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Publication numberUS2482983 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1949
Filing dateSep 7, 1945
Priority dateSep 7, 1945
Publication numberUS 2482983 A, US 2482983A, US-A-2482983, US2482983 A, US2482983A
InventorsLambert Francis M
Original AssigneeHeintz Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Adjustable hinge structure
US 2482983 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 27, 1949.

" F. M. LAMBERT I ADJUSTABLE HINGE STRUCTURE ZSheecs-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. '7, 1945 aria/I10 Sept. 27, 1949,

ADJUS TABLE HINGE S TRUC TURE Filed Sept. 7, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 III/II F. M. LAMBERT 2,482,983

Patented Sept. 27, 1949 UNITED Barium" 3,582,983; T A -Jus rABLEnINGu Francis M; immin nt, w h, s gnor to Heintz Manufacturing C mma. aPlnlad lvh m 2a., accumulation 41f Pennsylvania 7 Application September 7, 1945,; S e1"ia;l'1\lo.-6:1A ',84 1 1 This invention relates 501K19 hin e and 31110 3 particularly to an i pmv d time 915 hinge in ShiPSzdQOfS ;f or bulkhead openings.

While the improved type hinges cf the presen invention may be used to advantage with many typesofidcorsthey are s e ally efficaci use hsn used with Water-tight, air-tight doors emplqyed in -.battlesh;ips and .=-the like. Such floors must like constructed to .meet exacting requirements. They are usually rconstvucted (of :sheet metal stretched over .a reinforcing lirama'the rear edge portion. of the door being provided \With=,a;gasket or {the like adapted .to he engaged, when :the 631063 is .eclosed, by van upstanding edge onthe bldkhead surrounding the door opening. gsuch .docrs are usually hinged 25" providing xeach -,w'r th ea m ra r ity of hinge rhlades alon he hinge side, which blades are pivotally secured to lloingegpfldslsecuned to :the bulkhead. eW henlthe door ih-asehecn closed it may the locked imposition ,and thepressure A311 thegasket maylbetegualized bya pluraiitymfiuckw ing dogs acting against wedge surfaces etc pref the .door ,ti ht inelosed position. llhe pne nt inventionthasforaprineipal ohjecttthe pmvi ien of an improved @type. of lhinge struc-ture rtor such doors.

In .doors :of the type to which .nei renee has been made, it .-is sometimes desired o provide fpinch ..type hinges. flfhese are so w nsttu ted that, before ..the door ispcmpletely in clnsedmosb tion the. gasket nnethe hingesideflof-the doorisengaged by the edge of the "bulkhead hpening, 7 am when-the 1 s completely closedthepnessure on, theremai-ni-ngportions cftthe:gasketisvapp iedeby dogsor-thevlike. It.is another. ob fi t ofutheepms ent invention to ,provideadoonhinge, Mhichpy simple adjustment ma immediat ly be transformed to a hinge eofethe fpinch, type.

,In' accordance .with.ipresent-practice, dpons are usually manufactured by cQncerns-which then ship them .-to .,the shipyards for .instanation. Bulkhead openings of .a predetermined tsizehailten vary slightly ..in their dimensions and not tinfljfiquently the workman installing a ,doqr ,will find that the hinge pads eon the :blllkhflfid {are 51191? spaced :soyas to permit therdotor whet-hung. ith an even :tight Sometimes the workman attempts x to (remedy the idifificulty Joy -,striking :the

hinge pads vto bend them ..to another pnsitione This IDAY1C81US-I1J11IPYIO the hinge pads andpalso may Joend the supportin mart-of .theebu hcadzeut of shape. ..The practice timeeconellm ignand, as willbe apparent, asheuldcbe condemned. di-fiiculty is overcome in accendancegwithrlihe rim v ntion, sanether-tobieet of which isetoeprevtde a V 7 s2 hinge structure rendering :such a practice Fun? necessary. I

These and other tobjeets .l'of the xinuention will become' mcre apparent Lthe atollowing .51

provide :3 con ection :ier etbe th ngs i'blfiq t2 xwhichsis seem det et te cute surface-s door a 3 wear ethe s d e whamm- [In m t pecificae demand the term ut esueilacefi eie 0:the:S1-.t i*&&i ileee eer :whuzhi ace rawa item themorzt amesmhullshe ameees :i new swears- 35, dee 1 3 is rov ded on ts 'll 'ffilmffiQ tthesusfee eiacius 'tlze bu lshe d r-mute) uit zarma eiea au muep r 49 which ii fl filih l' with th sheet edge '45 entire dour ldne rcv desla ch nne uneceiving and :rat in ue ea geasket 5156; of ,xublcer p r t ,lilge.

