US 2482823 A
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Sept. 27, 1949. H. E. ADAMS FLOWER MAKING MACHINE 5 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 13, 1946 IN VEN TOR. lyai'l'i'igmwg Sept. 27, 1949. H. E. ADAMS 2,482,823
- FLOWER MAKING MACHINE Filed March 15, 1946 5 Sheets-Sheet 2 110 10 a 5 fi I 26% ATTD RN EYS Sept. 27, 1949. H. E. ADAMS FLOWER MAKING MACHINE 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Filed March 15, 1946 f m M J INVENTOR. fi aivzeifiwdar/zsg Sept. 27, 1949. H, ADAMS FLOWER MAKING MACHINE File d March 13, 1946 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 ,343 I V TOR I flwwi 1 AITD R N EYS Sept. 27, 19.49. H. E. ADAMS FLOWER MAKING MACHINE 5 Sheets- Sheet 5 Filed March 13, 1946 INVENTOR. v
m myrwfa ATTD RN EYE Patented Sept. 27, 1949 UNITED STATES FATENT OFFICE I FLOWER MAKING MACHINE Harriet E. Adams, San Antonio, Tex. Application March-fi, 1946, Serial No. 654,026
1 The invention relates to an automatic electric motor powered machine for cutting, die stamping or painting the different parts of artificial bluebonnet flowers on paper and cloth or the like.
An object of the invention is to prepare the difierent parts necessary to make the complete flower economically, with greater precision and uniformity than'if the flowers were made by hand. 4
In carrying out the invention, a mechanism is provided which will cut from a blank of suitable fabric the various parts necessary to complete the artificial flower and at the same time engrave and print on such parts coloring simulating the real flower. r
With the above and other objects and advantages in view, the invention consists 'ofthe novel details of construction, arrangement and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described, claimed and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an end 'view of an embodiment of the invention on the line l'l' of Figure 2 looking in the direction of the arrows; i
1 Claim. (01. 41-2) :provided on the ends thereof with gears 52'.
Figure 2 is a sectional and partly broken view thereof; Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 33 of Figure2;
Figure 4' is a'sectional view on-the line 4--4 of Figure 1; a Y
Figure 5 is a View of the circumference of'one of the rollers spread out;
Figure 6 is the same of the other roller;
Figure 7 is a detailed fragmentary view of the rollers; V
Figure 3 is a detailed fragmentary sectional view'of the upper roller;
Figure 9 is a detailed fragmentary sectional view of the lower roller;
Figure 10 is a view of the petal as cut, folded and engraved by co-action with the upper roller;
Figure 11 isthe same for another design onthe same roller; I
Figure 12 is the design to be used on the roller for cutting and engraving the smaller leaves of to affix the wireinsert to theflower parts;
Figure 16 is a view of the. leaf with the wire insert in position? 2 adapted to be used 'to cut the seed pods'of. the flower;
' Figure 18 is a fragmentary sectional view of the seed pod cutting rollers in operation;
Figure. 19 is a view of the completed seed pod; Figure 20 is a fragmentary view of the hood square cutting roller;
iFigureZl is a view of the hood cut thereby;
Figure 22 is a fragmentary view of the bud square cutting roller;
Figure 23 is a view of the bud cut thereby; Figure 24 is a fragmentary view of a strip cutting roller;
Figure 25 is'the same for a different width; Figure 26 is a view of the strip cut thereby; Figure 2'7 is aview showing the strip having adhesive on one sideand coloring on the other;
Figure 23 is aview of the calyx for the flower;
. Figure29 is a view of the stamen, and
Figure 30 is a view of the bud stem.
Referring more indetail to the drawings, the machine comprises superposed rollers and 42 which are mounted onshafts M and 4B respectively. The shaft 46 is journaled in the standards 48 and 50 for rotary'motion thereof and is The shaft 44 is journaled in bearings54 which are slidably mounted inthe vertical slots '56 formedin the upper ends of the standards and 50. The bearings 54 areprovided with diametrically opposed ribs '58 which are adapted to be re- "ceived in the vertical slots 60 on the inner side of the forked ends 62 and 64 of the standards.
The upper faces of the bearings 54 are provided with upstanding lugs 66 which are adapted to be inserted in the lower end of the pressure :springs 68. i
Pressure plates la havingribs 12 in co-action with the slots 60 have depending lugs M for inser- 7 all are'adapted to engage'plates "Hi and thereby Figure 1? isa fragmentar y view of the roller adjust the pressure between the engaging rollers Wand. v
A guard82 is secured to the standards by bolts 8 and is provided with a slot 35 having an out- -wardly flared flange 88 through which the material A to be used is inserted.
