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Publication numberUS2477820 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 2, 1949
Filing dateNov 5, 1945
Priority dateNov 5, 1945
Publication numberUS 2477820 A, US 2477820A, US-A-2477820, US2477820 A, US2477820A
InventorsAdolph Pokras
Original AssigneeSmith Corp A O
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Clothes drier
US 2477820 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug.v 2, 1949. A. POKRAS v 2,477,820-v CLOTHES DRIER Filed Nov. 5, 1945 v s sheets-sheet 1 INVEN TOR.

Aug. 2, 1949. A. PoKRAs 2,477,820

CLOTHES DRIER Filed Nov. 5, 1945 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ao/ h Pokras Y Wg fm :4 a//orfzeg/ \D bq INVENTOR.

Patented Aug. 2, 1949 CLOTHES DRIER Adolph Pokras, Whitefish Bay, Wis., assignor to A. 0. Smith Corporation, Milwaukee, Wis., a

corporation of New York Application November 5, 1945, Serial No. 626,788 4 claims. (ci. 34--131i This invention relates to a clothes drier of the type employing a rotary drum for containing the clothes and means for passing drying air therethrough during rotation of the drum.

One object of the invention is to eliminate the necessity of a substantial amount of insulation by passing a cool air stream throughout the drier in contact with the outer casing.

Another object is to provide a clothes drier in which freshly heated air and recirculated air are introduced into the drum at different angles to eliminate expensive conduits and improve the eiliciency of the drier. y

A further object is to introduce recirculated air into the drum at an angle at which the clothes fall into the air stream and are spread apart and loosened for effective drying thereof.

These and other objects of the invention will be clear from the following description of an embodiment of the invention illustrated in the accompanying drawing.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a front view of the drier with the front panel partially broken away;

Fig. 2 is a top plan view with the top panel removed:

Fig. 3 is a rear view of the drier with the rear panel partially broken away;

Fig. 4 is a view of the drier from the right side with the side panel removed; l

Fig. 5 is a view of the drier from the left side with the panel removed; and

Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the drier.

'I'he construction of the clothes drier may be in general similar to that found in the application of Ernst R. Koppel, Serial No. 607,578, filed July 28, 1945, now Patent No. 2,460,422, dated February 1, 1949, and assigned to the assignee of the present application.

In this construction, as illustrated in the drawings, the housing of the drier comprises the generally square casing I formed of front, rear and side panels supported on a base 2 and closed at the top by a removable cover 3. A small door 4 in the front panel of the casing permits access to the inside.

The lclothes carrying drum 5 is disposed within the casing and comprises a generally cylindrical perforated metal member substantially closed at the ends by the front plate 6 and the rear plate 1.

A short horizontal shaft 8 has one end suitably secured to the center of rear plate 'I of the drum and the other end is mounted for rotation within bearing 9 suitably secured within the rear end plate III of the casing.

'Ihe rear end plate III which is spaced inwardly from the rear panel of casing I is secured to base 2 and through the shaft 8 supports drum E for rotation within the drier.

A floating idler shaft II projects through end plate III adjacent the lower end thereof and is supported for rotation kwithin suitable bearings. A pulley I2 secured on the outer projecting portion of idler shaft II is belt connected to a pulley I 3 on drive shaft I4 of the motor I5. 'I'he idler shaft I II is supported in a oating manner by an adjustable plate I6 held by bracket I1. Bracket I1 is located between pulley I2 and end plate III and is suitably secured to the latter.

The plate I8 extends diagonally through bracket I1 and pivots on shoulder Il' of the bracket. The idler shaft Ilfpasses through one end of plate I8 and the other end is spring con-` shaft I I and motor I5. The bearings in plate I0 supporting shaft II have a clearance suillcient to permit the shaft to float therein for radial adjustment thereof by plate I6 and the spring connecting plate I6 to bracket I8.

'I'he motor I5 is mounted on the motor brackets 20 secured to base 2 at the lower right-hand back corner of the drier. The motor I5 drives the drum 5 by its shaft I 4 through the speed reducing belt drive described and preferably in a clockwise manner. The motor shaft I4 extends through motor I5 and the front end of the shaft is directly connected to the rotor of the rotary blower 2l.

The blower 2I is secured to base 2 at the righthand front corner of the drier and is employed to suck air into the drier, through the drum and to discharge the air as will bemore fully described hereinafter.

The drum 5 is partially surrounded by the inner baille 22, and the inner baffle 22 and the drum are surrounded by the outer baille 23.

The outer baille 23 for ed of sheet metal is disposed inside the casing w'th the ends thereof adjacent the front and rear panels of the casing.

If gas is employed the baffle 23 is formed of only one piece. The baffle 23 shown in the drawings, however, is employed with an electric heating element described hereinafter and is actually formed 3 in two separate parts although it operates as a single baille and is so described.

'I'he left side of baille 23, as shown in Figure 1, extends straight downwardly and is secured to base 2 at a location only slightly spaced from the side panel. The right side of baille 23 is curved to the shape of the drum and closely surrounds the right side of the drum. A metal edge ange 24 extends downwardly from the body portion of the bafile closely surrounding drum 5, and is secured to base 2 beneath the drum slightly oiset to the right of a line through the center of the drum.

