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Publication numberUS2479548 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 16, 1949
Filing dateMar 15, 1945
Priority dateMar 15, 1945
Publication numberUS 2479548 A, US 2479548A, US-A-2479548, US2479548 A, US2479548A
InventorsYoung John E
Original AssigneeRca Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Control circuit
US 2479548 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ug. 16, 1949. 1 E. YOUNG 2,479,548

oNTRoL CIRCUIT Filed March l5, 1945 IN VEN TOR. (fa/mf E. )6a/v6.

Patented Aug. 16, 1949 p 2,479,548 CONTROL cmcnrr John E. Young, Merchantville, N. J., assigner to America, a corporation of Radio Corporation of Delaware Application March 15, 1945, Serial No. 582,949

(Cl. Z50-17) Claims.

This application relates to transmitter control circuits and more specifically to improved apparatus actuated by a change in the magnitude of the output of a transmitter or a similar circuit for rendering the same inoperative when the output thereof is not as desired.

The primary object of my invention is improved transmitter monitoring and control.

An additional object of my invention is provision of a transmitter control system which adapts itself to transmitter outputs of different magnitude so that once it is installed and adjusted the transmitter output may be changed to meet various requirements without making any changes in the control system.

In describing my invention in detail, reference will be made to the single gure in the attached drawings wherein I have illustrated by block diagram a wave energy generator, modulator and transmitter with a control circuit arranged in accordance with my invention for breaking a transmitter circuit or operating on the same in some manner to render the transmitter inoperative if the output falls.

In the drawings, Il! represents amplifiers,` multipliers, etc., the output of which are coupled to an antenna A, and the input of which are coupled to an exciter I2 such as, for example, a wave energy Vsource and wave modulating apparatus. The exciter I2 or if desired the amplifiers, multipliers, etc. in Il! includes as an operating circuit the circuit I4 which may be connected at points I6 to, for example, a source of potential so that when the circuit is completed by relay armature I8 the apparatus in the exciter is operative, and when the circuit is interrupted by movement of relay armature i8 by the spring S the exciter is inoperative to supply output to the multipliers and ampliiiers and thence to the antenna.

The circuit I4 need not be a power supply circuit as described above but may be of any character, so long as it performs the desired operation on the transmitter. Circuit I4 normally closed by contact I8 may act through a second relay to hold open a shunt or short circuit which when closed stopsoperation of the transmitter.

In any event the arrangement is such that if there is a sudden reduction of output power from the transmitter such as would result from an arc over or other failure in circuits between the transmitter and antenna the transmitter may be taken oir the air by opening the circuit including armature I8.

To accomplish this operation a voltage e picked up from the transmitter by radiation or by cou- 2 pling thereto is supplied to the anode 20 of a diode VI, the cathode 22 of which is connected to a resistive network comprising RI R2 and R3, with RI shunted by C2, and R2 shunted by C3. A

. point on the network at the adjacent ends of RI and R2 is coupled to the cathode 26 of the tube V2. The adjustable point on R3 is connected to the control grid 28 of V2. The anode 30 of V2 is connected to the winding of a relay having a contact closing armature I8. A source of alternating potential E may connect the relay winding to the cathode of tube V2.

The voltage e is rectified by VI and fed to the network. CI is the conventional rectifier input capacitor. RI and R2 are approximately equal but C3 is of somewhat higher capacity than C2 which may be an R. F. bypass capacitor. The tube V2 is a Thyratron of the type wherein a negative bias on the grid prevents the same from liring but as the negative potential is reduced the tube res before the grid becomes zero or positive. The voltage e is rectified and current flows in RI and R2 and the RI and R2, with respect to the cathode 26 of tube V2, are of opposed polarity and buck. The potentiometer R3 is so adjusted (slightly negative but not cutoff) that tube V2 which is of the Thyratron type is just red when the voltage e is such as provided by normal transmitter operating conditions. `Now if the input to the rectifier, i. e., voltage e, is suddenly reduced, because of a fault in the transmitter system, capacitor C2 is discharged more rapidly than C3 because of its small storage capacity. The positive potential at the cathode, tube VI, end of RI and R3 drops rapidly (because C2 is small), and this potential no longer equals the negative voltage developed at the anode, tube VI, end of R2 and on the adjacent end of R3 by virtue of the large condenser C3 whichl is slower to discharge. This more negative potential is applied by the potentiometer R3 tap to the grid of tube V2, momentarily cutting off the plate current normally resulting from the alternating current voltage E. This opens the relay contacts which may be connected as stated above in the proper transmitter control circuits to shut off the transmitter.

Now when circuits controlled by completing I4 have stopped operation of the transmitter, voltage at e becomes zero, no bias is developed between cathode and control grid of tube V2, which draws current to close relay I8. This, however, does not turn the transmitter on unless the operator chooses to restart the same by completing the circuits controlled by III. It is apparent that potentials developed across the network C2, C3, Rl, R2 once properly adjusted will adapt itself to a fairly wide range of transmitter outputs without adjustment. This is because the operation depends on a change in the magnitude of e and the diierential of the time constant of the condensers C2 and C3. The only effect will be a change in the sensitivity of the device, since as the steady state magnitude of e is reduced tube V2 is not as critically biased, and a greater change in e will be required to cutoiT the plate current of tube V2.

