|Publication number||US2484984 A|
|Publication date||Oct 18, 1949|
|Filing date||Mar 6, 1946|
|Priority date||Mar 6, 1946|
|Publication number||US 2484984 A, US 2484984A, US-A-2484984, US2484984 A, US2484984A|
|Inventors||Davis Albert E|
|Original Assignee||Davis Albert E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (17), Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 18, 1949. A. E. DAVIS 2,484,984
wnmow SCREEN Filed March 6, 1946 4 SheetsSheet l x 1- v i f INVENTOR. mrfl "6 A. E. DAVIS WINDOW SCREEN Oct. 18, 1949.
4 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIE-1U.
Filed March 6, 1946 A. E. DAVIS WINDOW SCREEN Oct. 18, 1949.
4 Sheets-sheet 3 Filed March 6, 1946 1H m "WI" Him.
INVENTOR. 171357225? flaws,
Patented Oct. 18, i949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE WINDOW SCREEN Albert E. Davis, New York, N. Y.
Application March 6, 1946, Serial N 0. 652,400
2 Claims. (01. 160-352) This invention relates to window screens of the type located on the inside of the window in inwardly extending bowed formation and the invention has particular reference to an improved frame structure therefor ailixed at one side to the window frame and having latching engagement with the other side thereof and which may be unlatched and swung from a bowed formation in front of the window to a position at one side thereof with the top and bottom bars of the frame disposed in straightened relation.
The invention has for an object the provision of a frame structure of the indicated character consisting of top and bottom bars and vertical side stiles adjustably connecting the ends of the top and bottom bars for movement thereof towards and away from each other for receiving different sizes of curtains and for maintaining the name in a stretched condition.
The invention also has for an object a frame structure of said character in which threaded shanks adjustably and pivotally connect one of the said bars with the side stiles for movement thereof toward and away from the opposite bar for receivin and accommodating screens of different heights and for disposing the same in position in front of the window or swung to an out-of-the-way position at one side thereof.
The invention also has in View normally straight upper and lower bars adapted to be bent and retained in bowed formation by the latching engagement of the side stile with the window frame and which when unlatched returns to the normally straightened condition.
With the foregoing and other objects in view reference is now made to the following specification and accompanying drawings in which the preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a frame structure constructed in accordance with the invention and illustrating the same affixed to a window frame in unlatched condition and with the screen removed.
Fig. 2 is a similar view thereof with the screen in position on the frame and the frame in latched condition in front of the window.
Fig. 3 is a fragmentary front view of the frame with one of the side stiles shown in section.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view taken approximately on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary face view of the upper portion of a frame structure illustrating a modification of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary face view of the lower portion of one of the side stiles and lower bar thereof.
Fig. 7 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken approximately on line 11 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 8 is a transverse sectional view taken approximately on line 8-8 of Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is a transverse sectional view taken approximately on line 9-9 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken approximately on line Ill-l0 of Fig. 2.
Fig. 11 is a fragmentary face view of the upper and lower portions of a frame structure illustrating still another modification of the invention with parts shown in section.
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken approximately on line l2--l 2 of Fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is a fragmentary transverse sectional view taken approximately on line l3-|3 of Fig. 11.
Fig. 14 is a transverse sectional view taken approximately on line I l-l4 of Fig. 12.
Fig. 15 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken approximately on line l5l5 of Fig. 11 and showing one of the bracket members attached to the window frame.
Referring to the drawings by characters of reference and more particularly to the form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive and Figs. 9 and 10, the window screen includes a panel indicated by the reference character A Which is fashioned of any desired material for diffusing or breaking up the glare of the light shining through the window. The panel A is supported I by a frame structure B for disposing the same in bowed inwardly extending relation in front of a window indicated by the reference character C to permit of the entrance of fresh air into the room when the window is open and to deflect the same upwardly and downwardly.
The frame structure B includes normally straight top and bottom bars HI and II and vertically disposed side stiles I2 and I3. As illustrated the side stiles l2 and I3 are of tubular formation and have studs 14 extending through the rolled ends I5 of the bottom bar H with the inner ends of the studs engaged in threaded openings in the lower ends of said side stiles for pivotally connecting the bottom bar therewith. Headed studs l6 slidably extend through the rolled outer ends I! of the top bar it) and have their inner ends slidably arranged in the upper open ends of the side stiles I2 and I 3 and are threadedly engaged by threaded adjusting ferrulesv 3- adapted when rotated with the lower ends thereof disposed against the upper ends of the side stiles to effect outward movement of the studs I6 to thereby move the top bar I8 away from the bottom bar II for accommodating different sizes of screens and for maintaining the same in a stretched or taut condition. When the adjusting ferrules I8 are turned in the opposite direction the top bar I is moved downwardly toward the bottom bar H to the position illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 of the drawings.