The baille 23 is closed at the rear by rear end plate III and at the front by the front end plate 25 secured to base 2.

The baille provides the outer air duct 26 between the baille and casing and extending from the fresh air openings 21 in the bottom of the drier at the lower right side of the casing to the opening 28 in the lower portion of the straight side of baille 23 at the opposite or left side of the drier. Fresh air openings not shown may also be provided in the lower right side of the casing.

The inner baille 22 comprises a body portion of the cylindrical shape of the drum and the depending metal edge flange 29. The body portion of bafile 22 closely surrounds the left side of the drier drum and the flange 29 extends downwardly and is secured to base 2 beneath drum 5 slightlyoilset to the left of a line through the center of the drum. Alongitudinal duct 30 is provided .beneath drum 5 between ilange 29 of the inner baille and iiange 24 of the outer baille.

The curved body portion of inner baille 22 is spaced from outer baille 23 and the upper end of the inner baille stops at a line substantially removed from the upper end portion of the drum 5.

The inner air duct 3| is provided between the inner and outer baflles and extends from opening 28 in the lower left side of outer baille 23 upwardly between the bailles and thence over the end of inner baille 22 and into drum 5.

The heater 32 is secured to the respective .parts of the outer baille 23 immediately acacent the upper end of baille 22 and heats air flowing through duct 3| and into drum 5. The heater 32 is preferably a radiant electric heater in which the outer casing 33 is secured to baille 23 and radiates the heat of the electric element 34 directly into the drum 5 as well as heating the air as it flows by in duct 3| and into the drum. It is also possible to employ a heater unit disposed on base 2 adjacent opening 28 in baille 23 or heat might be provided in duct 3| from an external source. In both these cases the baille 23 would be formed of a single piece rather than two pieces as shown.

'I'he longitudinal duct 30 beneath drum 5 is connected to blower 2| by intake conduit 35 and air sucked through the drum and into duct 30 by the blower then flows through intake conduit 35 to recirculating conduit 36.

The recirculating conduit 36 curves upwardly and inwardly to an opening in outer baille 23 at the lower right side of the cylindrical body portion thereof. The ends of the conduit are suitably secured to baille 23.

The discharge conduit 31 is secured to recirculating conduit 36 adjacent the joinder of conduit 36 to` baille 23. Conduit 31 .extends from conduit 36 horizontally to the back of the drier where it then turns upwardly to the to of the drier and projects out the rear as s own, or out of the top panel. A portion of the air entering recirculating conduit 33 is discharged through conduit 31 ,and another portion is recirculated back into drum 5. a

The drum 5 is rotated in a clockwise direction 5 as previously stated and shown in the drawings.

The drum 5 may be rotated in a counter-clockwise direction and conduits 35. 36 and 31 would then be located within the drier at a position substantially opposite to the present location thereof.`

In any event the recirculated air enters drum 5 through opening 38 at an angle at which the air strikes the clothes as they are falling within the drum. The air spreads the clothes apart and provides dryin'g air underneath the clothes as they tumble 'in the drum. The recirculated drying air is not reheated prior to entry into the drum and does not mix with the fresh drying air until entry into the drum. The fresh drying air enters the drum at an angle substantially opposite to that of the recirculated air.

v Suitable controls, not shown. are provided in the upper rear left corner of the drier to operate the same.

The operation of the drier in service is as follows: wet clothes are deposited in drum 5 through the opening of door 4. 'Ihc controls are then set. Motor I5 rotates drum 5 clockwise tumbling the wet clothes therein. The blower 2| driven by the motor sucks air into the drier through the opening 21 in the bottom of the casing as shown in the right side of the drawing of Figure 1.

The fresh air flows through the outer duct 26 completely throughout the casing portion of the drier and passes through opening 28 in the lower lselft side of outer baille 23 and into the inner duct 40 upwardly therein past heater 32 and thence into the drum 5.

The blower 2| sucks the air through the drum into duct 30 and thereafter the air flows to the blower through intake conduit 35. The blower then discharges the air into the recirculating conduit 36 which carries a portion of the air back into the drum 5 through opening 38 while another portion of the air exits through discharge conduit 31.

The blower 2| operates and the air flow cycle described continues until the clothes are thoroughly dried at which time the controls turn off the motor I5 and the drier 4discontinues operation until more wet clothes are placed in the drum and the controls reset.

A lint iiltering tray 39 may be disposed in duct 30 to catch lint carried by the air after passing through the drum 5. The tray 39 may -be removed through a small door 40 in either the 60 front or back panel of casing I.

The invention provides a clothes drier in which thick insulation and extensive recirculating conduits are eliminated to decrease the cost of the drier without sacriiice of drying eciency.

Various embodiments of the invention may be employed within the scope of the accompanying claims.

