|Publication number||US2480022 A|
|Publication date||Aug 23, 1949|
|Filing date||Oct 7, 1944|
|Priority date||Oct 7, 1944|
|Publication number||US 2480022 A, US 2480022A, US-A-2480022, US2480022 A, US2480022A|
|Inventors||George B Hogaboom|
|Original Assignee||George B Hogaboom|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (31), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Allg. 23, 1949. G, B HOGABOOM 2,480,022
ROTARY BARREL Filed oct. '7,1944
INVENTQR GEO/Q65 HO Patented Aug. 23, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ROTARY BARREL George B. Hogaboom, New Britain, Conn.
Application October 7, 1944, Serial No. 557,580
This invention relates `to .rotary barrels for treating small articles in b-ulk, such as, for example, plating barrels rotating in tanks of electroplating solution.
In the operation of such barrels, the pieces of Work are continually being carried up as one 'side of the barrel rises until a point is reached at which they fall vby gravity to a point at lower level, from Where they are again raised to repeat the cycle of motion.
An important object of myinvention is'to provide va construction of suchplating barrels which will cause the work pieces to move in an axial or longitudinal direction in vaddition to the usual rising and tumbling motion, this axial or longitudinal motion alternating iirst toward one end of the barrel and then toward the other, back and forth, so that a very thorough exposure and presentation of all surfaces are secured with consequent very uniform action upon the articles.
In principle, the construction which I employ to accomplish the Vabove and other objects comprises the forming of the circumferential-Wall of the plating barrel by juxtaposing a succession of longitudinal panels oi trapezoidal form with their longer and shorter parallel sides and their directions of taper alternating from one panel to the next so as to provide an enclosed treating space of varying polygonal section having longitudinal surfaces alternately inclined to the barrel axis and successively serving as oor sections as the barrel rotates. In this way the rotation of the barrel brings into play rst a iioor or wall surface inclined toward the axis in one direction and the-n a iloor or wall surface inclined toward the axis in the other direction so that the work pieces gravitate first toward one end of the barrel and then toward the other end of the barrel as the rotation raises them and releases them to the niiuence of gravity. The shape and dimensions of the space occupied by the articles being treated constantly vary from one end of the barrel to the other, and the successive joints between adjacent panels incline iirst one way and then the other as the barrel rotates. In consequence of these conditions, the Work pieces are subjected to a continual redisposition and variation o the surfaces exposed to the electrolytic or other surface action with the result that a very uniform effect is achieved.
The results described are functions of the tapered form of the panels by reason of which their non-parallel edges incline toward `each other first from one end of the barrel and then 55 4 Claims. (Cl. 259-81) from the other. This condition obtains whether the panels are trapezoidal or triangular in form. In this respect, the trapezoidal and triangular forms are in principle equivalent for the purposes of this invention, although I prefer the trapezoidal form, and more particularly the symmetrical trapezoidal form in which the two nonparallel sides of the panel are inclined at equal angles to the panel axis. For simplicity, I shall refer to the panels as of trapezoidal iorm, intending thereby to embrace the triangular form as an extreme or limit of the true trapezoidal form where one of the two parallel sides has been reduced to zero.
An embodiment of the invention is illustrated by way of example in the accompanying drawing, in which- Figure 1 is a top plan view of a rotary plating barrel with its driving gears.
Figure 2 is a. sectional elevation thereof taken on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a similar view taken on the line 3--3 of Figure 1, and
Figure 4 is a longitudinal section thereof taken on the line 4--4 of Figure 1.
Referring to the several figures of the drawing, it will be observed that the circumferential wall of the barrel is formed of symmetrical trapezoidal panels I0' extending longitudinally of the barrel and juxtaposed along their edges with the direction of their taper alternating first toward one end of the barrel and then toward the other end of the barrel. These panels may, in accordance with conventional plating barrel practice, be provided with perforations, as indicated at Il, to permit the circulation of liquid, such as the electroplating solution, through the Same. The parallel ends I2 and I3 of the trapezoidal panels are secured, as by screws I 4, upon the periphery of the end walls I5 and I6 respectively, which are in the form of polygons having sides alternating in length, corresponding with the dimensions of the successive ends I2 and I3 of the panels I 0. These end Walls I5 and I6 are provided with trunnions II and I8, to journal the barrel for rotation about its main axis in the usual end bearings of the plating tank or the like in which the barrel is used. A gear I9 is secured on the end wall I3 to mesh with a pinion 20 on the drive Shaft 2|, intended to indicate diagrammatically in the drawing any conventional form of drive for rotating the barrel.