-,As here illustrated, the material for making the flowers is; to be fed to the die manually but it is to be understood-that a suitable automatic feed device may be attached to the machine if and when desired, or other changes made.
r A die table should be arranged with-the machine so that the operator will be able to perform his or her duties in perfect safety and without danger of injury while operating the machine without injury from the rotating cutters and the reciprocating die and if the machine is made entirely automatic it will require very little attention on the part of the operator.
Shaft 44 is provided on the ends thereof with gear 9% which is adapted to mesh with gear 52 whereby the rollers rotate in unison in opposite directions and power can be supplied to these rollers by any conventional type of gear arrangement connecting an electric motor.
The following is a description of the various patterns of blue bonnet flowers which are adapted to be cut and engraved by the above described machine: a
In Figures 5, 6 and 7 the roller Surfaces 9| and 93 are shown which will cut the petals 2 and 8'4 shown in Figures 10 and 11. In this instance, the upper roller 'ilil is provided with cutting knives 96 of the desired shape which surround the cavity 88 which is adapteditoholn the coloring material for the petals and a vertical creasing rib m extends betwen the top and bottom of the knives and size. .Acavi'ty ill? formed within the outline of the grooves I 95 also co-acts with cavity 98 to color the opposite side of "the material being used.
All blue bonnet petals have :a "shallow crease extending through the center of'the petal from end to end and in order to imi tate the natural flower, the groove ll 0 bisects the grooves Hit and coacting with the rib its forms the crease I I' z in the petals 92 and el as shown.
In attaching the petal to the hood I25 to "be later described the back "end or sharp end of the petal is held by the right hand and the f-ront end of the petal'v r i ththe left hand and-'fol'd the crease I I2 through the center of the petal made by the machine by bringing the crease together and pressing together lightly through the entire length of the petal to confirm the petal crease, now twist the sharp end or back end of the petal until the painted part has been twisted at the back of the petal and the unpainted part back of the petal center then by stopping here every flower is made the same size. Then take the hood in the left hand and the petal in the right hand and holding the petal about midway between the ends and exactly over the crease in the petal bring the crease together and hold on to it keeping the top side of the petal upward. Place the twisted end of the petal on the wire stem the hood and with the center 'fron't ol the exactly even with the crease or groove in the petal and. wrap the petal to the hood. The flowers are now ready to be tinted or retouched and suspended around the rims of trays, bowls, etc for drying. After the flowers are dry, wrap each flower stem and make them into sprays by wrapping them onto the bud stem. The flowers are formed into a spray using four flowers in the top view, six in the second row and about seven flowers in the last row more or -le'ss.
The roller 91 is likewise provided with knives HI which are similar in shape to knives 98 but in this instance the cavity H6 is provided at its medial portion with the opening I I6, which is provided at its marginal edge with cavities I28 which holds coloring and is adjusted to form the markings I22 on the petal 94 as in the case of the knives 9B, the rib I24 bisects the cavity H6 and opening I I8 and co-acts with the groove IIll on the roller 93 to form the crease H2, thus the rollers co-acting with each other will cut and color two types of petals at the same operation.
The knives are formed with razor edges to cut clear neat designs and pressure between the rollers is obtained as previously described.
For cutting the hood or crown I25 shown in Figure 21, the design of roller surface I26 as shown Figurefil) is used. In this instance, vertical and .hor-i-mn-tal lkHiVES I28 and E30 are employed and ribs I32 bisect the squares I34 formed by the vertical and horizontal knives.
The roller co-acting "with this roller is provided with similar configuration and the ribs 132 form the crease --I3'6'1in the hood for folding ,purposes.
To attach thc'liood to the wire stem and the hood'is lolded on the bias on the crease J36. Zloid ith e wirewem with. 'thestamenattachedin the left hand and the folded hood-square the right hanthp'laoe the hood 'squareevenly over the wire stem and stamen with corners even so that the center-back or middle corner of the hoodsquare rests on the wire stem, the front edges 'of the hood square evenly together :inclo'siirg the and wrap the hood square to the wire stem securely using suitable thread or fine wire and the like, and forming a hood or crown.
