|Publication number||US2479912 A|
|Publication date||Aug 23, 1949|
|Filing date||Mar 13, 1947|
|Priority date||Mar 13, 1947|
|Publication number||US 2479912 A, US 2479912A, US-A-2479912, US2479912 A, US2479912A|
|Inventors||Desy Joseph A G|
|Original Assignee||Jean M Desy|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (5), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. A. G. DESY AUTOMATIC CENTER ING PUNCH 2 Sheets-Sheet l Filed March 13, 1947 Inventor e /sepll L G. D y
Aug. 23, 1949. J. A. G. DESY 2,479,912
AUTOMATIC CENTERING PUNCH Filed March l5, 1947 4 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I 16 50 @z w 3o 4 I @+w- L I l l I 25 10 H 3o Z5 l 2.1i 2O, 31 21 \26 1MM- 3540 www @M 'um F ,l ,w HH [18 tg@ IM *5 I f1 24 34, 'f
l0 1i 3o 36 o H30 36 25 25 'Il 57 i0 3o il f' 36 B 36 33 27 30 Zf I 25 Patented Aug. 23, 1949 AUTMATIC CENTERING PUNCH Joseph A. G. Dsy, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, assigner of one-half to .lean M. Dsy, Montreal,
Quebec, Canada p Application March 1.3, 1947, Serial No.` 734,455
The present invention relates to a center punch and, more particularly, such a punch in which the centering operation is automatic.
The main object of the invention resides in the provision of an automatic centering punch of improved performance.
Another object is the provision of a centering punch of the character described which is Very rapid in operation.
A further object contemplates an automatic center punch which is simple, rugged and accurate.
Still another object of the invention concerns an automatic center punch which can be manufactured at relatively low cost.
Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent or be pointed out further during the description to follow` i As an example, and for purposes of illustration, an embodiment of the invention is shown in the annexed drawing wherein: y
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the apparatus according to the invention,
Figure 2 is a transverse vertical section therethrough,
Figure 3 is a plan view of the apparatus with a part of the top removed to show the insidel part, I
Figure 4 is a section taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 3, and
Figure 5 is an end elevational view of one arm of the apparatus showing the inside gear train` Referring to the drawings, wherein similar reference characters represent corresponding parts throughout, the letter B indicates generally the body of the apparatus upon which the frame and other mechanisms are primarily secured. This body is quadrangular in shape and consists of four equal vertical side walls I arranged in parallel right angular relation and each of which has upper perpendicular flanges I I (see Figures 1 and 3). For a purpose to be apparent later on, there is formed between the flanges and in the upper part of the walls Il] a recess or cavity I2 which extends for a portion only of the walls height.
Disposed above the body B and secured to the flanges II thereof by means of screws I3, there is provided a frame consisting of diametrally aligned right angularly arranged arms A, the said frame thus effecting the general shape of a Greek cross. Each of the arms is formed with a central longitudinal narrow slot I and terminated, at its outer end, with a downwardly depending vertical apron I6, the lower edge of said apron 2 Claims. (C1. 33-191)' carrying a vertical outward flange I'l. The frame proper is completed by the addition, at the exact centre thereof, of an upstanding guide tube I8 which is integrall with a base plate 20 secured to the frame byv means of the screws 2I, said tube being adapted to slidably receive a centre punch 22 held in raised position by means of a coil spring 23;'the said punch is consequently normally held above a tapered aperture 24 provided, as stated before, at the exact centre of the frame and through which aperture the moistened end` of the punch is adapted to protrude slightly after compressing the holding spring 23. Y
As shown to advantage inthe figures, and more particularly in Figure 5, there are journalled on the outside of each apron a gear'train consistingl of five interm'eshing similar pinions 25, the axesof said pinions being horizontally aligned and symmetrically disposed with respect to the centre pinion which is mounted in the centre of the apron: consequently, saidcentre pinion is flanked on each side with two pinions meshing therewith and with each other. For proper support of the pinion axis or shaft, an outer bearing plate 26'is spacedlymounted with respect to the apron, on the outside thereof, said Vplate having an upper flange 2l and a lower flange 28, both of said anges being in parallel relation and connected respectively with the arm A and the apron flange 27 as clearly indicated in the drawings.
Each gear train of each arm is connected to the other train by means of screw shafts or Worms 30, one of said worms being connected to, or forming an axial extension of, each of the outermost pinions 25 of each train. Said worms extend beyond the apron I6, towards the walls I of the body, wherein they are journalled in pairs in parallel arrangement with each other and with the arm thereabove. The outer worms of each pair` are geared together by means of bevel pinions 3i, said pinions being disposed inside the body B, at the corner thereof. Therefore, all the worms and gears are so joined together that they will revolve in unison whenever any of said gears or worms is manually o-r otherwise actuated: thus, any movement imparted to one of the gears, for instance, will be simultaneously transmitted all around the arms of the apparatus in perfect synchronism. This is eifectuated, in practice, by means of the crank 32 suitably connected to a shaft extension of one of the centre arm pinions, said crank being provided with the handle 33 for manual rotation of the said pinion.