when Tithe d or 15 -,c .c ed s csiti n Alas ill-u mated) ethe gaske .4 6 engage e e ed e hi th dance at Lemme bu khead 1 ethus crmm a watertight closure. 7 v V 1 6 c [hinge a mi misedecf xtunslave nenalle imembers l8 ndtdswh ch mgyb -welded oreethem seasecun d etc the ebu shead ytl 'nhe uiuseenadnitedesire maytb huttressedm mq rdncrfirlffitiflfemil a ele mecessuch-a etha nd cat dchy thesae ereuc tnume a ez Sultan aueiemieea mweasehcwuslee we dedtc he mad area-to thebulki-aaact samci rhemenenmrt cns ef memeer t andew ccmmisin delu e ma Al are pmv de with a lieae ee r sda eheies .4, e22lseeee tivslylte rre ception of a pintle 23. The pintle 23 has a 3.4 eon 59 end em a eeedu ede tauk amusing? atetheiothe een uQQQKWMfiWQIk-Q ith iasscmblues-twill he deserihedeawell ttl lipnede theuzeducedlshamu ettien lfie nd t1; eude h memes e seswaecd n: ealise: tl .eeec a 1 n p ace.

less est em titebetwee rthermemhers 5218 and: tsium ugrthe mas eeedet leismm s membemehwhiehdssa he fem rc LDviZ tYQ IWQe -h The legs 28, 29 of the yoke member 21 are provided with rearward extensions 32, 33 respectivehinge blade. In accordance with the amount of the adjustment made, the engagement of the gasly, and these extensions are provided with aligned holes 34, 35 through which passes a pivot pin 36. By the word rearward in the specification and claims is meant the direction away from the door opening. By the same token, the word iorward means toward the door opening. I

The hinge blade 12 is disposed between the legs 28, 29 of the yoke member 21 and is provided with two holes, one for the passage of the pintle 23 and the other for the pivot pin 36. The first of these holes 31 (see Figs. 1 and 4) is of a diameter somewhat larger than the diameter of the pintle 23. The other hole 38 in the hinge blade is of a diameter just sufficient to receive the pivot pin 36. The pin 36 is secured to the hinge blade by means of-a cotter pin 39, or the like, which passes through both. The pin 36, thus in effect, comprises a trunnion which is journalled for pivoting movement in the holes 34, 35.

The yoke member 21 is provided with a threaded hole adapted to receive an adjusting screw 40, the inner end of which may be caused to bear against the upper surface of the hinge blade [2 directly above the pintle 23. A lock nut 4| is employed for securing the adjusting screw 40 in adjusted position. i

Finally, washers such as those indicated by the reference numerals 42, 43 and 44 may be employed for properly spacing the yoke member 21 with respect to the legs of the hinge pad l0 and with respect to the hinge blade [2 (see Fig. 2).

As previously indicated, the installation of ships doors has heretofore been accompanied by difficulties because the dimensions of the doors are not always accurately proportioned for the particular opening for which the door is to be used. Where the hinge pad is not positioned to readily receive the hinge blade, the workman assembling the door in place will frequently strike the hinge pad a blow with a hammer to bend it I to the proper position. Such a blow or blows will, however, cause a bending of the bulkhead or damage the hinge pad and this practice is thus highly unsatisfactory.

In accordance with the present invention this difliculty has been obviated, In practice the door will be furnished with several sets of yoke members for each hinge. These yoke members will difier principally in the distance between the centers of the two sets of holes 2|, 22 and 34, 35. Thus, the workman hanging the door will employ the set of yoke members which will cause the door to fit properly, and it will be wholly unnecessary for him to attempt to bend the hinge pad with probable consequent damage to the bulkhead.

Adjustment'of the hinge blade in an upward direction is accomplished merely by employing a suitable number of washers such as 42, 43, and the positioning of the hinge blade with respect to the yoke member 21 is similarly accomplished by the use of one or more of the washers 44.

Where it is desired to employ the hinges as pinch type hinges, it is merely necessary to adjust the adjusting screws 40 inwardly against the ket It by the edge of the flange I! on the hinge side of the door will be efiected more or less quickly and with a corresponding degree of compression.