In this instance, the cavities 134 formed in the squares I34 ihol'd colortn'g for the :hood which 'correspondsto the-colors for the petals.
forming the leaf pat-tern Mt shown in Figure 13., the design of roller surface I42 shown in Figure 12 is used. Each lea f design is outlined with knives 1'44 and cavities .1 46 therein are prowith configurations or vein-s "I48 to im art the proper color and llle like -marklngs on the pattern I413 :a'srs'hown.
When the leaf patterns I40 are cut, the material used has iad'hesive 14d asap-lied tothe lreraa' surface as shown in Figure 27, thereforawhen the leaf patterns are cut, two pieces of material are fed simultaneously through the rollers and the sheets will adhere to each other forming the completed leaf pattern. A suitable ad l ie's'ive which will not hetaeky .yet will properly adhere will be used.
To attach the stems I50 to the leaf patterns 44!] the rollerrdesign ilmlshovzn-in'rigure misused.
Grooves I54 bisect the leaf designs 45B thereon and the wire 45s inserted the grooves 154 is retained between the layers cistern romping material. Cutters 4W0 formed at the medial portion of the leaf designs out the wire ['58 so that the Wire can :be withdrawn and term the stem as shown in Figure 16. The leaf designs 45B are'ou tlined with lznives 11-62 and thecavities 1154 are provideo with configurations or veins 166 to imitate the natural flower when the coloring retained in the cavities IE4 is applied lie the material. The
stem portions was of the leaf designs I56 are so shaped that thematerial encircles the wire 158 as shown at I10 in Figure 16. The rollers 469 and TH on shafts 4'13 and H5 "CO-25Gb as shown in Figure 15 and "the lower roller is provided with a groove "I1 2 that co-acts with-the-cu'tter I'Bli to provide shearing action for the wire.
The design the roller surface I'M in mosses Figure 22 isadapted to form the'bud square 116 shown in Figure 23, vertical and parallel knives 1 I18 and I80 are employed and vertical ribs I82 1 and angle bisecting ribs I 84 and I 86 are formed in the squares I88 formed by the vertical and parallel'knives-IIS and I80. Coloring is retained in the cavities I90 to color the material as desired.
' To make the. buds fold the square three times on the creases formed therein. After the squares havebeen folded take the square in the left hand i and with the right hand bring all four corners 'of the raw edge of the square raw' edge together to form the bud and pinch or twist it so as to hold'it together to represent buds andrepeat until as' many buds have been made as together and crush the The roller co-acting with the roller I14 is pro- 'vided with similar configurations and the ribs previouslydescribed form the creases .I92 in the bud square forfolding purposes. 7 r Rollers having a, design for cutting th'e'calyx H34 as shown in Figure 28 can'be formedsimilar to those previously described.'-
The calyx may or may not b ,used. If the calyx V is used a little adhesive is applied thereto on each section and one section is placed on the hood of the flower at the back with the corners even and the front section under the side of the petal evenly with the sharp point of the calyx extending to and resting on th under side of the crease in the petal.
In making the seed pod I96 shown in Figure 19, the rollers I98 and 200 on shafts I91 and I99 are employed, the surfaces 202 of these rollers are shown in Figure 17 wherein knives 204 in the shape of the pod I95 are formed thereon and concave cavities 206 are formed within the confines of the knives 204. The grooves 201 formed in roller zoo co-act with the knives 204, as previously described and color is placed in the cavities 206 for coloring the material. The material being used is the same as shown in Figur 27, two sheets are used and cotton padding 205 between the sheets form the pads; after they have been cut stitching 200 may be applied as shown in Figure 19 to imitate the natural pod of th flower.
The beans may also be moulded by any conventional manner and using any suitable substance or the beans may or may not be used.
After the beans or seed pods have been formed as previously described, a small wire stem is attached to each pod and as many pads as desired may be used in making the flower spray or the sprays may consist entirely of beans and the beans may be attached as desired.
The stamens 2Ill shown in Figure 29 are'made in any conventional manner the tiny stamen hood being made of any thin suitable fabric material preferably white and shaped in the form shown in Figure 29. The stamens are yellow and very small and should be made of any suitable substance as is generally used to make stamens and a few of these stamens should be inclosed within the little hood by placing the hood over and around the stamens and securing or wrapping and uniform length.
the'low e'r part oft hefhoodto the stam ens in any convenient manner so as" to enclose the'stamens "or the stamens may be attached to the lower outside front or throat of the tiny hood. After the stamens are made the tip ends of the front of each of their hoods may be dipped'or sprayed with a solution of black paint to imitate thesta- ,mens of the real flowers. Rose stamens may be used instead of blue bonnet stamens if desired. :By taking one rose stamen and. bending the stem in the middle so as to bring'both hoods together then apiece of fine wire about one inch long is bent at one end around the stamen so as to fasten the wire and stamen together securely as shown inFigure 29, or the flowers made without stamens if desired.
