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Publication numberUS2481977 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 13, 1949
Filing dateMay 19, 1945
Priority dateMay 19, 1945
Publication numberUS 2481977 A, US 2481977A, US-A-2481977, US2481977 A, US2481977A
InventorsLionel Cinamon
Original AssigneeLionel Cinamon
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal protective coating method
US 2481977 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Sept. 13, 1949 UNITED. STATES FATENT OFFICE No Drawing. Application May 19, 1945, Serial No. 594,795

This invention relatesto rust inhibiting using a non-acidic phosphatic composition for effecting rust inhibition.

Heretofore it has been regarded as essential in the operation of rust inhibiting processes to utilize acidic compositions for such purposes. The vast majority of these processes depend upon the use of phosphoric acid in combination with various phosphates, and other materials. The phosphatic inhibition is regarded as providing the most advantageous type of protection for metals which have a tendency to rust.

Although there have been attempts to provide non-acidic methods for the production of protective coverings of metals, these methods have not been successful. In an early patent (Gravell, U. S. P. 1,555,798) the patentee suggested that the pickling of ferrous metals be followed by a neutralization of the pickling acid with water glass, and stated that this operation resulted in the formation of a skin which protected the metal against the rusting influences of the atmosphere. This skin was, however, a temporary one, and removed in subsequent working of the metal, such as, for instance, in drawing operations.

The coating did not possess the advantages of a phosphatically produced protective coating.

It has been found that phosphatic coatings of the acidic type when deposited subsequent to pickling and neutralization with sodium silicate were unsatisfactory. Other workers have reported that the silicate coatings were to be avoided since they produced rough surfaces, and presented other undesirable characteristics.

I have discovered that it is possible to obtain phosphatic protective coatings without using acidic media. These coatings possessing rust inhibiting properties are unique in that they are produced by the action on the metal of an alkaline solution of phosphates and silicates.

Accordingly it is an object of this invention to produce a rust inhibiting coating on metals which tend to rust by treating said metals with a non acidic solution containing phosphates and silicates.

Another object is to produce a rust inhibiting coating of a phosphatic character without the employment of an acid medium.

Thus I have been able successfully to protect ferrous metal surfaces against rusting or corro- 4 Claims. (01. 117--127 sion by the action thereon of a non-acidic solution of a silicate and a phosphate, as for instance, a solution prepared from an alkaline silicate and phosphate.

, As an example of such a combination of soluble salts, I prepare a mixture:

Tetra sodium pyrophosphate 10 S0dium meta silicate 4 Tri sodium phosphate 2 In carrying out the rust inhibiting treatment, the metal to be protected may be cleaned so as mechanically to remove as much as possible of the undesirable material on the surface of the metal. Then, it is pickled according to customary modes of procedure, after which operation the metal is thoroughly rinsed to remove the pickling liquid.

The rinsed metal is then dipped into a hot bath prepared from the above composition, using approximately 4-8 oz. of the said composition per gallon of water. The temperature of the bath may be maintained at from -212 F.

I have found that the rust inhibiting action of the combination of the salts is effective when the solutions thereof are made from mixtures in which they are present in the following ranges:

Parts Tetra sodium pyrophosphate 1-20 Sodium meta silicate /g-IO Tri sodium phosphate n 5 Eflective rust inhibiting baths may be prepared from the foregoing combination of salts combined in the ranges described, by dissolving said combination in water. The solution may be prepared by dissolving from ounce of the combination of salts in one gallon of water up to the saturation point of the mixture.

When more than about 8 ozs. of the combined salts are dissolved in a gallon of water, the solution shows increased efliciency in rust protection but it tends to leave a White salt film on the metal which may be found objectionable. If a supersaturated solution of the combined salts is used, such solution may also exhibit objectionable characteristics in that the salts tend to crystallize out and deposit on the metal.

Although the compositions described above are prepared from the sodium salts I have found that 3 other soluble salts are equally eifective as long as the solutions thereof are definitely alkaline in character and non-acidic in reaction.

With respect to the temperature of the bath, I have found that it is efiective at temperatures below 180 F., and in fact it may be used cold to produce rust inhibition of the metal but in such case the time of drying the treated metal is substantially lengthened.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. Process of rust inhibiting a metal which comprises: thoroughly cleaning the metal to produce a bright metal lic surface; andsubjecting said metal, after such cleaning, to tlie action or an aqueous solution comprising essentially in combination from /2 oz. per gallon to the saturation concentration of Parts Tetra sodium pyrophosphate 1-2 9 Sodium meta silicate A -Ili Tri-sodium phosphate -5 2. Process of rust inhibiting a metal iiiliich duce a bright metallic s urface; and subjecting saimme h a t? lql fignipghtol the a o o an queens, solution isngg" essentially in porgonont'o the saturation concentration of 3. Process of rust inmt tfg a hich comprises: pickling the metal, tyashingthe 4 pickled metal; and subjecting said metal, after such cleaning, to the action of an aqueous solution comprisin essentially, in combination, from /2 to about 8 oz. per gallon of:

Parts Tetra sodium pyrophosphate 1-20 Sodium meta silicate -10 Tri-sodium phosphate -5 4. Process of rust inhibiting a metal which comprises: pickling the metal; washing the pickled metal; and subjecting said metal, after such cleaning, to the action of an aqueous solution comprising essentially, in combination, from /2 t o'abbut 3 0 2. per gallon of:

Approximate parts ,',Ifetra sodium pyrophosphate 10 Sadium me +i19flt 4 "Tii sodium phosphate 2 LIONEL CINAMON.

' ""itEi' ERENoEs CITED Thejollowing references are of record in the comprises. thoroughly cleamng the metalto pro t fire tiff/hits patent:


Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2186177 *Aug 30, 1939Jan 9, 1940American Chem Paint CoArt of coating metal surfaces with a water insoluble metallic phosphate
US2322349 *Nov 11, 1942Jun 22, 1943Westinghouse Electric & Mfg CoCorrosion resistant coating for metal surfaces
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2758949 *Jun 26, 1952Aug 14, 1956Parker Rust Proof CoAlkali metal phosphate coating solutions and the method of forming coatings therewith
US2837449 *Aug 11, 1953Jun 3, 1958Henkel & Cie GmbhComposition of matter for and process of producing phosphate layers on iron surfaces
US3110684 *Dec 22, 1959Nov 12, 1963Miller Leo DHumidifier preservative
US3138492 *Oct 11, 1961Jun 23, 1964Allegheny Ludlum SteelInsulating coating for magnetic steel
US3175931 *Nov 26, 1963Mar 30, 1965Carl A BurgessTreatment of aluminum surfaces
US5064556 *Feb 13, 1991Nov 12, 1991Provision, Inc.Golf club cleaning composition and method
US5158629 *Aug 23, 1989Oct 27, 1992Rem Chemicals, Inc.Reducing surface roughness of metallic objects and burnishing liquid used
U.S. Classification148/253, 252/387
International ClassificationC23C22/05, C23C22/62
Cooperative ClassificationC23C22/62
European ClassificationC23C22/62