It is believed that the structure and operation of the invention will now be clear. It should also now be obvious that changes in the structure and arrangement of the parts may be made without departing from the invention which is only to be limited in accordance with the following claims.

Iclairh: 1. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a hinge pad, a hinge blade, 11

member pivotally mounted on said hinge pad, said member having at least one portion extending from the hinge pad in a direction away from the door opening, means for pivodng one end of the hinge blade on said portion, the other end of the hinge blade being secured to the door, and means carried by the hinge pad for limiting the amount of movement of the hinge blade with respect to said member.

2. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a hinge pad, a hinge blade, a member pivotally mounted on said hinge pad, said member having at least one portion extending from the hinge pad in a direction away from the door opening, means for pivoting one end of the hinge blade on said portion, the other end of the hinge blade being secured to the door, and means carried by the hinge pad for limiting the amount of movement of the hinge blade with respect'to said member, and adjustable means carried by said member for further limiting the amount of movement of the hinge blade with respect to said member.

3. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a pair of spaced parallel elements on the structure surrounding the door opening and comprising a hinge pad, a yoke member disposed between said elements, the arms of said yoke member having portions extending rearwardly of said elements, a hinge blade secured to the door at one end, the other end of said hinge blade extending between the arms of said yoke, means pivotally mounting said other end of the hinge blade to the rearwardly extending portions of the yoke arms, a pintle extending through said elements and through the arms of the yoke member, said hinge blade having a hole for the passage of the pintle, said hole having a diameter greater than the diameter of the pintle, whereby said hinge blade may enjoy a limited movement 'with respect to said yoke member.

4. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a pair of spaced parallel elements on the structure surrounding the door opening and comprising a hinge pad, a yoke member disposed between said uprights, a pintle carried by said elements, said yoke member being mounted for pivoting movement about the axis of said pintle, the arms of said yoke member having portions extending rearwardly of said elements, a hinge blade secured to the door at one end, the other end of said hinge blade extending between the arms of said yoke member, means carried by the rearwardly extending portions of the arms of said yoke member for mounting said other end of said hinge blade for pivoting movement of the hinge blade about an axis parallel to the plane of the door opening, said hinge blade having a hole for the passage of saidpintle, said hole having a diameter greases:

by said hinge blade enjoy a "limited 'mo'V-e firen't withrespect to "said yoke member.

as hinge structure Y jf or'ships doors an the like, comprising, a' pair of spaced parallel elements on the structure surroundingthe door opening and comprising ahinge pad, a yoke member disposed between said uprights, a pintle carried by said elements, said'yoke member being mounted for pivoting movement about the axis of said pintle, the arms of said yoke member having portions extending rearwardly of said elements, a hinge blade secured to the door at one end, the other end of said hinge blade extending between the arms of said yoke member, means carried by the rearwardly extending portions of the arms of said yoke member for mounting said other end of said hinge blade for pivoting movement of the hinge blade about an axis parallel to the plane of the door opening, said hinge blade having a hole for the passage of said pintle, said hole having a diameter greater than the diameter of said pintle, whereby said hinge blade may enjoy a limited movement with respect to said yoke member, and an adjusting screw mounted in said yoke member for further limiting the movement of the hinge blade with respect to the yoke member- 6. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a pair of spaced parallel elements on the structure surrounding the door opening and comprising a hinge pad, a yoke member disposed between said uprights, a pintle carried by said elements, said yoke member being mounted for pivoting movement about the axis of said pintle, the arms of said yoke member having portions extending rearwardly of said elements, a hinge blade secured to the door at one end, the other end of said hinge blade extending between the arms of said yoke, a pivot pin mounted in aligned holes in the rearwardly extending portions of the arms of the yoke, said other end of said hinge blade being mounted on said pivot pin for turning movement about the axis of the pin, said hinge blade having a hole for the passage of said pintle, said hole having a diameter greater than the diameter of the pintle, whereby said hinge blade may enjoy a limited movement with respect to the yoke member.

7. A hinge structure for ships doors and the like, comprising, a pair of spaced parallel elements on the structure surrounding the door opening and comprising a hinge pad, a yoke member disposed between said uprights, a pintle carried by said elements, said yoke member being mounted for pivotin movement about the axis of said pintle, the arms of said yoke member having portions extending rearwardly of said elements, a hinge blade secured to the door at one end, the other end of said hinge blade extending between the arms of said yoke, a pivot pin mounted in aligned holes in the rearwardly extending portions of the arms of the yoke, said other end of said hinge blade being mounted on said pivot pin for turning movement about the axis of the pin, said hinge blade having a hole for the passage of said pintle, said hole having a diameter greater than the diameter of the pintle, whereby said hinge blade may enjoy a limited movement with respect to the yoke member, and an adjusting screw mounted in said yoke for further limiting the movement of the hinge blade with respect to the yoke member.