The blue bonnet stamen may be used instead uof the rose stamens: If the blue bonnet stamens are used one of the stamen is attached to a one inch stem of wire and one of thefolded hood square and the'h'ood square is wrapped on the wire stem inclosing the stamen and it is' then attached to the flower. I The petals are always twisted at the sharp end 251 'painte'd'portion has been twisted and the back or I plain part of the petal has been reached this as f-stated makes each petal the exact size and as- ;or backend thereof until' all the blue col-or or sures the flower maker that allpetals are of even "The Irollersurf-a'ces zlzfond' 214 in Figures 24 'and' 25Q lrave'h orizontal parallel knives 2I6 which I are spaced indifferent widths to cut the strips 2 I 5 shown in'Figure 26, .cavitie s 2I8 formed be- "tween'the knives colonthematerieu and the strips are used to wind the stems and bind the flowers together.
Flowers vary in colors and the colors used to color the material used will vary according to the colors of the real flowers.
The natural color of blue bonnet flowers are ultramarine blue with red and white centers and purplish black petal markings. Some are light, medium and dark blue, and some of them are of the very lightest shade of lavender. Thus the colors used must vary accordingly. Therefore tour cutting knives and engravings must be provided and each one supplied with its own individual color or paint to correspond with the four colors mentioned above in order to achieve the desired result in getting the color of the blue bonnet flower petal and their hood squares to match; thus, there must be four petal knives and four hood knives to match. For variety the flowers and foliage may be made in any color desired.
The color of blue bonnet flower leaves is dark apple green for the largest sizes and light apple green for the small sizes. The beans, the calyx and the strips used for wrapping the flowers are also dark apple green. The color of the bud is light apple green.
The flowers when completed after being diestamped and cut out by the machine described are useful for trimming ladies hat-s, dress corsages, and boutonnieres and used with a buckram foundation can be used for cocar-des, quill-s and the like, pot plants, bouquets, patriotic funeral designs and floral offerings and for decorating halls, booths, living rooms and automobiles. The designs may be used to decorate all kinds of texltile fabric including dress goods, window curtain cloth, comfort cloth, bed spreads or woven counter panes in colors 'or all white and for all kinds of upholstering cloth, carpets, art squares, linoleum and oil cloth and all kinds of fabric painting including handkerchiefs, pillow tops, art
lamp shades and the like, shelf paper, wall paper,
art calendars, post cards and fans, magazine covers and for decorating service trays, luncheon sets, plate 'favors for decorating china crockery and glass ware or for embroidery or used for any decorative purpose. where any other decorations are used.
As previously described, the leaves'are formed of two' thicknesses of material and. each leaf "attached to a stem forming strand of wire in the process of being made, however, the same prinother types of flowers merely upon changing the design of the cutters involved and the flowers produced thereby may be used for many and varied decorative uses.
Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new and desired to be secured by Letters Patent is:
cutting, embossing and coloring a suitable material and at the same time inserting a wire stem therein, the combination, which comprises, .a pair of parallel enacting rolls having cutting male and 30 In a plant forming machine for simultaneously Fi'em-ale dies in the surfaces thereof, configurations or veins within said cutting dies for embossing said material with lifelike markings therein, a supporting frame in which the rolls are mounted, resilient meansurging one roll toward the other, means adjusting the resilient means, the cutting elements of said dies defining leaves, the said vfemale die having a stem receiving groove therein, and said male die having a projection corresponding with the groove of the female die whereby superposed layers of material having a Wire positioned therebetween is fed to the dies, the wire is stamped in the groove forming a stem, and a plurality of separated walled areas positioned within the dies in which .coloring materials may be positioned to color the sur-- faces of the leaves formed 'by the dies.
HARRIET E. ADAMS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Nwnb Name Date 677,821 Tily et a1 July 2, 1901 680,533 Marinier et al Aug. 13, 1901 690,822 Avril V Jan. 7, 1902 751,946 Schoening Feb. 9, 1904 795,359 Moore July 25, 1905 1,289,090 ,Beistle Dec. 31, 1918 1,642,782 Langston Sept. 20, 1927 2,306,414 Tucker Dec. 29, 1942 Tucker Dec. 29, 1942