The side stile I2 is aflixed to the window frame at one side thereof by screws I9 or other equivalent fastening elements while the opposite side stile I3 is adapted to be releasably secured to the opposite side of the window frame by means of spring clips 20. When the side stile I3 is secured in position in the spring clips 20 the top and bottom bars I0 and II are disposed in bowed formation in front of the window as illustrated in Fig. 2 of the drawings to thereby tension the said bars whereby the same retain the bowed formation yet permit of flexing or bending thereof and when the side stile I3 is unlatched the said top and bottom bars return to their normal straight condition as illustrated in Fig. 1 and may be swung on the pivotal connection with the side stile I2 to dispose the window screen in an out-of-the-way position at one side of the window.
The side stiles I2 and I3 are disposed in vertical alignment and spacing elements 2I and 22 are provided through which respectively extend the screws I9 for connecting the side stile I2 to the window frame and screws 23 or equivalent fastening means for connecting the spring clips 29 to the opposite side of the window frame. By this construction the side stiles are maintained in equally spaced relation from the window frame when the screen is secured in bowed formation in front of the window. A handle 24 secured to the side stile I3 is provided for facilitating the latching of the side stile with the spring clips 29 and the unlatching of the same therefrom.
The panel A is provided with hemmed upper and lower edges 25 providing transversely extending tunnels in which are received the top and bottom bars I9 and II with the rolled ends projecting therefrom for mounting the panel on the frame structure B.
In the modified form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 5 to 8 inclusive of the drawings the window screen includes a panel similar to the panel A in the previous form of the invention and a frame structure indicated generally by the reference character D for supporting the panel thereon. The frame structure D consists of top and bottom bars 26 and 21 which may be made of any desired material such as sprin metal and the like and which are provided with rolled ends 28 defining vertical eyes similar to the top and bottom bars I 0 and II in the previous form of the invention. The frame structure D in this form of the invention also includes oppositely disposed vertical side stiles 29 and 30 constructed of flat sheet material having flanged outer side edges 3|, the side stile 29 being provided with a plurality of spaced apertures in which are received screws 32 or equivalent fastening means for securing the said side stile in vertical position against the window frame at one side thereof. The opposite side stile 30 is provided with a plurality of spaced keyhole slots 33 adapted to receive enlarged heads of fastening elements 34 secured to the window frame for releasably fastening the said side stile in vertical alignment with the side stile 29 and on the opposite side of the window therefrom.
The side stiles 29 and 39 are each provided with a yoke 35 secured thereto at their upper ends which are formed with vertically aligned apertures in the upper and lower ears 36 thereof in which are mounted threaded shanks 31 secured against rotation by the threaded nuts 38. The top bar 26 is mounted for movement on the threaded shanks 31 for adjustin the same toward and away from the bottom bar 21 so as to accommodate different heights of screens and to maintain the same in taut condition. The threaded shanks 3'I slidably extend through the eyes defined by the rolled ends 28 and threaded adjusting ferrules or nuts 39 threadedly engage the shanks below the top bar 26 for elevating or lowering the same by rotation of the said adjusting nuts. The bottom bar 21 is secured to the lower ends of the side stiles 29 and 30 by means of studs 40 extending through the eyes defined by the rolled ends 28 thereof and apertured ears of yokes 4I secured to the outer faces of said side stiles. The panel is hemmed at its up er and lower ends similar to the panel A in the previous form of the invention to provide tunnels in which the top and bottom bars 26 and 21 are slidably received with the rolled ends 28 projecting therefrom at the oposite ends for mounting the panel on the frame structure D.
By this construction the frame structure D together with the panel mounted thereon may be latched in front of the window in inwardly bowed formation and when the side stile 30 is unlatched the frame structure may be swung to an out-ofthe-way position at one side of the window with the upper and lower bars 26 and 21 disposed in straightened relation.
In the modified form of the invention illustrated in Figs. 11 to 14 inclusive of the drawings, the window screen includes a frame structure indicated generally by the reference character E for supporting a panel similar to the panel A in the previous forms of the invention. The frame structure E consists of top and bottom bars 43 and 44 having rolled ends defining vertical eyes 45 similar to the top and bottom bars in the previous forms of the invention. The frame structure E also includes oppositely disposed vertical side stiles 46 and 41 having reduced threaded lower ends 48 engaging through the vertical eyes 45 of the lower bar 44 which is secured thereon by the nuts 49 engaging the protruding ends of the reduced portions 48. The upper ends of the side stiles 4'6 and 41 are formed with vertical bores 59 in which bars 5| are slidably mounted and adapted to be secured in adjusted position by the tightening of wing screws 52 protruding through slots 53 in the said side stiles and engaging through threaded apertures 54 in the bars 5|. The inner ends of the said wing screws 52 are adapted to be tightened against the inner face of the bore 50 of the said side stiles for securing the bars 5I in adjusted position. The bars 5I have reduced threaded upper ends 52 engaging through the vertical eyes 45 of the top bar 43 which is secured thereon by means of nuts 53 threadedly engaging the protruding ends of the reduced portions 52.