8. A hinge structure for doors for openings in ships bulkheads and the like having a flanged serum screened-ing the see -mg, the flange temg engaged by a gasket adjacent the door edge when thedooris closed position; said hinge structure-comprising a h-lfig'e pad on said bulk-- head andboir'ipr ed ofspao'ed' parallel -e lemen'ts aligned op-linings therein, a hinge blade the forward end of secured to the-outer surface or; thflbor and the rearward end of whie'h i's- 'ada pted to extend between and beyond the elements comprising the hinge pad, a U- shaped yoke member adapted to be positioned between the hinge pad elements with the legs of the yoke member straddling the hinge blade, and a pintle adapted to pass through the aligned openings insaid spaced elements, through the yoke member and through the hinge blade, the hole in the hinge blade for the passage of the pintle being of a diameter greater than the diameter of the pintle, said yoke member having rearwardly extending portions, and means for pivotally mounting said rearward end of the hinge blade to said rearwardly extending portions.

9. A hinge structure for doors for openings in ships bulkheads and the like having a flanged portion surrounding the opening, the flange being engaged by a gasket adjacent the door edge when the door is in closed position; said hinge structure comprising a hinge pad on said bulkhead and comprised of spaced parallel elements with aligned openings therein, a hinge blade the forward end of which is secured to the outer surface of the door and the rearward end of which is adapted to extend between and beyond the elements comprising the hinge pad, a U-shaped yoke member adapted to be positioned between the hinge pad elements with the legs of the yoke member straddling the hinge blade, and a pintle adapted to pass through the aligned openings in said spaced elements, through the yoke member and through the hinge blade, the hole in the hinge blade for the passage of the pintle being of a diameter greater than the diameter of the pintle, said yoke member having rearwardly extending portions, and means for pivotally mounting said rearward end of the hinge blade to said rearwardly extending portions, and adjustable screw means carried by the yoke member and adapted for movement toward and from said hinge blade for adjusting the amount of movement between the hinge blade and the yoke.

10. A door hinge structure comprising a hinge pad mounted adjacent a door opening, a hinge blade one end of which is secured to the door and the other end of which is dimensioned to extend past the hinge pad, a yoke member, a pintle for pivotally mounting the yoke member on the hinge pad, said yoke having at least one portion extending past the hinge pad when the structure is assembled, and means for pivoting the free end of the hinge blade to said extending portion of the yoke member, said hinge blade having an em larged hole for the passage of said pintle therethrough, said yoke member being dimensioned to straddle the hinge blade when the structure is assembled.

11. A door hinge structure comprising a hinge pad mounted adjacent a door opening, a hinge blade one end of which is secured to the door and the other end of' which is dimensioned to extend past the hinge pad, a yoke member, a pintle for pivotally mounting the yoke member on th hinge pad, said yoke having at least one portion extending past the hinge pad when the structure is assembled, and means for pivoting the free end of the hinge blade to said extending portion of the yoke member, said hinge blade having alien-- larged hole for the passage of said pintle therethrough, said yoke member being dimensioned to straddle the hinge blade when the structure is assembled, and adjustable means carried by said yoke member and movable toward and away from said hinge blade for limiting the movement between the hinge blade and the yoke member.

12. A hinge structure comprising a hinge pad,

a member pivotally mounted on said pad, ahinge blade pivoted to said member at a point spaced from the point of pivotal mounting of said member on said pad, and means carried by the hinge pad for limiting the amount of movement of the hinge blade with respect to said member.

FRANCIS M. LAMBERT.

No references cited.

Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *None
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4665654 *Oct 15, 1985May 19, 1987Rittal-Werk Rudolf Loh Gmbh & Co. KgWeather-tight switchboard cabinet
US7140702 *Dec 21, 2001Nov 28, 2006Square D CompanyMedium voltage motor control center arc resistant enclosure
Classifications
U.S. Classification114/117, 16/245, 49/402, 114/178
International ClassificationB63B19/00
Cooperative ClassificationB63B19/00, B63B2707/00
European ClassificationB63B19/00