, additional drilling with KNOa may be required using a re-sharpened needle.

The sharp edge formed at the intersection of the secondary cone and the back surface of the die (Fig. 3) is preferably relieved by electrolytic chamfering in accordance with the present invention, as illustrated in Fig. 4. This may be,

accomplished by inverting the die beneath the auaees drilling electrode 50 and drilling electrolytically from the back of the die using a percent sodium chloride electrolyte. The electrode is ground with a 30 degree taper to a fine tipfor insertion in the bottom of the secondary cone in this operation. Sufllcient back relief is obtained with a 4 or 5 minute drilling at a 60 cycle A. C. potential of 70 volts and 0.5 to 0.7 ampere. This produces a relief bevel of approximately 0.0005 inch.

From the foregoing detailed description, it is apparent that the present invention provides a controlled electrolytic drilling process, eii'ective apparatus for performing the same, and suitable electrolytes for providing diamond die secondary cones and bearings of most eflective shape and excellent axial alignment. As indicated, the method and apparatus herein disclosed is illustrative and not restrictive of the invention which contemplates modifications and variations falling within the scope of the appended claims. Reference is made to the aforesaid copending application and publication for further discussions of the practicr and advantages of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A method of electrolytically coning diamond dies and the like which consists in immersing the diamond in an electrolyte, resting against the diamond an electrically conductive needle point, and applying across the electrolytic contact thereof an alternating current potential larger than that at which sparking at the needle tip commences, and lying immediately below that at which a sudden decrease of current iiow occurs.

2. A method according to claim 1, in which the electrolyte consists essentially of an aqueous solution of potassium nitrate.

3. A method according to claim 1, in which the electrolyte consists essentially of an aqueous soluof sodium chloride.

4. A method according to claim 1, in which the alternating cu'rrent is applied across the electrolyte contact and a capacitor of the order of 20 microfarads capacitance in series therewith.

5. A method according to claim 1, in which the alternating current is applied across the elec= trolyte contact and a capacitor of the order of 5 tot: microfarads capacitance in parallel therewi 6. A method of electrically coning diamond dies and the like by immersing the diamond in an electrolyte, resting against the diamond an electrically conductive needle Point, and applying across the electrolytic contact an alternating current potential at least as large as that at which sparking at the needle tip commences and no greater than that at which a sudden decrease of current flow occurs, which method is especially adapted for extending the secondary cone of the die from the bottom of a previously formed primary or bell cone, in which the extended coning 2,377,159

10 is initiated with an electrolyte consisting essentially of an aqueous solution of sodium chloride, and attenuated with an electrolyte consisting essentially of an aqueous solution of potassium nitrate.

7. A method of electrically coning diamond dies and the like by immersing the diamond in an electrolyte, resting against the diamond an electrically conductive needle point, and applying across the electrolytic contact an alternating current potential at least as large as that at which sparking at the needle tip commences and no greater than that at which a sudden decrease of current flow occurs, which method is especially adapted for extending the secondary cone of the die from the bottom of a previously formed primary or bell cone, and inwhich the secondary coning is initiated with a needle point of hard drawn percent platinum 30 percent iridium wire having a diameter of about 0.020 inch and tapered at about 10 degrees to a tip diameter of about 0.002 to 0.003 inch.

8. In an apparatus for electrolytic drilling of diamonds and the like, a pendulous drilling electrode, an elastic suspension means for the electrode, and adjusting means for resting the electrode tip on a diamond to be drilled so that the electrode is supported in part by the .diamond and in part by the elastic suspension means.

9. In apparatus according to claim 8, in which the elastic suspension means comprises a coilspring from which the electrode is hung, said coil spring being suspended from a movable support, and in which said adjusting means comprises means for moving said support.

10. An apparatus according to claim 8, in which said drilling electrode is formed of a hard drawn 70 percent platinum 30 percent iridium wire having a diameter of about 0.020 inch and tapered to a tip diameter of about 0.002 to 0.003 inch.

11. An apparatus according to claim 8, in which said drilling electrode is formed of a hard drawn '70 percent platinum 30 percent iridium wire having a diameter of about 0.020 inch and tapered to a tip diameter of about 0.002 to 0.003 inch, with its tip generally hemispherical in shape.

WALTER nnmson. mvm L. COOTER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,258,480 Bergmann et al. Oct. 7, 1941 2,298,979 Simona Oct. 13, 1942 2,300,855 Allen et a1. NOV. 3, 1942 Kurtz et al. May 29, 1945

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2258480 *Nov 21, 1938Oct 7, 1941Gen ElectricDiamond working process
US2298979 *Mar 15, 1940Oct 13, 1942Aaron SimonsAutomatic drilling machine
US2300855 *Dec 9, 1941Nov 3, 1942Driver Co Wilbur BMethod of drilling diamonds
US2377159 *Jun 26, 1943May 29, 1945Callite Tungsten CorpMethod of diamond drilling
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2635487 *Jun 3, 1949Apr 21, 1953Gen Cable CorpMethod and apparatus for making wire drawing dies
US2902584 *Dec 27, 1956Sep 1, 1959Agie Ag Ind ElektronikMethod of detaching material by electric erosion
US4013863 *Nov 3, 1975Mar 22, 1977U.S. Philips CorporationMethod of finishing a workpiece of a non-conducting material, particularly diamond, by means of spark erosion
US4045311 *Sep 28, 1976Aug 30, 1977Kabushiki Kaisha Toyota Chuo KenkyushoProcess for making a minute hole
US4387287 *Nov 5, 1981Jun 7, 1983Diamond S.A.Method for a shaping of polycrystalline synthetic diamond
US4628171 *Jan 11, 1985Dec 9, 1986Port City Machine & Tool CompanyMechanical feed EDM machine for making threaded and nonthreaded bores
US5028304 *Oct 21, 1988Jul 2, 1991Stanishevsky Vladimir KMethod of electrochemical machining of articles made of conducting materials
US5035780 *Mar 23, 1989Jul 30, 1991Agency Of Industrial Science And TechnologyMethod of manufacturing a platinum tip
U.S. Classification205/649, 205/665, 125/30.2, 205/658, 315/227.00A, 205/660, 219/69.17
International ClassificationC04B41/53
Cooperative ClassificationC04B41/53
European ClassificationC04B41/53