The frame structure E is adapted to be removably secured in front of a window-with the top and bottom bars 43 and 44 bent into resilient bowed formation. For this purpose the side stile 4 6 is adapted to be latched to one side of the window frame indicated generally by the reference character F in Fig. 11 of the drawings by means of headed fastening elements 55 engaging through bayonet slots 66 in offset brackets 57 secured by screws or other means to the window frame. The opposite side stile 87 is adapted to be latched to the opposite side of the window frame by means of spring clips 58 similar to the spring clip 29 in the previous form of the invention. A handle 59 secured to the side stile i? is provided for manually grasping the frame when the same is to be disposed in latched engagement with the spring clips 58 .or unlatched therefrom and swung to a position at one side of the window.
Constructed in this manner the window screen may be disposed in latched engagement in front of a window or the same may be unlatched and swung to one side thereof while the wing screws 92 may be loosened and the top bar 43 adjusted I side stiles, yokes having apertured upper and lower ears secured to the forward faces of said side stiles at the upper and lower ends thereof, threaded studs slidably extending through the openings in the ends of the top bar and secured at their opposite ends in the apertured ears of the said upper yokes for connecting the top bar with said side stiles, studs slidably engaging through the openings in the ends of the lower bar and secured in the apertured ears of the lower yoke for connecting said bar to said side stiles, adjusting nuts threadedly engaged on said threaded studs for adjusting the top bar towards and away from the lower bar for accommodating panels of diiferent heights and for maintaining the same in a taut condition, means securing one of said side stiles to the window frame on one side of the window and interengageable means for releasably securing the opposite side stile at the opposite side of the window with the top and bottom bars bent into bowed formation in front of the window and adapted when said side stile is released from engagement with the window frame to permit of the swinging of the frame structure into an out-of-the-way position at one side of the window and with said bars disposed in straightened relation.
2. An inside screen for windows including a panel and a frame for supporting the panel, said frame consisting of normally straight top and bottom spring bars having apertured ends and oppositely disposed side stiles having verically disposed elements at their opposite ends engaging through the apertured ends in the top and bottom bars for connecting the bars and side stiles in rectangular formation and for permitting of pivotal swinging movement of the bars with reference to the stiles, means rigidly securing one of said stiles to the Window frame at one side thereof and interengageable fastening means carried by the opposite side stile and the window frame at the other side for releasably securing said last named side stile to the window frame with the top and bottom bars bent into inwardly extending horizontally bowed formation in front of the window and adapted when said interengageable means is released to permit of the swinging of the top and bottom bars on the rigidly secured side stile into an out-of-the-way position at one side .of the Window with the top and bottom bars disposed in straightened relation for facilitating removal of the panel, and means thread-I edly engaging said vertically disposed elements at the upper ends of said side stiles for moving the top bar toward and away from the lower bar for accommodating different heights of panels and for maintaining the same in a taut condition.
ALBERT E. DAVIS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 317,856 Roach May 12, 1885 396,429 Pratt Jan. 22, 1889 418,688 Converse Jan. 7, 1890 500,736 Brown July 4, 1893 612,166 Lefort Oct. 11, 1898 678,322 Teift July 9, 1901 835,701 Burford Nov. 13, 1906 975,470 Shrady Nov. 15, 1910 1,089,448 Tillotson Mar. 10,1914 1,149,790 Sherwood Aug. 10, 1915 1,380,661 Leininger June 7, 1921 1,461,648 Bryant July 10, 1923 1,553,490 Wallace Sept. 15, 1925 1,578,858 Smythe Mar. 30, 1926 1,810,899 Bochm June 23, 1931 2,261,142 Davis Nov. 4, 1941 2,331,295 Barker Oct. 12, 1943
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|US317856 *||Apr 9, 1884||May 12, 1885||Alfbed h|
|US396429 *||Jun 7, 1888||Jan 22, 1889||Door-check|
|US418688 *||Mar 12, 1889||Jan 7, 1890||Prank b|
|US500736 *||Jan 14, 1893||Jul 4, 1893||Memorandum book or pad|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2718921 *||Dec 10, 1951||Sep 27, 1955||Alleva Adclio P||Safety catch-all rig|
|US6536502||Jun 5, 2001||Mar 25, 2003||First Years Inc., The||Adjustable width child safety barrier|
|US7178792||Apr 19, 2002||Feb 20, 2007||The First Years Inc.||Child safety barriers|
|US8851144 *||May 31, 2011||Oct 7, 2014||Jack R. Forbis||Modular panels for protecting a structure|
|US20090019797 *||Jul 19, 2007||Jan 22, 2009||Cameron Todd Gunn||Simplified Protective Cover Assembly|
|US20110226425 *||Sep 22, 2011||Forbis Jack R||Modular panels for protecting a structure|
|U.S. Classification||160/352, 49/56|