In use, the barrel may be opened to introduce work by unscrewing the fastening screws I Il of one of the panels lil. The panel is then replaced and the barrel lowered into the tank for rotation in Well-known manner. As the barrel rotates, the Work pieces are lifted at one side of the barrel to a point from which they descend by gravity and distribute themselves upon the ilofr surfaces constituted by the panels lll. These loor surfaces slope alternately rst toward one end of the barrel and then toward the other end of the barrel during the continued rotation, so that there is added to the tumbling motion of the Work pieces a back-and-forth movement in an axial direction. Since the polygonal section of the interior space of the barrel varies from one end to the other, this composite motion or dis tribution of the work pieces results in a very thorough and uniform distribution of the electro lytic action or other treatmentover. the entire surface .of the work.
It will be understood that electrodes of any suitable Well-known type may be embodied in the construction or associatedtherewithto furnish electricfciirrent for electro-deposition .or other treatment to which the articles are to. ce sublected. Deflec-tors or guide riiiles il desired, be provided on some or all of the panels tomodifyv the distribution of the articles being treated.
I. claim: l
l; A rotary barrel to be driven for tumbling and eiectrolytically treatingsniall articles in bulli, said barrel havingend Walls pro-vided with means tojournal the. barrel for rotation abcutits main axis and having-its circumferential wall formed of longitudinal panels of trapezoidal form circumferentially juxtaposed with their direction of taper alternating circumferentially from one panel to the next to provide an enclosed space having longitudinal surfaces alternately inclined to the main barrel axis and successively'serving, as-floorv sections tovexpose to electrolyticaction varying surfaces of the small articles being tumbled and-treatedas the barrel rotates.
2. A rotary barrel to be driven for` tumbling andelectrolyticaly treating small articles in bulk, said barrel having end walls` provided with means tojournal the barrel ier rotation-about its main axis and having its circumferential Wall formed of longitudinal panels of .trapezoidal form circuml'erentially juxtaposed with their directionl of taper alternating circumferentially fromV one panel to the next to provide an enclosed space of polygonal section having longitudinal surfaces alternately inclined to the main barrel axis-and successively serving as floor sections to expose to electrolytic action varying surfaces of the small articles being tumbled and treated as the barrel rotates.
3. A rotary barrel to be driven for tumbling and electrolytically treating small articles in bulk, said barrel having end walls provided with means to journal the barrel for rotation about its main axis and having its circumferential wall formed of longitudinal panels of symmetrical trapezoidal form circumferentially juxtaposed with their direction of taper alternating circumferentially from one panel to the next to provide an enclosed space having longitudinal surfaces alternately inclined to the main barrel axis and successively serving as floor sections to expose to electrolytic action varying surfaces of the small articles beingr tumbled and treated as the barrel rotates. 1
4. A rotary barrel to be driven Vfor tumbling and electrolytically treating small articles in bulk, said barrel having end walls provided with means to journal the barrel for rotation about its main axis and' having its circumferential Wall formeclof'loneitudinal panels of trapezoidal form cireumferentially juxtaposed with their direction of taper alternating circumferentially fromone panel to the next to provide an enclosed space of polygonal section'varying from one end of the barrel to the other having longitudinal surfaces alternately inclined tothe main barrel axis and successively serving as floor sections to expose to electrolytic action varying surfaces of the small articles being' timib'led and treated as the barreLrotates. l
GEORGE B. HOGABOOM.