The circuit I4 is described as a transmitter operation control circuit. It will be obvious, however, that the circuit lli may operate' an alarm to attract the operators attention so that he can turn the transmitter off.

What is claimed:

1. In apparatus for controlling the conductivity of a discharge device having electrodes including Aa control grid and cathode, two resistors of substantially like size connected in series, a connection between adjacent ends of said resistors and the cathode of the device, a capacitor in shunt toeach resistor, said capacitors being of unlike size, a rectier in Va rectifier circuit including said resistors as a rectier load, a connection between .the Ycontrol grid of Said device anda selected point on said rectier load and means for applying alternating current to said rectiiierV whereby a potential is developed between said control grid and cathode which changes when thealternating current magnitude changes. 2. Apparatus as recited in claim 1 wherein said lastnamed means isa Ysource of alternating current coupled to said rectifier and wherein said last named sourceV includes a circuit Vwith contacts one of which is movable to block output from the source and wherein the device includes ananode in a circuit with a relay winding cooperating with an armature for controlling the posiiton of said movable contact. 3. In combination with a source of wave energy, a circuit including a pair of contacts one of which is movable to put said source of wave .energy Vinto orout of operation, a discharge de- ?ice having electrodes including an anode, a cathrode and a control grid, two resistors of substantially like size connected in series, a connection between adjacent ends of said resistors and the cathode of said device, a capacitor in shunt to each resistor, said capacitors being of unlike size, a rectifier tube in a rectifier circuit including said resistors in series as a rectiier load, said rectifier having a cathode connected to the free end of the resistor shunted by the smaller capacitor and havingan anode connected to the free end of the resistor shunted by the larger capacitor, a resistor in shunt to said series resistors, a connection between the control grid of said device and said shunt resistor, a relay having a winding and an armature associated with said movable Contact, a circuit connecting said winding to the anode and cathode of said vdevice and a coupling 4prising two resistors of substantially equal resista-nce in series, capacitors of diierent capacity inshunt to said resistors, a rectii'ier having an anode and a cathode in a rectiiier circuit including as a load impedance said two resistors, a coupling between said rectier and said generator output to excite the rectifier by a portion of the generator output to cause rectiiied current to flow in said resistors, a connection from the adjacent terminals of the resistors to the cathode of said device, and a coupling between a second point on the vnetwork andthe grid of t e device for applying a portion of the potential drop across said resistors to said grid.

5. In apparatus responsive tion of output from a wave to failure or reduc energy transmitter,

`armature adjacent the winding, the position of which depends on the magnitude of the current through the winding which in turn depends on the conductivity of the tube, a network comprising two'resistors in series each shunted by a capacitor, said capacitors being of unlike capacity, a connection between adjacent terminals of the resistors and ground and the cathode of Y tiometer resistance shunting said resistors, an adjustable connection between the grid of said tube and the said potentiometer resistance, a rectierhaving an anode and cathode in a rectiiier circuit in series with said resistors and a coupling between the rectifier and the transmitter output to excite the rectiiier byvenergy from the the transmitter to cause rectied current to flow in said resistors, the larger of said capacitors being in shuntl toV the resistor between the anode of the rectier and ground, the point on said potentiometer connected to said grid being adjusted so that the potential at said point and on the tube grid rires the gas tube under normal transmitter output.


REFERENCES CITED The followingreferences are of record in the file of this patent:


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1517654 *Mar 30, 1921Dec 2, 1924Rca CorpWireless signaling system
US2085125 *Jun 26, 1935Jun 29, 1937Bell Telephone Labor IncRadio transmitter
US2275940 *Apr 22, 1939Mar 10, 1942Rca CorpAlarm system
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2546500 *Jan 22, 1947Mar 27, 1951Raytheon Mfg CoElectrical circuits
US2684437 *Nov 25, 1949Jul 20, 1954Harold R ReissSignal transmitting circuit
US2735012 *Apr 27, 1951Feb 14, 1956Collins Radio CompanyDisabling circuit
US2736882 *Jul 18, 1952Feb 28, 1956Westinghouse Air Brake CoCircuit integrity checking system
US2807757 *Feb 2, 1953Sep 24, 1957Robert W CallinanElectronic relay control
US2809293 *Mar 20, 1953Oct 8, 1957Westinghouse Electric CorpElectronic protection system
US3187257 *May 10, 1961Jun 1, 1965Nippon Electric CoFrequency-(or phase)-modulation intermediate-frequency combining reception system
US5404114 *Jun 23, 1994Apr 4, 1995Rockwell International CorporationMethod and apparatus for providing transmitter protection
U.S. Classification455/117, 340/600
International ClassificationH03F1/52, H03F1/54
Cooperative ClassificationH03F1/54
European ClassificationH03F1/54