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Publication numberUS2483015 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 27, 1949
Filing dateFeb 6, 1946
Priority dateFeb 6, 1946
Publication numberUS 2483015 A, US 2483015A, US-A-2483015, US2483015 A, US2483015A
InventorsLevy Earle E
Original AssigneeLevy Bros & Adler Rochester In
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Detachable lining for coats
US 2483015 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 27, 1949 E. E. LEVY DETACHABLE LINING FOR COATS 2 Sheets-Sheetl Filed Feb. 6, 1946 Sept. 27, 1949.

E. E. LEVY DETACHABLE LINING FOR COATS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb, e, 1946 v IN V EN TOR. .Zki'kZTZg 6 W j a lly thrust in putting on thejgarment iance of the lining.

Patented Sept. 27, 1949 ,Application February This. invention relates sport jackets and likearticles oflvieariiigjapparel, and,-,n 1o1'e particularl'm'to; detachable linings. for .artic1es,; to better adaptthemto varying weather conditions.

The outer coat or jacket, in which s uch a lining is inserted, is often constructed of fabridof s'ub-' stantialthickness, and is frequently itself; made with a stitched-injininghfsilk,satin, rayon .or thelike, for warmth and appearance and to I j Claims.

ETAoHnBLE- :LI 1NGFoRacoATslam-i aged, Nifii. .Bros. & Adler Rochestelyll c. 'a'corporation-oflflew n I in H s 6, 1946, SeriaINoQ 645,733 Q a (oil-"2 977)" adapt the coat to-slide on'easily over other garments. 1 A detachable lining: usually comprises fabric ofl suff cient thicknessfto' afiord the desired thermal insulation and is also made with an'inner lining oflthe character, indicated above and for .l --Ans r i t is ti 109 4 93:, i n f he character indicated in which,thegbulk ofjma terial. under .the, ,arn 1ho1e is, greatly freduced, for

' scribed, the .;.novel; features ,being pointed ,out in similar purposes, 'Whenf'such-a detachable lining is insertedin the outer, garmenmh various layers of fabric referred to above, 'multipl ied'at the seams, acquire such accumulatedthicknessgunder .the armholes .that they tend .to bunch up, par- ,ticula'rly when the armjis in 'thelowe'red position usually occupied,'so .as to form a mass ofjfabric vvhichfis not only uncomfortable, for,,thet' lvvearer,v

but detracts from, the tailored appearance'flof the garment Ithas been proposed to overcomethisditficulty by stitching the sleeve to the body portio'n'of the detachable lining overthe shoulder portion only, and in somecasesat asingle spotunder the arm,

leaving the sleeve free, from the body throughout K a, large proportion of. the armhole. fjThis "coni struction however, hasthe disadtantagesof le'aving openings between the body and sleeve portions into which the handsof the wearerarefrequentmg injury to the stitching of theiparts.

the ,claims at theend of thespecification. j nln'thedr'awingsz;

, Rig. .1 is a ,froht. eley atiiohal vievv oi topcoat,

opened tddis'pl'a'y' thereina detachablesleeyed I liningembodying the present invention; j

lining with a pleated insert at the 'arlmhole seam landnextending around. the armhole except I over the Shoulder, to afford, excess, material to permit the raising of the armwith greater freedom from constraint by the lining. This construction, however, tends to increase the quantity, andlbulk of .fabric and seams accumulated underithe armhole,

with the disadvantages reierjredto above, as well as the tendency to detract from. a sightly appear- One'object. of, the invention isto provide an improved lining of the detachable sleeve type fastened in theputer garment, is riore comfort able tojthe' wearer, and presents agmore sightly appearan e;

w g. '2 isasirnilar viewof thelining, detached; ig. 3 is a bottom plan viewofthe underarm port ens-0f the lining, .w iththe arm-in raisedQpomica; I :1, ,Fg. i is an enlarged section c rtheline'll 2} 1 "A r ig: 5 enlarged section 'on the line, Sat-jg;

fiw nF -l-a d a. Eig, 7 5 is a; further enlarge ment of port ns Gris an enlarged section substantially The invention-is herein disclosed, bywayflof .i'llustration asapplied tov'a detachable. sleeved "lining: for a;;topcoat I ll. pi -usual; constnuction, shaving :a body :portion l I -and---:permanently 'is'titched-in sleeves l i .zEach. frontportion of;the cbat; gas -l 3, :has a 'facing of .th,esame material .stitchedfto':the body at M, so asito leave 1a -fr,ee flap l5 Stitched unden andeconcealed bye-the flap is a tape It; adapted :to: 'ca'rryr-zippenwbutton; -snap 'fa'stener, or like means fOIl securing the detachable liriing in the outergarment. 1 Such means, inthepresent' instaricegaare snap fasteners': lL-of known type, for cooperation :with corresponding parts on the "lining; While the outer garment i is here shown as' a coat of box type,