REFERENCES CITED Thelfollovving references are of record in the file ofi this patent:
UNITED- STATES PATENTS Number Name Date Re. 11,808 Hare-raves Feb- 6, 1900 59,532 Witsel Nov. 6, 1866 71,448 Bruchner Nov. 26, 186'?l 1,243,742 Johnson Oct. 23, 1917' 1,395,171 Bishop, Jr. Oct. 25, 1921 1,531,417 Schulte Mar. 31, 1925 1,790,289 Thompson Jan. 27, 1931 2,079,037 Radecker May 4, 1937 2,267,898 Cornell, Jr. Dec. 30, 1941 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 128,238 Switzerland Oct. 16, 1928*
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US59532 *||Nov 6, 1866||Himself And Wm||Improved washing-machine|
|US71448 *||Nov 26, 1867||Improvement in furnaces for roasting ores|
|US1243742 *||May 26, 1916||Oct 23, 1917||American Manganese Steel Co||Liner for tube-mills.|
|US1395171 *||May 6, 1921||Oct 25, 1921||George De V Gilmore||Mixer|
|US1531417 *||Nov 30, 1923||Mar 31, 1925||Louis Schulte||Plating apparatus|
|US1790289 *||Mar 16, 1927||Jan 27, 1931||Electroplating machine|
|US2079037 *||Nov 12, 1935||May 4, 1937||Firm Ferd Wagner||Apparatus for treating materials by salt quenching or annealing baths or galvanic baths|
|US2267898 *||Apr 30, 1940||Dec 30, 1941||Cornell Jr Fritz G||Churn and butter worker|
|USRE11808 *||Nov 23, 1899||Feb 6, 1900||Barrel|
|CH128238A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2594061 *||Oct 25, 1949||Apr 22, 1952||Us Rubber Co||Plating barrel|
|US2673076 *||Jan 17, 1950||Mar 23, 1954||Mercil Plating Equipment Compa||Rotatable work holder for electroplating apparatus|
|US6979248||May 7, 2002||Dec 27, 2005||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US6988942||Jul 20, 2004||Jan 24, 2006||Applied Materials Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US6991528||Jun 6, 2003||Jan 31, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7014538||Mar 5, 2003||Mar 21, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Article for polishing semiconductor substrates|
|US7029365||Dec 23, 2003||Apr 18, 2006||Applied Materials Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7059948||Dec 20, 2001||Jun 13, 2006||Applied Materials||Articles for polishing semiconductor substrates|
|US7077721||Dec 3, 2003||Jul 18, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7084064||Sep 14, 2004||Aug 1, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Full sequence metal and barrier layer electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7125477||Aug 2, 2002||Oct 24, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Contacts for electrochemical processing|
|US7137868||Mar 6, 2006||Nov 21, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7137879||Mar 30, 2006||Nov 21, 2006||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7207878||Jan 8, 2005||Apr 24, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7278911||Aug 30, 2005||Oct 9, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7285036||Nov 21, 2006||Oct 23, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7303462||Mar 22, 2005||Dec 4, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Edge bead removal by an electro polishing process|
|US7303662||Aug 2, 2002||Dec 4, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Contacts for electrochemical processing|
|US7311592||Nov 2, 2006||Dec 25, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7344431||Jul 18, 2006||Mar 18, 2008||Applied Materials, Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7344432||Oct 31, 2006||Mar 18, 2008||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive pad with ion exchange membrane for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7374644||Jun 26, 2003||May 20, 2008||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US7427340||Apr 8, 2005||Sep 23, 2008||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive pad|
|US7446041||Jun 21, 2006||Nov 4, 2008||Applied Materials, Inc.||Full sequence metal and barrier layer electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7520968||Oct 4, 2005||Apr 21, 2009||Applied Materials, Inc.||Conductive pad design modification for better wafer-pad contact|
|US7569134||Jun 14, 2006||Aug 4, 2009||Applied Materials, Inc.||Contacts for electrochemical processing|
|US7670468||Sep 15, 2005||Mar 2, 2010||Applied Materials, Inc.||Contact assembly and method for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US7678245||Jun 30, 2004||Mar 16, 2010||Applied Materials, Inc.||Method and apparatus for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US20020119286 *||Dec 27, 2001||Aug 29, 2002||Liang-Yuh Chen||Conductive polishing article for electrochemical mechanical polishing|
|US20040121708 *||Dec 3, 2003||Jun 24, 2004||Applied Materials, Inc.||Pad assembly for electrochemical mechanical processing|
|US20070096315 *||Nov 1, 2006||May 3, 2007||Applied Materials, Inc.||Ball contact cover for copper loss reduction and spike reduction|
|U.S. Classification||366/349, 52/DIG.100, 204/213|
|Cooperative Classification||C25D17/20, Y10S52/10|