Each arm is provided with a slider 35 adapted to travel over the top surface thereof and provided with end downwardly depending legs 36, the undersuriace of said legs being threaded to engage the Worms 30 of the arms and to be movable along said arms by the rotary action of said worms. Each slider 35 is properly guided in a longitudinal direction by means of a guide block 3l tted accurately in the slot l5 of each arm and held in fplace underneath the slider and in its slot by a locating block 38 secured under each arm, to the slider 35, by means of screws 39.` The block 3l is somewhat Wider than the slot I5 and further formed with a tapered point 40, the edge of which is exactly in line with the centre axis of each arm and slot I5.
The operation of the apparatus should be fairly obvious from the above description: As the crank 32 is actuated and the centre pinion attached thereto correspondingly revolved, the gear train of the other arm will be synchronously rotated and, as a result, all the wenns 3U driven synchronously at a constant speed. The slider 35 engaging said worms will, therefore, have a translation movement imparted thereto, said movement being the same for all sliders. As a result, said sliders will advance, or recede, from the centre of the frame in perfect unison and, naturally, the blocks 38 attached thereto, similarly move. Consequently, a circular object O placed inside the body B, between the point of the block I 38, will beautomatically centered With respect to the centre punch 22 by the mechanism just described, -and bein position to receive the imprint of said punch inits upper'surface upon striking saidpunch with a hammer or the like.
Of course, the above explanation assumes that the apparatus has been properly set and the sliders engaged with the suitable threads of the worms when said apparatus has been assembled. This setting of the apparatus must be such that the points 40 of all blocks should meet together to form a theoretical point which is exactly cen-fV tered with respect to the tapered aperture 24 and immediately underneath the punch 22, inv
line with its centre longitudinal axis.,
From the foregoing, it should be evident that the present invention is an advance in the art of automatic centre punches in thatl said inven- 4 tion enables locating the centre of circular or cylindrical objects in a rapid and accurate manner. For fast production purposes, it represents a great saving of time in that unskilled labour can mark, in a very short time, a great number of parts to be center-marked, said marking being accomplished rapidly and accurately. Furthermore, the means above described are such as to permit periodic checking and consequent easy taking-up of looseness caused by inevitable wear: thus, the apparatus can always be maintained in purposely accurate condition.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. A device of the character described, comprising a frame having pairs of diametrally aligned rightangularly disposed arms, Worm screws disposed parallel to the arms on each side thereof and connected together from one arm to the next, gear trains at the ends of the arms connecting the Worms of one arm together, arm sliders on each arm threadedly engaged with the worms of the corresponding arm, and blocks secured to the sliders and movable therewith.
2. In an automatic center punch, a frame having arms radially arranged as a Greek cross, a worm screw parallelly spaced on each side of each arm, means flor connecting all`said worms rotatively together, sliding means asocated with each arm and worms thereof, tapered blocks connecte'd with the sliding means, and a crank for manually actuating one of the worms, whereby the blocks will be actuated to converge towards a common point.
JOSEPH A. G. DsY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in th le of this patent. Y
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name D'a-te 390,658 Gage i Oct. 9, 1888 578,196 Beck Mar. 2, 1897 986,205 Oneal Mar. 7, 1911 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 319,041 Italy June 27, 1934
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US390658 *||Jun 4, 1888||Oct 9, 1888||Himself||Centering-gage|
|US578196 *||May 16, 1896||Mar 2, 1897||The nofirls peters co|
|US986205 *||Jun 18, 1910||Mar 7, 1911||Maurice H Oneal||Centering device.|
|IT319041B *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2599819 *||Mar 28, 1950||Jun 10, 1952||Fisher Stephen||Center gauge|
|US3545088 *||Aug 20, 1968||Dec 8, 1970||Johnson Co Gage||Gage setting device|
|US4981400 *||Dec 21, 1989||Jan 1, 1991||Stover H Lee||Self-centering jig|
|US9228819 *||Oct 25, 2013||Jan 5, 2016||Snap-On Incorporated||Power actuated wheel clamp|
|US20140115906 *||Oct 25, 2013||May 1, 2014||Snap-On Incorporated||Power actuated wheel clamp|
|U.S. Classification||33/560, 33/673, 33/520|
|International Classification||B25D5/00, B25D5/02|