;, it-any; ofcou'r se l have 'a 'raglan or other suitable oonstructienl' ffIhe detachable lining 1 s' is" shown fittedj in the ,ouiter arment inEig. 1" and detached 1 in Fig; 2,

{be varied "as desired. The-lining consists" of being, the ,presentfinstance, oif'raglan type and extending for the full lengthof: the outer garment .as shown; although such features 9 ay tc edin sleeves; ti es body portion' a w g g. providedvvith complementary se im ta mans for d a' h l s urto position.

ing the lining in the outer garment or coat.

The detachable lining comprises an outer fabric part 20, preferably of substantial thickness and warmth, and has stitched therein an inner lining 2| in the form of a yoke, as shown, although it will be understood, of course, that such inner lining may be of full length. The body portion of the detachable lining comprises the usual front and back portions, 22 and 23, which,

with their respective inner lining portions H, The

are stitched together as by seams 24. sleeves are each made in the present case of front and back sections, 25 and 26 (Fig. 3), each section comprising its outer fabric and inner lining portions, with these sleeve sections stitched together by the usual seams, as 21, the complete sleeve being stitched to the body portions by the usual seams including a seam 28 extending around under the armhole.

To increase the warmth and moistureresistance of the detachable lining, its several portions are preferably made to include one or more plies 29 of known insulating material such as cotton or wool, kapok, or other fibrous materials, or I may employ for this purpose a stratum of cork such as disclosed in my Letters Patent No. 2,231,129. The front portions of the body are preferably provided with a single ply of such insulating material 29, as indicated in Fig. 4. I prefer to provide the sleeves with two such insulating plies 29 (Fig. '7), and the back portions of the body with three such insulating plies, as shown in Fig. 5, although it will-be, understoodof course, that the number of such insulating plies in the different portions of the lining may b varied as desired.

A detachable lining of the effectively insulated and warm nature indicated. above with its multiple plies of material, is characterized by substantial thickness, especially in the multiplication of the plies and at the seams between the different portions and at the intersections of the seams. The resulting bulk and stiffness is intensified by the bunching of the materials and seamsin the under-arm portions at the armholes, so as to become uncomfortable to the wearer and interrupt the smooth and tailored appearance of the garment. I have found that this difliculty may be effectively overcome by cutting away the fabric plies, including their seams, over a substantial area of, such under-arm portions and replacing them by one or more plies of a light, thin material stitched to the remote edges of the 'cut away portions, so as to eliminate any thickness of materials under the arms, while maintaining, however, a continuously closed, smooth and warm construction.

To this end, I preferably cut away under each arm a substantially diamond-shaped area 30 (Fig 3), arranged with its projecting corners, or

points, extending along the several seams 24, 21

and 28, so as to remove these seams for such substantial lengths thereof as may be found desirable, depending upon the construction of the garment and the degree of bulkiness to be overcome. The cut away area or opening thus formed is replaced by an insert 3| of correspondingly diamond shape comprising, in the present instance, two plies 32 and 33 (Figs. 6 and 7), of thin, flexible material, such as silk, satin, rayon or the like, adapted to slide easily in contact with other fabrics and smoothly adjust itself The outer ply 32 is preferably stitched,as at 34, to the cut away edges of outer fabric part or ply 20 of the body portions and, at 35, to the edges of the outer fabric portion or ply 20 of the sleeve sections. The inner ply 33 of the insert is stitched, as at 36, to the edges of the inner lining 2| and insulating ply or plies of the body portion, and, at 31, to the edges of the inner lining and insulating plies 2| and 29 of the sleeve portions, respectively. The cut away area 30 and the insert 3| for closing it may evidently be varied in size and shape, as particular applications may require, so as to substantially remove the accumulated bulkiness of fabric layers and seams under the armhole and the tendency of such portions to bunch up and interfere with the comfort of the wearer and the movement of the arms, as well as the s-ightly appearance of the garment.