I claim:

1. A clothes drier comprising a rotary per- 70 forate drum disposed on a substantially horizontal axis and adapted to receive clothes to be dried, a casing containing said drum and having its side walls and top and bottom spaced substantially from the drum, a partition extending 75 between the end walls of said casing encircling Upon entry into duct 3| the fresh air flows the upper portion of the drum and extending downwardly on opposite sides of the drum to the bottom of the casing, an inlet for air to enter said casing into the chamber between said partition and casing near the lower corner at one side of the drum, an inlet through said partition for admitting air to the inside drum chamber from the space between said partition and casing at the side opposite said iirst named inlet, a baiile for directing air entering the inner chamber of said partition to enter the drum near the top thereof, means to heat the air entering the drum, an exhaust passage through said casing for discharge of air from the bottom of said drum, and means forcing air through said drum and out said exhaust passage.

2. A clothes drier comprising a rotary perforate drum disposed on a substantially horizontal axis and adapted to receive clothes to be dried, a casing containing said drum and having its side walls and top and bottom spaced substantially from the drum, a partition extending between the end walls of said casing encircling the upper portion of the drum and extending downwardly on opposite sides of the drum to the bottom of the casing, an inlet for air to enter said casing into the chamber between said partition and casing near the lower corner at one side of the drum, an inlet through said partition for admitting air to the inside drum chamber from the space between said partition and casing at the side opposite said iirst named inlet, a baille for directing air entering the inner chamber of said partition to enter the drum near the top thereof, a heating unit disposed in said partition to heat the air as it enters the drum, an exhaust passage through said casing for discharge of air from the bottom of said drum and means forcing air through said drum and out through said exhaust passage.

3. A clothes drier comprising a rotary perforate drum disposed on a substantially horizontal axis and adapted to receive clothes to be dried, a casing containi g said drum and having its side walls and to and bottom spaced substantially from the drum, a partition extending between the end walls of said casing encircling the upper portion of the drum and extending downwardly on opposite sides of the drum to the bottom of the casing, an inlet for air to enter said casing vinto the chamber between said partition and casing near the lower corner at one side of the drum, 'an inlet through said partition for admitting a/lr to the inside drum chambervfrom the space between said partition and casing at the side opposite said first named inlet, a baille for directing air entering the inner chamber of said partition to enter the drum near the top thereof, means to heat the air entering the drum a suction fan disposed in vsaid casing on the side opposite said baille and having its inlet connected to a discharge passage from the drum, a recirculation passage for air being discharged from the fan to enter the rotary drum on the downwardly moving side thereof, and a duct leading from said recirculation passage to the outside of said casing to provide for the discharge of adr from the drier.

4. A clothes drier comprising a rotary perforate drum disposed on a substantially horizontal axis and adapted to receive clothes to be dried, a casing containing said drum and having its side wall-s and top and bottom spaced substantially from the drum, a partition extending between the end walls of said casing encircling the upper portion of the drum and extending down- 'wardly on opposite sides of the drum to the bottom of the casing, an inlet for air to enter said casing into the chamber between said partition and casing near the lower corner Vat one side of the drum, an inlet through said partition for admitting air to the inside drum chamber from the space between said partition and casing at the side opposite said iirst named inlet, a baiile for directing air entering the inner chamber of said partition to enter the drum near the top thereof, a heating unit disposed in said partition to heat the air as it enters the drum, a suction fan disposed in said casing on the side opposite said baille and having its inlet connected to .a discharge passage from the drum, a recirculation passage for air being discharged from the fan to enter the rotary drum on the downwardly moving side thereof, and a duct leading from said recirculation passage to the outside of said casing to provide for the discharge of air from the drier.

. ADOLPH POKRAS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

Broglie July 29, 1947

Patent Citations
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US1424994 *Apr 23, 1920Aug 8, 1922American Laundry Mach CoDrying tumbler
US1575917 *Oct 20, 1925Mar 9, 1926William L ClemDrying tumbler
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2617203 *Oct 13, 1948Nov 11, 1952Murray Orval DDrier
US2619736 *Jan 18, 1947Dec 2, 1952Whirlpool CoBulkhead drier
US2645035 *Feb 28, 1949Jul 14, 1953Machf Reineveld N VDrying apparatus for laundry work
US2663950 *Jan 15, 1949Dec 29, 1953Detrex CorpSolvent saver recovery apparatus
US2707337 *Mar 8, 1949May 3, 1955Morrison Willard LClothes dryer
US2707837 *Feb 3, 1951May 10, 1955Gen ElectricClothes drier
US2712183 *Nov 15, 1952Jul 5, 1955Jorgenson John PClothes dryers
US2748496 *Oct 24, 1952Jun 5, 1956Thor CorpClothes dryer
US2913832 *Nov 9, 1955Nov 24, 1959Kaufman Hiram JDrying apparatus
US2957330 *Feb 26, 1954Oct 25, 1960Cline Kermit RCombination washer and drier
US7765716 *Nov 5, 2008Aug 3, 2010Daewoo Electronics CorporationDryer having intake duct with heater integrated therein
US7992321 *Dec 19, 2007Aug 9, 2011Electrolux Home ProductsLaundry dryer having three roller drum support system and reversing idler assembly
Classifications
U.S. Classification34/131
International ClassificationD06F58/02
Cooperative ClassificationD06F58/02
European ClassificationD06F58/02