It will thus be seen that the invention accomplishes its objects and while it has been herein disclosed by reference to the details of a preferred embodiment, it is to be understood that such disclosure is intended in an illustrative, rather than a limiting sense, as it is contemplated that various modifications in the construction andarrangement of the parts will readily'occur to those skilled in the art, within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

. 1. A detachable lining for a coat, provided with means for detachably associating the same with said coat and comprising a body portion having front portions and a back portion connected by seams extending to the armholes of said coat lining, sleeves having front and back sections connected by seams extending to said armholes, said body portions and sleeves each having an outer fabric ply and at least one inner lining'ply of insulating material affording a lining of thick and warmly insulated construction, said body portions and sleeves and lining plies being secured together by armhole seams and having the under-arm portions thereof and the included portions of said seams cut away at each armhole over a substantially diamond-shaped area extending at its points for substantial distances in line with the seams between said body portions and the sleeve seams and said armhole seams, and an insert of thin flexible imperforate material having its edges stitched to the edges of said body portions and sleeve sections at said cut away portions, to replace said cut away portions and the included portions of said seams and reduce the thickness and bulk of material at said underarm portions.

2. A detachable lining for a coat, provided with means for detachably associating the same with said coat and comprising a body portion having front portions and a back portion connected by seams extending to the armholes of said coat lining, sleeves having front and back sections connected by seamsextending to the armholes, said body portions and sleeves each having an outer fabric ply and at least one inner lining ply of insulating material affording a lining of thick and warmly insulated construction, said body portions and sleeves and lining plies being seseams and said armhole seams, and an insert composed-of separate inner and outer plies of thin, flexible, imperforate material, the inner .of

said insertplies having its edges stitched to the edges of the lining plies of said body portions 5 and sleeve sections and the outer of said insert plies having its edges stitched to the edges of the fabric plies of said body portions and sleeve sections at said cut away portions, respectively, to replace said cut away portions and the included portions .of said seams and reduce the thickness and bulk of material at said under-arm lportions.

EARLE E. LEVY.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

Number Number n UK UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Sacks Aug. 15, 1922 Lee Mar. 16, 1943 Reiter June 1, 1943 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date- Great Britain Feb. 22, 1917

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1425794 *Jan 3, 1922Aug 15, 1922Herman SacksBloomers
US2314226 *Jan 12, 1942Mar 16, 1943Hettrick Mfg CoHunting coat
US2320950 *Feb 3, 1942Jun 1, 1943Reiter Lena JCoat with detachable lining
GB104057A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2676323 *Apr 26, 1952Apr 27, 1954Samuel ShapiroRemovable storm lining for topcoats
US2990550 *Oct 24, 1957Jul 4, 1961Seymour Locketz JacobSleeved lining for coats and jackets
US3018486 *Dec 24, 1959Jan 30, 1962Hygrade Rainwear Mfg CorpShell coats
US3077605 *Aug 29, 1960Feb 19, 1963Goodstein Bros & Co IncCombined coat liner and bathrobe
US4922552 *May 1, 1989May 8, 1990Grilliot William LFirefighter's garments having enhanced flexibility and minimum weight
US5001781 *Oct 16, 1989Mar 26, 1991Grilliot William LFirefighter's garments having enhanced thermal insulation while having minimum weight
US6216281 *Mar 23, 2000Apr 17, 2001Marnie L. FrickeRemovable sleeve liner for garments
US6427242Jan 5, 2000Aug 6, 2002The Burton CorporationGarment lining system characterized by localized performance properties
USRE35436 *Dec 20, 1993Feb 4, 1997Morning Pride Manufacturing, Inc.Firefighter's garments having enhanced flexibility and minimum weight
WO2001049138A1 *Jan 4, 2001Jul 12, 2001Burton CorpGarment lining system characterized by localized performance properties
WO2004049845A1 *Nov 28, 2003Jun 17, 2004Toshio KoshitaUniform with inner, and inner for uniforms
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/97, 2/93
International ClassificationA41D27/04, A41D27/02
Cooperative ClassificationA41D27/04
European ClassificationA41D27/04